SENATE BILL 6411
State of Washington 55th Legislature 1998 Regular Session
By Senators Deccio, Wood, Prentice, Franklin, Winsley, Kohl and Oke; by request of Department of Health
Read first time 01/19/98. Referred to Committee on Health & Long‑Term Care.
AN ACT Relating to department of health recommendations removing barriers to nurse delegation; and amending RCW 18.88A.030 and 18.88A.210.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. RCW 18.88A.030 and 1995 1st sp.s. c 18 s 52 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) A nursing assistant may assist in the care of individuals as delegated by and under the direction and supervision of a licensed (registered) nurse or licensed practical nurse.
(2) A health care facility shall not assign a nursing assistant-registered to provide care until the nursing assistant-registered has demonstrated skills necessary to perform competently all assigned duties and responsibilities.
(3) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to confer on a nursing assistant the authority to administer medication except as authorized in public and private schools under RCW 28A.210.260 unless delegated as a specific nursing task pursuant to this chapter or to practice as a licensed (registered) nurse or licensed practical nurse as defined in chapter 18.79 RCW.
(4) Certification is voluntary for nursing assistants working in health care facilities other than nursing homes unless otherwise required by state or federal law or regulation.
(5) The commission may adopt rules to implement the provisions of this chapter.
Sec. 2. RCW 18.88A.210 and 1995 1st sp.s. c 18 s 46 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) A nurse may delegate specific care tasks to nursing assistants meeting the requirements of this section and who provide care to individuals in community residential programs for the developmentally disabled certified by the department of social and health services under chapter 71A.12 RCW, to individuals residing in adult family homes licensed under chapter 70.128 RCW, and to individuals residing in boarding homes licensed under chapter 18.20 RCW contracting with the department of social and health services to provide assisted living services pursuant to RCW 74.39A.010.
(2) For the purposes of this section, "nursing assistant" means a nursing assistant-registered or a nursing assistant-certified. Nothing in this section may be construed to affect the authority of nurses to delegate nursing tasks to other persons, including licensed practical nurses, as authorized by law.
(3) Before commencing any specific nursing care tasks authorized under this chapter, the nursing assistant must (a) provide to the delegating nurse a certificate of completion issued by the department of social and health services indicating the completion of basic core training as provided in this section, (b) be regulated by the department of health pursuant to this chapter, subject to the uniform disciplinary act under chapter 18.130 RCW, and (c) meet any additional training requirements identified by the nursing care quality assurance commission and authorized by this section.
(4) A nurse may delegate the following care tasks:
(a) Oral and topical medications and ointments;
(b) Nose, ear, eye drops, and ointments;
(c) Dressing changes and catheterization using clean techniques as defined by the nursing care quality assurance commission;
(d) Suppositories, enemas, ostomy care;
(e) Blood glucose monitoring;
(f) Gastrostomy feedings in established and healed condition.
(5) On or before September 1, 1995, the nursing care quality assurance commission, in conjunction with the professional nursing organizations, shall develop rules for nurse delegation protocols and by December 5, 1995, identify training beyond the core training that is deemed necessary for the delegation of complex tasks and patient care.
(6) Nursing task delegation protocols are not intended to regulate the settings in which delegation may occur but are intended to ensure that nursing care services have a consistent standard of practice upon which the public and profession may rely and to safeguard the authority of the nurse to make independent professional decisions regarding the delegation of a task. Protocols shall include at least the following:
(a) Ensure that determination of the appropriateness of delegation of a nursing task is at the discretion of the nurse;
(b) Allow delegation of a nursing care task only for patients who have a stable and predictable condition. "Stable and predictable condition" means a situation, as defined by rule by the nursing care quality assurance commission, in which the patient's clinical and behavioral status is known and does not require frequent presence and evaluation of a registered nurse;
Assure that the ((
delegations of nursing tasks pursuant to this chapter have
the written informed consent of the patient consistent with the provisions for
informed consent under chapter 7.70 RCW, as well as with the consent of the
delegating nurse and nursing assistant. The delegating nurse shall inform
patients of the level of training of all care providers in the setting)) initial
delegating nurse obtains written consent to the nurse delegation process from
the patient or a person authorized under RCW 7.70.065. Written consent is only
necessary at the initial use of the nurse delegation process for each patient
and is not necessary for task additions or changes or if a different nurse or
nursing assistant will be participating in the process. The written consent
must include at a minimum the following:
(i) A list of the tasks that could potentially be delegated per RCW 18.88A.210; and
(ii) A statement that a nursing assistant through the nurse delegation process will be performing a task that would previously have been performed by a registered or licensed practical nurse;
(d) Verify that the nursing assistant has completed the core training;
(e) Require assessment by the nurse of the ability and willingness of the nursing assistant to perform the delegated nursing task in the absence of direct nurse supervision and to refrain from delegation if the nursing assistant is not able or willing to perform the task;
(f) Require the nurse to analyze the complexity of the nursing task that is considered for delegation and determine the appropriate level of training and any need of additional training for the nursing assistant;
Require the teaching of the nursing care task to the nursing assistant ((
utilizing one or more of the following: (i) Verification of competency via
return demonstration (( under observation while performing the task));
(ii) other methods for verification of competency to perform the nursing task;
or (iii) assurance that the nursing assistant is competent to perform the
nursing task as a result of systems in place in the community residential
program for the developmentally disabled, adult family home, or boarding home
providing assisted living services;
(h) Require a plan of nursing supervision and reevaluation of the delegated nursing task. "Nursing supervision" means that the registered nurse monitors by direct observation or by whatever means is deemed appropriate by the registered nurse the skill and ability of the nursing assistant to perform delegated nursing tasks. Frequency of supervision is at the discretion of the registered nurse but shall occur at least every sixty days;
(i) Require instruction to the nursing assistant that the delegated nursing task is specific to a patient and is not transferable;
(j) Require documentation and written instruction related to the delegated nursing task be provided to the nursing assistant and a copy maintained in the patient record;
(k) Ensure that the nursing assistant is prepared to effectively deal with the predictable outcomes of performing the nursing task;
(l) Include in the delegation of tasks an awareness of the nature of the condition requiring treatment, risks of the treatment, side effects, and interaction of prescribed medications;
(m) Require documentation in the patient's record of the rationale for delegating or not delegating nursing tasks.
(7) A basic core training curriculum on providing care for individuals in community residential programs for the developmentally disabled certified by the department of social and health services under chapter 71A.12 RCW shall be in addition to the training requirements specified in subsection (5) of this section. Basic core training shall be developed and adopted by rule by the secretary of the department of social and health services. The department of social and health services shall appoint an advisory panel to assist in the development of core training comprised of representatives of the following:
(a) The division of developmental disabilities;
(b) The nursing care quality assurance commission;
(c) Professional nursing organizations;
(d) A state-wide organization of community residential service providers whose members are programs certified by the department under chapter 71A.12 RCW.
(8) A basic core training curriculum on providing care to residents in residential settings licensed under chapter 70.128 RCW, or in assisted living pursuant to RCW 74.39A.010 shall be mandatory for nursing assistants prior to assessment by a nurse regarding the ability and willingness to perform a delegated nursing task. Core training shall be developed and adopted by rule by the secretary of the department of social and health services, in conjunction with an advisory panel. The advisory panel shall be comprised of representatives from, at a minimum, the following:
(a) The nursing care quality assurance commission;
(b) Professional nurse organizations;
(c) A state-wide association of community residential service providers whose members are programs certified by the department under chapter 71A.12 RCW;
(d) Aging consumer groups;
(e) Associations representing homes licensed under chapters 70.128 and 18.20 RCW; and
(f) Associations representing home health, hospice, and home care agencies licensed under chapter 70.127 RCW.
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