By Senators Marr, Kohl-Welles, Eide, Jarrett, Kauffman, Hobbs, McDermott, Kastama, Prentice, Franklin, Berkey, Kline, Kilmer, Fraser, Tom, McAuliffe, Keiser, Brown, Murray, Regala, Shin, Sheldon, Oemig, Ranker, and Hargrove

     WHEREAS, On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which authorized the forced assembly, evacuation, and internment of approximately 12,000 Japanese-Americans residing in the state of Washington; and
     WHEREAS, The order for assembly and detention at Camp Harmony in Puyallup, Washington, prior to evacuation and subsequent internment, caused Japanese-Americans from the state of Washington to lose millions of dollars in property and assets, to suffer immeasurable physical and psychological damage, and to be deprived of their constitutional liberties without due process of law; and
     WHEREAS, The alleged purpose of this drastic course of action was to prevent Japanese-Americans, all of whom were deemed disloyal and untrustworthy, from committing acts of espionage and sabotage against the United States during its involvement in World War II; and
     WHEREAS, An overwhelming number of Japanese-Americans from the state of Washington responded to questions of their loyalty and patriotism by volunteering from within barbed wire camps to serve in the United States Military Intelligence Service and the United States Army's 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the latter of which became the most decorated unit of its size in American history with seven Presidential Unit Citations, 21 Congressional Medals of Honor, 52 Distinguished Service Crosses, 1 Distinguished Service Medal, 588 Silver Stars, 4,000 Bronze Stars, 9,486 Purple Hearts, and a total of 18 decorations from France and Italy; and
     WHEREAS, A few equally patriotic Japanese-Americans, such as Gordon Hirabayashi, then a student at the University of Washington, were willing to face imprisonment to seek justice by challenging the constitutionality of the evacuation and internment orders; and
     WHEREAS, Through the fact-finding work of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, the United States Congress later found that "there was no military or security reason for the internment" of individuals of Japanese ancestry and that the internment "was caused by racial prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership"; and
     WHEREAS, On August 10, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed H.R. 442, the Civil Liberties Act, which recognized the injustice of the relocation and internment of American citizens of Japanese ancestry and provided token monetary redress; and
     WHEREAS, Japanese-American internees from the state of Washington endured economic, physical, and psychological hardship and suffered in silence for more than forty years before the state of Washington provided monetary redress and reparations to municipal and state employees;
     NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, That the Washington State Senate along with the people of Washington, pause to acknowledge the sixty-seventh anniversary of the signing of Executive Order 9066, to recognize the Japanese-American internees and World War II veterans from the state of Washington, to honor their patience, heroism, sacrifice, and patriotic loyalty, and to remember the lessons and blessings of liberty and justice for all; and
     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That copies of this resolution be immediately transmitted to the Nisei Veterans Committee, the Military Intelligence Service-Northwest Association, the Japanese-American Citizens League, and the Japanese-American Cultural & Community Center.

I, Thomas Hoemann, Secretary of the Senate,
do hereby certify that this is a true and
correct copy of Senate Resolution 8631,
adopted by the Senate
February 17, 2009

Secretary of the Senate