WSR 00-03-070



[ Filed January 19, 2000, 8:35 a.m. ]

Original Notice.

Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 99-24-107.

Title of Rule: Chapter 16-70 WAC, Animal disease -- Reporting.

Purpose: The rule is necessary to carry out the director's duties to protect animal health/public health in the state. The additional reporting requirements of the USDA-APHIS, VS, National Animal Health Reporting System program requires modifications of the reportable disease lists.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 16.36.010(1), [16.36.]040, and [16.36.]080(4).

Statute Being Implemented: RCW 16.36.010, [16.36.]020, [16.36.]040, [16.36.]060, and [16.36.]100.

Summary: The rule is written in an organized, clear and concise manner although it consists of lists of diseases with long, complicated names. The target audience should know the names of the diseases or can research a full description.

Reasons Supporting Proposal: Some minor technical changes are necessary to update the rule and the lists of diseases needs to be amended to bring them up to date. The additional reporting requirements of the USDA-APHIS, VS, NAHRS program require modification of the reportable disease lists.

Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting, Implementation and Enforcement: Robert W. Mead, DVM, 1111 Washington Street, Olympia, WA 98504-2577, (360) 902-1881.

Name of Proponent: USDA, APHIS, VS, veterinarians, veterinary laboratories and corporations having in-house veterinary laboratories, livestock groups, private and governmental.

Agency Comments or Recommendations, if any, as to Statutory Language, Implementation, Enforcement, and Fiscal Matters: No other government agency has jurisdiction over animal disease reporting other than the USDA-APHIS NAHRS program.

Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.

Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: The rule spells out what diseases are to be reported to the director of agriculture and in what time frame from veterinarian, laboratories and other entities as provided by law. Clinical case definitions are added to this revision of the rule to clarify reporting criteria and responsibilities.

Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: [No information supplied by agency.]

No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. The rule does not result in any significant inequities or disproportionate impacts. The benefits to the general population is maintaining good animal disease control and public health and is greater than the relative low cost of reporting the listed diseases.

Section 201, chapter 403, Laws of 1995, does not apply to this rule adoption.

Hearing Location: Natural Resources Building, 1st Floor, Cafeteria Conference Room, 1111 Washington Street, Olympia, WA 98504-2577, on February 22, 2000, at 1:00 p.m.

Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Mary Frazee by February 22, 2000, TDD (360) 902-1996.

Submit Written Comments to: Robert W. Mead, DVM, State Veterinarian, P.O. Box 42577, Olympia, WA 98504-2577, fax (360) 902-2087, by February 22, 2000.

Date of Intended Adoption: March 1, 2000.

January 18, 2000

Candace Jacobs

Assistant Director


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 5011, filed 9/21/93, effective 10/22/93)

WAC 16-70-005

For the purpose of this chapter:

(1) "Animal" means any animal species except fish and insects including all those so classified as wild, captive wild, exotic wild, alternative livestock, semidomesticated, domestic or farm.

(2) "Domestic animal" means any farm animal raised for the production of food and fiber or companion animal or both.

(3) "Farm animal" means any species which have normally and historically been kept and raised on farms in Washington, the United States, or elsewhere and used or intended for use as food, fiber, breeding, or draft and which may be legally kept for such use in Washington and are not those animals classified as wildlife or deleterious exotic wildlife under Title 77 RCW.

(4) "Alternative livestock" means any species which can be kept or raised on farms and used or intended for use as food, fiber, breeding, or draft and which may be legally kept for use in Washington and are not those animals classified as wildlife or deleterious exotic wildlife under Title 77 RCW.

(5) "Wild animal" means those species of the class Mammalia whose members exist in Washington in a wild state.

(6) "Exotic wild animal" means those species of ((class Mammalia)) animals whose members do not exist in the state of Washington but exist elsewhere in the world in the wild state.

(7) "OIE" means Office International des Epizooties.

(8) "Veterinary laboratory" means a place equipped for performing diagnostic or investigative procedures on submitted specimens from animals and fish or their environment where the tests are conducted by personnel whose primary duties are to conduct such procedures.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.096 and 16.36.040. 93-19-127 (Order 5011), 16-70-005, filed 9/21/93, effective 10/22/93.]

AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 5011, filed 9/21/93, effective 10/22/93)

WAC 16-70-010
Reporting diseases -- Requirements.

(1) Any person licensed to practice veterinary medicine in the state of Washington, veterinary laboratories, and others designated by statute shall report to the director ((of agriculture or his authorized representative)) the discovery of the existence or suspected existence among any ((wild, captive wild, exotic wild, alternative livestock, semi-domesticated or domestic)) animals within the state any of the reportable diseases as published by the director of agriculture. Case definitions shall conform to OIE standards under the OIE International Animal Health Code where a case means an individual animal affected by one of the infectious or parasitic diseases recognized by OIE, the criterion by which "affected" is defined and made clear in each instance (for example: Clinical signs, serological evidence, etc.). The OIE International Animal Health Code can be found on the internet under OIE-International Standards. The International Animal Health Code is available in web format or a hard copy version may be ordered from OIE. Exceptions to the above standards are as noted in subsection (3) of this section.

(2) The following listed emergency diseases, suspected or confirmed, shall be reported immediately (by telephone or FAX on day discovered) to the office of the state veterinarian whenever encountered among animals within the state:

All suspected foreign or eradicated diseases including all of the following diseases:
African Horse Sickness
African Swine Fever
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
Caprine and Ovine Brucellosis (excluding Brucella ovis)
Classical Swine Fever (Hog Cholera)
Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia
Contagious Equine Metritis
Contagious Agalactia
Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia
Enterovirus Encephalomyelitis (exotic strains)
Epizootic Lymphangitis
Equine Piroplasmosis
Exotic (velogenic and mesogenic strains) Newcastle Disease
Foot and Mouth Disease (all types)
Horse Pox
Japanese Encephalitis
Lumpy Skin Disease
Malignant Catarrhal Fever (foreign strain)
Nairobi Sheep Disease
Ovine Pulmonary Adenomatosis
Peste des Petits Ruminants
Rift Valley Fever
Salmonellosis (Salmonella abortus ovis)
Sheep Pox and Goat Pox
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)
Theileriasis (Theilera parva, T. annulata and other foreign species)
Trypanosomiasis (Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax, T. brucei brucei)
Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis
In addition the following foreign fish diseases are reportable to the director through the director of the Washington department of fish and wildlife:
Epizootic Hematopoietic Necrosis
Herpesvirosis of Salmonids (Onchorynchus Masou Virus Disease)
Spring Viremia of Carp
Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (European strain)
The following domestic diseases are also reportable immediately:
((Contagious equine metritis))
Fowl Plague (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza)
Swine Vesicular Disease
Sylvatic plague
Vesicular stomatitis

(3) The following listed diseases suspected or confirmed shall be reported ((by the phone)) the next working day, by telephone or FAX to the office of the state veterinarian whenever encountered among animals within the state. Case definitions are as indicated for each disease.

Contagious ecthyma (sheep, goats, llamas)
Equine encephalitis EEE, WEE (horses)
Infectious coryza (poultry)
Laryngotracheitis (poultry)
Lyme disease (any species)
Ornithosis (birds)
Potomac Horse Fever (horses)
Pseudorabies (swine)
Scrapie (sheep, goats)
Tularemia (sheep, dog, cats,rabbits, wildlife)))

Brucellosis (positive serology, abortion, or bacterial cultural)
Contagious Ecthyma (sheep, goats, llama, alpaca) (clinical signs or virus isolation)
Chronic Wasting Disease (Cervids) (clinical signs, histopathology, or chemical histopathology)
Equine Encephalitis EEE, WEE (horses) (clinical signs, histopathology, or positive serology with increasing titer)
Fowl Typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum) (bacterial culture and positive serology)
Infectious Coryza (poultry) (clinical signs, bacterial culture and positive serology)
Laryngotracheitis (poultry) (clinical signs, viral culture or positive serology)
Lyme Disease (any species) (clinical signs and positive serology)
Ornithosis or Psittacosis (all birds) (bacterial culture, positive serology, or other positive laboratory diagnostic tests)
Pullorum Disease (Salmonella pullorum or typhoid) (bacterial culture and positive serology)
Potomac Horse Fever (horses) (clinical signs and positive serology)
Pseudorabies (swine) (positive serology)
Scrapie (sheep, goats) (clinical signs, histopathology, or chemical histopathology)
Tuberculosis (clinical signs, history of exposure, responder to tuberculin, granulomas submitted as possible tuberculosis lesions, acid fast organisms not identified as Johne's or benign types, bacterial culture positive for M. tuberculosis, M. bovis or M. avium in a mammal, or other laboratory tests diagnostic for M. tuberculosis, M. bovis or M. avium in a mammal)
Tularemia (sheep, dogs, cats, rabbits, wildlife) (clinical signs, serology or bacterial culture)

(4) The following listed diseases are reportable monthly by the fifth working day of the month to the office of the state veterinarian when diagnosed in the previous month by any veterinary laboratory performing testing or diagnostic procedures on any animal resident in the state of Washington. Only the first case of each individual disease diagnosed each month needs to be reported. The diseases listed below with others listed in subsections (1) and (2) of this section will be reported on a qualitative basis each month to the National Animal Health Reporting System (NAHRS) by the state veterinarian.

Atrophic Rhinitis
Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis
Avian Infectious Bronchitis
Avian Tuberculosis
Caprine Arthritis/Encephalitis (CAE)
Dermatophilosis (Dermatophilus congolensis) cattle only
Duck Viral Enteritis
Duck Viral Hepatitis
Enzootic Abortion of Ewes (Ovine Psittacosis, Chlamydia psittaci)
Enzootic Bovine Leukosis (BLV)
Equine Influenza (Virus Type A)
Equine Rhinopneumonitis (1 and 4)
Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)
Fowl Cholera (Pasteurella multocida)
Fowl Pox
Hemorrhagic Septicemia (Pasteurella multocida)
Horse mange
Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro Disease)
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis/Infectious Pustular Vulvovaginitis (IBR/IPV)
Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis (to be reported by fish laboratories)
Maedi-Visna/Ovine Progressive Pneumonia
Marek's Disease
Mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)
Ovine Epididymitis (Brucella ovis)
Paratuberculosis (Johne's Disease)
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)
Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE)
Q Fever (Coxiella burnetti)

(5) The following list of diseases suspected or confirmed by veterinarians or veterinary laboratories shall be reported if notified to do so by letter from the state veterinarian's office whenever encountered in any animals during the reporting month. These diseases are to be reported by the 10th day of the next month. The case definition will be supplied with notification of required reporting.

Aleutian disease (mink)
Atrophic rhinitis
Bovine viral diarrhea
Botulism (horses, swine, mink)
Coccidiosis (clinical cases only)
((Chronic wasting diseases of deer (captive)))
Distemper (dogs, mink)
Edema disease of swine
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis
Equine viral arteritis (abortion or respiratory)
Equine viral rhinopneumonia (abortion)
Erysipelas (swine)
Feline panleukopenia
Influenza (swine) (horses)
Leukosis (cattle)
Leukemia (cats)
Malignant edema (horses, cattle)
Malignant catarrhal fever (sheep)
Mycotic stomatitis
Infectious mastitis (cattle) (goats)
Newcastle disease (lentogenic or low pathogenic strain)
Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease, confirmed only)
Parvo and related viruses (dogs)
Salmonellosis (including paratyphoid((,)) and enteritidis ((and typhoid)) in poultry typhimurium (DT 104), S. dublin and S. newport in cattle and any salmonella outbreaks in horses)
Scabies (swine and small animals) (nonotodectic)
Strangles (confirmed Strep. equi)
Tetanus (clostridium tetani) (horses) (sheep)
Transmissible mink encephalopathy
Transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE of swine)
Tuberculosis (dogs, cats)

[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.096 and 16.36.040. 93-19-127 (Order 5011), 16-70-010, filed 9/21/93, effective 10/22/93; Order 1005, Regulations 1-3, filed 7/22/66, effective 8/22/66; Order 655, Regulation 1, effective 5/19/53.]


     The following sections of the Washington Administrative Code are repealed:
WAC 16-70-001 Promulgation.
WAC 16-70-030 Reporting diseases -- Lists may be modified.

Washington State Code Reviser's Office