|Passed by the House February 28, 2003|
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate April 16, 2003
President of the Senate
I, Cynthia Zehnder, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1675 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Governor of the State of Washington
Secretary of State
State of Washington
|State of Washington||58th Legislature||2003 Regular Session|
READ FIRST TIME 02/14/03.
AN ACT Relating to updating civil trial provisions; amending RCW 4.44.020, 4.44.025, 4.44.070, 4.44.120, 4.44.140, 4.44.150, 4.44.180, 4.44.190, 4.44.210, 4.44.220, 4.44.230, 4.44.240, 4.44.250, 4.44.260, 4.44.280, 4.44.290, 4.44.300, 4.44.310, 4.44.360, 4.44.370, 4.44.380, 4.44.390, 4.44.420, 4.44.440, 4.44.450, 4.44.460, and 4.44.480; and repealing RCW 4.44.400.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1 RCW 4.44.020 and 1893 c 127 s 35 are each amended to read
At any time after the issues of fact are completed in any case by the service of complaint and answer or reply when necessary, as herein provided, either party may cause the issues of fact to be brought on for trial, by serving upon the opposite party a notice of trial at least three days before any day provided by rules of court for setting causes for trial, which notice shall give the title of the cause as in the pleadings, and notify the opposite party that the issues in such action will be brought on for trial at the time set by the court; and the party giving such notice of trial shall, at least ((
days before the day of setting such causes for trial file with the
clerk of the court a note of issue containing the title of the action,
the names of the attorneys and the date when the last pleading was
served; and the clerk shall thereupon enter the cause upon the trial
docket according to the date of the issue.
In case an issue of law raised upon the pleadings is desired to be brought on for argument, either party shall, at least ((
days before the day set apart by the court under its rules for hearing
issues of law, serve upon the opposite party a like notice of trial and
furnish the clerk of the court with a note of issue as above provided,
which note of issue shall specify that the issue to be tried is an
issue of law; and the clerk of the court shall thereupon enter such
action upon the motion docket of the court.
When a cause has once been placed upon either docket of the court, if not tried or argued at the time for which notice was given, it need not be noticed for a subsequent session or day, but shall remain upon the docket from session to session or from law day to law day until final disposition or stricken off by the court. The party upon whom notice of trial is served may file the note of issue and cause the action to be placed upon the calendar without further notice ((
Sec. 2 RCW 4.44.025 and 1991 c 197 s 1 are each amended to read
When setting civil cases for trial, unless otherwise provided by statute, upon motion of a party, the court may give priority to cases in which a party is frail and over seventy years of age ((
or)), a party
is afflicted with a terminal illness, or other good cause is shown for
an expedited trial date.
Sec. 3 RCW 4.44.070 and Code 1881 s 222 are each amended to read
In any case tried upon the facts without a jury or with an advisory jury, any party may, when the evidence is closed, submit ((
distinct and concise (( propositions the conclusions)) proposed findings
of fact (( which he claims to be established, or the)) and conclusions
of law (( which he desires to be adjudged, or both)). They may be
written and handed to the court, or at the option of the court, oral,
and entered in the (( judge's minutes)) record.
Sec. 4 RCW 4.44.120 and 1996 c 40 s 1 are each amended to read as
When the action is called for trial, ((
the jurors)) a panel of
potential jurors shall be selected at random from the (( jurors))
citizens summoned for jury service who have appeared and have not been
excused. A voir dire examination of the panel shall be conducted for
the purpose of discovering any basis for challenge for cause and to
permit the intelligent exercise of peremptory challenges. Any
necessary additions to the panel shall be selected at random from the
list of qualified jurors. The jury shall consist of six persons,
unless the parties in their written demand for jury demand that the
jury be twelve in number or consent to a less number. The parties may
consent to a jury less than six in number but not less than three, and
such consent shall be entered (( by the clerk on the minutes of the
trial)) in the record.
Sec. 5 RCW 4.44.140 and Code 1881 s 208 are each amended to read
A peremptory challenge is an objection to a juror for which no reason need be given, but upon which the court shall exclude ((
Sec. 6 RCW 4.44.150 and Code 1881 s 209 are each amended to read
A challenge for cause is an objection to a juror, and may be either:
(1) General; that the juror is disqualified from serving in any action; or
(2) Particular; that ((
he)) the juror is disqualified from serving
in the action on trial.
Sec. 7 RCW 4.44.180 and Code 1881 s 212 are each amended to read
A challenge for implied bias may be taken for any or all of the following causes, and not otherwise:
(1) Consanguinity or affinity within the fourth degree to either party.
(2) Standing in the relation of guardian and ward, attorney and client, master and servant or landlord and tenant, to ((
a party; or being a member of the family of, or a partner in business
with, or in the employment for wages, of (( the adverse)) a party, or
being surety or bail in the action called for trial, or otherwise, for
(( the adverse)) a party.
(3) Having served as a juror on a previous trial in the same action, or in another action between the same parties for the same cause of action, or in a criminal action by the state against either party, upon substantially the same facts or transaction.
(4) Interest on the part of the juror in the event of the action, or the principal question involved therein, excepting always, the interest of the juror as a member or citizen of the county or municipal corporation.
Sec. 8 RCW 4.44.190 and Code 1881 s 213 are each amended to read
A challenge for actual bias may be taken for the cause mentioned in RCW 4.44.170(2). But on the trial of such challenge, although it should appear that the juror challenged has formed or expressed an opinion upon what he or she may have heard or read, such opinion shall not of itself be sufficient to sustain the challenge, but the court must be satisfied, from all the circumstances, that the juror cannot disregard such opinion and try the issue impartially.
Sec. 9 RCW 4.44.210 and Code 1881 s 215 are each amended to read
The jurors having been examined as to their qualifications, first by the plaintiff and then by the defendant, and passed for cause, the peremptory challenges shall be conducted as follows, to wit:
The plaintiff may challenge one, and then the defendant may challenge one, and so alternately until the peremptory challenges shall be exhausted. ((
The panel being filled and passed for cause, after
said challenge shall have been made by either party,)) During this
alternating process, if one of the parties declines to exercise a
peremptory challenge, then that party may no longer peremptorily
challenge any of the jurors in the group for which challenges are then
being considered and may only peremptorily challenge any jurors later
added to that group. A refusal to challenge by either party in the
said order of alternation(( ,)) shall not (( defeat)) prevent the adverse
party (( of his)) from using the full number of challenges(( , but such
refusal on the part of the plaintiff to exercise his challenge in
proper turn, shall conclude him as to the jurors once accepted by him,
and if his right be not exhausted, his further challenges shall be
confined, in his proper turn, to talesmen only)).
Sec. 10 RCW 4.44.220 and Code 1881 s 216 are each amended to read
The challenges of either party shall be taken separately in the following order, including in each challenge all the causes of challenge belonging to the same class:
For general disqualification)) Challenges for cause.
For implied bias.)) Peremptory challenges.
(3) For actual bias.
Sec. 11 RCW 4.44.230 and Code 1881 s 217 are each amended to read
The challenge may be excepted to by the adverse party for insufficiency, and if so, the court shall determine the sufficiency thereof, assuming the facts alleged therein to be true. The challenge may be denied by the adverse party, and if so, the court shall ((
the issue and determine the law and the facts)) determine the facts and
decide the issue.
Sec. 12 RCW 4.44.240 and Code 1881 s 218 are each amended to read
Upon the trial of a challenge)) When facts are determined under
RCW 4.44.230, the rules of evidence applicable to testimony offered
upon the trial of an ordinary issue of fact shall govern. The juror
challenged, or any other person otherwise competent may be examined as
a witness by either party. (( If a challenge be determined to be
sufficient, or found to be true, as the case may be, it shall be
allowed, and the juror to whom it was taken excluded; but if determined
or found otherwise, it shall be disallowed.)) If the challenge is
sustained, the juror shall be dismissed from the case; otherwise, the
juror shall be retained.
Sec. 13 RCW 4.44.250 and Code 1881 s 219 are each amended to read
The challenge, the exception, and the denial may be made orally. The judge ((
of the court)) shall (( note)) enter the same upon (( his
minutes, and)) the record, along with the substance of the testimony on
Sec. 14 RCW 4.44.260 and Code 1881 s 220 are each amended to read
As soon as the number of the jury has been completed)) When the
jury has been selected, an oath or affirmation shall be administered to
the jurors, in substance that they and each of them, will well, and
truly try, the matter in issue between the plaintiff and defendant, and
a true verdict give, according to the law and evidence as given them on
Sec. 15 RCW 4.44.280 and 1957 c 7 s 5 are each amended to read as
The jurors may be admonished by the court that it is their duty
not to converse with any other person, or among themselves, on any
subject connected with the trial, or to express any opinion thereon,
until the case is finally submitted to them.)) The court may admonish
the jurors that they must not discuss among themselves any subject
connected with the trial until they begin their deliberations. The
court may also admonish the jurors that they must not discuss with
nonjurors any subject connected with the trial until the jurors have
been dismissed from the case.
Sec. 16 RCW 4.44.290 and Code 1881 s 227 are each amended to read
If after the formation of the jury, and before verdict, a juror becomes ((
sick so as to be)) unable to perform his or her duty, the
court may (( order him to be discharged)) discharge the juror. In that
case, unless the parties agree to proceed with the other jurors(( ,)):
(1) An alternate juror may replace the discharged juror and the jury
instructed to start their deliberations anew; (2) a new juror may be
sworn and the trial begin anew; or (3) the jury may be discharged and
a new jury then or afterwards formed.
Sec. 17 RCW 4.44.300 and Code 1881 s 229 are each amended to read
After hearing the charge, the jury may either decide in the jury
box or retire for deliberation. If they retire)) During deliberations,
the jury may be allowed to separate unless good cause is shown, on the
record, for sequestration of the jury. Unless the members of a
deliberating jury are allowed to separate, they must be kept together
in a room provided for them, or some other convenient place under the
charge of one or more officers, until they agree upon their verdict, or
are discharged by the court. The officer shall, to the best of his or
her ability, keep the jury (( thus)) separate from other persons(( ,
without drink, except water, and without food, except [as] ordered by
the court)). (( He must not suffer)) The officer shall not allow any
communication to be made to them, nor make any himself or herself,
unless by order of the court, except to ask them if they have agreed
upon their verdict, and (( he)) the officer shall not, before the
verdict is rendered, communicate to any person the state of their
deliberations or the verdict agreed on.
Sec. 18 RCW 4.44.310 and Code 1881 s 230 are each amended to read
If, while the jury are kept together, either during the progress of the trial or after their retirement for deliberation, the court orders them to be provided with suitable and sufficient food and lodging, they shall be so provided ((
by the sheriff,)) at the expense of the county.
Sec. 19 RCW 4.44.360 and Code 1881 s 236 are each amended to read
When the jury have agreed upon their verdict they shall be conducted into court by the officer having them in charge. ((
names shall then be called, and if all do not appear, the rest shall be
discharged without giving a verdict.))
Sec. 20 RCW 4.44.370 and Code 1881 s 237 are each amended to read
If the jury appear, they)) The jurors shall be asked by the court
or the clerk whether they have agreed upon their verdict, and if the
(( foreman)) presiding juror answers in the affirmative, (( he shall on
being required declare the same)) the presiding juror shall submit the
verdict to the court.
Sec. 21 RCW 4.44.380 and 1972 ex.s. c 57 s 4 are each amended to
read as follows:
In all trials by juries of six in the superior court, except criminal trials, when five of the jurors agree upon a verdict, the verdict so agreed upon shall be signed by the ((
juror, and the verdict shall stand as the verdict of the whole jury,
and have all the force and effect of a verdict agreed to by six jurors.
In cases where the jury is twelve in number, a verdict reached by ten
shall have the same force and effect as described above, and the same
procedures shall be followed.
Sec. 22 RCW 4.44.390 and 1972 ex.s. c 57 s 6 are each amended to
read as follows:
When the verdict is returned into court either party may poll the
jury, and if the number of jurors required for verdict answer that it
is the verdict said verdict shall stand. In case the number of jurors
required for verdict do not answer in the affirmative the jury shall be
returned to the jury room for further deliberation.)) After the verdict
is announced, but before it is filed, the jury may be polled at the
request of either party. Each juror may be asked whether the verdict
is his or her individual verdict and whether the verdict is the jury's
collective verdict. If it appears that the verdict is insufficient
because the required number of jurors have not reached agreement, the
jurors may be returned to the jury room for further deliberation.
Sec. 23 RCW 4.44.420 and Code 1881 s 241 are each amended to read
In an action for the recovery of specific personal property, if the property has not been delivered to the plaintiff, or the defendant by his or her answer claims a return thereof, the jury shall assess the value of the property if their verdict be in favor of the plaintiff, or if they find in favor of the defendant and that ((
he)) the defendant is
entitled to a return thereof, they may at the same time assess the
damages, if any are claimed in the complaint or answer, which the
prevailing party has sustained by reason of the detention or taking and
withholding such property.
Sec. 24 RCW 4.44.440 and Code 1881 s 243 are each amended to read
When a special finding of facts shall be inconsistent with the
general verdict, the former shall control the latter, and the court
shall give judgment accordingly.)) When special findings of fact are
inconsistent with the general verdict, the judge may enter judgment
consistent with the findings of fact, may return the jurors to the jury
room for further deliberations, or may order a new trial.
Sec. 25 RCW 4.44.450 and 1891 c 60 s 3 are each amended to read
When a verdict is found for the plaintiff in an action for the recovery of money, or for the defendant when a setoff for the recovery of money is established beyond the amount of the plaintiff's claim as established, the jury shall also assess the amount of the recovery; they may also, under the direction of the court, assess the amount of the recovery when the court gives judgment for ((
the plaintiff)) a
party on the pleadings.
Sec. 26 RCW 4.44.460 and Code 1881 s 239 are each amended to read
When the verdict is given and is such as the court may receive,
and if no juror disagrees or the jury be not again sent out, the clerk
shall file the verdict.)) If the court determines that the verdict
meets the requirements contained in this chapter and in court rules,
the clerk shall file the verdict. The verdict is then complete and the
jury shall be discharged from the case. The verdict shall be in
writing, and under the direction of the court shall be substantially
entered in the (( journal)) record as of the day's proceedings on which
it was given.
Sec. 27 RCW 4.44.480 and Code 1881 s 195 are each amended to read
When it is admitted by the pleading or examination of a party, that ((
he has in his possession, or under his control,)) the party possesses
or has control of any money, or other thing capable of delivery, which
being the subject of the litigation, is held by him or her as trustee
for another party, or which belongs or is due to another party, the
court may order the same to be deposited in court, or delivered to such
party, with or without security, subject to the further direction of
NEW SECTION. Sec. 28 RCW 4.44.400 (Correction of informal
verdict -- Polling jury) and Code 1881 s 238, 1877 p 49 s 242, & 1869 p
58 s 242 are each repealed.