(1) General premium reserve requirements are:
(a) Unearned premium reserves are required for all contracts, including credit insurance disability contracts, with respect to the period of coverage for which premiums, other than premiums paid in advance, have been paid beyond the date of valuation;
(b) If premiums due and unpaid are carried as an asset, the insurer shall treat the premiums as premiums in force, subject to unearned premium reserve determination. The insurer shall carry as an offsetting liability the value of unpaid commissions, premium taxes, and the cost of collection associated with due and unpaid premiums; and
(c) Insurers may appropriately discount to the valuation date the gross premiums paid in advance for a period of coverage commencing after the next premium due date which follows the date of valuation. The insurer shall hold this discounted premium either as a separate liability or as an addition to the unearned premium reserve which would otherwise be required as a minimum.
(2) Minimum standards for unearned premium reserves are as follows:
(a) The minimum unearned premium reserve with respect to any contract is the pro rata unearned modal premium that applies to the premium period beyond the valuation date, with such premium determined on the basis of:
(i) The valuation net modal premium on the contract reserve basis applying to the contract; or
(ii) The gross modal premium for the contract if no contract reserve applies.
(b) However, in no event may the sum of the unearned premium and contract reserves for all contracts of the insurer subject to contract reserve requirements be less than the gross modal unearned premium reserve on all such contracts, as of the date of valuation. Such reserve shall never be less than the expected claims for the period beyond the valuation date represented by such unearned premium reserve, to the extent not provided for elsewhere.
(3) General premium reserve methods are as follows: In computing premium reserves, the insurer may employ suitable approximations and estimates; including, but not limited to groupings, averages, and aggregate estimation. The insurer shall periodically test the approximations or estimates to determine their continuing adequacy and reliability.