HOUSE BILL NO. 1524
C 185 L 89
State of Washington 51st Legislature 1989 Regular Session
By Representatives Nelson, Brooks and Braddock; by request of Department of Corrections
Read first time 1/27/89 and referred to Committee on Health Care.
AN ACT Relating to Washington state correctional industries; and amending RCW 41.06.071, 43.19.1932, 72.09.060, 72.09.070, 72.09.080, 72.09.090, 72.09.100, 72.09.106, 72.09.110, 72.60.100, 72.60.102, 72.62.020, and 72.63.040.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
Sec. 1. Section 28, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 as amended by section 1, chapter 175, Laws of 1983 and RCW 41.06.071 are each amended to read as follows:
to the exemptions provided under RCW 41.06.070, the provisions of this chapter
shall not apply in the department of corrections to the secretary, the
secretary's personal secretary, the deputy secretary, all division directors
and assistant directors, all facility superintendents and associate
superintendents for facilities with a resident capacity of fifty or more and
all management and sales staff of ((
Sec. 2. Section 14, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 and RCW 43.19.1932 are each amended to read as follows:
department of corrections shall be exempt from the following provisions of this
chapter in respect to goods or services purchased or sold pursuant to the
operation of ((
institutional)) correctional industries: RCW
43.19.180, 43.19.190, 43.19.1901, 43.19.1905, 43.19.1906, 43.19.1908,
43.19.1911, 43.19.1913, 43.19.1915, 43.19.1917, 43.19.1919, 43.19.1921,
43.19.1925, and 43.19.200.
Sec. 3. Section 6, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 and RCW 72.09.060 are each amended to read as follows:
of corrections may be organized into such divisions or offices as the secretary
may determine, but shall include divisions for (1) ((
industries, (2) prisons and other custodial institutions and (3) probation,
parole, community service, restitution, and other nonincarcerative sanctions.
The secretary shall have at least one person on his staff who shall have the
responsibility for developing a program which encourages the use of volunteers,
for citizen advisory groups, and for similar public involvement programs in the
corrections area. Minimum qualification for staff assigned to public
involvement responsibilities shall include previous experience in working with
volunteers or volunteer agencies.
Sec. 4. Section 8, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 and RCW 72.09.070 are each amended to read as follows:
is created ((
an institutional)) a correctional industries board
of directors which shall have the composition provided in RCW 72.09.080.
board shall advise the department of corrections in adopting and implementing))
Consistent with general department of corrections policies and procedures
pertaining to the general administration of correctional facilities, the board
shall establish and implement policy for correctional industries programs
inmates employment, work experience, and training in vocations which may
provide opportunities for legitimate means of livelihood upon their release
industries which will reduce the tax burden of corrections through production
of goods and services for sale and use((
(c) Operate correctional work programs in an effective and efficient manner which are as similar as possible to those provided by the private sector;
(d) Provide for selection of, contracting for, and supervision of work programs with participating private enterprise firms;
(e) Develop and design correctional industries work programs;
(f) Invest available funds in correctional industries enterprises and work programs.
addition,)) The board of directors shall(( : (a)
Recommend to the director candidates for appointment as director of the
institutional industries division. (b) At least
annually evaluate the work performance of the director of the institutional
industries division and submit this evaluation to the secretary. (c) Advise
the director of the institutional industries division in the selection of,
contracting for, and supervision of work programs with participating
private-enterprise firms. (d) Advise
the director of the institutional industries division in the development and
design of institutional industries work programs. (e) Advise
the secretary and the director of the institutional industries division in the
investment of funds in institutional industry enterprises and work programs. (f) Review
and evaluate the productivity and appropriateness of all correctional work
programs and report on their effectiveness to the director of the division and
to the secretary. (g) Review
and evaluate on an on-going basis all financial reports for work programs. (h) Prepare
and transmit to the governor and legislature through the secretary the report
required under RCW 72.60.280)) at least annually review the work performance of the director of
correctional industries division with the secretary.
(4) The director of correctional industries division shall review and evaluate the productivity, funding, and appropriateness of all correctional work programs and report on their effectiveness to the board and to the secretary.
(5) The board of directors shall have the authority to identify and establish trade advisory or apprenticeship committees to advise them on correctional industries work programs. The secretary shall appoint the members of the committees.
Where a labor management trade advisory and apprenticeship committee has already been established by the department pursuant to RCW 72.62.050 the existing committee shall also advise the board of directors.
Sec. 5. Section 9, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 and RCW 72.09.080 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) The ((
correctional industries board of directors shall consist of nine voting
members(( . Seven members shall be)), appointed by the governor
upon recommendation by the secretary (( and)). Each member
shall serve a three-year staggered term(( s)). Initially, the (( secretary))
governor shall appoint (( two)) three members to one-year
terms, (( two)) three members to two-year terms, and three members
to three-year terms. (( In addition, the secretary and the director of the
institutional industries division shall be ex officio members.)) The
speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate shall
each appoint one member from each of the two largest caucuses in their
respective houses. The legislators so appointed shall be nonvoting members and
shall serve two-year terms, or until they cease to be members of the house from
which they were appointed, whichever occurs first. The (( seven)) nine
members appointed by the (( secretary)) governor shall include
representatives from both labor and industry.
board of directors shall elect a ((
chairman)) chair and such
other officers as it deems appropriate(( . However, the chairman may not be
the secretary or the director of the institutional industries division)) from
among the voting members.
voting members of the board of directors shall serve ((
compensation (( but)) pursuant to RCW 43.03.240 and shall be
reimbursed by the department for travel expenses and per diem under RCW
43.03.050 and 43.03.060, as now or hereafter amended. Legislative members
shall be reimbursed under RCW 44.04.120, as now or hereafter amended.
(4) The secretary shall provide such staff services, facilities, and equipment as the board shall require to carry out its duties.
Sec. 6. Section 10, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 as amended by section 203, chapter 7, Laws of 1987 and RCW 72.09.090 are each amended to read as follows:
correctional industries account is established in the state treasury.
The department of corrections shall deposit in the account all moneys collected
and all profits that accrue from the industrial and agricultural operations of
the department and any moneys appropriated to the account. Moneys in the
account may be spent only for expenses arising in the (( institutional)) correctional
division's net profits from ((
industries' sales and contracts shall be reinvested, without appropriation, in
the expansion and improvement of (( institutional)) correctional
industries. However, the board of directors shall annually recommend that some
portion of the profits from (( institutional)) correctional
industries be returned to the state general fund.
and secretary shall request appropriations or increased appropriations whenever
it appears that additional money is needed to provide for the establishment and
operation of a comprehensive ((
Sec. 7. Section 11, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 as last amended by section 2, chapter 193, Laws of 1986 and RCW 72.09.100 are each amended to read as follows:
It is the intent of the legislature to vest in the department the power to provide for a comprehensive inmate work program and to remove statutory and other restrictions which have limited work programs in the past. For purposes of establishing such a comprehensive program, the legislature recommends that the department consider adopting any or all, or any variation of, the following classes of work programs:
(1) CLASS I: FREE VENTURE INDUSTRIES. The industries in this class shall be operated and managed in total or in part by any profit or nonprofit organization pursuant to an agreement between the organization and the department. The organization shall produce goods or services for sale to both the public and private sector.
The department of corrections shall supply appropriate security and custody services without charge to the participating firms.
work in free venture industries shall do so at their own choice. They shall be
paid a wage not less than sixty percent of the approximate prevailing wage
within the state for the occupation, as determined by the director of the ((
correctional industries division. If the director finds that he cannot
reasonably determine the wage, then the pay shall not be less than the federal
(2) CLASS II: TAX REDUCTION INDUSTRIES. Industries in this class shall be state-owned and operated enterprises designed to reduce the costs for goods and services for tax-supported agencies and for nonprofit organizations. The industries selected for development within this class shall, as much as possible, match the available pool of inmate work skills and aptitudes with the work opportunities in the free community. The industries shall be closely patterned after private sector industries but with the objective of reducing public support costs rather than making a profit. The products and services of this industry, including purchased products and services necessary for a complete product line, may be sold to public agencies and to nonprofit organizations: PROVIDED, That to avoid waste or spoilage and consequent loss to the state, when there is no public sector market for such goods, byproducts and surpluses of timber, agricultural, and animal husbandry enterprises may be sold to private persons, at private sale. Surplus by-products and surpluses of timber, agricultural and animal husbandry enterprises that cannot be sold to public agencies or to private persons may be donated to nonprofit organizations. All sales of surplus products shall be carried out in accordance with rules prescribed by the secretary.
Security and custody services shall be provided without charge by the department of corrections.
working in this class of industries shall do so at their own choice and shall
be paid for their work on a gratuity scale which shall not exceed the federal
minimum wage and which is approved by the director of ((
(3) CLASS III: INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT INDUSTRIES. Industries in this class shall be operated by the department of corrections. They shall be designed and managed to accomplish the following objectives:
Whenever possible, to provide basic work training and experience so that the
inmate will be able to qualify for better work both within ((
correctional industries and the free community. It is not intended that
an inmate's work within this class of industries should be his or her final and
total work experience as an inmate.
(b) Whenever possible, to provide forty hours of work or work training per week.
(c) Whenever possible, to offset tax and other public support costs.
Supervising, management, and custody staff shall be employees of the department.
All able and eligible inmates who are assigned work and who are not working in other classes of industries shall work in this class.
Except for inmates who work in work training programs, inmates in this class shall be paid for their work in accordance with an inmate gratuity scale. The scale shall be adopted by the secretary of corrections.
(4) CLASS IV: COMMUNITY WORK INDUSTRIES. Industries in this class shall be operated by the department of corrections. They shall be designed and managed to provide services in the inmate's resident community at a reduced cost. The services shall be provided to public agencies, to persons who are poor or infirm, or to nonprofit organizations.
Inmates in this program shall reside in facilities owned by, contracted for, or licensed by the department of corrections. A unit of local government shall provide work supervision services without charge to the state and shall pay the inmate's wage.
The department of corrections shall reimburse participating units of local government for liability and workers compensation insurance costs.
Inmates who work in this class of industries shall do so at their own choice and shall receive a gratuity which shall not exceed the minimum wage for their work.
(5) CLASS V: COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMS. Programs in this class shall be subject to supervision by the department of corrections. The purpose of this class of industries is to enable an offender, placed on community supervision, to work off all or part of a community service order as ordered by the sentencing court.
Employment shall be in a community service program operated by the state, local units of government, or a nonprofit agency.
To the extent that funds are specifically made available for such purposes, the department of corrections shall reimburse nonprofit agencies for workers compensation insurance costs.
Sec. 8. Section 4, chapter 296, Laws of 1983 and RCW 72.09.106 are each amended to read as follows:
Class II ((
correctional industries may subcontract its data input and microfilm
capacities to firms from the private sector. Inmates employed under these
subcontracts will be paid in accordance with the Class I free venture
industries procedures and wage scale.
Sec. 9. Section 12, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 as amended by section 1, chapter 162, Laws of 1986 and RCW 72.09.110 are each amended to read as follows:
working in prison industries shall participate in the cost of corrections,
including costs to develop and implement ((
industries programs. The secretary shall develop a formula which can be used
to determine the extent to which the wages of these inmates will be deducted
for this purpose. The amount so deducted shall be placed in the general fund
and shall be a reasonable amount which will not unduly discourage the incentive
to work. The secretary may direct the state treasurer to deposit a portion of
these moneys in the crime victims compensation account.
When the secretary finds it appropriate and not unduly destructive of the work incentive, the secretary shall also provide deductions for restitution, savings, and family support.
Sec. 10. Section 72.60.100, chapter 28, Laws of 1959 as last amended by section 38, chapter 185, Laws of 1987 and RCW 72.60.100 are each amended to read as follows:
this chapter is intended to restore, in whole or in part, the civil rights of
any inmate. No inmate compensated for work in ((
industries shall be considered as an employee or to be employed by the state or
the department, nor shall any such inmate, except those provided for in RCW
72.60.102 and 72.64.065, come within any of the provisions of the workers'
compensation act, or be entitled to any benefits thereunder whether on behalf
of himself or of any other person.
Sec. 11. Section 2, chapter 40, Laws of 1972 ex. sess. as last amended by section 7, chapter 52, Laws of 1983 1st ex. sess. and RCW 72.60.102 are each amended to read as follows:
after July 1, 1973, any inmate employed in classes I, II, and IV of ((
correctional industries as defined in RCW 72.09.100 is eligible for
industrial insurance benefits as provided by Title 51 RCW. However,
eligibility for benefits for either the inmate or (( his)) the
inmate's dependents or beneficiaries for temporary disability or permanent
total disability as provided in RCW 51.32.090 or 51.32.060, respectively, shall
not take effect until the inmate is released pursuant to an order of parole by
the indeterminate sentence review board (( of prison terms and paroles)),
or discharged from custody upon expiration of the sentence, or discharged from
custody by order of a court of appropriate jurisdiction. Nothing in this
section shall be construed to confer eligibility for any industrial insurance
benefits to any inmate who is employed in class III or V of (( institutional))
correctional industries as defined in RCW 72.09.100.
Sec. 12. Section 2, chapter 7, Laws of 1972 ex. sess. and RCW 72.62.020 are each amended to read as follows:
When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
"vocational education" means a planned series of learning
experiences, the specific objective of which is to prepare individuals for
gainful employment as semiskilled or skilled workers or technicians or subprofessionals
in recognized occupations and in new and emerging occupations, but shall not
mean programs the primary characteristic of which is repetitive work for the
purpose of production, including the ((
industries program. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit
the correctional industries board of directors from identifying and
establishing trade advisory or apprenticeship committees to advise them on
correctional industries work programs.
Sec. 13. Section 4, chapter 286, Laws of 1985 and RCW 72.63.040 are each amended to read as follows:
of implementation of the projects prescribed by this chapter shall be supported
to the extent that funds are available under the provisions of chapter 75.52
RCW, and from ((
institutional)) correctional industries funds.