SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL NO. 5594
C 219 L 90
State of Washington 51st Legislature 1989 Regular Session
By Senate Committee on Health Care & Corrections (originally sponsored by Senators Nelson, West, Wojahn, Smith, Newhouse, Conner, Niemi and Sutherland)
Read first time 3/1/89.
AN ACT Relating to out-of-state prescriptions; amending RCW 69.41.030 and 69.50.101; creating a new section; and declaring an emergency.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. The legislature finds that Washington citizens in the border areas of this state are prohibited from having prescriptions from out-of-state dentists and veterinarians filled at their in-state pharmacies, and that it is in the public interest to remove this barrier for the state's citizens.
Sec. 2. Section 3, chapter 186, Laws of 1973 1st ex. sess. as last amended by section 1, chapter 144, Laws of 1987 and RCW 69.41.030 are each amended to read as follows:
It shall be
unlawful for any person to sell, deliver, or possess any legend drug except
upon the order or prescription of a physician under chapter 18.71 RCW, an
osteopathic physician or an osteopathic physician and surgeon under chapter
18.57 RCW, a dentist under chapter 18.32 RCW, a podiatrist under chapter 18.22
RCW, a veterinarian under chapter 18.92 RCW, a commissioned medical or dental
officer in the United States armed forces, marine hospital service, or public
health service in the discharge of his official duties, a duly licensed
physician or dentist employed by the veterans administration in the discharge
of his official duties, a registered nurse under chapter 18.88 RCW when
authorized by the board of nursing, an osteopathic physician's assistant under
chapter 18.57A RCW when authorized by the committee of osteopathic examiners, a
physician's assistant under chapter 18.71A RCW when authorized by the board of
medical examiners, ((
or)) a physician licensed to practice medicine and
surgery or a physician licensed to practice osteopathy and surgery, a
dentist licensed to practice dentistry, a podiatrist licensed to practice
podiatry, or a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine, in
any province of Canada which shares a common border with the state of Washington
or in any state of the United States: PROVIDED, HOWEVER, That the above
provisions shall not apply to sale, delivery, or possession by drug wholesalers
or drug manufacturers, or their agents or employees, or to any practitioner
acting within the scope of his license, or to a common or contract carrier or
warehouseman, or any employee thereof, whose possession of any legend drug is
in the usual course of business or employment: PROVIDED FURTHER, That nothing
in this chapter or chapter 18.64 RCW shall prevent a family planning clinic
that is under contract with the department of social and health services from
selling, delivering, possessing, and dispensing commercially prepackaged oral
contraceptives prescribed by authorized, licensed health care practitioners:
PROVIDED FURTHER, That it shall be unlawful to fill a prescription written by
an authorized prescriber who is not licensed in this state if more than six
months has passed since the date of the issuance of the original prescription.
Sec. 3. Section 69.50.101, chapter 308, Laws of 1971 ex. sess. as last amended by section 2, chapter 144, Laws of 1987 and RCW 69.50.101 are each amended to read as follows:
As used in this chapter:
(a) "Administer" means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:
(1) a practitioner, or
(2) the patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.
(b) "Agent" means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.
(c) "Drug enforcement administration" means the federal drug enforcement administration in the United States Department of Justice, or its successor agency.
(d) "Controlled substance" means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of Article II.
(e) "Counterfeit substance" means a controlled substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed the substance.
(f) "Deliver" or "delivery" means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.
(g) "Dispense" means the interpretation of a prescription or order for a controlled substance and, pursuant to that prescription or order, the proper selection, measuring, compounding, labeling, or packaging necessary to prepare that prescription or order for delivery.
(h) "Dispenser" means a practitioner who dispenses.
(i) "Distribute" means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance.
(j) "Distributor" means a person who distributes.
(k) "Drug" means (1) substances recognized as drugs in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or Official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them; (2) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals; (3) substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; and (4) substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (1), (2), or (3) of this subsection. It does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories.
(l) "Immediate precursor" means a substance which the state board of pharmacy has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture.
(m) "Manufacture" means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except that this term does not include the preparation or compounding of a controlled substance by an individual for his own use or the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a controlled substance:
(1) by a practitioner as an incident to his administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his professional practice, or
(2) by a practitioner, or by his authorized agent under his supervision, for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale.
(n) "Marihuana" means all parts of the plant of the genus Cannabis L., whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. It does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.
(o) "Narcotic drug" means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
(1) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate.
(2) Any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in clause 1, but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.
(3) Opium poppy and poppy straw.
(4) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves, and any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, but not including decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.
(p) "Opiate" means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. It does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled under RCW 69.50.201, the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-n-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does include its racemic and levorotatory forms.
(q) "Opium poppy" means the plant of the genus Papaver L., except its seeds, capable of producing an opiate.
(r) "Person" means individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity.
(s) "Poppy straw" means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.
(t) "Practitioner" means:
(1) A physician under chapter 18.71 RCW, an osteopathic physician or an osteopathic physician and surgeon under chapter 18.57 RCW, a dentist under chapter 18.32 RCW, a chiropodist under chapter 18.22 RCW, a veterinarian under chapter 18.92 RCW, a registered nurse under chapter 18.88 RCW, a licensed practical nurse under chapter 18.78 RCW, a pharmacist under chapter 18.64 RCW or a scientific investigator under this chapter, licensed, registered or otherwise permitted insofar as is consistent with those licensing laws to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or administer a controlled substance in the course of their professional practice or research in this state.
(2) A pharmacy, hospital or other institution licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.
physician licensed to practice medicine and surgery ((
physician licensed to practice osteopathy and surgery, a dentist licensed to
practice dentistry, a podiatrist licensed to practice podiatry, or a
veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine in any state of the
(u) "Production" includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance.
(v) "State", when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America.
(w) "Ultimate user" means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his own use or for the use of a member of his household or for administering to an animal owned by him or by a member of his household.
(x) "Board" means the state board of pharmacy.
(y) "Executive officer" means the executive officer of the state board of pharmacy.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 4. This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately.