SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL NO. 1221
AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE
C 301 L 89 PV
State of Washington 51st Legislature 1989 Regular Session
By House Committee on Commerce & Labor (originally sponsored by Representatives McLean, Vekich, Nealey, P. King, Todd and Silver)
Read first time 2/17/89.
AN ACT Relating to auctioneers selling vehicles; and amending RCW 46.70.011, 46.70.023, 46.70.051, and 46.70.070.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. Section 3, chapter 11, Laws of 1979 as last amended by section 1, chapter 287, Laws of 1988 and RCW 46.70.011 are each amended to read as follows:
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Vehicle" means and includes every device capable of being moved upon a public highway and in, upon, or by which any persons or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public highway, excepting devices moved by human or animal power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(2) "Motor vehicle" means every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, and which is required to be registered and titled under Title 46 RCW, Motor Vehicles.
(3) "Vehicle dealer" means any person, firm, association, corporation, or trust, not excluded by subsection (4) of this section, engaged in the business of buying, selling, listing, exchanging, offering, brokering, leasing with an option to purchase, auctioning, soliciting, or advertising the sale of new or used vehicles, or arranging or offering or attempting to solicit or negotiate on behalf of others, a sale, purchase, or exchange of an interest in new or used motor vehicles, irrespective of whether the motor vehicles are owned by that person. Vehicle dealers shall be classified as follows:
(a) A "motor vehicle dealer" is a vehicle dealer that deals in new or used motor vehicles, or both;
(b) A "mobile home and travel trailer dealer" is a vehicle dealer that deals in mobile homes or travel trailers, or both;
(c) A "miscellaneous vehicle dealer" is a vehicle dealer that deals in motorcycles or vehicles other than motor vehicles or mobile homes and travel trailers or any combination of such vehicles.
(4) The term "vehicle dealer" does not include, nor do the licensing requirements of RCW 46.70.021 apply to, the following persons, firms, associations, or corporations:
(a) Receivers, trustees, administrators, executors, guardians, or other persons appointed by, or acting under a judgment or order of, any court; or
(b) Public officers while performing their official duties; or
(c) Employees of vehicle dealers who are engaged in the specific performance of their duties as such employees; or
(d) Any person engaged in an isolated sale of a vehicle in which he is the registered or legal owner, or both, thereof; or
(e) Any person, firm, association, corporation, or trust, engaged in the selling of equipment other than vehicles, subject to registration, used for agricultural or industrial purposes; or
(f) A real estate broker licensed under chapter 18.85 RCW, or his authorized representative, who, on behalf of the legal or registered owner of a used mobile home negotiates the purchase, sale, or exchange of the used mobile home in conjunction with the purchase, sale, exchange, rental, or lease of the land upon which the used mobile home is located and the real estate broker is not acting as an agent, subagent, or representative of a vehicle dealer licensed under this chapter; or
(g) Owners who are also operators of the special highway construction equipment or of the highway construction equipment for which a vehicle license and display vehicle license number plate is required as defined in RCW 46.16.010; or
(h) Any bank, trust company, savings bank, mutual savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and any parent, subsidiary, or affiliate thereof, authorized to do business in this state under state or federal law with respect to the sale or other disposition of a motor vehicle owned and used in their business; or with respect to the acquisition and sale or other disposition of a motor vehicle in which the entity has acquired an interest as a lessor, lessee, or secured party.
(5) "Vehicle salesperson" means any person who for any form of compensation sells, auctions, leases with an option to purchase, or offers to sell or to so lease vehicles on behalf of a vehicle dealer.
(6) "Department" means the department of licensing, which shall administer and enforce the provisions of this chapter.
(7) "Director" means the director of licensing.
(8) "Manufacturer" means any person, firm, association, corporation, or trust, resident or nonresident, who manufactures or assembles new and unused vehicles or remanufactures vehicles in whole or in part and further includes the terms:
(a) "Distributor," which means any person, firm, association, corporation, or trust, resident or nonresident, who in whole or in part offers for sale, sells, or distributes any new and unused vehicle to vehicle dealers or who maintains factory representatives.
(b) "Factory branch," which means a branch office maintained by a manufacturer for the purpose of selling or offering for sale, vehicles to a distributor, wholesaler, or vehicle dealer, or for directing or supervising in whole or in part factory or distributor representatives, and further includes any sales promotion organization, whether a person, firm, or corporation, which is engaged in promoting the sale of new and unused vehicles in this state of a particular brand or make to vehicle dealers.
(c) "Factory representative," which means a representative employed by a manufacturer, distributor, or factory branch for the purpose of making or promoting for the sale of their vehicles or for supervising or contracting with their dealers or prospective dealers.
(9) "Established place of business" means a location meeting the requirements of RCW 46.70.023(1) at which a vehicle dealer conducts business in this state.
(10) "Principal place of business" means that dealer firm's business location in the state, which place the dealer designates as their principal place of business.
(11) "Subagency" means any place of business of a vehicle dealer within the state, which place is physically and geographically separated from the principal place of business of the firm or any place of business of a vehicle dealer within the state, at which place the firm does business using a name other than the principal name of the firm, or both.
(12) "Temporary subagency" means a location other than the principal place of business or subagency within the state where a licensed vehicle dealer may secure a license to conduct the business and is licensed for a period of time not to exceed ten days for a specific purpose such as auto shows, auctions, shopping center promotions, tent sales, exhibitions, or similar merchandising ventures.
(13) "Wholesale vehicle dealer" means a vehicle dealer who sells to Washington dealers.
(14) "Retail vehicle dealer" means a vehicle dealer who sells vehicles to the public.
(15) "Listing dealer" means a used mobile home dealer who makes contracts with sellers who will compensate the dealer for obtaining a willing purchaser for the seller's mobile home.
(16) "Auction" means a transaction conducted by means of exchanges between an auctioneer and the members of the audience, constituting a series of oral invitations for offers for the purchase of vehicles made by the auctioneer, offers to purchase by members of the audience, and the acceptance of the highest or most favorable offer to purchase.
(17) "Auction company" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other legal or commercial entity licensed under chapter 18.11 RCW that only sells or offers to sell vehicles at auction or only arranges or sponsors auctions.
Sec. 2. Section 4, chapter 241, Laws of 1986 and RCW 46.70.023 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) An "established place of business" requires a permanent, enclosed commercial building located within the state of Washington easily accessible at all reasonable times. An established place of business shall have an improved display area of not less than three thousand square feet in or immediately adjoining the building, or a display area large enough to display six or more vehicles of the type the dealer is licensed to sell, whichever area is larger. The business of a vehicle dealer, including the display and repair of vehicles, may be lawfully carried on at an established place of business in accordance with the terms of all applicable building code, zoning, and other land-use regulatory ordinances. The dealer shall keep the building open to the public so that they may contact the vehicle dealer or the dealer's salespersons at all reasonable times. The books, records, and files necessary to conduct the business shall be kept and maintained at that place. The established place of business shall display an exterior sign with the business name and nature of the business, such as auto sales, permanently affixed to the land or building, with letters clearly visible to the major avenue of traffic. In no event may a room or rooms in a hotel, rooming house, or apartment house building or part of a single or multiple-unit dwelling house be considered an "established place of business" unless the ground floor of such a dwelling is devoted principally to and occupied for commercial purposes and the dealer offices are located on the ground floor. A mobile office or mobile home may be used as an office if it is connected to utilities and is set up in accordance with state law. This subsection does not apply to auction companies that do not own vehicle inventory or sell vehicles from an auction yard.
(2) An auction company shall have office facilities within the state. The books, records, and files necessary to conduct the business shall be maintained at the office facilities. All storage facilities for inventory shall be listed with the department, and shall meet local zoning and land use ordinances. An auction company shall maintain a telecommunications system.
(3) Auction companies shall post their vehicle dealer license at each auction where vehicles are offered, and shall provide the department with the address of the auction at least three days before the auction.
(4) If a dealer maintains a place of business at more than one location or under more than one name in this state, he or she shall designate one location as the principal place of business of the firm, one name as the principal name of the firm, and all other locations or names as subagencies. A subagency license is required for each and every subagency: PROVIDED, That the department may grant an exception to the subagency requirement in the specific instance where a licensed new motor vehicle dealer is unable to locate their used vehicle sales facilities adjacent to or at the established place of business. This exception shall be granted and defined under the promulgation of rules consistent with the Administrative Procedure Act.
(5) All vehicle dealers shall maintain ownership or leasehold throughout
the license year of the real property from which they do business. The dealer
shall provide the department with evidence of ownership or leasehold whenever
the ownership changes or the lease is terminated.
(6) A subagency shall comply with all requirements of an established
place of business, except that auction companies shall comply with the
requirements in subsection (2) of this section.
(7) A temporary subagency shall meet all local zoning and building codes
for the type of merchandising being conducted. The dealer license certificate
shall be posted at the location. No other requirements of an established place
of business apply to a temporary subagency. Auction companies are not
required to obtain a temporary subagency license.
(8) A wholesale vehicle dealer shall have office facilities in a
commercial building within this state, and all storage facilities for inventory
shall be listed with the department, and shall meet local zoning and land use
ordinances. A wholesale vehicle dealer shall maintain a telecommunications
system. An exterior sign visible from the nearest street shall identify the
business name and the nature of business. A wholesale dealer need not maintain
a display area as required in this section. When two or more vehicle dealer
businesses share a location, all records, office facilities, and inventory, if
any, must be physically segregated and clearly identified.
(9) A retail vehicle dealer shall be open during normal business hours,
maintain office and display facilities in a commercially zoned location or in a
location complying with all applicable building and land use ordinances, and
maintain a business telephone listing in the local directory. When two or more
vehicle dealer businesses share a location, all records, office facilities, and
inventory shall be physically segregated and clearly identified.
(10) A listing dealer need not have a display area if the dealer does
not physically maintain any vehicles for display.
(11) A subagency license is not required for a mobile home dealer to
display an on-site display model, a consigned mobile home not relocated from
its site, or a repossessed mobile home if sales are handled from a principal
place of business or subagency. A mobile home dealer shall identify on-site
display models, repossessed mobile homes, and those consigned at their sites
with a sign that includes the dealer's name and telephone number.
(12) Every vehicle dealer shall advise the department of the location of
each and every place of business of the firm and the name or names under which
the firm is doing business at such location or locations. If any name or
location is changed, the dealer shall notify the department of such change
within ten days. The license issued by the department shall reflect the name
and location of the firm and shall be posted in a conspicuous place at that
location by the dealer.
(13) A vehicle dealer's license shall upon the death or incapacity of
an individual vehicle dealer authorize the personal representative of such
dealer, subject to payment of license fees, to continue the business for a
period of six months from the date of the death or incapacity.
Sec. 3. Section 7, chapter 74, Laws of 1967 ex. sess. as last amended by section 6, chapter 132, Laws of 1973 1st ex. sess. and RCW 46.70.051 are each amended to read as follows:
After the application has been filed, the fee paid, and bond posted, if
required the department shall, if no denial order is in effect and no
proceeding is pending under RCW 46.70.180 or 46.70.200, issue the appropriate
license, which license, in the case of a vehicle dealer, shall designate the
classification of the dealer((
: PROVIDED, That nothing shall)).
Nothing prohibits a vehicle dealer from obtaining licenses for more
than one classification, and(( : PROVIDED FURTHER, That nothing shall)) nothing
prevents any vehicle dealer from dealing in other classes of vehicles on
an isolated basis.
(2) An auction company licensed under chapter 18.11 RCW may sell at auction all classifications of vehicles under a motor vehicle dealer's license issued under this chapter including motor vehicles, miscellaneous type vehicles, and mobile homes and travel trailers.
Sec. 4. Section 46.70.070, chapter 12, Laws of 1961 as last amended by section 11, chapter 241, Laws of 1986 and RCW 46.70.070 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, before issuing a vehicle dealer's license, the department shall require the applicant to file with the department a surety bond in the amount of:
(a) Fifteen thousand dollars for motor vehicle dealers;
(b) Thirty thousand dollars for mobile home and travel trailer dealers: PROVIDED, That if such dealer does not deal in mobile homes such bond shall be fifteen thousand dollars;
thousand dollars for miscellaneous dealers((
, running)). The bond shall
run to the state, and shall be executed by a surety company
authorized to do business in the state. Such bond shall be approved by the
attorney general as to form and conditioned that the dealer shall conduct his
business in conformity with the provisions of this chapter(( ;)).
(2) Wholesale dealers shall not be required to file a surety bond with
(3) Before issuing a motor vehicle dealer's license to an auction company, the department shall require the applicant to file a vehicle dealer's surety bond with the department in the amount of fifteen thousand dollars. The bond shall cover all vehicle sales in the state.
Any retail purchaser who ((
shall have)) has suffered any loss or
damage by reason of breach of warranty or by any act by a dealer which
constitutes a violation of this chapter (( shall have the right to)) may
institute an action for recovery against such dealer and the surety upon such
bond. Successive recoveries against said bond shall be permitted, but the
aggregate liability of the surety to all persons shall in no event exceed the
amount of the bond. Upon exhaustion of the penalty of said bond or
cancellation of the bond by the surety the vehicle dealer license shall
automatically be deemed canceled.
(5) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the bond for
any vehicle dealer licensed or to be licensed under more than one
classification shall be the highest bond required for any such classification.
(6) Vehicle dealers shall maintain a bond for each business location in
this state and bond coverage for all temporary subagencies.