SENATE BILL 5044
State of Washington 55th Legislature 1997 Regular Session
By Senators Benton and Oke
Read first time 01/13/97. Referred to Committee on Law & Justice.
AN ACT Relating to crimes; amending RCW 9A.36.011, 9A.32.010, 70.24.034, and 70.24.105; and reenacting and amending RCW 9A.36.021 and 9A.04.080.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 9A.36.011 and 1986 c 257 s 4 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) A person is guilty of assault in the first degree if he or she, with intent to inflict great bodily harm:
(a) Assaults another with a firearm or any deadly weapon or by any force or means likely to produce great bodily harm or death; or
(b) Administers to or causes to be taken by another, poison, the human immunodeficiency virus as defined in chapter 70.24 RCW, or any other destructive or noxious substance; or
(c) Assaults another and inflicts great bodily harm.
(2) A person is guilty of assault in the first degree if he or she, with knowledge that he or she has tested positive for the human immunodeficiency virus as defined in chapter 70.24 RCW, recklessly exposes or transmits to another person the human immunodeficiency virus.
(3) Assault in the first degree is a class A felony.
Sec. 2. RCW 9A.36.021 and 1988 c 266 s 2, 1988 c 206 s 916, and 1988 c 158 s 2 are each reenacted and amended to read as follows:
(1) A person is guilty of assault in the second degree if he or she, under circumstances not amounting to assault in the first degree:
(a) Intentionally assaults another and thereby recklessly inflicts substantial bodily harm; or
(b) Intentionally and unlawfully causes substantial bodily harm to an unborn quick child by intentionally and unlawfully inflicting any injury upon the mother of such child; or
(c) Assaults another with a deadly weapon; or
With intent to inflict bodily harm, administers to or causes to be taken by
, the human immunodeficiency virus as defined in chapter
70.24 RCW,)) or any other destructive or noxious substance; or
With intent to inflict bodily harm, exposes or transmits human
immunodeficiency virus as defined in chapter 70.24 RCW; or (f))) With
intent to commit a felony, assaults another; or
(f) Knowingly inflicts bodily harm which by design causes such pain or
agony as to be the equivalent of that produced by torture.
(2) Assault in the second degree is a class B felony.
Sec. 3. RCW 9A.32.010 and 1987 c 187 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
is the killing of a human being by the act, procurement, or omission of
another, death occurring ((
within three years and a day)) at any time,
and is either (1) murder, (2) homicide by abuse, (3) manslaughter, (4)
excusable homicide, or (5) justifiable homicide.
Sec. 4. RCW 9A.04.080 and 1995 c 287 s 5 and 1995 c 17 s 1 are each reenacted and amended to read as follows:
(1) Prosecutions for criminal offenses shall not be commenced after the periods prescribed in this section.
(a) The following offenses may be prosecuted at any time after their commission:
(ii) Homicide by abuse;
(iii) Arson if a death results;
(iv) Assault in the first degree if the assault is committed by administration, exposure, or transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus as prohibited by RCW 9A.36.011 (1)(b) or (2).
(b) The following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than ten years after their commission:
(i) Any felony committed by a public officer if the commission is in connection with the duties of his or her office or constitutes a breach of his or her public duty or a violation of the oath of office;
(ii) Arson if no death results; or
(iii) Violations of RCW 9A.44.040 or 9A.44.050 if the rape is reported to a law enforcement agency within one year of its commission; except that if the victim is under fourteen years of age when the rape is committed and the rape is reported to a law enforcement agency within one year of its commission, the violation may be prosecuted up to three years after the victim's eighteenth birthday or up to ten years after the rape's commission, whichever is later. If a violation of RCW 9A.44.040 or 9A.44.050 is not reported within one year, the rape may not be prosecuted: (A) More than three years after its commission if the violation was committed against a victim fourteen years of age or older; or (B) more than three years after the victim's eighteenth birthday or more than seven years after the rape's commission, whichever is later, if the violation was committed against a victim under fourteen years of age.
(c) Violations of the following statutes shall not be prosecuted more than three years after the victim's eighteenth birthday or more than seven years after their commission, whichever is later: RCW 9A.44.073, 9A.44.076, 9A.44.083, 9A.44.086, 9A.44.070, 9A.44.080, 9A.44.100(1)(b), or 9A.64.020.
(d) The following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than six years after their commission: Violations of RCW 9A.82.060 or 9A.82.080.
(e) The following offenses shall not be prosecuted more than five years after their commission: Any class C felony under chapter 74.09, 82.36, or 82.38 RCW.
(f) Bigamy shall not be prosecuted more than three years after the time specified in RCW 9A.64.010.
(g) No other felony may be prosecuted more than three years after its commission.
(h) No gross misdemeanor may be prosecuted more than two years after its commission.
(i) No misdemeanor may be prosecuted more than one year after its commission.
(2) The periods of limitation prescribed in subsection (1) of this section do not run during any time when the person charged is not usually and publicly resident within this state.
(3) If, before the end of a period of limitation prescribed in subsection (1) of this section, an indictment has been found or a complaint or an information has been filed, and the indictment, complaint, or information is set aside, then the period of limitation is extended by a period equal to the length of time from the finding or filing to the setting aside.
Sec. 5. RCW 70.24.034 and 1988 c 206 s 910 are each amended to read as follows:
When)) After the procedures of RCW 70.24.024 have been
exhausted on one occasion for a person and the state or local public
health officer, within his or her respective jurisdiction, knows or has reason
to believe, because of (( medical information)) direct medical
knowledge or reliable testimony of others in a position to have direct
knowledge of a person's behavior, that (( a)) that person has
a sexually transmitted disease and that the person continues to engage in
behaviors that present an imminent danger to the public health as defined by
the board by rule based upon generally accepted standards of medical and public
health science, the public health officer:
(a) Shall inform the local law enforcement agency of his or her knowledge or beliefs, and shall convey to the local law enforcement agency all information in the health officer's possession, relating to sexually transmitted disease testing, diagnosis, or treatment concerning the person engaging in behavior that presents an imminent danger to the public health. The public health officer may provide the law enforcement agency with the identities of any individuals known to the public health officer through investigations conducted under RCW 70.24.024 to have been exposed to that person under circumstances that provide an opportunity for transmission of a sexually transmitted disease. The public health officer shall provide the local law enforcement agency with the identities of all individuals who agree to the release of identifying information and who are known by the public health officer to have been exposed to that person under circumstances that provide an opportunity for transmission of a sexually transmitted disease. A health care provider shall provide to the local law enforcement agency, upon presentation of a warrant, all information in his or her possession concerning the person engaging in behavior that presents an imminent danger to the public health that relates in any way to testing, diagnosis, or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease. No action taken in good faith and in compliance with this subsection is a violation of RCW 70.24.105 or 70.02.020;
(b) May bring an action in superior court to detain the person in a facility designated by the board for a period of time necessary to accomplish a program of counseling and education, excluding any coercive techniques or procedures, designed to get the person to adopt nondangerous behavior. In no case may the period exceed ninety days under each order. The board shall establish, by rule, standards for counseling and education under this subsection. The public health officer shall request the prosecuting attorney to file such action in superior court. During that period, reasonable efforts will be made in a noncoercive manner to get the person to adopt nondangerous behavior.
(2) If an action is filed as outlined in subsection (1) of this section, the superior court, upon the petition of the prosecuting attorney, shall issue other appropriate court orders including, but not limited to, an order to take the person into custody immediately, for a period not to exceed seventy-two hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, and place him or her in a facility designated or approved by the board. The person who is the subject of the order shall be given written notice of the order promptly, personally, and confidentially, stating the grounds and provisions of the order, including the factual bases therefor, the evidence relied upon for proof of infection and dangerous behavior, and the likelihood of repetition of such behaviors in the absence of such an order, and notifying the person that if he or she refuses to comply with the order he or she may appear at a hearing to review the order and that he or she may have an attorney appear on his or her behalf in the hearing at public expense, if necessary. If the person contests testing or treatment, no invasive medical procedures shall be carried out prior to a hearing being held pursuant to subsection (3) of this section.
The hearing shall be conducted no later than ((
hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, after the receipt of
the order. The person who is subject to the order has a right to be present at
the hearing and may have an attorney appear on his or her behalf in the
hearing, at public expense if necessary. If the order being contested includes
detention for a period of fourteen days or longer, the person shall also have
the right to a trial by jury upon request. Upon conclusion of the hearing or
trial by jury, the court shall issue appropriate orders.
The court may continue the hearing upon the request of the person who is subject to the order for good cause shown for no more than five additional judicial days. If a trial by jury is requested, the court, upon motion, may continue the hearing for no more than ten additional judicial days. During the pendency of the continuance, the court may order that the person contesting the order remain in detention or may place terms and conditions upon the person which the court deems appropriate to protect public health.
(4) The burden of proof shall be on the state or local public health officer to show by clear and convincing evidence that grounds exist for the issuance of any court order pursuant to subsection (2) or (3) of this section. If the superior court dismisses the order, the fact that the order was issued shall be expunged from the records of the state or local department of health.
(5) Any hearing conducted by the superior court pursuant to subsection (2) or (3) of this section shall be closed and confidential unless a public hearing is requested by the person who is the subject of the order, in which case the hearing will be conducted in open court. Unless in open hearing, any transcripts or records relating thereto shall also be confidential and may be sealed by order of the court.
(6) Any order entered by the superior court pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section shall impose terms and conditions no more restrictive than necessary to protect the public health.
Sec. 6. RCW 70.24.105 and 1994 c 72 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) No person may disclose or be compelled to disclose the identity of any person who has investigated, considered, or requested a test or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease, except as authorized by this chapter.
(2) No person may disclose or be compelled to disclose the identity of any person upon whom an HIV antibody test is performed, or the results of such a test, nor may the result of a test for any other sexually transmitted disease when it is positive be disclosed. This protection against disclosure of test subject, diagnosis, or treatment also applies to any information relating to diagnosis of or treatment for HIV infection and for any other confirmed sexually transmitted disease. The following persons, however, may receive such information:
(a) The subject of the test or the subject's legal representative for health care decisions in accordance with RCW 7.70.065, with the exception of such a representative of a minor child over fourteen years of age and otherwise competent;
(b) Any person who secures a specific release of test results or information relating to HIV or confirmed diagnosis of or treatment for any other sexually transmitted disease executed by the subject or the subject's legal representative for health care decisions in accordance with RCW 7.70.065, with the exception of such a representative of a minor child over fourteen years of age and otherwise competent;
(c) The state public health officer, a local public health officer, or the centers for disease control of the United States public health service in accordance with reporting requirements for a diagnosed case of a sexually transmitted disease;
(d) A health facility or health care provider that procures, processes, distributes, or uses: (i) A human body part, tissue, or blood from a deceased person with respect to medical information regarding that person; (ii) semen, including that provided prior to March 23, 1988, for the purpose of artificial insemination; or (iii) blood specimens;
(e) Any state or local public health officer conducting an investigation pursuant to RCW 70.24.024, provided that such record was obtained by means of court ordered HIV testing pursuant to RCW 70.24.340 or 70.24.024;
(f) A person allowed access to the record by a court order granted after application showing good cause therefor. In assessing good cause, the court shall weigh the public interest and the need for disclosure against the injury to the patient, to the physician-patient relationship, and to the treatment services. Upon the granting of the order, the court, in determining the extent to which any disclosure of all or any part of the record of any such test is necessary, shall impose appropriate safeguards against unauthorized disclosure. An order authorizing disclosure shall: (i) Limit disclosure to those parts of the patient's record deemed essential to fulfill the objective for which the order was granted; (ii) limit disclosure to those persons whose need for information is the basis for the order; and (iii) include any other appropriate measures to keep disclosure to a minimum for the protection of the patient, the physician-patient relationship, and the treatment services, including but not limited to the written statement set forth in subsection (5) of this section;
(g) Local law enforcement agencies to the extent provided in RCW 70.24.034;
(h) Persons who, because of their behavioral interaction with the infected individual, have been placed at risk for acquisition of a sexually transmitted disease, as provided in RCW 70.24.022, if the health officer or authorized representative believes that the exposed person was unaware that a risk of disease exposure existed and that the disclosure of the identity of the infected person is necessary;
(i) A law enforcement officer, fire fighter, health care provider,
health care facility staff person, or other persons as defined by the board in
rule pursuant to RCW 70.24.340(4), who has requested a test of a person whose
bodily fluids he or she has been substantially exposed to, pursuant to RCW
70.24.340(4), if a state or local public health officer performs the test;
(j) Claims management personnel employed by or associated with an
insurer, health care service contractor, health maintenance organization,
self-funded health plan, state-administered health care claims payer, or any
other payer of health care claims where such disclosure is to be used solely
for the prompt and accurate evaluation and payment of medical or related
claims. Information released under this subsection shall be confidential and
shall not be released or available to persons who are not involved in handling
or determining medical claims payment; and
(k) A department of social and health services worker, a child placing
agency worker, or a guardian ad litem who is responsible for making or
reviewing placement or case-planning decisions or recommendations to the court
regarding a child, who is less than fourteen years of age, has a sexually
transmitted disease, and is in the custody of the department of social and
health services or a licensed child placing agency; this information may also
be received by a person responsible for providing residential care for such a
child when the department of social and health services or a licensed child
placing agency determines that it is necessary for the provision of child care
(3) No person to whom the results of a test for a sexually transmitted disease have been disclosed pursuant to subsection (2) of this section may disclose the test results to another person except as authorized by that subsection.
(4) The release of sexually transmitted disease information regarding an offender, except as provided in subsection (2)(e) of this section, shall be governed as follows:
(a) The sexually transmitted disease status of a department of corrections offender shall be made available by department of corrections health care providers to a department of corrections superintendent or administrator as necessary for disease prevention or control and for protection of the safety and security of the staff, offenders, and the public. The information may be submitted to transporting officers and receiving facilities, including facilities that are not under the department of correction's jurisdiction.
(b) The sexually transmitted disease status of a person detained in a jail shall be made available by the local public health officer to a jail administrator as necessary for disease prevention or control and for protection of the safety and security of the staff, offenders, and the public. The information may be submitted to transporting officers and receiving facilities.
(c) Information regarding a department of corrections offender's sexually transmitted disease status is confidential and may be disclosed by a correctional superintendent or administrator or local jail administrator only as necessary for disease prevention or control and for protection of the safety and security of the staff, offenders, and the public. Unauthorized disclosure of this information to any person may result in disciplinary action, in addition to any other penalties as may be prescribed by law.
(5) Whenever disclosure is made pursuant to this section, except for subsections (2)(a) and (6) of this section, it shall be accompanied by a statement in writing which includes the following or substantially similar language: "This information has been disclosed to you from records whose confidentiality is protected by state law. State law prohibits you from making any further disclosure of it without the specific written consent of the person to whom it pertains, or as otherwise permitted by state law. A general authorization for the release of medical or other information is NOT sufficient for this purpose." An oral disclosure shall be accompanied or followed by such a notice within ten days.
(6) The requirements of this section shall not apply to the customary methods utilized for the exchange of medical information among health care providers in order to provide health care services to the patient, nor shall they apply within health care facilities where there is a need for access to confidential medical information to fulfill professional duties.
(7) Upon request of the victim, disclosure of test results under this section to victims of sexual offenses under chapter 9A.44 RCW shall be made if the result is negative or positive. The county prosecuting attorney shall notify the victim of the right to such disclosure. Such disclosure shall be accompanied by appropriate counseling, including information regarding follow-up testing.
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