S-3513.1  _______________________________________________


                         SENATE BILL 6480



State of Washington   57th Legislature        2002 Regular Session


By Senators Eide, Morton, Keiser, Winsley and Fraser


Read first time 01/18/2002.  Referred to Committee on Environment, Energy & Water.

Encouraging recycling and waste reduction.

    AN ACT Relating to recycling and waste reduction; amending RCW 39.04.133, 70.95.010, 70.95.030, and 43.19.1905; adding a new section to chapter 81.77 RCW; adding a new section to chapter 70.95 RCW; and creating new sections.




    NEW SECTION.  Sec. 1.  (1) The department of general administration shall work with commercial and industrial construction industry organizations to develop guidelines for implementing on-site construction waste management planning.  The topics addressed in the guidelines shall include, but shall not be limited to:

    (a) Standards for identifying the type of wastes generated during construction;

    (b) Methods for analyzing the availability and cost-effectiveness of recycling services for each type of waste;

    (c) Methods for evaluating construction waste management alternatives given limited recycling services in rural areas of the state;

    (d) Strategies to maximize reuse and recycling of wastes and minimize landfill disposal;

    (e) Standardized formats for on-site construction waste management planning and reporting documents; and

    (f) A training and technical assistance plan for public and private building owners and construction industry members, in order to facilitate incorporation of waste management planning and recycling into standard construction industry practice.

    (2) By December 15, 2002, the department of general administration shall provide a report to the legislature on the development of the guidelines required by subsection (1) of this section.  The report shall include recommendations for incorporating job-site waste management planning and recycling into standard construction industry practice.


    Sec. 2.  RCW 39.04.133 and 1996 c 198 s 5 are each amended to read as follows:

    (1) The state's preferences for the purchase and use of recycled content products shall be included as a factor in the design and development of state capital improvement projects.

    (2) ((Specifications for materials in state construction projects shall include the use of recycled content products and recyclable products whenever practicable)) If a construction project receives state public funding, the product standards, as provided in RCW 43.19A.020, shall apply to the materials used in the project, whenever the administering agency and project owner determine that such products would be cost-effective and are readily available.

    (3) This section does not apply to contracts entered into by a municipality.


    Sec. 3.  RCW 70.95.010 and 1989 c 431 s 1 are each amended to read as follows:

    The legislature finds:

    (1) Continuing technological changes in methods of manufacture, packaging, and marketing of consumer products, together with the economic and population growth of this state, the rising affluence of its citizens, and its expanding industrial activity have created new and ever-mounting problems involving disposal of garbage, refuse, and solid waste materials resulting from domestic, agricultural, and industrial activities.

    (2) Traditional methods of disposing of solid wastes in this state are no longer adequate to meet the ever-increasing problem.  Improper methods and practices of handling and disposal of solid wastes pollute our land, air and water resources, blight our countryside, adversely affect land values, and damage the overall quality of our environment.

    (3) Considerations of natural resource limitations, energy shortages, economics and the environment make necessary the development and implementation of solid waste recovery and/or recycling plans and programs.

    (4) Waste reduction must become a fundamental strategy of solid waste management.  It is therefore necessary to change manufacturing and purchasing practices and waste generation behaviors to reduce the amount of waste that becomes a governmental responsibility.

    (5) Source separation of waste must become a fundamental strategy of solid waste management.  Collection and handling strategies should have, as an ultimate goal, the source separation of all materials with resource value or environmental hazard.

    (6)(a) It ((is the responsibility)) should be the goal of every person and business to minimize ((his or her)) their production of wastes and to separate recyclable or hazardous materials from mixed waste.

    (b) It is the responsibility of state, county, and city governments to provide for a waste management infrastructure to fully implement waste reduction and source separation strategies and to process and dispose of remaining wastes in a manner that is environmentally safe and economically sound.  It is further the responsibility of state, county, and city governments to monitor the cost-effectiveness and environmental safety of combusting separated waste, processing mixed municipal solid waste, and recycling programs.

    (c) It is the responsibility of county and city governments to assume primary responsibility for solid waste management and to develop and implement aggressive and effective waste reduction and source separation strategies.

    (d) It is the responsibility of state government to ensure that local governments are providing adequate source reduction and separation opportunities and incentives to all, including persons in both rural and urban areas, and nonresidential waste generators such as commercial, industrial, and institutional entities, recognizing the need to provide flexibility to accommodate differing population densities, distances to and availability of recycling markets, and collection and disposal costs in each community; and to provide county and city governments with adequate technical resources to accomplish this responsibility.

    (7) Environmental and economic considerations in solving the state's solid waste management problems requires strong consideration by local governments of regional solutions and intergovernmental cooperation.

    (8) The following priorities for the collection, handling, and management of solid waste are necessary and should be followed in descending order as applicable:

    (a) Waste reduction;

    (b) Recycling, with source separation of recyclable materials as the preferred method;

    (c) Energy recovery, incineration, or landfill of separated waste;

    (d) Energy recovery, incineration, or ((landfilling)) landfill of mixed municipal solid wastes.

    (9) It is the state's goal to achieve a fifty percent recycling rate by ((1995)) 2007.

    (10) It is the state's goal that programs be established to eliminate residential or commercial yard debris in landfills by 2012 in those areas where alternatives to disposal are readily available and effective.

    (11) Steps should be taken to make recycling at least as affordable and convenient to the ratepayer as mixed waste disposal.

    (((11))) (12) It is necessary to compile and maintain adequate data on the types and quantities of solid waste that are being generated and to monitor how the various types of solid waste are being managed.

    (((12))) (13) Vehicle batteries should be recycled and the disposal of vehicle batteries into landfills or incinerators should be discontinued.

    (((13))) (14) Excessive and nonrecyclable packaging of products should be avoided.

    (((14))) (15) Comprehensive education should be conducted throughout the state so that people are informed of the need to reduce, source separate, and recycle solid waste.

    (((15))) (16) All governmental entities in the state should set an example by implementing aggressive waste reduction and recycling programs at their workplaces and by purchasing products that are made from recycled materials and are recyclable.

    (((16))) (17) To ensure the safe and efficient operations of solid waste disposal facilities, it is necessary for operators and regulators of landfills and incinerators to receive training and certification.

    (((17))) (18) It is necessary to provide adequate funding to all levels of government so that successful waste reduction and recycling programs can be implemented.

    (((18))) (19) The development of stable and expanding markets for recyclable materials is critical to the long-term success of the state's recycling goals.  Market development must be encouraged on a state, regional, and national basis to maximize its effectiveness.  The state shall assume primary responsibility for the development of a multifaceted market development program to carry out the purposes of this act.

    (((19))) (20) There is an imperative need to anticipate, plan for, and accomplish effective storage, control, recovery, and recycling of discarded tires and other problem wastes with the subsequent conservation of resources and energy.


    Sec. 4.  RCW 70.95.030 and 1998 c 36 s 17 are each amended to read as follows:

    As used in this chapter, unless the context indicates otherwise:

    (1) "City" means every incorporated city and town.

    (2) "Commission" means the utilities and transportation commission.

    (3) "Committee" means the state solid waste advisory committee.

    (4) "Composted material" means organic solid waste that has been subjected to controlled aerobic degradation at a solid waste facility in compliance with the requirements of this chapter.  Natural decay of organic solid waste under uncontrolled conditions does not result in composted material.

    (5) "Department" means the department of ecology.

    (6) "Director" means the director of the department of ecology.

    (7) "Disposal site" means the location where any final treatment, utilization, processing, or deposit of solid waste occurs.

    (8) "Energy recovery" means a process operating under federal and state environmental laws and regulations for converting solid waste into usable energy and for reducing the volume of solid waste.

    (9) "Functional standards" means criteria for solid waste handling expressed in terms of expected performance or solid waste handling functions.

    (10) "Incineration" means a process of reducing the volume of solid waste operating under federal and state environmental laws and regulations by use of an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion.

    (11) "Jurisdictional health department" means city, county, city-county, or district public health department.

    (12) "Landfill" means a disposal facility or part of a facility at which solid waste is placed in or on land and which is not a land treatment facility.

    (13) "Local government" means a city, town, or county.

    (14) "Modify" means to substantially change the design or operational plans including, but not limited to, removal of a design element previously set forth in a permit application or the addition of a disposal or processing activity that is not approved in the permit.

    (15) "Multiple family residence" means any structure housing two or more dwelling units.

    (16) "Person" means individual, firm, association, copartnership, political subdivision, government agency, municipality, industry, public or private corporation, or any other entity whatsoever.

    (17) "Recyclable materials" means those solid wastes that are separated for recycling or reuse, such as papers, metals, and glass, that are identified as recyclable material pursuant to a local comprehensive solid waste plan.  Prior to the adoption of the local comprehensive solid waste plan, adopted pursuant to RCW 70.95.110(2), local governments may identify recyclable materials by ordinance from July 23, 1989.

    (18) "Recycling" means transforming or remanufacturing waste materials into usable or marketable materials for use other than landfill disposal or incineration.

    (19) "Residence" means the regular dwelling place of an individual or individuals.

    (20) "Sewage sludge" means a semisolid substance consisting of settled sewage solids combined with varying amounts of water and dissolved materials, generated from a wastewater treatment system, that does not meet the requirements of chapter 70.95J RCW.

    (21) "Soil amendment" means any substance that is intended to improve the physical characteristics of the soil, except composted material, commercial fertilizers, agricultural liming agents, unmanipulated animal manures, unmanipulated vegetable manures, food wastes, food processing wastes, and materials exempted by rule of the department, such as biosolids as defined in chapter 70.95J RCW and wastewater as regulated in chapter 90.48 RCW.

    (22) "Solid waste" or "wastes" means all putrescible and nonputrescible solid and semisolid wastes including, but not limited to, garbage, rubbish, ashes, industrial wastes, swill, sewage sludge, demolition and construction wastes, abandoned vehicles or parts thereof, and recyclable materials.

    (23) "Solid waste handling" means the management, storage, collection, transportation, treatment, utilization, processing, and final disposal of solid wastes, including the recovery and recycling of materials from solid wastes, the recovery of energy resources from solid wastes or the conversion of the energy in solid wastes to more useful forms or combinations thereof.

    (24) "Source separation" means the separation of different kinds of solid waste at the place where the waste originates.

    (25) "Vehicle" includes every device physically capable of being moved upon a public or private highway, road, street, or watercourse and in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public or private highway, road, street, or watercourse, except devices moved by human or animal power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

    (26) "Waste-derived soil amendment" means any soil amendment as defined in this chapter that is derived from solid waste as defined in RCW 70.95.030, but does not include biosolids or biosolids products regulated under chapter 70.95J RCW or wastewaters regulated under chapter 90.48 RCW.

    (27) "Waste reduction" means reducing the amount or toxicity of waste generated or reusing materials.

    (28) "Yard debris" means plant material commonly created in the course of maintaining yards and gardens, and through horticulture, gardening, landscaping, or similar activities.  Yard debris includes but is not limited to grass clippings, leaves, branches, brush, weeds, flowers, roots, windfall fruit, vegetable garden debris, holiday trees, and tree prunings four inches or less in diameter.


    Sec. 5.  RCW 43.19.1905 and 1995 c 269 s 1402 are each amended to read as follows:

    The director of general administration shall establish overall state policy for compliance by all state agencies, including educational institutions, regarding the following purchasing and material control functions:

    (1) Development of a state commodity coding system, including common stock numbers for items maintained in stores for reissue;

    (2) Determination where consolidations, closures, or additions of stores operated by state agencies and educational institutions should be initiated;

    (3) Institution of standard criteria for determination of when and where an item in the state supply system should be stocked;

    (4) Establishment of stock levels to be maintained in state stores, and formulation of standards for replenishment of stock;

    (5) Formulation of an overall distribution and redistribution system for stock items which establishes sources of supply support for all agencies, including interagency supply support;

    (6) Determination of what function data processing equipment, including remote terminals, shall perform in statewide purchasing and material control for improvement of service and promotion of economy;

    (7) Standardization of records and forms used statewide for supply system activities involving purchasing, receiving, inspecting, storing, requisitioning, and issuing functions, including a standard notification form for state agencies to report cost-effective direct purchases, which shall at least identify the price of the goods as available through the division of purchasing, the price of the goods as available from the alternative source, the total savings, and the signature of the notifying agency's director or the director's designee;

    (8) Screening of supplies, material, and equipment excess to the requirements of one agency for overall state need before sale as surplus;

    (9) Establishment of warehouse operation and storage standards to achieve uniform, effective, and economical stores operations;

    (10) Establishment of time limit standards for the issuing of material in store and for processing requisitions requiring purchase;

    (11) Formulation of criteria for determining when centralized rather than decentralized purchasing shall be used to obtain maximum benefit of volume buying of identical or similar items, including procurement from federal supply sources;

    (12) Development of criteria for use of leased, rather than state owned, warehouse space based on relative cost and accessibility;

    (13) Institution of standard criteria for purchase and placement of state furnished materials, carpeting, furniture, fixtures, and nonfixed equipment, in newly constructed or renovated state buildings;

    (14) Determination of how transportation costs incurred by the state for materials, supplies, services, and equipment can be reduced by improved freight and traffic coordination and control;

    (15) Establishment of a formal certification program for state employees who are authorized to perform purchasing functions as agents for the state under the provisions of chapter 43.19 RCW;

    (16) Development of performance measures for the reduction of total overall expense for material, supplies, equipment, and services used each biennium by the state;

    (17) Establishment of a standard system for all state organizations to record and report dollar savings and cost avoidance which are attributable to the establishment and implementation of improved purchasing and material control procedures;

    (18) Development of procedures for mutual and voluntary cooperation between state agencies, including educational institutions, and political subdivisions for exchange of purchasing and material control services;

    (19) Resolution of all other purchasing and material matters which require the establishment of overall statewide policy for effective and economical supply management;

    (20) Development of guidelines and criteria for the purchase of vehicles, alternate vehicle fuels and systems, equipment, and materials that reduce overall energy-related costs and energy use by the state, including the requirement that new passenger vehicles purchased by the state meet the minimum standards for passenger automobile fuel economy established by the United States secretary of transportation pursuant to the energy policy and conservation act (15 U.S.C. Sec. 2002);

    (21) Development of goals for state use of recycled and environmentally preferable products through specifications for products and services, processes for requests for proposals and requests for qualifications, contractor selection, and contract negotiations.


    NEW SECTION.  Sec. 6.  A new section is added to chapter 81.77 RCW to read as follows:

    (1) The commission shall allow solid waste collection companies collecting recyclable materials to retain up to thirty percent of the revenue paid to the companies for the material if the companies submit a plan to the commission that is certified by the appropriate local government authority as being consistent with the local government solid waste plan and that demonstrates how the revenues will be used to increase recycling.  The remaining revenue shall be passed to residential customers.

    (2) By December 2, 2005, the commission shall provide a report to the legislature that evaluates:

    (a) The effectiveness of revenue sharing as an incentive to increase recycling in the state; and

    (b) The effect of revenue sharing on costs to customers.


    NEW SECTION.  Sec. 7.  The department of ecology shall designate a portion of the responsibilities of existing staff to investigate and draw conclusions by December 31, 2002, on the following:

    (1) The use of scrap tires as alternative daily cover for landfills.  This shall include, but not be limited to, a review of alternative daily cover specifications that have been developed by other states, and either an analysis of those specifications' applicability to Washington or recommendations for developing alternative daily cover specifications that are unique to Washington;

    (2) The feasibility of establishing and maintaining an incentive program for market development for scrap tires.  This shall include, but not be limited to, the results of research into the availability of funding for such a program and proposed criteria for the program that favors projects utilizing higher end value uses of scrap tires.


    NEW SECTION.  Sec. 8.  The department of transportation, in consultation with the office of general administration when needed, shall designate a portion of the responsibilities of existing staff to evaluate scrap tire use for civil engineering and highway construction applications by November 30, 2003.  The evaluation shall include:

    (1) An analysis of the feasibility of using scrap tires in lightweight fills given the standards and specifications adopted by the federal highway administration and other states; and

    (2) An analysis of the feasibility of using rubber-modified asphalt in highway projects, including any changes in the cost of such procedures from the costs reported in the department of transportation's 1992 report to the legislature on the use of recycled materials in highway construction.


    NEW SECTION.  Sec. 9.  A new section is added to chapter 70.95 RCW to read as follows:

    The department of ecology, in conjunction with the appropriate private sector stakeholders, shall track and report annually to the legislature the total increase or reduction of tire recycling or reuse rates in the state for each calendar year and for the cumulative calendar years from the effective date of this act.


                            --- END ---