(C) INDEX TO STATE CONSTITUTION
Art.
 
S
ec.
Absconding debtors
 
 
 
 
Imprisonment. . . .
1
 
1
7
 
 
 
 
 
Absence
 
 
 
 
Of citizen not affecting residence, for purpose of voting and eligibility to office. . . .
6
 
 
4
Of judicial officer. . . .
4
 
 
8
 
 
 
 
 
Acceptance
 
 
 
 
Of certain federal or foreign offices vacates seat in legislature . . . .
2
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Accused
 
 
 
 
Rights in criminal prosecutions. . . .
1
 
2
2
Rights of, on removal from office by legislature. . . .
4
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Actions
 
 
 
 
Against the state. . . .
2
 
2
6
By and against corporations. . . .
12
 
 
5
Not affected by change in government. . . .
27
 
 
1
Transfer from territorial to state court. . . .
27
 
 
5,8,10
 
 
 
 
 
Acts
 
 
 
 
Effective date (Stricken by Amendment 7). . . .
2
 
3
1
Effective date. . . .
2
 
 
1,41
Enacting clause. . . .
2
 
1
8
Not to be amended unless set forth in full. . . .
2
 
3
7
Presentation to governor necessary. . . .
3
 
1
2
When effective without approval. . . .
3
 
1
2
Veto, passage over. . . .
3
 
1
2
(See Bill; Laws; Statutes; Veto)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjournment of legislature
 
 
 
 
For want of quorum. . . .
2
 
 
8
Governmental continuity during emergency periods. . . .
2
 
4
2
Restrictions. . . .
2
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Adoption of children
 
 
 
 
By special act forbidden. . . .
2
 
2
8(16)
 
 
 
 
 
Au valorem tax
 
 
 
 
Authority to levy on mines and reforested lands. . . .
7
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Advances of money or fees
 
 
 
 
Prohibited to secure rights of accused. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Advice and consent of senate
 
 
 
 
Required for appointment of officers of state institutions. . . .
1
 
3
1
 
 
 
 
 
Affirmation
 
 
 
 
Mode of administering. . . .
1
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Age
 
 
 
 
Of voter. . . .
6
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural lands
 
 
 
 
Taxation based on actual use. . . .
7
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture
 
 
 
 
Bureau of, established. . . .
2
 
3
4
Commodity assessments. . . .
8
 
1
1
Development and trade promotion, funds for. . . .
8
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Alienation of franchise
 
 
 
 
Corporate liabilities not relieved by. . . .
12
 
 
8
 
 
 
 
 
Aliens
 
 
 
 
Corporation alien (Repealed by Amendment 42). . . .
2
 
3
3
Naturalization of, by superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Ownership of lands prohibited, exceptions (Repealed by Amendment 42). . . .
2
 
3
3
 
 
 
 
 
Amendment to bills
 
 
 
 
Act or section amended to be set forth in full. . . .
2
 
3
7
Either house may amend bills of the other. . . .
2
 
2
0
Initiative measure, prohibition against amendment of. . . .
2
 
4
1
Scope and object not to be changed. . . .
2
 
3
8
 
 
 
 
 
Amendment to municipal charter
 
 
 
 
By special act forbidden. . . .
2
 
2
8(8)
How proposed, submitted and adopted. . . .
11
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Amendment to Constitution
 
 
 
 
By convention. . . .
23
 
 
2
Proposal for, may originate in either house. . . .
23
 
 
1
Publication of notice of election. . . .
23
 
 
1
Ratification by electors. . . .
23
 
 
1
Revised Constitution, adoption by people. . . .
23
 
 
3
Separate amendments to be separately voted on. . . .
23
 
 
1
Vote proposing amendment or revision, two-thirds of each house necessary. . . .
23
 
 
1,2
Amendments to Constitution: Ratified
(1) In order of amendments:
 
Amendment
No. 1 to art
16 sec
 
5
No. 2 to art
6 sec
 
1
No. 3 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 4 to art
1 sec
 
11
No. 5 to art
6 sec
 
1
 
6 sec
 
2 (deleted)
No. 6 to art
3 sec
 
10
No. 7 to art
2 sec
 
1
 
2 sec
 
31 (deleted)
No. 8 to art
1 sec
 
33 (added)
 
1 sec
 
34 (added)
No. 9 to art
1 sec
 
16
No. 10 to art
1 sec
 
22
No. 11 to art
8 sec
 
4
No. 12 to art
11 sec
 
5
No. 13 to art
2 sec
 
15
No. 14 to art
7 sec
 
1
 
7 sec
 
2,3,4 (deleted)
No. 15 to art
15 sec
 
1
No. 16 to art
12 sec
 
11
No. 17 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 18 to art
2 sec
 
40 (added)
No. 19 to art
7 sec
 
3 (new)
No. 20 to art
2 sec
 
23 (part repeal)
 
3 sec
 
14, 16, 17, 19,20,21,22 (part repeal)
 
28 sec
 
1 (added)
No. 21 to art
11 sec
 
4
No. 22 to art
11 sec
 
7 (repealed)
No. 23 to art
11 sec
 
16 (added)
No. 24 to art
2 sec
 
33
No. 25 to art
4 sec
 
3(a) (added)
No. 26 to art
2 sec
 
1(c) (superseded)
 
sec
 
41 (added)
No. 27 to art
8 sec
 
6
No. 28 to art
4 sec
 
6
 
4 sec
 
10
No. 29 to art
2 sec
 
33
No. 30 to art
2 sec
 
1(a) (added)
No. 31 to art
3 sec
 
25
No. 32 to art
2 sec
 
15
No. 33 to art
24 sec
 
1
No. 34 to art
1 sec
 
11
No. 35 to art
2 sec
 
25
No. 36 to art
2 sec
 
1(e) (added)
No. 37 to art
23 sec
 
1
No. 38 to art
4 sec
 
2(a) (added)
No. 39 to art
2 sec
 
42 (added)
No. 40 to art
11 sec
 
10
No. 41 to art
4 sec
 
29 (added)
No. 42 to art
2 sec
 
33 (repealed)
No. 43 to art
9 sec
 
3
No. 44 to art
16 sec
 
5
No. 45 to art
8 sec
 
8 (added)
No. 46 to art
6 sec
 
1A (added)
No. 47 to art
7 sec
 
10 (added)
No. 48 to art
8 sec
 
3
No. 49 to art
29 sec
 
1 (added)
No. 50 to art
4 sec
 
30 (added)
No. 51 to art
8 sec
 
9 (added)
No. 52 to art
2 sec
 
15
 
11 sec
 
6
No. 53 to art
7 sec
 
11 (added)
No. 54 to art
2 sec
 
25 (part repeal)
 
3 sec
 
25 (part repeal)
 
4 sec
 
13 (part repeal)
 
11 sec
 
8 (part repeal)
 
28 sec
 
1 (part repeal)
 
30 sec
 
1 (added)
No. 55 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 56 to art
2 sec
 
24
No. 57 to art
11 sec
 
5
 
11 sec
 
8
No. 58 to art
11 sec
 
16
No. 59 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 60 to art
8 sec
 
1
 
8 sec
 
3
No. 61 to art
31 sec
 
1 (added)
 
31 sec
 
2 (added)
No. 62 to art
3 sec
 
12
No. 63 to art
6 sec
 
1
No. 64 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 65 to art
4 sec
 
6
 
4 sec
 
10
No. 66 to art
12 sec
 
18
No. 67 to art
12 sec
 
14 (repealed)
No. 68 to art
2 sec
 
12
No. 69 to art
2 sec
 
13
No. 70 to art
8 sec
 
10 (added)
No. 71 to art
4 sec
 
31 (added)
No. 72 to art
2 sec
 
1
 
2 sec
 
1(a) (stricken)
No. 73 to art
32 sec
 
1 (added)
No. 74 to art
2 sec
 
3 (repealed)
 
2 sec
 
43 (added)
 
27 sec
 
13 (repealed)
No. 75 to art
29 sec
 
1
No. 76 to art
8 sec
 
11 (added)
No. 77 to art
4 sec
 
31
No. 78 to art
28 sec
 
1
No. 79 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 80 to art
4 sec
 
7
No. 81 to art
7 sec
 
1
No. 82 to art
8 sec
 
10
No. 83 to art
6 sec
 
3
 
13 sec
 
1
No. 84 to art
1 sec
 
35 (added)
No. 85 to art
4 sec
 
31
No. 86 to art
8 sec
 
10
No. 87 to art
4 sec
 
6
No. 88 to art
1 sec
 
11
No. 89 to art
4 sec
 
3
No. 90 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 91 to art
8 sec
 
10
No. 92 to art
8 sec
 
1
No. 93 to art
29 sec
 
1
No. 94 to art
4 sec
 
7
No. 95 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 96 to art
2 sec
 
15
No. 97 to art
4 sec
 
31
No. 98 to art
7 sec
 
1
No. 99 to art
7 sec
 
12 (added)
No. 100 to art
2 sec
 
29
No. 101 to art
7 sec
 
2
No. 102 to art
16 sec
 
6
No. 103 to art
8 sec
 
1
No. 104 to art
1 sec
 
20
No. 105 to art
6 sec
 
1A (repealed)
No. 106 to art
7 sec
 
12
No. 107 to art
8 sec
 
1
No. 108 to art
2 sec
 
43
(2) In order of articles and sections affected:
 
Art 1
sec 11—Amendment
No.
4
 
 
sec 11—Amendment
No.
34
 
 
sec 11—Amendment
No.
88
 
 
sec 16—Amendment
No.
9
 
 
sec 20—Amendment
No.
104
 
 
sec 22—Amendment
No.
10
 
 
sec 33—(added)
No.
8
 
 
sec 34—(added)
No.
8
 
 
sec 35—(added)
No.
84
 
Art 2
sec 1—Amendment
No.
7
 
 
sec 1(e)—(added)
No.
36
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
72
 
 
sec 1(a)—(added)
No.
30
 
 
sec 1(a)—(stricken)
No.
72
 
 
sec 3—(repealed)
No.
74
 
 
sec 11(c)—(supersed.)
No.
26
 
 
sec 12—Amendment
No.
68
 
 
sec 13—Amendment
No.
69
 
 
sec 15—Amendment
No.
13
 
 
sec 15—Amendment
No.
32
 
 
sec 15—Amendment
No.
52
 
 
sec 15—Amendment
No.
96
 
 
sec 23—(part rep.)
No.
20
 
 
sec 24—Amendment
No.
56
 
 
sec 25—Amendment
No.
35
 
 
sec 25—(part rep.)
No.
54
 
 
sec 29—Amendment
No.
100
 
 
sec 31—(deleted)
No.
7
 
 
sec 33—Amendment
No.
24
 
 
sec 33—Amendment
No.
29
 
 
sec 33—(repealed)
No.
42
 
 
sec 40—(added)
No.
18
 
 
sec 41—(added)
No.
26
 
 
sec 42—(added)
No.
39
 
 
sec 43—(added)
No.
74
 
 
sec 43—Amendment
No.
108
 
Art 3
sec 10—Amendment
No.
6
 
 
sec 12—Amendment
No.
62
 
 
sec 14
 
 
sec 16
 
 
sec 17
 
 
sec 19 —Amendment
No.
20
 
 
sec 20 (part rep.)
 
 
sec 21
 
 
sec 22
 
 
sec 25—Amendment
No.
31
 
 
sec 25—(part rep.)
No.
54
 
Art 4
sec 2(a)—(added)
No.
38
 
 
sec 3—Amendment
No.
89
 
 
sec 3(a)—(added)
No.
25
 
 
sec 6—Amendment
No.
28
 
 
sec 6—Amendment
No.
65
 
 
sec 6—Amendment
No.
87
 
 
sec 7—Amendment
No.
80
 
 
sec 7—Amendment
No.
94
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
28
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
65
 
 
sec 13—(part rep.)
No.
54
 
 
sec 29—(added)
No.
41
 
 
sec 30—(added)
No.
50
 
 
sec 31—(added)
No.
71
 
 
sec 31—Amendment
No.
77
 
 
sec 31—Amendment
No.
85
 
 
sec 31—Amendment
No.
97
 
Art 6
sec 1—Amendment
No.
2
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
5
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
63
 
 
sec 1A—(added)
No.
46
 
 
sec 1A—(repealed)
No.
105
 
 
sec 2—(deleted)
No.
5
 
 
sec 3—Amendment
No.
83
 
Art 7
sec 1—Amendment
No.
14
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
81
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
98
 
 
sec 2—(original)
No.
3
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
17
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
55
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
59
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
64
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
79
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
90
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
95
 
 
sec 2—Amendment
No.
101
 
 
sec 3—(new)
No.
19
 
 
sec 10—(added)
No.
47
 
 
sec 11—(added)
No.
53
 
 
sec 12—(added)
No.
99
 
 
sec 12—Amendment
No.
106
 
Art 8
sec 1—Amendment
No.
60
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
92
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
103
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
107
 
 
sec 3—Amendment
No.
48
 
 
sec 3—Amendment
No.
60
 
 
sec 4—Amendment
No.
11
 
 
sec 6—Amendment
No.
27
 
 
sec 8—(added)
No.
45
 
 
sec 9—(added)
No.
51
 
 
sec 10—(added)
No.
70
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
82
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
86
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
91
 
 
sec 11—(added)
No.
76
 
Art 9
sec 3—Amendment
No.
43
 
Art 11
sec 4—Amendment
No.
21
 
 
sec 5—Amendment
No.
12
 
 
sec 5—Amendment
No.
57
 
 
sec 6—Amendment
No.
52
 
 
sec 7—(repealed)
No.
22
 
 
sec 8—(part rep.)
No.
54
 
 
sec 8—Amendment
No.
57
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
40
 
 
sec 10—Amendment
No.
91
 
 
sec 16—(added)
No.
23
 
 
sec 16—Amendment
No.
58
 
Art 12
sec 11—Amendment
No.
16
 
 
sec 14—(repealed)
No.
67
 
 
sec 18—Amendment
No.
66
 
Art 13
sec 1—Amendment
No.
83
 
Art 15
sec 1—Amendment
No.
15
 
Art 16
sec 5—Amendment
No.
1
 
 
sec 5—Amendment
No.
44
 
 
sec 6—(added)
No.
102
 
Art 23
sec 1—Amendment
No.
37
 
Art 24
sec 1—Amendment
No.
33
 
Art 27
sec 13—(repealed)
No.
74
 
Art 28
sec 1—(added)
No.
20
 
 
sec 1—(part rep.)
No.
54
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
78
 
Art 29
sec 1—(added)
No.
49
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
75
 
 
sec 1—Amendment
No.
93
 
Art 30
sec 1—(added)
No.
54
 
Art 31
sec 1—(added)
No.
61
 
 
sec 2—(added)
No.
61
 
Art 32
sec 1—(added)
No.
73
 
(3) Amendments amended or repealed:
 
Amendment 1 amended by Amendment 44
Amendment 2 amended by Amendment 5
Amendment 4 amended by Amendments 34 and 88
Amendment 5 amended by Amendment 63
Amendment 7 amended by Amendments 26, 30, 36, and 72
Amendment 12 amended by Amendment 57
Amendment 13 amended by Amendments 32, 52, and 96
Amendment 14 amended by Amendments 81 and 98
Amendment 17 amended by Amendments 55, 59, 64, 79, 90, 95, and 101
Amendment 20 part rep. by Amendment 54
amended by Amendment 78
Amendment 23 amended by Amendment 58
Amendment 24 repealed by Amendment 42
Amendment 28 amended by Amendments 65 and 87
Amendment 29 repealed by Amendment 42
Amendment 30 stricken by Amendment 72
Amendment 31 part rep. by Amendment 54
Amendment 32 amended by Amendments 52 and 96
Amendment 34 amended by Amendment 88
Amendment 35 part rep. by Amendment 54
Amendment 46 repealed by Amendment 105
Amendment 48 amended by Amendment 60
Amendment 49 amended by Amendments 75 and 93
Amendment 52 amended by Amendment 96
Amendment 55 amended by Amendments 59, 64, 79, 90, 95, and 101
Amendment 59 amended by Amendments 64, 79, 90, 95, and 101
Amendment 60 amended by Amendments 92 and 103
Amendment 64 amended by Amendments 79, 90, 95, and 101
Amendment 70 amended by Amendments 82, 86, and 91
Amendment 71 amended by Amendments 77 and 85
Amendment 74 amended by Amendment 108
Amendment 75 amended by Amendment 93
Amendment 77 amended by Amendment 85
Amendment 79 amended by Amendments 90, 95, and 101
Amendment 80 amended by Amendment 94
Amendment 81 amended by Amendment 98
Amendment 82 amended by Amendment 86
Amendment 86 amended by Amendment 91
Amendment 90 amended by Amendments 95 and 101
Amendment 92 amended by Amendment 103
Amendment 99 amended by Amendment 106
Amendment 103 amended by Amendment 107
Amount in controversy
Appellate jurisdiction of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Original jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Annual sessions of legislature
2
 
1
2
 
 
 
 
 
Annulment of marriage
 
 
 
 
Appellate jurisdiction of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Original jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
(See Divorce)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appeal
 
 
 
 
Right of accused in criminal cases. . . .
1
 
2
2
(See Appellate jurisdiction)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appearance
 
 
 
 
Appearance of accused in criminal cases. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Appellate jurisdiction
 
 
 
 
Of court of appeals. . . .
4
 
3
0
Of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
From territorial probate courts. . . .
27
 
1
0
Of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
Appointment
 
 
 
 
Of clerk of supreme court. . . .
4
 
2
2
Of regents of state institutions. . . .
13
 
 
1
Of reporter of supreme court. . . .
4
 
1
8
To fill vacancy in county offices. . . .
11
 
 
6
To fill vacancy in state offices, by governor. . . .
3
 
1
3
Governmental continuity during emergency periods. . . .
2
 
4
2
To office under United States vacates seat in legislature. . . .
2
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Apportionment
 
 
 
 
Of legislators. . . .
2
 
4
3
Of representatives among counties of state. . . .
22
 
 
2
Of school fund. . . .
9
 
 
3
Of school fund, by special act, prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(7)
Of senators among counties of state. . . .
22
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Appropriation of private property
 
 
 
 
For public or private use. . . .
1
 
1
6
For right-of-way of corporations. . . .. . . .
1
 
1
6
(See Eminent domain)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appropriations
 
 
 
 
Capitol buildings, for. . . .
14
 
 
3
Common school fund, to. . . .
9
 
 
3
Expenses of constitutional convention. . . .
27
 
1
9
Item veto of. . . .
3
 
1
2
Money from state treasury shall be paid out by. . . .
8
 
 
4
Religious worship, prohibition against appropriation for. . . .
1
 
1
1
Reverts unless paid out within two years. . . .
8
 
 
4
Sum and object to be specified. . . .
8
 
 
4
Time for payment, limitation of. . . .
8
 
 
4
When act providing for, to take effect (Stricken by Amendment 7). . . .
2
 
3
1
 
 
 
 
 
Area reserved
 
 
 
 
Between harbor lines and line of high tide. . . .
15
 
 
1
Lease of, by state for wharves. . . .
15
 
 
2
Sale of, restrictions on. . . .
15
 
 
1
Streets over, authorized. . . .
15
 
 
3
(See Harbors; Navigable waters; Wharves)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arms
 
 
 
 
Private armed bodies not authorized. . . .
1
 
2
4
Right of people to bear arms guaranteed. . . .
1
 
2
4
Safekeeping of public arms to be provided. . . .
10
 
 
4
Scruples against bearing arms, excuses from militia duty in time of peace. . . .
10
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Army
 
 
 
 
Standing, not to be kept in time of peace. . . .
1
 
3
1
(See Militia)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arrest
 
 
 
 
Legislators, when privileged from. . . .
2
 
1
6
Militia, when privileged from. . . .
10
 
 
5
Voters privileged from at elections, except. . . .
6
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
Artificial light
 
 
 
 
City or town may contract debt for, limitations. . . .
8
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Assemblages of people
 
 
 
 
Right of peaceable assembly not to be abridged. . . .
1
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
Assessment
 
 
 
 
Imposition by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(5)
Jurisdiction of superior court, original. . . .
4
 
 
6
Jurisdiction of supreme court, appellate. . . .
4
 
 
4
Property of corporations, how assessed (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
3
Retired persons, property tax exemption. . . .
7
 
1
0
Special, for local improvements, authorized. . . .
7
 
 
9
Taxation based on special use. . . .
7
 
1
1
Uniform and equal rate of, to be established (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
2
(See Taxation)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assignment
 
 
 
 
Of superior judges and judicial business by supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
2(a)
Of superior judges by governor. . . .
4
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
Association
 
 
 
 
Combination in restraint of trade prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
2
Included in term "corporation". . . .
12
 
 
5
Issuance of money by, prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
1
Organization authorized, for construction of telegraph and telephone lines. . . .
12
 
1
9
 
 
 
 
 
Assumption
 
 
 
 
Of territorial debts by state. . . .
26
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Attack (See Invasion and attack)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Attainder
 
 
 
 
Bills of, prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
3
 
 
 
 
 
Attestation
 
 
 
 
Of commissions, by secretary of state. . . .
3
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Attorney general
 
 
 
 
Duties. . . .
3
 
2
1
Election of. . . .
3
 
 
1
Impeachment, liability to. . . .
5
 
 
2
Records of office, to be kept at seat of government. . . .
3
 
2
4
Removal from office by legislature. . . .
4
 
 
9
Rights of accused. . . .
4
 
 
9
Salary (See Salaries)
 
 
 
 
Succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Term of office. . . .
3
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Attorneys at law
 
 
 
 
Accused in criminal cases entitled to appear by counsel. . . .
1
 
2
2
Prosecuting attorney, duty of legislature to provide for election of. . . .
11
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
Auditor
 
 
 
 
Duties. . . .
3
 
2
0
Election of. . . .
3
 
 
1
Impeachment, liability to. . . .
5
 
 
2
Office may be abolished by legislature. . . .
3
 
2
5
Records to be kept at seat of government. . . .
3
 
2
4
Residence at seat of government required. . . .
3
 
2
4
Salary (See Salaries)
 
 
 
 
Succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Term of office. . . .
3
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Ayes and noes
 
 
 
 
When to be taken and entered on journal
 
 
 
 
On amendments to Constitution proposed. . . .
23
 
 
1
On demand of one-sixth of members of either house. . . .
2
 
2
1
On emergency clauses (Stricken by Amendment 7). . . .
2
 
3
1
On final passage of bills. . . .
2
 
2
2
On removal of public officer by legislature. . . .
4
 
 
9
On senate's confirmation or rejection of governor's appointees. . . .
13
 
 
1
On suspension of the prohibition against introduction of bills. . . .
2
 
3
6
(See Yeas and nays)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bail
 
 
 
 
Allowable on sufficient sureties, exceptions. . . .
1
 
2
0
Excessive, not to be required. . . .
1
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Ballot
 
 
 
 
Elections to be by. . . .
6
 
 
6
Form of, in voting for Constitution, etc.. . . .
27
 
1
8
Initiative measures, ballot submitting. . . .
2
 
 
1
Presidential, casting. . . .
6
 
 
1(A)
Secrecy of, provision to be made for. . . .
6
 
 
6
Superior court judge, election for. . . .
4
 
2
9
 
 
 
 
 
Banking corporations
 
 
 
 
Stockholder liability. . . .
12
 
1
1
Officers of, when liable for deposits. . . .
12
 
1
2
 
 
 
 
 
Banks
 
 
 
 
Liability of officers for deposits. . . .
12
 
1
2
Liability of stockholders. . . .
12
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Beds and shores of navigable waters
 
 
 
 
Disclaimer of title by state where patented, exception. . . .
17
 
 
2
Ownership of, asserted by state. . . .
17
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Bill
 
 
 
 
Act or section amended must be set forth in full. . . .
2
 
3
7
Amendment of, may be made by either house. . . .
2
 
2
0
Amendment of, shall not change scope and object. . . .
2
 
3
8
Effective date (Stricken by Amendment 7). . . .
2
 
3
1
Effective date. . . .
2
 
 
l,41
Either house may originate bills. . . .
2
 
2
0
Enacting clause required. . . .
2
 
1
8
Final passage, requisites of. . . .
2
 
2
2
Initiative measures (See Initiative and referendum)
 
 
 
 
Introduction of, limitation on time of. . . .
2
 
3
6
Laws to be enacted by. . . .
2
 
1
8
Passage by either house, requisite proceedings. . . .
2
 
2
2
Passage by one house, subject to amendment in other. . . .
2
 
2
0
Passage over governor's veto. . . .
3
 
1
2
Power of people to propose, pass, etc.. . . .
2
 
 
1
Presentation to governor for approval. . . .
3
 
1
2
When becomes law without approval. . . .
3
 
1
2
Scope of, not to be changed by amendment. . . .
2
 
3
8
Signature by presiding officers of both houses necessary. . . .
2
 
3
2
Subject restricted to one object. . . .
2
 
1
9
Subject to be expressed in title. . . .
2
 
1
9
Title of, to express subject. . . .
2
 
1
9
Veto of, power of governor. . . .
3
 
1
2
Initiative or referred measures. . . .
2
 
 
1
Separate items or sections subject to. . . .
3
 
1
2
Session, extraordinary, to reconsider. . . .
3
 
1
2
Vote on, by interested legislators prohibited. . . .
2
 
3
0
Vote on, how taken. . . .
2
 
2
2
(See Acts; Laws)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bill of attainder
 
 
 
 
Enactment of, prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
3
 
 
 
 
 
Boats
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction of public offense committed on. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Bonds
 
 
 
 
Corporations can issue only for money, labor or property received. . . .
12
 
 
6
County and municipal corporations not to own bonds of private corporations. . . .
8
 
 
7
Debt limitation. . . .
8
 
 
1
Executed to territory to pass to state. . . .
27
 
 
4
Industrial development projects financing. . . .
32
 
 
1
Investment of school funds in. . . .
9
 
 
3
 
16
 
 
5
Nonrecourse revenue bonds by governmental entities. . . .
32
 
 
1
State building authority, by. . . .
8
 
 
9
Limitation. . . .
8
 
 
1(g)
 
 
 
 
 
Boundaries
 
 
 
 
Of county, change by division or enlargement. . . .
11
 
 
3
Of county, change by special legislation prohibited, exceptions. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Of existing counties recognized. . . .
11
 
 
1
Of state, defined. . . .
24
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Bribery
 
 
 
 
Criminating evidence compulsory. . . .
2
 
3
0
Disqualifies for holding office. . . .
2
 
3
0
Legislature to define and provide punishment for. . . .
2
 
3
0
 
 
 
 
 
Buildings, public
 
 
 
 
State building authority. . . .
8
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Bureau of statistics, agriculture and immigration
 
 
 
 
Legislature to provide for. . . .
2
 
3
4
 
 
 
 
 
Bureau of vital statistics
 
 
 
 
Legislature to establish. . . .
20
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Canal companies
 
 
 
 
Common carriers, subject to legislative control. . . .
12
 
1
3
Discrimination in charges prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Capital offenses
 
 
 
 
Bailable, when. . . .
1
 
2
0
(See Crime)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital of state (See Seat of government)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capitol buildings
 
 
 
 
Appropriations for. . . .
14
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Caste
 
 
 
 
Discrimination in education on account of, prohibited. . . .
9
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Causes
 
 
 
 
Transfer from territorial to state courts. . . .
27
 
 
5,8,10
(See Actions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Census
 
 
 
 
Apportionments of legislative members based on federal census. . . .
2
 
4
3
Enumeration to be made in decennial periods (Repealed by Amendment 74). . . .
2
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Certiorari
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Jurisdiction of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
Cession of jurisdiction
 
 
 
 
Exclusive legislation over certain lands given to United States. . . .
25
 
 
1
Retention by state of jurisdiction for service of process. . . .
25
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Change of name
 
 
 
 
Special legislation prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(1)
 
 
 
 
 
Changing county lines
 
 
 
 
Special legislation prohibited, except. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
 
 
 
 
 
Changing county seats
 
 
 
 
Special legislation prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
 
 
 
 
 
Chaplain
 
 
 
 
For state correctional, mental institutions, county or public health district health care. . . .
1
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Charter
 
 
 
 
Corporate
 
 
 
 
Creation by special legislation forbidden. . . .
12
 
 
1
Extension of, by legislature prohibited. . . .
12
 
 
3
Forfeiture of, not to be remitted. . . .
12
 
 
3
Void for want of organization, when. . . .
12
 
 
2
Municipal
 
 
 
 
Creation or amendment by special law, prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(8)
Election for, how conducted. . . .
11
 
1
0
Grant of, to be under general laws. . . .
11
 
1
0
How amended. . . .
11
 
1
0
Power of certain cities to frame. . . .
11
 
1
0
Publication, prior to submission. . . .
11
 
1
0
Subject to general laws. . . .
11
 
1
0
Submission of alternate propositions. . . .
11
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Chief justice of supreme court
 
 
 
 
Method of determining. . . .
4
 
 
3
Presides on trial of impeachments, when. . . .
5
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Children
 
 
 
 
Adoption of, by special act, forbidden. . . .
2
 
2
8(16)
Duty of state to educate all. . . .
9
 
 
1
(See Minors)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Citizens
 
 
 
 
All entitled to equal privileges and immunities. . . .
1
 
1
2
Citizenship qualification for voters. . . .
6
 
 
1
Voter qualifications, presidential elections. . . .
6
 
 
1A
 
 
 
 
 
City
 
 
 
 
Bonds, nonrecourse revenue for industrial development projects. . . .
32
 
 
1
Charter
 
 
 
 
Alternative propositions, submission of. . . .
11
 
1
0
Amendment by special law prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(8)
Amendments of, how effected. . . .
11
 
1
0
Election of freeholders. . . .
11
 
1
0
Freeholder's charter, what cities may frame. . . .
11
 
1
0
Publication of election notices and of proposed charter. . . .
11
 
1
0
Submission of the charter proposed. . . .
11
 
1
0
Vote on, majority necessary to ratify. . . .
11
 
1
0
Combined city-county. . . .
11
 
1
6
Corporate stock or bonds, not to be owned by. . . .
8
 
 
7
Creation by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(8)
Credit of, not to be loaned, except. . . .
8
 
 
7
Incorporation of, must be under general laws. . . .
11
 
1
0
Indebtedness, limitations on. . . .
8
 
 
6
Justice of peace in, legislature to prescribe powers, duties, jurisdiction and number. . . .
4
 
1
0
May act as police justice. . . .
4
 
1
0
Salary of, in cities of over 5,000. . . .
4
 
1
0
Local improvements by special assessment or taxation. . . .
7
 
 
9
Officers of
 
 
 
 
Compensation increase. . . .
30
 
 
1
Must deposit public moneys with treasurer. . . .
11
 
1
5
Recall of officers (See Recall of officers)
 
 
 
 
Salary not to be changed during term
 
 
 
 
(Partially repealed by Amendment 54). . . .
11
 
 
8
(Amendment 54). . . .
30
 
 
1
Term of office not to be extended. . . .
11
 
 
8
Use of public money by, a felony. . . .
11
 
1
4
Police and sanitary regulations may be enforced. . . .
11
 
1
1
Police justice, justice of peace may act as. . . .
4
 
1
0
Reincorporation under general laws permitted to cities under special charter. . . .
11
 
1
0
Taxation
 
 
 
 
Authorized to assess and collect general. . . .
7
 
 
9
Local improvements. . . .
7
 
 
9
Local taxes not to be imposed by legislature. . . .
11
 
1
2
Power to assess and collect rests in city. . . .
11
 
1
2
Uniformity in respect to persons and property required. . . .
7
 
 
9
(See Municipal corporation; Municipal courts; Municipal fine)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Civil actions
 
 
 
 
Limitation by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(17)
Number of jurors in. . . .
1
 
2
1
Number of jurors necessary for verdict. . . .
1
 
2
1
Parties may waive jury. . . .
1
 
2
1
(See Actions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Civil power
 
 
 
 
Elections to be free from interference by. . . .
1
 
1
9
Governmental continuity during emergency periods. . . .
2
 
4
2
Military subordinate to. . . .
1
 
1
8
 
 
 
 
 
Classification
 
 
 
 
Of cities and towns in proportion to population. . . .
11
 
1
0
Of counties. . . .
11
 
 
5
Of judges of supreme court by lot. . . .
4
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Clerk
 
 
 
 
Of county, providing for election of. . . .
11
 
 
5
Of superior court, county clerk is. . . .
4
 
2
6
Of supreme court. . . .
4
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Collection of taxes
 
 
 
 
Time not to be extended by special laws. . . .
2
 
2
8(5)
(See Taxation)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Color
 
 
 
 
Discrimination in education on account of, prohibited. . . .
9
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Combinations
 
 
 
 
To affect prices, production, or transportation of commodities, prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
2
(See Monopolies)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Combined city-county
11
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Commander-in-chief
 
 
 
 
Governor to be, when militia in state service. . . .
3
 
 
8
(See Militia)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comment on facts
 
 
 
 
Judge not to make, in charging jury. . . .
4
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Commission
 
 
 
 
To establish harbor lines. . . .
15
 
 
1
To regulate railroad and transportation lines. . . .
12
 
1
8
To set salaries, authorized. . . .
28
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Commission on judicial conduct
4
 
3
1
 
 
 
 
 
Commissioner of public lands
 
 
 
 
Duties of, to be prescribed by legislature. . . .
3
 
2
3
Election of. . . .
3
 
 
1
Office may be abolished by legislature. . . .
3
 
2
5
Records of, to be kept at seat of government. . . .
3
 
2
4
Salary (See Salaries)
 
 
 
 
Succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Term of office. . . .
3
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Commissioners
 
 
 
 
Appointment of for state institutions. . . .
13
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Commissions
 
 
 
 
Issuance of. . . .
3
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Committees of legislature
2
 
1
2
 
 
 
 
 
Commodities
 
 
 
 
Agricultural commodity commission assessments. . . .
8
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Common carriers
 
 
 
 
Canal companies are. . . .
12
 
1
3
Discrimination in charges or service prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
5
Maximum rate of charges, legislature may regulate. . . .
12
 
1
8
Railroad companies are. . . .
12
 
1
3
Regulation of, by commission, authorized. . . .
12
 
1
8
Subject to legislative control. . . .
12
 
1
3
Telegraph and telephone companies are. . . .
12
 
1
9
Transportation companies are. . . .
12
 
1
3
(See Canal, Railroad, Transportation, Telegraph and telephone companies)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common school construction fund established
9
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Common school fund
 
 
 
 
Enlargement of. . . .
9
 
 
3
Income from, to be applied to common schools. . . .
9
 
 
2
Interest to be expended for current expenses. . . .
9
 
 
3
Investment. . . .
16
 
 
5
Losses occasioned by default, fraud, etc., to become permanent debt against state. . . .
9
 
 
5
Principal of, to remain irreducible. . . .
9
 
 
3
Sources of. . . .
9
 
 
3
(See School fund)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common schools
 
 
 
 
General and uniform system to be established. . . .
9
 
 
2
Management by special legislation prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(15)
Superintendent of public instruction to supervise. . . .
3
 
2
2
(See Education; Public schools)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commutation of sentence
 
 
 
 
Report by governor to legislature. . . .
3
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Commutation of taxes
 
 
 
 
Prohibition against state granting. . . .
11
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Commutation tickets
 
 
 
 
Carrier may grant, at special rates. . . .
12
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Compact with United States
 
 
 
 
Irrevocable without mutual consent. . . .
26
 
 
1-4
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation
 
 
 
 
Appropriation of private property. . . .
1
 
1
6
Attorney general. . . .
3
 
2
1
Change of, during term of public officer. . . .
 
 
 
 
(Partially repealed by Amendment 54). . . .
2
 
2
5
 
3
 
2
5
 
4
 
1
3
 
11
 
 
8
 
28
 
 
1
(Amendment 54). . . .
30
 
 
1
Classification of counties in fixing compensation of officers. . . .
11
 
 
5
County, township, precinct and district officers (Partially repealed by Amendment 54). . . .
11
 
 
5,8
Eminent domain, compensation for property taken in. . . .
1
 
1
6
Extra, not to be granted to public officers. . . .
2
 
2
5
For right-of-way for corporations. . . .
1
 
1
6
Jury to ascertain compensation due. . . .
1
 
1
6
Judges of court of appeals. . . .
4
 
3
0
Judges of supreme and superior courts. . . .
4
 
1
3,14
Jury to ascertain compensation in eminent domain. . . .
1
 
1
6
Justice of peace in cities of over 5,000. . . .
4
 
1
0
Member of legislature (Partially repealed by Amendment 20). . . .
2
 
2
3
State officers (Partially repealed by Amendment 54). . . .
28
 
 
1
Increase during term. . . .
30
 
 
1
Waiver of jury trial for ascertaining compensation in eminent domain. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Conditions
 
 
 
 
On foreign corporations doing business. . . .
12
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
Confession in open court
 
 
 
 
Effect in treason. . . .
1
 
2
7
 
 
 
 
 
Confronting witnesses
 
 
 
 
Right of accused. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Congress
 
 
 
 
Exclusive power of legislature over lands of
 
 
 
 
United States in state. . . .
25
 
 
1
Subject to state's right to serve process. . . .
25
 
 
1
Indian lands under jurisdiction of. . . .
26
 
 
2
Legislator elected to, vacates seat. . . .
2
 
1
4
Member of, ineligible to legislature. . . .
2
 
1
4
Representatives in, election of. . . .
2
 
4
3
 
 
 
 
 
Congressional districts
 
 
 
 
Redistricting commission. . . .
2
 
4
3
 
 
 
 
 
Conscience, freedom of
 
 
 
 
Guaranteed to every individual. . . .
1
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Consent of governed
 
 
 
 
Source of governmental powers. . . .
1
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Conservation, energy, water, or stormwater or sewer services
 
 
 
 
Loans of credit. . . .
8
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidation
 
 
 
 
On competing lines of railroad prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Constitution
 
 
 
 
Amendment, how effected. . . .
23
 
 
1
Election for voting on, how conducted. . . .
27
 
1
5
Form of ballot. . . .
27
 
1
8
Emergency, legislature's departure from
 
 
 
 
Constitution, limited authority. . . .
2
 
4
2
Existing rights not affected by. . . .
27
 
 
1
In effect, when. . . .
27
 
1
6
Mandatory. . . .
1
 
2
9
Revision. . . .
23
 
 
2
Submission to people. . . .
23
 
 
3
United States, supreme law of land. . . .
1
 
 
2
(See Amendment to Constitution)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Constitutional convention
 
 
 
 
Expenses of. . . .
27
 
1
9
To revise or amend Constitution. . . .
23
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Contempt
 
 
 
 
Each house may punish for. . . .
2
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Contested elections (See Elections)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuity of government
 
 
 
 
During periods of emergency due to enemy attack. . . .
2
 
4
2
 
 
 
 
 
Contracts
 
 
 
 
Affecting price, production, or transportation, prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
2
Combination between common carriers prohibited (Repealed by Amendment 67). . . .
12
 
1
4
Impairment of obligation prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
3
State building authority, by. . . .
8
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Conveyance
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction of public offense committed on public conveyance. . . .
1
 
2
2
Of lands to aliens invalid (Repealed by Amendment 42). . . .
2
 
3
3
 
 
 
 
 
Conviction
 
 
 
 
No corruption of blood nor forfeiture of estate. . . .
1
 
1
5
On impeachment, two-thirds of senators must concur. . . .
5
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Convict labor
 
 
 
 
Contracts for, prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
9
Working for benefit of state authorized. . . .
2
 
2
9
 
 
 
 
 
Copartnerships
 
 
 
 
Combinations affecting price, production or transportation prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Copies
 
 
 
 
Right of accused to copy of accusation. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate powers
 
 
 
 
Not to be granted by special laws. . . .
2
 
2
8(6)
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate property
 
 
 
 
Appropriation by eminent domain not to be abridged. . . .
12
 
1
0
Taxation of, power not to be surrendered (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
Corporations
 
 
 
 
Alien, when (Repealed by Amendment 42). . . .
2
 
3
3
Appropriation of right-of-way. . . .
1
 
1
6
Bonds
 
 
 
 
Not to be owned by counties or cities. . . .
8
 
 
7
Restriction on issuance. . . .
12
 
 
6
Business, may be regulated by law. . . .
12
 
 
1
Charter
 
 
 
 
Invalid, if unorganized when Constitution adopted, conditions. . . .
12
 
 
2
Not to be extended. . . .
12
 
 
3
Combinations affecting price, production, or transportation prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
2
Creation by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(6)
Debts, relief by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(10)
Defined. . . .
12
 
 
5
Eminent domain, property subject to. . . .
12
 
1
0
Equal privileges and immunities. . . .
1
 
1
2
Foreign, not to be favored. . . .
12
 
 
7
Forfeiture of franchise
 
 
 
 
For unlawful combinations. . . .
12
 
2
2
Not to be remitted. . . .
12
 
 
3
Formation, by general and not by special laws. . . .
12
 
 
1
Franchise
 
 
 
 
Alienation or lease not to relieve liability. . . .
12
 
 
8
May be forfeited. . . .
12
 
2
2
Laws relating to may be amended or repealed. . . .
12
 
 
1
Legislative control. . . .
12
 
 
1
Liability
 
 
 
 
For receipt of bank deposits after insolvency. . . .
12
 
1
2
Not relieved by alienation or lease of franchise. . . .
12
 
 
8
Loan of school funds to, prohibited (Amended by Amendment 44). . . .
16
 
 
5
Money, issuance prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
1
Monopolies and trusts forbidden. . . .
12
 
2
2
State building authority. . . .
8
 
 
9
State
 
 
 
 
Not to subscribe to nor own stock. . . .
12
 
 
9
Not to surrender power to tax (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
4
State credit not to be loaned to. . . .
8
 
 
5
Stockholders
 
 
 
 
Liability. . . .
12
 
 
4
Liability in banking, insurance, and joint stock companies. . . .
12
 
1
1
May be joined as parties defendant. . . .
12
 
 
4
Stock
 
 
 
 
Increase, consent and notice necessary. . . .
12
 
 
6
Not to be owned by counties or cities. . . .
8
 
 
7
Restrictions on issuance. . . .
12
 
 
6
Sue and be sued, right and liability. . . .
12
 
 
5
Taxation of property, method of (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
3
Telephone and telegraph lines, organization to construct. . . .
12
 
1
9
(See Franchise)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corrupt solicitation
 
 
 
 
Compulsory testimony in cases of. . . .
2
 
3
0
Disqualification for holding office. . . .
2
 
3
0
Punishment to be provided by legislature. . . .
2
 
3
0
 
 
 
 
 
Corruption in office
 
 
 
 
Judges, attorney general and prosecuting attorneys removable by legislature. . . .
4
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Corruption of blood
 
 
 
 
Conviction not to work. . . .
1
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
County
 
 
 
 
Apportionment
 
 
 
 
Of representatives among. . . .
22
 
 
2
Of senators. . . .
22
 
 
1
Assignment of superior court judges. . . .
4
 
 
2(a)
 
4
 
 
5
Bonds, nonrecourse revenue for industrial development projects. . . .
32
 
 
1
Classification. . . .
11
 
 
5
Combined city and county. . . .
11
 
1
6
Corporate bonds or stocks not to be owned. . . .
8
 
 
7
County seat removal. . . .
11
 
 
2
Not to be changed by special act. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Credit not to be loaned, exceptions. . . .
8
 
 
7
Debts
 
 
 
 
Apportionment on division or enlargement. . . .
11
 
 
3
Limit of. . . .
8
 
 
6
Private property not to be taken in satisfaction of. . . .
11
 
1
3
Division, how effected. . . .
11
 
 
3
Existing to be legal subdivision of state. . . .
11
 
 
1
Government, legislature to provide system. . . .
11
 
 
4
Home rule charter, authorized. . . .
11
 
 
4
For combined city-county. . . .
11
 
1
6
Indebtedness, limit of. . . .
8
 
 
6
Additional, assent of voters necessary. . . .
8
 
 
6
Assessment as basis of, how ascertained. . . .
8
 
 
6
Restriction as to purpose. . . .
8
 
 
6
Lines, not to be changed by special act. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Location of county seat not to be changed by special act. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Moneys to be deposited with treasurer. . . .
11
 
1
5
Use of, by official, a felony. . . .
11
 
1
4
New county, formation by special act not prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Restrictions on. . . .
11
 
 
3
Officers
 
 
 
 
Election, duties, terms, compensation. . . .
11
 
 
5
Increase in compensation during term. . . .
30
 
 
1
Recall of officers (See Recall)
 
 
 
 
Police and sanitary regulations, power to enforce. . . .
11
 
1
1
School funds may be invested in bonds of (Amended by Amendment 44). . . .
16
 
 
5
Seal. . . .
27
 
 
9
Stock or bonds of corporation not to be owned. . . .
8
 
 
7
Superior court located in each county. . . .
4
 
 
5
Taxation, power to assess and collect. . . .
11
 
1
2
Exemption of county property from taxation. . . .
7
 
 
1
Taxes, liability for proportionate share of state. . . .
11
 
 
9
Local, legislature not to impose. . . .
11
 
1
2
One percent limitation. . . .
7
 
 
2
Township organization in. . . .
11
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
County attorney (See Prosecuting attorney)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
County clerk
 
 
 
 
Accountability. . . .
11
 
 
5
Clerk of superior court, ex officio. . . .
4
 
2
6
Duties, term, and salary, legislature to provide. . . .
11
 
 
5
Election to be provided for by legislature. . . .
11
 
 
5
First under Constitution, time of. . . .
27
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
County commissioners
 
 
 
 
Election, compensation, etc., legislature to provide. . . .
11
 
 
5
Vacancies in legislature, partisan county elective office, filled by. . . .
2
 
1
5
Vacancies in township, precinct, and road district offices filled by. . . .
11
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
County indebtedness
 
 
 
 
Apportionment, when county divided or enlarged. . . .
11
 
 
3
Rights of creditors not affected. . . .
11
 
 
3
Increase permitted for water, light and sewers. . . .
8
 
 
6
Limit of. . . .
8
 
 
6
Private property not to be taken in satisfaction of. . . .
11
 
1
3
 
 
 
 
 
County lines
 
 
 
 
Change by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
 
 
 
 
 
County officers
 
 
 
 
Accountability for fees. . . .
11
 
 
5
Bonds unaffected by change in government. . . .
27
 
1
4
Compensation to be regulated by legislature. . . .
11
 
 
5
Classification of counties for purpose of fixing compensation. . . .
11
 
 
5
Increase during term. . . .
30
 
 
1
Duties and term to be prescribed by legislature. . . .
11
 
 
5
Election
 
 
 
 
Biennial. . . .
6
 
 
8
Legislature to provide for the election of. . . .
11
 
 
5
Time of. . . .
6
 
 
8
Eligibility restricted to two terms in succession (Repealed by Amendment 22). . . .
11
 
 
7
Fees
 
 
 
 
Accountability for. . . .
11
 
 
5
Use of, a felony. . . .
11
 
1
4
Partisan elective, vacancies, how filled. . . .
2
 
1
5
Public money, use of, felonious. . . .
11
 
1
4
Recall of (See Recall of officers)
 
 
 
 
Salaries. . . .
11
 
 
5,8
Succession of duties, in emergency, temporary, legislature. . . .
2
 
4
2
Term of office not to be extended. . . .
11
 
 
8
Term, power of legislature to prescribe. . . .
11
 
 
5
Territorial, how long to hold office. . . .
27
 
1
4
Vacancies, how filled. . . .
11
 
 
6
Vacancies, partisan elective offices, how filled. . . .
2
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
County seat
 
 
 
 
Change or location by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(18)
Continuity of government, enemy attack. . . .
2
 
4
2
Removal, proceedings for. . . .
11
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
County treasurer
 
 
 
 
Election, compensation, duties and accountability, legislature to provide. . . .
11
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
Court commissioners
 
 
 
 
Appointment and powers. . . .
4
 
2
3
Excepted from prohibition against compensation by fees. . . .
4
 
1
3
 
 
 
 
 
Court of appeals
 
 
 
 
Administration and procedure. . . .
4
 
3
0
Authorized. . . .
4
 
3
0
Conflicts with other constitutional provisions. . . .
4
 
3
0
Judges. . . .
4
 
3
0
Jurisdiction. . . .
4
 
3
0
Review of superior court actions. . . .
4
 
3
0
 
 
 
 
 
Courts
 
 
 
 
Inferior, legislature to provide. . . .
4
 
 
1
Jurisdiction and powers to be prescribed. . . .
4
 
1
2
Judicial power vested in specified courts. . . .
4
 
 
1
Officers to be salaried, exceptions. . . .
4
 
1
3
Of record
 
 
 
 
Defined. . . .
4
 
1
1
Judges not to practice law. . . .
4
 
1
9
Temporary performance of judicial duties. . . .
4
 
 
2(a)
(See District courts; Inferior courts; Justice of Peace; Municipal courts; Probate courts; Superior court; Supreme court)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit
 
 
 
 
Agricultural promotional activities, use of commodity assessments. . . .
8
 
1
1
Energy, water, or stormwater or sewer services loans for conservation. . . .
8
 
1
0
Of county or municipal corporations not to be given or loaned, exceptions. . . .
8
 
 
7
Of state not to be given or loaned. . . .
8
 
 
5
 
12
 
 
9
Port district promotional activities. . . .
8
 
 
8
State building authority. . . .
8
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Crimes
 
 
 
 
Accused not required to criminate self. . . .
1
 
 
9
Except in case of bribery or corrupt solicitation. . . .
2
 
3
0
Conviction shall not work corruption of blood. . . .
1
 
1
5
Cruel punishment prohibited. . . .
1
 
1
4
Ex post facto laws not to be passed. . . .
1
 
2
3
Infamous, conviction as bar to voting. . . .
6
 
 
3
Persons charged with to be bailable. . . .
1
 
2
0
Prosecution may be by information. . . .
1
 
2
5
In name of state. . . .
4
 
2
7
(See Criminal actions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Criminal actions
 
 
 
 
Advance payment of money to secure rights of accused prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
2
Appeal, right of accused. . . .
1
 
2
2
Appearance by accused in person or counsel. . . .
1
 
2
2
Double jeopardy, prohibition against. . . .
1
 
 
9
Evidence, accused not required to incriminate self. . . .
1
 
 
9
Jurisdiction
 
 
 
 
Appellate of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Of offenses committed on public conveyances. . . .
1
 
2
2
Original of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Limitation by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(17)
Process, style of. . . .
4
 
2
7
Prosecution by information allowed. . . .
1
 
2
5
In name of state. . . .
4
 
2
7
On change from territorial to state government. . . .
27
 
 
5
Rights of accused. . . .
1
 
2
2
(See Actions; Crimes)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cruel punishment
 
 
 
 
Not to be inflicted. . . .
1
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Damage
 
 
 
 
To private property for public or private use to be compensated. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Dangerous employments
 
 
 
 
Protection to persons engaged in. . . .
2
 
3
5
 
 
 
 
 
Death
 
 
 
 
Succession to office upon death or disability of governor. . . .
3
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Debate
 
 
 
 
Members of legislature not liable for words spoken. . . .
2
 
1
7
 
 
 
 
 
Debts
 
 
 
 
Corporate, fictitious increase void. . . .
12
 
 
6
Liability of stockholders. . . .
12
 
 
4,11
Due territory to inure to state. . . .
27
 
 
3
Imprisonment for, prohibited, exception. . . .
1
 
1
7
Municipal corporations, limitation on. . . .
8
 
 
6
Release by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(10)
State building authority. . . .
8
 
 
9
Limitation. . . .
8
 
 
1(g)
State, power to contract. . . .
8
 
 
1-3
In case of invasion, insurrection, etc.. . . .
8
 
 
2
Limitation on power . . . .
8
 
 
1,3
Territorial, assumed by state. . . .
26
 
 
3
(See City; County indebtedness; Indebtedness of corporations; State indebtedness)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Decisions
 
 
 
 
Superior court judge, within what time. . . .
4
 
2
0
Supreme court, in writing and grounds stated. . . .
4
 
 
2
Publication, free to anyone. . . .
4
 
2
1
Reporter for, appointment. . . .
4
 
1
8
 
 
 
 
 
Declaration of rights
 
 
 
 
Statement in Constitution. . . .
1
 
 
1-32
 
 
 
 
 
Deeds
 
 
 
 
Validation by special law prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(9)
 
 
 
 
 
Defects and omissions in law
 
 
 
 
Report to governor by supreme judges. . . .
4
 
2
5
To supreme by superior judges. . . .
4
 
2
5
 
 
 
 
 
Defense
 
 
 
 
Of officer removed on charges. . . .
4
 
 
9
Right of accused in criminal actions. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Deficits in revenue
 
 
 
 
State may contract debts to meet. . . .
8
 
 
1
Tax may be levied to pay. . . .
7
 
 
8
 
 
 
 
 
Delinquency in office (See Corruption in office)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits
 
 
 
 
Bank officers liable for, when. . . .
12
 
1
2
Public moneys with treasurer required. . . .
11
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Depot
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction of public offense committed at. . . .
1
 
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
Developmentally disabled
 
 
 
 
Trust funds, investments. . . .
29
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Disability
 
 
 
 
Property of person under, cannot be affected by special laws. . . .
2
 
2
8(4)
 
 
 
 
 
Disapproval of bills
 
 
 
 
By governor. . . .
3
 
1
2
Initiative measure. . . .
2
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Discipline
 
 
 
 
Of state militia, legislature to prescribe. . . .
10
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Disclaimer
 
 
 
 
State's title to patented lands. . . .
17
 
 
2
Unappropriated public and Indian lands. . . .
26
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Discrimination
 
 
 
 
By common carrier prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
5,18
By telegraph and telephone companies in handling messages prohibited. . . .
12
 
1
9
Education to be provided all children. . . .
9
 
 
1
In favor of foreign corporations, prohibited. . . .
12
 
 
7
Railroad
 
 
 
 
Prohibited from favoring one express company. . . .
12
 
2
1
Prohibited from favoring one telegraph company. . . .
12
 
1
9
 
 
 
 
 
Disorderly behavior
 
 
 
 
Each house may punish for. . . .
2
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Disqualification
 
 
 
 
On conviction for bribery or corrupt solicitation. . . .
2
 
3
0
On impeachment. . . .
5
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
District courts
 
 
 
 
Equity jurisdiction. . . .
4
 
 
6
Transfer of causes from territorial to superior court. . . .
27
 
 
8
 
 
 
 
 
District officers
 
 
 
 
Duties, term, compensation, legislature to prescribe. . . .
11
 
 
5
Election
 
 
 
 
Biennial. . . .
6
 
 
8
Legislature to provide for. . . .
11
 
 
5
Time of. . . .
6
 
 
8
Recall of. . . .
1
 
3
3,34
Road district, vacancy. . . .
11
 
 
6
Territorial, to hold office until when. . . .
27
 
1
4
Official bonds unaffected by change in government. . . .
27
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Ditches
 
 
 
 
Taking of private property for. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Divorce
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Legislature not to grant. . . .
2
 
2
4
(See Annulment of marriage)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Docks
 
 
 
 
Legislature may authorize lease of harbor areas, limitations. . . .
15
 
 
2
(See Area reserved; Harbors)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Double jeopardy
 
 
 
 
Prohibition against. . . .
1
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Drains
 
 
 
 
Taking of private property for. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Drugs and medicines
 
 
 
 
Legislature to regulate sale. . . .
20
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Due process of law
 
 
 
 
Life, liberty, property not to be taken without. . . .
1
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings
 
 
 
 
Combinations by common carriers to share, prohibited (Repealed by Amendment 67). . . .
12
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
Higher education permanent funds. . . .
16
 
 
6
No distinction on account of race, color or sex. . . .
9
 
 
1
Provision for, to be made by state. . . .
9
 
 
1
Sale of lands for purposes of. . . .
9
 
 
3
(See Common schools; Public schools)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective date
 
 
 
 
Of bills, etc.. . . .
2
 
4
1
Of Constitution. . . .
27
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Elections
 
 
 
 
Ballot required, form. . . .
6
 
 
6
Civil interference prohibited. . . .
1
 
1
9
Constitution
 
 
 
 
Amendment of, submission to vote. . . .
23
 
 
1
Calling convention to revise. . . .
23
 
 
2
Revision, submission of instrument. . . .
23
 
 
3
Vote on adoption of first, under territorial laws. . . .
27
 
1
5
Contest for office of superior judge (first election). . . .
27
 
1
2
County home-rule charter. . . .
11
 
 
4
County seat, removal of. . . .
11
 
 
2
Criminals, insane persons, idiots excluded from elective franchise. . . .
6
 
 
3
Electors (See Electors)
 
 
 
 
Executive officers, elections of. . . .
3
 
 
1
First election according to territorial laws. . . .
27
 
1
5
Of representative to congress (Repealed by Amendment 74). . . .
27
 
1
3
Free, equal and undisturbed. . . .
1
 
1
9
Freeholders to frame city charter. . . .
11
 
1
0
Incompetent persons, disqualification. . . .
6
 
 
3
Increasing municipal indebtedness. . . .
8
 
 
6
Initiative measures (See Initiative and referendum)
 
 
 
 
Judges
 
 
 
 
Of court of appeals. . . .
4
 
3
0
Of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
5,29
Of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
3
Legislative, to be viva voce. . . .
2
 
2
7
Legislature
 
 
 
 
Each house judge of its own. . . .
2
 
 
8
Representatives. . . .
2
 
 
4,5
Senators. . . .
2
 
 
6
Mentally incompetent persons. . . .
6
 
 
3
Military interference prohibited. . . .
1
 
1
9
Officers
 
 
 
 
Not regulated by Constitution, legislature to provide for. . . .
27
 
1
1
Under Constitution, time of first. . . .
27
 
 
7
Presidential elections, voter's residence. . . .
6
 
 
1A
Privilege of voters from arrest at. . . .
6
 
 
5
Qualifications of voters (See Voters)
 
 
 
 
Recall of officers (See Recall of officers)
 
 
 
 
Referendum (See Initiative and referendum)
 
 
 
 
Registration law to be enacted. . . .
6
 
 
7
School, women may be accorded franchise (Stricken by Amendment 5). . . .
6
 
 
2
Seat of government, determination. . . .
14
 
 
1
Secrecy of ballot required. . . .
6
 
 
6
State officers, executive
 
 
 
 
Certificates of election to be given. . . .
3
 
 
4
Contests, legislature to decide. . . .
3
 
 
4
Equal vote, legislature to choose. . . .
3
 
 
4
Returns to secretary of state. . . .
3
 
 
4
Declaration of result. . . .
3
 
 
4
Supreme court judges. . . .
4
 
 
3
Superior court judges. . . .
4
 
 
5,29
Time of, for state, county and district officers. . . .
6
 
 
8
Vacancy in office of governor, election to fill. . . .
3
 
1
0
Voter qualifications. . . .
6
 
 
1
(See Vote; Voter)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elective franchise
 
 
 
 
Denial on account of sex prohibited in school elections (Stricken by Amendment 5). . . .
6
 
 
2
Idiots, insane persons and convicted felons excluded from. . . .
6
 
 
3
Presidential elections, voter's residence. . . .
6
 
 
1A
(See Elections; Electors; Voter)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electors
 
 
 
 
Exempt from military duty, when. . . .
6
 
 
5
Privilege from arrest at election, except. . . .
6
 
 
5
Qualifications of voters (See Voter)
 
 
 
 
Residence not lost in certain cases. . . .
6
 
 
4
Secrecy in voting, legislature to secure. . . .
6
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Eligibility
 
 
 
 
Judges of supreme and superior courts, qualifications. . . .
4
 
1
7
Ineligible to other than judicial offices. . . .
4
 
1
5
Members of legislature
 
 
 
 
Ineligible to offices created by them. . . .
2
 
1
3
Qualifications. . . .
2
 
 
7
State officers, qualifications. . . .
3
 
2
5
Voters (See Elections; Voter)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emergency clause
 
 
 
 
Act non-referrable. . . .
2
 
 
1(b)
 
 
 
 
 
Emergency, national
 
 
 
 
(See Invasion and attack)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eminent domain
 
 
 
 
Compensation required. . . .
1
 
1
6
Corporate property and franchises subject to. . . .
12
 
1
0
Judicial question, use for which property taken is. . . .
1
 
1
6
Jury to ascertain compensation, waiver. . . .
1
 
1
6
Private use, taking of property for prohibited, exceptions. . . .
1
 
1
6
Reclamation of land is public use. . . .
1
 
1
6
Rights-of-way to be compensated for. . . .
1
 
1
6
Settlement of land is public use. . . .
1
 
1
6
Telegraph and telephone companies granted right. . . .
12
 
1
9
Ways of necessity, taking of private property for private use. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Emoluments, privileges and powers
 
 
 
 
Hereditary, prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
8
 
 
 
 
 
Employments dangerous to life
 
 
 
 
Legislature to protect persons in. . . .
2
 
3
5
 
 
 
 
 
Enacting clause
 
 
 
 
Of statutes. . . .
2
 
1
8
Initiated acts. . . .
2
 
 
1(d)
 
 
 
 
 
Enemy attack, emergency due to
 
 
 
 
(See Invasion and attack)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Energy, water, or stormwater or sewer services conservation
Loaning of credit for structures or equipment. . . .
8
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Enumeration of rights
 
 
 
 
Not to deny others reserved. . . .
1
 
3
0
 
 
 
 
 
Equal rights
 
 
 
 
Not to be denied because of sex. . . .
31
 
 
1,2
 
 
 
 
 
Equal suffrage . . . .
6
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
 
Appellate jurisdiction of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Original jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Evidence
 
 
 
 
Contested election (first election) for superior judge, manner of taking. . . .
27
 
1
2
Criminating, person not compelled to give against himself. . . .
1
 
 
9
Except in bribery cases. . . .
2
 
3
0
Treason, what necessary for conviction. . . .
1
 
2
7
(See Testimony)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excessive bail and fines
 
 
 
 
Not to be imposed. . . .
1
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Exclusive legislation
 
 
 
 
Congress has over certain lands of United States. . . .
25
 
 
1
Subject to state's right to serve process. . . .
25
 
 
1
Over unallotted Indian lands. . . .
26
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Exclusive privileges
 
 
 
 
Of unorganized corporations, invalid, when. . . .
12
 
 
2
Prohibited. . . .
1
 
1
2
 
 
 
 
 
Excursion and commutation tickets
 
 
 
 
Carrier may grant special rates. . . .
12
 
1
5
 
 
 
 
 
Execution
 
 
 
 
Private property not to be taken for public debt. . . .
11
 
1
3
Rolling stock of railroad liable to. . . .
12
 
1
7
 
 
 
 
 
Executive department
 
 
 
 
Consists of certain officers. . . .
3
 
 
1
Election of officers of. . . .
3
 
 
1
Records of to be kept by secretary of state. . . .
3
 
1
7
 
 
 
 
 
Executive power
 
 
 
 
Supreme, vested in governor. . . .
3
 
 
2
(See Governor)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exemptions
 
 
 
 
Homestead, from forced sale. . . .
19
 
 
1
Military duty, to whom. . . .
10
 
 
6
Taxation, what property free from. . . .
7
 
 
1
Indian lands exempt, when. . . .
26
 
 
2
Lands and property of United States. . . .
26
 
 
2
Retired persons. . . .
7
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Existing rights
 
 
 
 
Change in government not to affect. . . .
27
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses
 
 
 
 
Constitutional convention to be provided for. . . .
27
 
1
9
State may contract debts to meet. . . .
8
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Ex post facto law
 
 
 
 
Passage prohibited. . . .
1
 
2
3
 
 
 
 
 
Express companies
 
 
 
 
Railroads to grant equal terms to all. . . .
12
 
2
1
 
 
 
 
 
Expulsion of members
 
 
 
 
Powers of each house. . . .
2
 
 
9
Restrictions on. . . .
2
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
Extension of time for collection of taxes
 
 
 
 
Special legislation prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(5)
 
 
 
 
 
Extinguishment of debts
 
 
 
 
Special legislation prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(10)
 
 
 
 
 
Extra compensation
 
 
 
 
Prohibited to public officers, etc.. . . .
2
 
2
5
 
 
 
 
 
Extra session
 
 
 
 
Legislature, when to be convened. . . .
3
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
Factories
 
 
 
 
Employees to be protected. . . .
2
 
3
5
 
 
 
 
 
Fares and freights (See Railroad companies)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Farms
 
 
 
 
Taxation based on actual use. . . .
7
 
1
1
 
 
 
 
 
Federal officers
 
 
 
 
Not eligible to legislature. . . .
2
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Fees
 
 
 
 
Accountability of county and local officers for. . . .
11
 
 
5
Accused in criminal cases as required to advance. . . .
1
 
2
2
Certain used exclusively for highway purposes. . . .
2
 
4
0
Judicial officers prohibited from receiving. . . .
4
 
1
3
Justices of the peace not to receive, when. . . .
4
 
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
Felony
 
 
 
 
Original jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Use of public money by officer. . . .
11
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Ferries
 
 
 
 
Authorization by special legislation forbidden. . . .
2
 
2
8(3)
 
 
 
 
 
Fictitious issue
 
 
 
 
Of stock or indebtedness void. . . .
12
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Fines
 
 
 
 
Accrued to territory inure to state. . . .
27
 
 
3
Excessive, not to be imposed. . . .
1
 
1
4
Governor has power to remit. . . .
3
 
1
1
Must report remissions to legislature. . . .
3
 
1
1
Remission by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(14)
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal statement
 
 
 
 
Annual publication required. . . .
7
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
Flumes
 
 
 
 
Taking of private property for. . . .
1
 
1
6
 
 
 
 
 
Forcible entry and detainer
 
 
 
 
Appellate jurisdiction of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Original jurisdiction of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign corporations
 
 
 
 
Not to be favored. . . .
12
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign officers
 
 
 
 
Not eligible to legislature. . . .
2
 
1
4
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeiture
 
 
 
 
Accrued to territory inures to state. . . .
27
 
 
3
Corporate charter or franchise, no remission. . . .
12
 
 
3
Estate, conviction not to work. . . .
1
 
1
5
Franchise, for combination in restraint of trade. . . .
12
 
2
2
Governor has power to remit. . . .
3
 
1
1
Must report remissions to legislature. . . .
3
 
1
1
Judicial office, absence causes. . . .
4
 
 
8
Remission by special act prohibited. . . .
2
 
2
8(14)
 
 
 
 
 
Forts, dockyards, etc.
 
 
 
 
Congress to have exclusive control. . . .
25
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Forty mill limitation
 
 
 
 
(Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise
 
 
 
 
Alienation or lease not to relieve liability. . . .
12
 
 
8
Corporate, creation by special act forbidden. . . .
12
 
 
1
Extension by legislature prohibited. . . .
12
 
 
3
Forfeiture for unlawful combinations. . . .
12
 
2
2
Forfeiture not to be remitted. . . .
12
 
 
3
Invalid, if unorganized, when. . . .
12
 
 
2
Irrevocable grant prohibited. . . .
1
 
 
8
Liability not relieved by lease, etc.. . . .
12
 
 
8
Subject to eminent domain. . . .
12
 
1
0
Taxation, state not to surrender (Stricken by Amendment 14). . . .
7
 
 
4
(See Corporations; Elections)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Freedom of conscience
 
 
 
 
Guaranteed in matters of religious belief. . . .
1
 
1
1
(See Religion)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Freedom of speech and press
 
 
 
 
Guaranteed to every person. . . .
1
 
 
5
Legislators not liable for words in debate. . . .
2
 
1
7
 
 
 
 
 
Free passes
 
 
 
 
Grant of, to state officers prohibited. . . .
12
 
2
0
Public officers forbidden to accept. . . .
2
 
3
9
 
 
 
 
 
Freight rates
 
 
 
 
Regulation by legislature authorized. . . .
12
 
1
8
 
 
 
 
 
Fundamental principles
 
 
 
 
Frequent recurrence to, essential. . . .
1
 
3
2
 
 
 
 
 
Funds (See Appropriations; Common school construction fund; Common school fund; Higher education permanent funds; Highway fund; Industrial insurance trust fund; Public money; School fund)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government
 
 
 
 
Change of
 
 
 
 
Completion of pending actions. . . .
27
 
 
5,8
Continuance of existing laws and rights. . . .
27
 
 
1,2
Emergency, continuance of government, legislative power. . . .
2
 
4
2
Perpetuity of, what essential. . . .
1
 
3
2
Purposes of. . . .
1
 
 
1
Source of powers. . . .
1
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Governor
 
 
 
 
Appointment of regents, etc., of state institutions. . . .
13
 
 
1
Approval of laws. . . .
3
 
1
2
Assignment of superior judge to other county. . . .
4
 
 
5,7
Attorney general, succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Auditor, succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Commander-in-chief of state militia. . . .
3
 
 
8
Commissioner of public lands, succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Commissions issued by state, signed by. . . .
3
 
1
5
Election of. . . .
3
 
 
1
Election to fill vacancy in office. . . .
3
 
1
0
Execution of laws. . . .
3
 
 
5
Extension of leave of absence of judicial officer. . . .
4
 
 
8
Extra session of legislature, power to convene. . . .
3
 
 
7
Failure of person regularly elected to qualify, succession on. . . .
3
 
1
0
Impeachment. . . .
5
 
 
1,2
Information in writing may be required from state officers. . . .
3
 
 
5
Laws, may call militia to execute. . . .
10
 
 
2
Lieutenant governor, succession of to office. . . .
3
 
1
0
Messages to legislature. . . .
3
 
 
6
Militia officers commissioned by. . . .
10
 
 
2
Pardoning power vested in. . . .
3
 
 
9
Report to legislature of pardons, etc., granted. . . .
3
 
1
1
Restrictions prescribed by law. . . .
3
 
 
9
Records kept at seat of government. . . .
3
 
2
4
Remission of fines and forfeitures. . . .
3
 
1
1
Report to legislature with reasons. . . .
3
 
1
1
Removal or disability, who to act. . . .
3
 
1
0
Residence at seat of government. . . .
3
 
2
4
Salary (See Salaries)
 
 
 
 
Secretary of state as succeeding to office. . . .
3
 
1
0
Special session of legislature, power to convene. . . .
2
 
1
2
Succession in case of vacancy. . . .
3
 
1
0
Superintendent of public instruction, succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Supreme executive power vested in. . . .
3
 
 
2
Term of office. . . .
3
 
 
2
Treasurer, succession to governorship. . . .
3
 
1
0
Vacancies
 
 
 
 
In certain state offices, filled by. . . .
3
 
1
3
In legislature, filled by, when. . . .
2
 
1
5
In superior court, filled by. . . .
4
 
 
5
In supreme court, filled by. . . .
4
 
 
3
Vacancy in office of. . . .
3
 
1
0
Succession, enemy attack. . . .
2
 
4
2
Veto of bill or sections and return with objections. . . .
3
 
1
2
Measures initiated by or referred to the people. . . .
2
 
 
1(d)
 
 
 
 
 
Grand jury
 
 
 
 
Summoned only on order of superior court. . . .
1
 
2
6
 
 
 
 
 
Granted lands
 
 
 
 
Sale of. . . .
16
 
 
1-4
(See Lands; Public lands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Habeas corpus
 
 
 
 
Jurisdiction
 
 
 
 
Original and appellate of supreme court. . . .
4
 
 
4
Original of superior court. . . .
4
 
 
6
Suspension of writ prohibited, except. . . .
1
 
1
3
Writs
 
 
 
 
Issuance and service on nonjudicial days. . . .
4
 
 
6
Judges of supreme court may issue. . . .
4
 
 
4
Returnable before whom. . . .
4
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
Harbors
 
 
 
 
Area to be reserved for landings, etc.. . . .
15
 
 
1
Commission to establish harbor lines. . . .
15
 
 
1
Restrictions on sale by state of lands or rights. . . .
15
 
 
1
(See Area reserved; Docks; Wharves)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Head of family
 
 
 
 
Power of legislature to exempt property of from taxation. . . .
7
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
(See Public health)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Heir at law
 
 
 
 
Not to be determined by special law. . . .
2
 
2
8(1)
 
 
 
 
 
High crimes or misdemeanors
 
 
 
 
Impeachment of public officers for. . . .
5
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
High schools
 
 
 
 
Included in public school system. . . .
9
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Higher education permanent funds