57th Legislature

                      2002 Regular Session


Passed by the House March 14, 2002

  Yeas 90   Nays 8




Speaker of the House of Representatives







Passed by the Senate March 14, 2002

  Yeas 40   Nays 0



I, Cynthia Zehnder, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is SECOND SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 2697  as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.




                          Chief Clerk






President of the Senate




Approved Place Style On Codes above, and Style Off Codes below.               




Governor of the State of Washington

                   Secretary of State

                  State of Washington



                 SECOND SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 2697



                     AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE


             Passed Legislature - 2002 Regular Session


State of Washington      57th Legislature     2002 Regular Session


By House Committee on Appropriations (originally sponsored by Representatives Reardon, Anderson, Berkey, Pflug, Sullivan, Nixon, Esser, Delvin, Jarrett, Upthegrove and Simpson)


Read first time 02/12/2002.  Referred to Committee on .

Incorporating effective economic development planning into growth management planning.  

    AN ACT Relating to incorporating effective economic development planning into growth management planning; and amending RCW 36.70A.020 and 36.70A.070.




    Sec. 1.  RCW 36.70A.020 and 1990 1st ex.s. c 17 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:

    The following goals are adopted to guide the development and adoption of comprehensive plans and development regulations of those counties and cities that are required or choose to plan under RCW 36.70A.040.  The following goals are not listed in order of priority and shall be used exclusively for the purpose of guiding the development of comprehensive plans and development regulations:

    (1) Urban growth.  Encourage development in urban areas where adequate public facilities and services exist or can be provided in an efficient manner.

    (2) Reduce sprawl.  Reduce the inappropriate conversion of undeveloped land into sprawling, low-density development.

    (3) Transportation.  Encourage efficient multimodal transportation systems that are based on regional priorities and coordinated with county and city comprehensive plans.

    (4) Housing.  Encourage the availability of affordable housing to all economic segments of the population of this state, promote a variety of residential densities and housing types, and encourage preservation of existing housing stock.

    (5) Economic development.  Encourage economic development throughout the state that is consistent with adopted comprehensive plans, promote economic opportunity for all citizens of this state, especially for unemployed and for disadvantaged persons, promote the retention and expansion of existing businesses and recruitment of new businesses, recognize regional differences impacting economic development opportunities, and encourage growth in areas experiencing insufficient economic growth, all within the capacities of the state's natural resources, public services, and public facilities.

    (6) Property rights.  Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation having been made.  The property rights of landowners shall be protected from arbitrary and discriminatory actions.

    (7) Permits.  Applications for both state and local government permits should be processed in a timely and fair manner to ensure predictability.

    (8) Natural resource industries.  Maintain and enhance natural resource-based industries, including productive timber, agricultural, and fisheries industries.  Encourage the conservation of productive forest lands and productive agricultural lands, and discourage incompatible uses.

    (9) Open space and recreation.  ((Encourage the retention of)) Retain open space ((and development of)), enhance recreational opportunities, conserve fish and wildlife habitat, increase access to natural resource lands and water, and develop parks and recreation facilities.

    (10) Environment.  Protect the environment and enhance the state's high quality of life, including air and water quality, and the availability of water.

    (11) Citizen participation and coordination.  Encourage the involvement of citizens in the planning process and ensure coordination between communities and jurisdictions to reconcile conflicts.

    (12) Public facilities and services.  Ensure that those public facilities and services necessary to support development shall be adequate to serve the development at the time the development is available for occupancy and use without decreasing current service levels below locally established minimum standards.

    (13) Historic preservation.  Identify and encourage the preservation of lands, sites, and structures, that have historical or archaeological significance.


    Sec. 2.  RCW 36.70A.070 and 1998 c 171 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:

    The comprehensive plan of a county or city that is required or chooses to plan under RCW 36.70A.040 shall consist of a map or maps, and descriptive text covering objectives, principles, and standards used to develop the comprehensive plan.  The plan shall be an internally consistent document and all elements shall be consistent with the future land use map.  A comprehensive plan shall be adopted and amended with public participation as provided in RCW 36.70A.140.

    Each comprehensive plan shall include a plan, scheme, or design for each of the following:

    (1) A land use element designating the proposed general distribution and general location and extent of the uses of land, where appropriate, for agriculture, timber production, housing, commerce, industry, recreation, open spaces, general aviation airports, public utilities, public facilities, and other land uses.  The land use element shall include population densities, building intensities, and estimates of future population growth.  The land use element shall provide for protection of the quality and quantity of ground water used for public water supplies.  Where applicable, the land use element shall review drainage, flooding, and storm water run-off in the area and nearby jurisdictions and provide guidance for corrective actions to mitigate or cleanse those discharges that pollute waters of the state, including Puget Sound or waters entering Puget Sound.

    (2) A housing element ensuring the vitality and character of established residential neighborhoods that:  (a) Includes an inventory and analysis of existing and projected housing needs that identifies the number of housing units necessary to manage projected growth; (b) includes a statement of goals, policies, objectives, and mandatory provisions for the preservation, improvement, and development of housing, including single-family residences; (c) identifies sufficient land for housing, including, but not limited to, government-assisted housing, housing for low-income families, manufactured housing, multifamily housing, and group homes and foster care facilities; and (d) makes adequate provisions for existing and projected needs of all economic segments of the community.

    (3) A capital facilities plan element consisting of:  (a) An inventory of existing capital facilities owned by public entities, showing the locations and capacities of the capital facilities; (b) a forecast of the future needs for such capital facilities; (c) the proposed locations and capacities of expanded or new capital facilities; (d) at least a six-year plan that will finance such capital facilities within projected funding capacities and clearly identifies sources of public money for such purposes; and (e) a requirement to reassess the land use element if probable funding falls short of meeting existing needs and to ensure that the land use element, capital facilities plan element, and financing plan within the capital facilities plan element are coordinated and consistent.  Park and recreation facilities shall be included in the capital facilities plan element.

    (4) A utilities element consisting of the general location, proposed location, and capacity of all existing and proposed utilities, including, but not limited to, electrical lines, telecommunication lines, and natural gas lines.

    (5) Rural element.  Counties shall include a rural element including lands that are not designated for urban growth, agriculture, forest, or mineral resources.  The following provisions shall apply to the rural element:

    (a) Growth management act goals and local circumstances.  Because circumstances vary from county to county, in establishing patterns of rural densities and uses, a county may consider local circumstances, but shall develop a written record explaining how the rural element harmonizes the planning goals in RCW 36.70A.020 and meets the requirements of this chapter.

    (b) Rural development.  The rural element shall permit rural development, forestry, and agriculture in rural areas.  The rural element shall provide for a variety of rural densities, uses, essential public facilities, and rural governmental services needed to serve the permitted densities and uses.  In order to achieve a variety of rural densities and uses, counties may provide for clustering, density transfer, design guidelines, conservation easements, and other innovative techniques that will accommodate appropriate rural densities and uses that are not characterized by urban growth and that are consistent with rural character.

    (c) Measures governing rural development.  The rural element shall include measures that apply to rural development and protect the rural character of the area, as established by the county, by:

    (i) Containing or otherwise controlling rural development;

    (ii) Assuring visual compatibility of rural development with the surrounding rural area;

    (iii) Reducing the inappropriate conversion of undeveloped land into sprawling, low-density development in the rural area;

    (iv) Protecting critical areas, as provided in RCW 36.70A.060, and surface water and ground water resources; and

    (v) Protecting against conflicts with the use of agricultural, forest, and mineral resource lands designated under RCW 36.70A.170.

    (d) Limited areas of more intensive rural development.  Subject to the requirements of this subsection and except as otherwise specifically provided in this subsection (5)(d), the rural element may allow for limited areas of more intensive rural development, including necessary public facilities and public services to serve the limited area as follows:

    (i) Rural development consisting of the infill, development, or redevelopment of existing commercial, industrial, residential, or mixed-use areas, whether characterized as shoreline development, villages, hamlets, rural activity centers, or crossroads developments.  A commercial, industrial, residential, shoreline, or mixed-use area shall be subject to the requirements of (d)(iv) of this subsection, but shall not be subject to the requirements of (c)(ii) and (iii) of this subsection.  An industrial area is not required to be principally designed to serve the existing and projected rural population;

    (ii) The intensification of development on lots containing, or new development of, small-scale recreational or tourist uses, including commercial facilities to serve those recreational or tourist uses, that rely on a rural location and setting, but that do not include new residential development.  A small-scale recreation or tourist use is not required to be principally designed to serve the existing and projected rural population.  Public services and public facilities shall be limited to those necessary to serve the recreation or tourist use and shall be provided in a manner that does not permit low-density sprawl;

    (iii) The intensification of development on lots containing isolated nonresidential uses or new development of isolated cottage industries and isolated small-scale businesses that are not principally designed to serve the existing and projected rural population and nonresidential uses, but do provide job opportunities for rural residents.  Public services and public facilities shall be limited to those necessary to serve the isolated nonresidential use and shall be provided in a manner that does not permit low-density sprawl;

    (iv) A county shall adopt measures to minimize and contain the existing areas or uses of more intensive rural development, as appropriate, authorized under this subsection.  Lands included in such existing areas or uses shall not extend beyond the logical outer boundary of the existing area or use, thereby allowing a new pattern of low-density sprawl.  Existing areas are those that are clearly identifiable and contained and where there is a logical boundary delineated predominately by the built environment, but that may also include undeveloped lands if limited as provided in this subsection.  The county shall establish the logical outer boundary of an area of more intensive rural development.  In establishing the logical outer boundary the county shall address (A) the need to preserve the character of existing natural neighborhoods and communities, (B) physical boundaries such as bodies of water, streets and highways, and land forms and contours, (C) the prevention of abnormally irregular boundaries, and (D) the ability to provide public facilities and public services in a manner that does not permit low-density sprawl;

    (v) For purposes of (d) of this subsection, an existing area or existing use is one that was in existence:

    (A) On July 1, 1990, in a county that was initially required to plan under all of the provisions of this chapter;

    (B) On the date the county adopted a resolution under RCW 36.70A.040(2), in a county that is planning under all of the provisions of this chapter under RCW 36.70A.040(2); or

    (C) On the date the office of financial management certifies the county's population as provided in RCW 36.70A.040(5), in a county that is planning under all of the provisions of this chapter pursuant to RCW 36.70A.040(5).

    (e) Exception.  This subsection shall not be interpreted to permit in the rural area a major industrial development or a master planned resort unless otherwise specifically permitted under RCW 36.70A.360 and 36.70A.365.

    (6) A transportation element that implements, and is consistent with, the land use element.

    (a) The transportation element shall include the following subelements:

    (i) Land use assumptions used in estimating travel;

    (ii) Estimated traffic impacts to state-owned transportation facilities resulting from land use assumptions to assist the department of transportation in monitoring the performance of state facilities, to plan improvements for the facilities, and to assess the impact of land-use decisions on state-owned transportation facilities;

    (iii) Facilities and services needs, including:

    (A) An inventory of air, water, and ground transportation facilities and services, including transit alignments and general aviation airport facilities, to define existing capital facilities and travel levels as a basis for future planning.  This inventory must include state-owned transportation facilities within the city or county's jurisdiction boundaries;

    (B) Level of service standards for all locally owned arterials and transit routes to serve as a gauge to judge performance of the system.  These standards should be regionally coordinated;

    (C) For state-owned transportation facilities, level of service standards for highways, as prescribed in chapters 47.06 and 47.80 RCW, to gauge the performance of the system.  The purposes of reflecting level of service standards for state highways in the local comprehensive plan are to monitor the performance of the system, to evaluate improvement strategies, and to facilitate coordination between the county's or city's six-year street, road, or transit program and the department of transportation's six-year investment program.  The concurrency requirements of (b) of this subsection do not apply to transportation facilities and services of statewide significance except for counties consisting of islands whose only connection to the mainland are state highways or ferry routes.  In these island counties, state highways and ferry route capacity must be a factor in meeting the concurrency requirements in (b) of this subsection;

    (D) Specific actions and requirements for bringing into compliance locally owned transportation facilities or services that are below an established level of service standard;

    (E) Forecasts of traffic for at least ten years based on the adopted land use plan to provide information on the location, timing, and capacity needs of future growth;

    (F) Identification of state and local system needs to meet current and future demands.  Identified needs on state-owned transportation facilities must be consistent with the statewide multimodal transportation plan required under chapter 47.06 RCW;

    (iv) Finance, including:

    (A) An analysis of funding capability to judge needs against probable funding resources;

    (B) A multiyear financing plan based on the needs identified in the comprehensive plan, the appropriate parts of which shall serve as the basis for the six-year street, road, or transit program required by RCW 35.77.010 for cities, RCW 36.81.121 for counties, and RCW 35.58.2795 for public transportation systems.  The multiyear financing plan should be coordinated with the six-year improvement program developed by the department of transportation as required by RCW 47.05.030;

    (C) If probable funding falls short of meeting identified needs, a discussion of how additional funding will be raised, or how land use assumptions will be reassessed to ensure that level of service standards will be met;

    (v) Intergovernmental coordination efforts, including an assessment of the impacts of the transportation plan and land use assumptions on the transportation systems of adjacent jurisdictions;

    (vi) Demand-management strategies.

    (b) After adoption of the comprehensive plan by jurisdictions required to plan or who choose to plan under RCW 36.70A.040, local jurisdictions must adopt and enforce ordinances which prohibit development approval if the development causes the level of service on a locally owned transportation facility to decline below the standards adopted in the transportation element of the comprehensive plan, unless transportation improvements or strategies to accommodate the impacts of development are made concurrent with the development.  These strategies may include increased public transportation service, ride sharing programs, demand management, and other transportation systems management strategies.  For the purposes of this subsection (6) "concurrent with the development" shall mean that improvements or strategies are in place at the time of development, or that a financial commitment is in place to complete the improvements or strategies within six years.

    (c) The transportation element described in this subsection (6), and the six-year plans required by RCW 35.77.010 for cities, RCW 36.81.121 for counties, RCW 35.58.2795 for public transportation systems, and RCW 47.05.030 for the state, must be consistent.

    (7) An economic development element establishing local goals, policies, objectives, and provisions for economic growth and vitality and a high quality of life.  The element shall include:  (a) A summary of the local economy such as population, employment, payroll, sectors, businesses, sales, and other information as appropriate; (b) a summary of the strengths and weaknesses of the local economy defined as the commercial and industrial sectors and supporting factors such as land use, transportation, utilities, education, work force, housing, and natural/cultural resources; and (c) an identification of policies, programs, and projects to foster economic growth and development and to address future needs.  A city that has chosen to be a residential community is exempt from the economic development element requirement of this subsection.

    (8) A park and recreation element that implements, and is consistent with, the capital facilities plan element as it relates to park and recreation facilities.  The element shall include:  (a) Estimates of park and recreation demand for at least a ten-year period; (b) an evaluation of facilities and service needs; and (c) an evaluation of intergovernmental coordination opportunities to provide regional approaches for meeting park and recreational demand.

    (9) It is the intent that new or amended elements required after January 1, 2002, be adopted concurrent with the scheduled update provided in RCW 36.70A.130.  Requirements to incorporate any such new or amended elements shall be null and void until funds sufficient to cover applicable local government costs are appropriated and distributed by the state at least two years before local government must update comprehensive plans as required in RCW 36.70A.130.


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