SUBSTITUTE HOUSE BILL NO. 1854
AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE
C 262 L 89 PV
State of Washington 51st Legislature 1989 Regular Session
By House Committee on Environmental Affairs (originally sponsored by Representatives Jones, Hargrove, Rust, Winsley, Basich, R. King, Belcher, Cole, Spanel, P. King and Nelson)
Read first time 2/22/89.
AN ACT Relating to resource damage assessment under the state water pollution control act; amending RCW 90.48.142, 90.48.390, and 90.48.400; creating new sections; and declaring an emergency.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. The legislature finds that there is confusion regarding the measure of damages authorized under RCW 90.48.142. The intent of this act is to clarify existing law on the measure of damages authorized under RCW 90.48.142, not to change the law.
Sec. 2. Section 13, chapter 139, Laws of 1967 ex. sess. as last amended by section 69, chapter 36, Laws of 1988 and RCW 90.48.142 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter, or fails to perform any duty imposed by this chapter, or violates an order or other determination of the department or the director made pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, including the conditions of a waste discharge permit issued pursuant to RCW 90.48.160, and in the course thereof causes the death of, or injury to, fish, animals, vegetation or other resources of the state, or otherwise causes a reduction in the quality of the state's waters below the standards set by the department or, if no standards have been set, causes significant degradation of water quality, thereby damaging the same, shall be liable to pay the state damages in an amount equal to the sum of money necessary to: (a) Restore any damaged resource to its condition prior to the injury, to the extent technically feasible, and compensate for the lost value incurred during the period between injury and restoration; or (b) compensate for the lost value throughout the duration of the injury that the resource previously provided if restoration is not technically feasible and, when only partial restoration is technically feasible, compensate for the remaining lost value. "Technical feasibility" or "technically feasible" shall mean for the purposes of this subsection, that given available technology, a restoration or enhancement project can be successfully completed at a cost that is not disproportionate to the value of the resource prior to the injury.
Restoration shall include the cost to restock such waters, replenish or
replace such resources, and otherwise restore the stream, lake or other ((
source)) waters of the state, including any estuary, ocean area,
submerged lands, shoreline, bank, or other lands adjoining such waters to
its condition prior to the injury, as such condition is determined by the
department. The lost value of a damaged resource shall be equal to the sum
of consumptive, nonconsumptive, and indirect use values, as well as lost
taxation, leasing, and licensing revenues. Indirect use values may include
existence, bequest, option, and aesthetic values. Damages shall be determined
by generally accepted and cost-effective procedures.
Such damages shall be recoverable in an action brought by the attorney general
on behalf of the people of the state of Washington in the superior court of Thurston
county or the county in which such damages occurred: PROVIDED, That if
damages occurred in more than one county the attorney general may bring action
in any of the counties where the damages occurred. Any money so recovered by
the attorney general shall be transferred to ((
either the state wildlife
fund or the department of fisheries to use for food fish or shellfish
management purposes and propagation, or to any other agency of the state having
jurisdiction over the resource damaged and for which said moneys were
recovered, as appropriate: PROVIDED, That the agency receiving such money
shall utilize not less than one-half of said money on activities or)) the
coastal protection fund established under RCW 90.48.390. A steering committee
consisting of representatives of the departments of ecology, fisheries,
wildlife, natural resources, and the parks and recreation commission shall
authorize the expenditure of the moneys collected under this section after
consulting impacted local agencies and local and tribal governments. The
department shall chair the steering committee. The moneys collected under this
section shall only be used for the following purposes: (a) Environmental
restoration and enhancement projects intended to restore or enhance
environmental, recreational, or aesthetic resources for the benefit of
Washington's citizens; (b) investigations of the long-term effects of
discharges, including sewer sludge, on state resources; and (c) reimbursement
of agencies for reasonable reconnaissance and damage assessment costs under
this chapter. Agencies may not be reimbursed under this section for the
salaries and benefits of permanent employees for routine operational support.
Agencies may only be reimbursed under this section if money for reconnaissance
and damage assessment activities is unavailable from other sources. In
authorizing restoration or enhancement projects, preference shall be given to
projects within (( the county)) counties where (( the action was
brought by the attorney general)) the injury occurred. No action
shall be authorized under this section against any person operating in
compliance with the conditions of a waste discharge permit issued pursuant to
Sec. 3. Section 4, chapter 180, Laws of 1971 ex. sess. and RCW 90.48.390 are each amended to read as follows:
The coastal protection fund is established to be used by the department as a revolving fund for carrying out the purposes of RCW 90.48.315 through 90.48.365 and RCW 78.52.020, 78.52.125, 82.36.330, 90.48.142, 90.48.315, 90.48.370 through 90.48.410, 90.48.903, 90.48.906 and 90.48.907. To this fund there shall be credited penalties, fees, damages, and charges received pursuant to the provisions of RCW 90.48.142 and 90.48.315 through 90.48.365 and an amount equivalent to one cent per gallon from each marine use refund claim under RCW 82.36.330.
Moneys in the fund not needed currently to meet the obligations of the department in the exercise of its powers, duties, and functions under RCW 90.48.315 through 90.48.365 and RCW 78.52.020, 78.52.125, 82.36.330, 90.48.142, 90.48.315, 90.48.370 through 90.48.410, 90.48.903, 90.48.906 and 90.48.907 shall be deposited with the state treasurer to the credit of the fund and may be invested in such manner as is provided for by law. Interest received on such investment shall be credited to the fund.
Sec. 4. Section 5, chapter 180, Laws of 1971 ex. sess. and RCW 90.48.400 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) Moneys in the coastal protection fund shall be disbursed for the following purposes and no others:
(a) All costs of the department related to the enforcement of RCW 90.48.315 through 90.48.365 and RCW 78.52.020, 78.52.125, 82.36.330, 90.48.142, 90.48.315, 90.48.370 through 90.48.410, 90.48.903, 90.48.906 and 90.48.907 including but not limited to equipment rental and contracting costs.
(b) All costs involved in the abatement of pollution related to the discharge of oil.
(c) The director may allocate a portion of the fund to be devoted to research and development in the causes, effects, and removal of pollution caused by the discharge of oil.
(2) Moneys disbursed from the coastal protection fund for the abatement of pollution caused by the discharge of oil shall be reimbursed to the fund whenever:
(a) Moneys are available under any federal program; or
(b) Moneys are available from a recovery made by the department from the person liable for the discharge of oil.
(3) Moneys collected under section 2 of this act shall only be used for the purposes enumerated in that section, subject to the approval of the steering committee.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 5. This act applies prospectively only and not retroactively. It applies only to causes of action which arise after the effective date of this act.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 7. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately.