HB 1395

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

As Reported by House Committee On:

Labor & Workplace Standards

Title: An act relating to direct contractor liability for payment of wages and benefits.

Brief Description: Concerning direct contractor liability for payment of wages and benefits.

Sponsors: Representatives Pellicciotti, Hansen, Reeves, Sells, Frame, Peterson, Dolan, Doglio, Ormsby, Blake, Riccelli, Valdez and Goodman.

Brief History:

Committee Activity:

Labor & Workplace Standards: 1/31/19, 2/19/19 [DPS].

Brief Summary of Substitute Bill

  • Allows the Department of Labor and Industries to enforce against a direct contractor unpaid wages owed by a subcontractor.

  • Allows a third party owed fringe or other benefit payments or contributions by a subcontractor to bring a civil action against a direct contractor.

  • Allows an interested party to bring a civil action against a direct contractor or subcontractor for wages owed, including against the direct contractor for wages owed by a subcontractor, after 30 days' notice to the direct contractor and subcontractor.


Majority Report: The substitute bill be substituted therefor and the substitute bill do pass. Signed by 4 members: Representatives Sells, Chair; Chapman, Vice Chair; Gregerson and Ormsby.

Minority Report: Do not pass. Signed by 3 members: Representatives Mosbrucker, Ranking Minority Member; Chandler, Assistant Ranking Minority Member; Hoff.

Staff: Joan Elgee (786-7106).


An individual owed wages may file a wage payment complaint with the Department of Labor and Industries (Department) under the Wage Payment Act (WPA). The Department must investigate and, if it finds a violation, must issue a notice and order of assessment and may order the employer to pay employees all wages owed, including interest. The Department may also order a civil penalty if the violation was willful. An employee may pursue a private cause of action if it terminates the administrative action within 10 business days after it receives the Department's notice of assessment.

Under some circumstances, joint employment may exist and more than one employer may be liable for wage payments.

Under Department rule, an employer must keep records of each employee's name, address, occupation, hours worked on a daily and weekly basis, rate or rates of pay, total wages earned, deductions, and net pay for the pay period.

Federal law recognizes Joint Labor-Management Cooperation Committees to improve labor and management relations, and for other purposes.


Summary of Substitute Bill:

A direct contractor entering into a contract for the erection, construction, alteration, or repair of a building, structure, or other private work is liable for any debt owed to an employee. A direct contractor is also liable for a debt owed to a third party for fringe or other benefit payments or contributions made on behalf of an employee, incurred by a subcontractor at any tier on behalf of the employee. The liability does not include any penalties or other damages. A direct contractor or subcontractor may enforce against a subcontractor it hires any liability created by this provision.

The liability created does not apply to work entered into by the state or any political subdivision.

The liability may be enforced as follows:

A third party or a joint labor-management cooperation committee that prevails is entitled to reasonable attorneys' fees, costs, and expert witness fees.

Upon request by a direct contractor to a subcontractor, the subcontractor and any lower tier subcontractors must provide payroll records that include only the last four digits of the employees' Social Security numbers and contain sufficient information to apprise the direct contractor of the payment status in making fringe or other benefits payments or contributions and specified information regarding the project. If a subcontractor does not provide the information requested within 10 days of the request, a direct contractor may withhold as disputed all sums owed.

A one-year statute of limitations is provided for both the administrative and civil causes of action, which runs from the date the claimed labor was performed or the contract work was substantially completed or abandoned, whichever occurred first. The statute of limitations for a civil cause of action is tolled during an administrative investigation.

A "direct contractor" is a contractor that has a direct contractual relationship with an owner. "Fringe or other benefit payments or contributions" are payments made by an employer on behalf of employees for group life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, sick leave, annual leave, educational benefits, and pensions.

Substitute Bill Compared to Original Bill:

The substitute bill:


Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date of Substitute Bill: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.

Staff Summary of Public Testimony:

(In support) Not receiving a paycheck because of wage theft is a serious problem.  Many Americans cannot afford an unexpected obligation.  A small minority of subcontractors do not pay their workers and there is no real recourse. Enforcement is problematic. There is no retainage and the bond is grossly inadequate. The bill is modelled after a California law which has discouraged working with dishonest subcontractors. Workers have asked for their pay and have been shown a gun or have been reported to Immigration and Customs Enforcement after completing a job. Some subcontractors do not pay because they were not paid by the direct contractor.  This bill encourages self-policing by making the direct contractor, who received the benefit of the work and has leverage over the subcontractors, responsible for the wages.  Contractors will bid more responsibly, similar to the process in public works.  The bill will help the economy and contractors who follow the rules. There are some technical issues.

(Opposed) Wage theft is not supported and opponents are willing to work on the issue. However, this bill might make it easier to break the law because the direct contractor will be responsible, and it may discourage entrepreneurship.  A stakeholder process is needed. Some issues to consider are making sure the direct contractor does not pay twice and whether the worker must first go through the WPA process. How can problems be discovered quickly, and going after culpable parties when there are up to 75 subcontractors on one house project, it is impossible to monitor all of them. Even homeowners would turn into enforcement officers.  There are existing processes.  If the Department cannot enforce the law, it should do something.

Persons Testifying: (In support) Representative Pellicciotti, prime sponsor; Evelyn Shapiro O'Conner, Cory Elliott, and Miguel Perry, Pacific Northwest Regional Council of Carpenters; and Josh Swanson, International Union of Operating Engineers Local 302.

(Opposed) Jerry VanderWood, Associated General Contractors; Rick Hjelm, Phase II Construction; and Tom Kwieciak, Building Industry Association of Washington.

Persons Signed In To Testify But Not Testifying: None.