Date of Adoption: March 1, 2000.
Purpose: The purpose is to detail rules for control, surveillance and eradication of an important swine disease and to protect animal and public health in Washington state.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Chapter 16-80 WAC, Pseudorabies in swine; repealing WAC 16-80-050; and amending WAC 16-80-005, 16-80-007, 16-80-010, 16-80-015, 16-80-020, 16-80-025, 16-80-030, 16-80-035, 16-80-040, 16-80-045, and 16-80-047.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 16.36.040.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 00-03-068 on January 19, 2000.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 11, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 11, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
February 24, 2000
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 91-08-027, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91)
For the purpose of this
(1) "Director" means the director of agriculture of the
state of Washington or his ((
duly)) or her authorized
(2) "Department" means the ((
Washington state)) department
of agriculture of the state of Washington.
(3) "Approved pseudorabies vaccine" means only those
biological products that are approved by and produced under
license of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) for
injection into swine for the purpose of enhancing their
resistance to pseudorabies, are ((
a)) specific gene deletion
vaccines and are authorized for use in a specific herd by the
(4) "Official identification" means a USDA issued backtag or
a metal)) an eartag bearing state identification and a unique
(5) "Pseudorabies infected herd" means a herd of swine in
the disease)) pseudorabies has been diagnosed
(( positive)) in one or more animals by the National Veterinary
Service Laboratory (NVSL) or a state laboratory (( which can
conduct the serum neutralization)) approved by USDA to conduct
official pseudorabies tests.
(6) "Expose" means to ((
lay open)) have contact with an
animal (( or group of animals to risk of infection by)) infected
with the pseudorabies virus.
(7) "Pseudorabies" means a contagious, infectious and communicable disease caused by a herpesvirus that affects swine and other animals.
(8) "Official pseudorabies test" means a test for the diagnosis of pseudorabies conducted in a USDA-approved laboratory. These tests include, but are not limited to, serum neutralization (SN), virus isolation, fluorescent antibody, latex agglutination, particle concentration fluorescence immunoassay (PCFIA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-005, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
All swine blood
submitted to the ((
federal-state animal health)) department's
laboratory for brucellosis testing will be (( also)) tested for
pseudorabies by the latex agglutination test. Samples (( which
are)) positive on the latex agglutination test will be further
tested by the enzyme linked (( immunosorbant)) immunosorbent assay
(ELISA) and serum neutralization (SN) tests. The ELISA or SN
tests must show positive results before classifying the sample as
positive. An epidemiological investigation will be initiated for
each positive sample and an attempt will be made to trace such a
sample to the herd of origin. Area testing will be done on all
swine herds within a five mile radius of any infected premises. Trace forward and trace backward testing will be done in all
herds which may have bought animals from or sold animals to the
infected herd within a twenty-four month period prior to
discovery of the infection.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-007, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
All swine herds ((
infected with or exposed to pseudorabies (( shall)) will be
quarantined and officially tested for pseudorabies. If the owner
of any such swine herd refuses to allow the department to test
(( for the above disease)), the swine herd and the premises on
which they are quarantined (( shall)) will remain quarantined
until released under WAC 16-80-020, RCW 16.36.010 or (( RCW 16.36.030)) 16.36.020. No animal or products of such animals
(( shall)) will be removed from the premises while they are under
quarantine except as provided in RCW (( 16.36.030)) 16.36.010 or
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-010, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
shall offer for sale any)) Swine from a pseudorabies quarantined
herd cannot be offered for sale, except for (( other than))
immediate slaughter(( : Provided, however, That)). Such swine
(( shall)) can only be moved from the pseudorabies quarantined
herd when accompanied by an official federal form (( number))
VS1-27 (( filled out)) completed and signed by a federal or state
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-015, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
Any herd of swine in
which pseudorabies positive animals are found will be
quarantined. The quarantine will be released when the entire
quarantined herd has successfully completed Plan A (test and
removal), Plan B (offspring segregation), ((
or)) Plan C
(depopulation - repopulation) (( as described in "Swine
Pseudorabies Eradication Guidelines," prepared and published by
the pseudorabies committee, Livestock Conservation Institute)),
or any plan listed in Pseudorabies Eradication
State-Federal-Industry Program Standards, APHIS Document
91-55-041, effective January 1, 1998. Plan C will be the plan of
choice if the state-wide herd infection rate is less than 0.1% of
total number of state herds. The plan used will be determined by
mutual agreement between the herd owner or (( their)) his or her
veterinarian (( if so)) designated by the owner and the state
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-020, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
All barns, feed
troughs, water tanks, feeding platforms, farrowing houses, and
dry lots where a pseudorabies infected herd has been held must be
thoroughly cleaned and disinfected within fifteen days after all
infected swine have been removed. Recommended disinfectants are:
Orthophenolphenate compounds, phenolic compounds, 2% ((
sodium hydroxide, (( TriNaP04)) trisodium phosphate,
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-025, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
(1))) When a
vehicle is used to transport pseudorabies infected animals or
pseudorabies exposed animals from a pseudorabies quarantined
herd, the vehicle (( shall)) must be cleaned and disinfected
immediately following the unloading of the last animal of each
(( such)) load. The destination of (( such)) infected or exposed
swine (( shall)) must be equipped with department approved
facilities to clean and disinfect vehicles.
(2) Upon completion)) Written approval will be issued
after inspection of the cleaning and disinfection of the
vehicle(( , approval of the adequacy of the cleaning and
disinfection shall be obtained in writing)). This approval must
be obtained from a state or federal (( animal health employee))
veterinarian or registered veterinary technician or from (( an
authorized representative of)) the director (( of agriculture on a
form approved by the director)).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-030, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
As provided under RCW 16.36.096,)) The director
(( of agriculture)) may order the slaughter or destruction of any
swine affected with or exposed to pseudorabies. The state
veterinarian must approve the disposal methods of those swine
destroyed. Subject to the availability of sufficient funds, the
director may pay an indemnity for any swine ordered slaughtered
or destroyed. When the indemnity is approved, the amount that
will be paid is one hundred dollars for any sow past fifty days
pregnant or with suckling piglets, fifty dollars for boars and
open sows or sows less than fifty days pregnant, and fifty
dollars for breeding gilts over two hundred fifty pounds live
weight. An indemnity of up to (( fifty)) seventy-five percent of
appraised value of feeding stock will be paid when destroyed
rather than slaughtered.
No indemnity will be paid if:
(1) The state-wide infection rate exceeds 0.1% of total swine herds in the state; or
(2) The swine belong to the federal government or any of its
agencies, this state or any of its political subdivisions
thereof)) or any municipal corporations; or
(3) The swine were brought into this state within six months of being ordered slaughtered or destroyed.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-035, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
No pseudorabies vaccine may be
used in the state ((
of Washington)) except when the use of an
approved pseudorabies vaccine is specifically authorized in
writing by the state veterinarian for use in a pseudorabies
infected herd under pseudorabies eradication Plan A (test and
removal). Only gene delected vaccines with a corresponding
specific laboratory test will be authorized.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-040, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
Boars and sows moving through livestock auction yards or collection facilities in intrastate commerce must be tagged with official identification. All swine moving in interstate commerce must be identified in compliance with federal regulation 9 CFR 71.19 a & b.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-045, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
Pseudorabies is a reportable disease under WAC 16-70-010 and must be reported to the department immediately by
persons licensed to practice veterinary medicine in the state
of Washington as required by WAC 16-70-010)). Additionally,
laboratories and swine producers (( are hereby required to)) must
report to the director (( of agriculture or his authorized
representative the discovery of)) the existence or suspected
existence of pseudorabies infection among (( domestic)) swine
within the state. This report (( shall)) will be (( immediate ())
immediately made by telephone or FAX on the day (( discovered)))
infection is diagnosed or suspected. Veterinarians, laboratories
and swine producers are to make this report to the office of the
state veterinarian(( , telephone number (206) 753-5040, FAX (206)
[Statutory Authority: RCW 16.36.040 and 16.36.096. 91-08-027, § 16-80-047, filed 3/29/91, effective 4/29/91.]
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
|WAC 16-80-050||Criminal penalty -- Civil injunction.|