|Passed by the House April 16, 2009|
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate April 13, 2009
President of the Senate
I, Barbara Baker, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of the State of Washington, do hereby certify that the attached is ENGROSSED SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL 1033 as passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on the dates hereon set forth.
Governor of the State of Washington
Secretary of State
State of Washington
|State of Washington||61st Legislature||2009 Regular Session|
READ FIRST TIME 01/23/09.
AN ACT Relating to requiring the use of alternatives to lead wheel weights that reduce environmental health impacts; adding a new chapter to Title 70 RCW; and prescribing penalties.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1 The legislature finds that:
(1) Environmental health hazards associated with lead wheel weights are a preventable problem. People are exposed to lead fragments and dust when lead wheel weights fall from motor vehicles onto Washington roadways and are then abraded and pulverized by traffic. Lead wheel weights on and alongside roadways can contribute to soil, surface, and groundwater contamination and pose hazards to downstream aquatic life.
(2) Lead negatively affects every bodily system. While it is injurious to people of all ages, lead is especially harmful to fetuses, children, and adults of childbearing age. Effects of lead on a child's cognitive, behavioral, and developmental abilities may necessitate large expenditures of public funds for health care and special education. Irreversible damage to children and subsequent expenditures could be avoided if exposure to lead is reduced.
(3) There are no federal regulatory controls governing use of lead wheel weights. The legislature recognizes the state's need to protect the public from exposure to lead hazards.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 2 The definitions in this section apply
throughout this chapter unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1) "Department" means the department of ecology.
(2) "Environmentally preferred wheel weight" means any wheel weight used for balancing motor vehicle wheels that do not include more than 0.5 percent by weight of any chemical, group of chemicals, or metal of concern identified by rule under chapter 173-333 WAC.
(3) "Lead wheel weight" means any externally affixed or attached wheel weight used for balancing motor vehicle wheels and composed of greater than 0.1 percent lead by weight.
(4) "Person" includes any individual, firm, association, partnership, corporation, governmental entity, organization, or joint venture.
(5) "Vehicle" means any motor vehicle registered in Washington with a wheel diameter of less than 19.5 inches or a gross vehicle weight of fourteen thousand pounds or less.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 3 (1) On and after January 1, 2011, a person
who replaces or balances motor vehicle tires must replace lead wheel
weights with environmentally preferred wheel weights on all vehicles
when they replace or balance tires in Washington. However, the person
may use alternatives to lead wheel weights that are determined by the
department to not qualify as environmentally preferred wheel weights
for up to two years following the date of that determination, but must
thereafter use environmentally preferred wheel weights.
(2) A person who is subject to the requirement in subsection (1) of this section must recycle the lead wheel weights that they remove.
(3) A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) of this section is subject to penalties prescribed in section 5 of this act. A violation of subsection (1) of this section occurs with respect to each vehicle for which lead wheel weights are not replaced in compliance with subsection (1) of this section.
(4) An owner of a vehicle is not subject to any requirement in this section.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 4 (1) The department shall achieve compliance
with section 3 of this act through the enforcement sequence specified
in this section.
(2) To provide assistance in identifying environmentally preferred wheel weights, the department shall, by October 1, 2010, prepare and distribute information regarding this chapter to the maximum extent practicable to:
(a) Persons that replace or balance motor vehicle tires in Washington; and
(b) Persons generally in the motor vehicle tire and wheel weight manufacturing, distribution, wholesale, and retail industries.
(3) The department shall issue a warning letter to a person who fails to comply with section 3 of this act and offer information or other appropriate assistance. If the person does not comply with section 3(1) of this act within one year of the department's issuance of the warning letter, the department may assess civil penalties under section 5 of this act.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 5 (1) An initial violation of section 3(1) of
this act is punishable by a civil penalty not to exceed five hundred
dollars. Subsequent violations of section 3(1) of this act are
punishable by civil penalties not to exceed one thousand dollars for
(2) Penalties collected under this section must be deposited in the state toxics control account created in RCW 70.105D.070.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6 The department may adopt rules to fully
implement this chapter.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 7 If any provision of this act or its
application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the
remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other
persons or circumstances is not affected.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 8 Sections 1 through 7 of this act constitute
a new chapter in Title