SUBSTITUTE SENATE BILL NO. 6473


                                                            AS AMENDED BY THE HOUSE


                                                                            C 022 L 90



State of Washington                               51st Legislature                              1990 Regular Session


By Senate Committee on Law & Justice (originally sponsored by Senators Thorsness, Wojahn, McCaslin, Gaspard, Rasmussen and Lee; by request of Department of Corrections)



Read first time 1/24/90.



AN ACT Relating to sale of products of correctional industries; amending RCW 72.09.100; and creating a new section.




        Sec. 1.  Section 11, chapter 136, Laws of 1981 as last amended by section 7, chapter 185, Laws of 1989 and RCW 72.09.100 are each amended to read as follows:

          It is the intent of the legislature to vest in the department the power to provide for a comprehensive inmate work program and to remove statutory and other restrictions which have limited work programs in the past.  For purposes of establishing such a comprehensive program, the legislature recommends that the department consider adopting any or all, or any variation of, the following classes of work programs:

          (1) CLASS I:  FREE VENTURE INDUSTRIES.  The industries in this class shall be operated and managed in total or in part by any profit or nonprofit organization pursuant to an agreement between the organization and the department.  The organization shall produce goods or services for sale to both the public and private sector.

          The department of corrections shall supply appropriate security and custody services without charge to the participating firms.

          Inmates who work in free venture industries shall do so at their own choice.  They shall be paid a wage not less than sixty percent of the approximate prevailing wage within the state for the occupation, as determined by the director of the correctional industries division.  If the director finds that he cannot reasonably determine the wage, then the pay shall not be less than the federal minimum wage.

          (2) CLASS II:  TAX REDUCTION INDUSTRIES.  Industries in this class shall be state-owned and operated enterprises designed to reduce the costs for goods and services for tax-supported agencies and for nonprofit organizations.  The industries selected for development within this class shall, as much as possible, match the available pool of inmate work skills and aptitudes with the work opportunities in the free community.  The industries shall be closely patterned after private sector industries but with the objective of reducing public support costs rather than making a profit.  The products and services of this industry, including purchased products and services necessary for a complete product line, may be sold to public agencies ((and)), to nonprofit organizations((:  PROVIDED, That)), and to private contractors when the goods purchased will be ultimately used by a public agency or a nonprofit organization.  Clothing manufactured by an industry in this class may be donated to nonprofit organizations that provide clothing free of charge to low-income persons.    Correctional industries products and services shall be reviewed by the correctional industries board of directors before offering such products and services for sale to private contractors.  The board of directors shall conduct a yearly marketing review of the products and services offered under this subsection.  Such review shall include an analysis of the potential impact of the proposed products and services on the Washington state business community.  To avoid waste or spoilage and consequent loss to the state, when there is no public sector market for such goods, byproducts and surpluses of timber, agricultural, and animal husbandry enterprises may be sold to private persons, at private sale. Surplus by-products and surpluses of timber, agricultural and animal husbandry enterprises that cannot be sold to public agencies or to private persons may be donated to nonprofit organizations.  All sales of surplus products shall be carried out in accordance with rules prescribed by the secretary.

          Security and custody services shall be provided without charge by the department of corrections.

          Inmates working in this class of industries shall do so at their own choice and shall be paid for their work on a gratuity scale which shall not exceed the federal minimum wage and which is approved by the director of correctional industries.

          (3) CLASS III:  INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT INDUSTRIES.  Industries in this class shall be operated by the department of corrections.  They shall be designed and managed to accomplish the following objectives:

          (a) Whenever possible, to provide basic work training and experience so that the inmate will be able to qualify for better work both within correctional industries and the free community.  It is not intended that an inmate's work within this class of industries should be his or her final and total work experience as an inmate.

          (b) Whenever possible, to provide forty hours of work or work training per week.

          (c) Whenever possible, to offset tax and other public support costs.

          Supervising, management, and custody staff shall be employees of the department.

          All able and eligible inmates who are assigned work and who are not working in other classes of industries shall work in this class.

          Except for inmates who work in work training programs, inmates in this class shall be paid for their work in accordance with an inmate gratuity scale.  The scale shall be adopted by the secretary of corrections.

          (4) CLASS IV:  COMMUNITY WORK INDUSTRIES.  Industries in this class shall be operated by the department of corrections.  They shall be designed and managed to provide services in the inmate's resident community at a reduced cost.  The services shall be provided to public agencies, to persons who are poor or infirm, or to nonprofit organizations.

          Inmates in this program shall reside in facilities owned by, contracted for, or licensed by the department of corrections.  A unit of local government shall provide work supervision services without charge to the state and shall pay the inmate's wage.

          The department of corrections shall reimburse participating units of local government for liability and workers compensation insurance costs.

          Inmates who work in this class of industries shall do so at their own choice and shall receive a gratuity which shall not exceed the minimum wage for their work.

          (5) CLASS V:  COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMS.  Programs in this class shall be subject to supervision by the department of corrections.  The purpose of this class of industries is to enable an offender, placed on community supervision, to work off all or part of a community service order as ordered by the sentencing court.

          Employment shall be in a community service program operated by the state, local units of government, or a nonprofit agency.

          To the extent that funds are specifically made available for such purposes, the department of corrections shall reimburse nonprofit agencies for workers compensation insurance costs.


          NEW SECTION.  Sec. 2.     The department of corrections, in conjunction with representatives of labor and the business community, shall study the expansion of prison industries products to the private sector and report to the senate law and justice and house of representatives health care committees by January 1, 1991.

                                                                                                                           Passed the Senate March 3, 1990.


                                                                                                                                       President of the Senate.


                                                                                                                           Passed the House March 1, 1990.


                                                                                                                                         Speaker of the House.