WSR 02-04-038

PROPOSED RULES

SOUTHWEST

CLEAN AIR AGENCY

[ Filed January 28, 2002, 11:34 a.m. ]

Original Notice.

Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 00-17-023.

Title of Rule: SWCAA 425 Outdoor Burning.

Purpose: The purpose of this rule making is to revise an existing regulation to incorporate an agency name change and update the regulation to be consistent with the WAC.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 70.94.141.

Statute Being Implemented: RCW 70.94.141.

Summary: The changes proposed in this rule making are administrative in nature. The current version of SWAPCA 425 contains an outdated adoption by reference of chapter 173-425 WAC, and does not reflect the agency's recent name change. The proposed regulation incorporates the agency's name change and contains updated provisions consistent with chapter 173-425 WAC.

Reasons Supporting Proposal: The name of the agency was changed July 6, 2000, from the Southwest Air Pollution Control Authority (SWAPCA) to the Southwest Clean Air Agency (SWCAA). The agency adopted chapter 173-425 WAC by reference in July 1993 (WSR 93-16-011). Chapter 173-425 WAC has been significantly revised since that time.

Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Wess Safford, 1308 N.E. 134th Street, Vancouver, WA, (360) 574-3058; Implementation: Paul Mairose, 1308 N.E. 134th Street, Vancouver, WA, (360) 574-3058; and Enforcement: Robert D. Elliott, 1308 N.E. 134th Street, Vancouver, WA, (360) 574-3058.

Name of Proponent: Southwest Clean Air Agency, governmental.

Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.

Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: This is an existing rule. All proposed changes are intended to update the regulation to incorporate the agency's new name and revisions made to chapter 173-425 WAC since the previous adoption by reference.

Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: Existing section titles and rule numbers are being changed to reflect the agency's recent name change. Likewise, the provisions of adopted sections are being revised for consistency with chapter 173-425 WAC.

No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. The changes proposed by SWCAA are consistent with state rules already in effect. This agency is not subject to the small business economic impact provisions of chapter 19.85 RCW.

RCW 34.05.328 does not apply to this rule adoption. Pursuant to RCW 70.94.141(1), section 201, chapter 403, Laws of 1995, does not apply to this rule adoption. SWCAA is not voluntarily invoking section 201, chapter 403, Laws of 1995.

Hearing Location: Office of Southwest Clean Air Agency, 1308 N.E. 134th Street, Vancouver, WA 98685, on April 4, 2002, at 3:00 p.m.

Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Mary Allen by March 29, 2002, TDD (360) 574-3058.

Submit Written Comments to: Wess Safford, 1308 N.E. 134th Street, Vancouver, WA 98685, fax (360) 574-3058, by March 22, 2002.

Date of Intended Adoption: April 4, 2002.

January 22, 2002

Robert D. Elliott

Executive Director

((SWAPCA)) SWCAA 425 ((Open)) Outdoor Burning

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 93-16-011, filed 7/22/93, effective 8/22/93)


Section 173-425 of the Washington Administrative Code is hereby adopted by reference as part of this regulation in all respects as though the sections were set forth herein in full.))

Reviser's note: The typographical error in the above material occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-010 Purpose

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


The purpose of this rule is to establish a program to implement the limited burning policy authorized by sections 743 through 765 of the Washington Clean Air Act (Chapter 70.94 RCW) and other provisions of the act that pertain to outdoor burning. Statutory authority for particular provisions of the rule is shown in brackets in the appropriate section. The limited burning policy requires the Agency to:

(1) Reduce outdoor burning to the greatest extent practical, especially by prohibiting it in certain circumstances; [RCW 70.94.743(1)]

(2) Establish a permit program for limited burning that requires permits for most types of outdoor burning; and [RCW 70.94.745]

(3) Foster and encourage development of reasonable alternatives to burning. [RCW 70.94.745(6)]

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-020 Applicability

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


(1) This rule applies to all outdoor burning within SWCAA jurisdiction except:

(a) Agricultural burning (governed by WAC 173-430).

(b) Silvicultural burning (governed by WAC 332-24, the Washington state smoke management plan, and various laws including RCW 70.94).

(c) Any outdoor burning on lands within the exterior boundaries of Indian reservations unless provided for by intergovernmental agreement.

(2) Specifically, this chapter applies to:

(a) Residential burning. [RCW 70.94.745]

(b) Land clearing burning. [RCW 70.94.745]

(c) Storm or flood debris burning. [RCW 70.94.743]

(d) Tumbleweed burning. [RCW 70.94.745]

(e) Weed abatement fires. [RCW 70.94.650]

(f) Fire fighting instruction fires. [RCW 70.94.650]

(g) Rare and endangered plant regeneration fires. [RCW 70.94.651]

(h) Indian ceremonial fires. [RCW 70.94.651]

(i) Recreational fires. [RCW 70.94.765]

(j) Other outdoor burning. [RCW 70.94.765]

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-030 Definitions

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


The definitions of terms contained in WAC 173-400 are incorporated by reference. Unless a different meaning is clearly required by context, the following words and phrases as used in this rule shall have the following meanings:

(1) "Agency" means the Southwest Clean Air Agency (SWCAA).

(2) "Agricultural burning" means outdoor burning regulated under WAC 173-430, including, but not limited to, any incidental agricultural burning or agricultural burning for pest or disease control.

(3) "Air pollution episode" means a period when a forecast, alert, warning, or emergency air pollution stage is declared, as stated in WAC 173-435.

(4) "Construction/demolition debris" means all material resulting from the construction, renovation, or demolition of buildings, roads, and other man-made structures.

(5) "Control officer" means the Executive Director of the Southwest Clean Air Agency.

(6) "Ecology" means the Washington state department of ecology.

(7) "Fire fighting instruction fires" means fires for instruction in methods of fire fighting, including, but not limited to, training to fight structural fires, aircraft crash rescue fires, and forest fires.

(8) "Firewood" means bare untreated wood used as fuel in a solid fuel burning device, Indian ceremonial fire, or recreational fire.

(9) "Impaired air quality" means a first or second stage impaired air quality condition declared by ecology or a local air authority in accordance with WAC 173-433-140.

(10) "Indian ceremonial fires" means fires necessary for Native American ceremonies (i.e., conducted by and for Native Americans) if part of a religious ritual.

(11) "Land clearing burning" means outdoor burning of trees, stumps, shrubbery, or other natural vegetation from land clearing projects (i.e., projects that clear the land surface so it can be developed, used for a different purpose, or left unused). [RCW 70.94.750(2)]

(12) "Natural vegetation" means unprocessed plant material from herbs, shrubbery, and trees, including grass, weeds, leaves, clippings, prunings, brush, branches, roots, stumps, and trunk wood.

(13) "Nonattainment area" means a clearly delineated geographic area which has been designated by the Environmental Protection Agency because it does not meet (or it contributes to ambient air quality in a nearby area that does not meet) a national ambient air quality standard or standards for one or more of the criteria pollutants, which include carbon monoxide, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, and ozone.

(14) "Nonurban areas" means unincorporated areas within a county that are not designated as an urban growth area. [RCW 70.94.745(8)]

(15) "Nuisance" means an emission of smoke or any other air contaminant that unreasonably interferes with the use and enjoyment of the property upon which it is deposited. [RCW 70.94.030(2)]

(16) "Other outdoor burning" means any type of outdoor burning not specified in WAC 173-425-020 (1) or (2)(a) through (i), including, but not limited to, any outdoor burning necessary to protect public health and safety. [RCW 70.94.650(7) and 70.94.765]

(17) "Outdoor burning" means the combustion of material of any type in an open fire or in an outdoor container without providing for the control of combustion or the control of emissions from the combustion. For the purposes of this rule, "outdoor burning" means all types of outdoor burning except agricultural burning and silvicultural burning. [RCW 70.94.743(2)]

(18) "Permitting agency" means the agency responsible for issuing permits (including adopting a general permit) for, and/or enforcing all requirements of this rule that apply to, a particular type of burning in a given area unless another agency agrees to be responsible for certain enforcement activities in accordance with WAC 173-425-060 (1)(a) and (6).

(19) "Pollutants emitted by outdoor burning" means carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, lead, and various volatile organic compounds and toxic substances.

(20) "Rare and endangered plant regeneration fires" means fires necessary to promote the regeneration of rare and endangered plants found within natural area preserves as identified in RCW 79.70.

(21) "Reasonable alternative" means a method for disposing of organic refuse (such as natural vegetation) that is available, reasonably economical, and less harmful to the environment than burning.

(22) "Recreational fire" means cooking fires, campfires, and bonfires using charcoal or firewood that occur in designated areas or on private property for cooking, pleasure, or ceremonial purposes. Fires used for debris disposal purposes are not considered recreational fires.

(23) "Residential burning" means the outdoor burning of leaves, clippings, prunings and other yard and gardening refuse originating on lands immediately adjacent and in close proximity to a human dwelling and burned on such lands by the property owner or his or her designee. [RCW 70.94.750(1)]

(24) "Silvicultural burning" means outdoor burning relating to the following activities for the protection of life or property and/or the public health, safety, and welfare:

(a) Abating a forest fire hazard.

(b) Prevention of a forest fire hazard.

(c) Instruction of public officials in methods of forest fire fighting.

(d) Any silvicultural operation to improve the forest lands of the state.

(e) Silvicultural burning used to improve or maintain fire dependent ecosystems for rare plants or animals within state, federal, and private natural area preserves, natural resource conservation areas, parks, and other wildlife areas. [RCW 70.94.660(1)]

(25) "Storm or flood debris burning" means fires consisting of natural vegetation deposited on lands by storms or floods that have occurred in the previous two years and resulted in an emergency being declared or proclaimed in the area by the city, county, or state government and burned on such lands by the property owner or his or her designee. [RCW 70.94.743 (1)(c)]

(26) "Tumbleweed burning" means outdoor burning to dispose of dry plants (typically Russian Thistle and Tumbleweed Mustard plants) that have been broken off, and rolled about, by the wind.

(27) "Urban growth area" means land, generally including and associated with an incorporated city, designated by a county for urban growth under RCW 36.70A.030.

(28) "Weed abatement fires" means any outdoor burning to dispose of weeds that is not regulated under WAC 173-430 (agricultural burning).

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-040 Areas Where Certain Types of Outdoor Burning Are Prohibited

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


(1) Nonattainment areas. Residential burning and land clearing burning may not be allowed in any area of the state that exceeds federal or state ambient air quality standards for pollutants emitted by outdoor burning. These areas are limited to all nonattainment areas and former nonattainment areas for carbon monoxide, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and lead. However, ecology may, in cooperation with any local air authority having jurisdiction, authorize the omission of parts of a nonattainment area if ambient air quality standards for the pollutants that caused the area to be designated nonattainment have not been exceeded in those parts, and outdoor burning in those parts has not contributed, and is not expected to contribute, significantly to exceedances of the standards in the nonattainment area. [RCW 70.94.743 (1)(a)]

(2) Urban growth areas. Residential burning and land clearing burning may not be allowed in any urban growth area after December 31, 2000, except as follows: Residential burning and land clearing burning may be allowed in the following types of urban growth areas until December 31, 2006: [RCW 70.94.743 (1)(b)]

(a) Urban growth areas for incorporated cities having a population of less than five thousand people that are neither within nor contiguous with any area identified in subsection (1) of this section.

(b) Urban growth areas that do not include an incorporated city.

(3) Cities over 10,000. Residential burning and land clearing burning may not be allowed in any cities having a population greater than ten thousand people after December 31, 2000. Cities having this population must be identified by using the most current population estimates available for each city. [RCW 70.94.743 (1)(b)]

(4) High density areas. Land clearing burning may not be allowed in any area having a general population density of one thousand or more persons per square mile after December 31, 2000, if the area is contiguous with any area where land clearing burning has already been, or must be, prohibited by that date under subsection (1), (2), or (3) of this section, and it may not be allowed in any other areas having this density after December 31, 2006. All areas having this density must be identified by using the most current population data available for each census block group and dividing by the land area of the block group in square miles. [RCW 70.94.750(2)]

(5) Areas with a reasonable alternative to burning. Residential burning, land clearing burning, storm or flood debris burning, tumbleweed burning, weed abatement fires, and other outdoor burning of organic refuse may not be allowed in any area of the state (including any areas or parts of areas identified in subsections (1) through (4) of this section) when a reasonable alternative to burning is found to exist in the area for that type of burning. (RCW 70.94.745(6)) By December 31, 2000, and at least every third year after that, the Agency must determine whether any areas within their jurisdiction where a type of burning listed in this subsection is allowed (except other outdoor burning of organic refuse) have a reasonable alternative to burning. Determinations for other outdoor burning of organic refuse must be made on a permit by permit basis by applying the criteria in (a) and (b) of this subsection. A reasonable alternative exists for any area where the answers to both of the following questions are "Yes" for the specified type of burning, provided that parts of an area may be excluded for the purpose of defining practical boundaries for the area.

(a) Available and reasonably economical. Is the area served by:

(i) A county or municipally-sponsored service for recycling (i.e. composting) of the organic refuse (e.g. natural vegetation); or

(ii) Any other method for disposing of the organic refuse (such as a public or private chipping or chipper rental service, an energy recovery or incineration facility, or a solid waste drop box, transfer station, or landfill) that is located within a reasonable distance and will accept the type and volume of organic refuse at a cost that is less than or equivalent to the median of all county tipping fees in the state for disposal of municipal solid waste?

(b) Less harmful to the environment. Is the area served by any available and reasonably economical alternative method for disposing of the organic refuse less harmful to the environment than outdoor burning? The following hierarchy shall be used to determine the harmfulness of an organic refuse disposal method:

Less Harmful Waste Reduction
Recycling
Energy Recovery or Incineration
Landfill Disposal
More Harmful Outdoor Burning.

(c) Specified areas. Paragraphs 5(a) and 5(b) of this section notwithstanding, reasonable alternatives to burning are considered to exist in areas of high population density (one thousand persons per square mile or more) that are outside, but contiguous or proximate to, cities and/or urban growth areas where outdoor burning has been prohibited under the provisions of paragraphs (2) and (3) of this section. The December 31, 2000 reasonable alternatives determination for SWCAA's jurisdiction included only a limited area around the city limits of Longview and Kelso.

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-050 Other Prohibitions/Requirements That Apply to All Outdoor Burning

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


No person may cause or allow an outdoor fire in an area where the type of burning involved is prohibited under SWCAA 425-040, or where it requires a permit under SWCAA 425-060(2), unless a permit has been issued and is in effect. In addition, the following general requirements apply to all outdoor burning regulated by this rule, including any outdoor burning allowed without a permit under SWCAA 425-060(2), unless a specific exception is stated in this section.

(1) Prohibited materials. The following materials may not be burned in any outdoor fire: Garbage, dead animals, asphalt, petroleum products, paints, rubber products, plastics, paper (other than what is necessary to start a fire), cardboard, treated wood, construction/demolition debris, metal, or any substance (other than natural vegetation) that normally releases toxic emissions, dense smoke, or obnoxious odors when burned, except that: [RCW 70.94.775(1) and Attorney General Opinion 1993 #17]

(a) Fire fighting instruction fires for aircraft crash rescue training fires approved and conducted in compliance with RCW 70.94.650(5) may contain uncontaminated petroleum products. [RCW 70.94.650(6)]

(b) The Agency may allow the limited burning of prohibited materials for other fire fighting instruction fires, including those that are exempt from permits under SWCAA 425-060 (2)(f), and other outdoor burning necessary to protect public health and safety. [RCW 70.94.650(7)]

(2) Hauled material. No outdoor fire may contain material (other than firewood) that has been hauled from an area where outdoor burning of the material is prohibited under SWCAA 425-040. Any outdoor burning of material hauled from areas where outdoor burning of the material is allowed requires an appropriate permit under SWCAA 425-060(2), and any use of property for this purpose on an on-going basis, must be limited to the types of burning listed in WAC 173-351-200 (5)(b) (criteria for municipal solid waste landfills) and approved in accordance with other laws, including WAC 173-304 (Minimum functional standards for solid waste handling) and WAC 173-400 (General regulations for air pollution sources). [RCW 70.94.745(6)]

(3) Curtailments.

(a) No outdoor fire may be ignited in a geographical area where:

(i) Ecology has declared an air pollution episode; [RCW 70.94.775(2), 70.94.780]

(ii) Ecology or a local air authority has declared impaired air quality; or [RCW 70.94.775(2), 70.94.780]

(iii) The appropriate fire protection authority has declared a fire danger burn ban, unless that authority grants an exception.

(b) The person responsible for the fire must contact the permitting agency and/or any other designated source for information on the burning conditions for each day.

(c) The person responsible for an outdoor fire must extinguish the fire when an air pollution episode, impaired air quality condition, or fire danger burn ban that applies to the burning, is declared. In this regard:

(i) Smoke visible from all types of outdoor burning, except land clearing burning, after a time period of three hours has elapsed from the time an air pollution episode, impaired air quality condition, or fire danger burn ban is declared, will constitute prima facie evidence of unlawful outdoor burning; and

(ii) Smoke visible from land clearing burning after a time period of eight hours has elapsed from the time an air pollution episode, impaired air quality condition, or fire danger burn ban is declared, will constitute prima facie evidence of unlawful outdoor burning.

(4) Unlawful outdoor burning. It is unlawful for any person to cause or allow outdoor burning that causes an emission of smoke or any other air contaminant that is detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of any person, that causes damage to property or business, or that causes a nuisance. [RCW 70.94.040, 70.94.650(1), and 70.94.780]

(a) Any person affected by outdoor burning may file a complaint with the permitting agency or other designated enforcing agency.

(b) Any agency responding to an outdoor burning complaint should attempt to determine if the burning on any particular property is unlawful. This may include, but is not limited to, considering whether the burning has caused an emission of smoke or any other air contaminant in sufficient quantity to be unlawful.

(c) Any person responsible for such unlawful outdoor burning must immediately extinguish the fire.

(5) Burning in outdoor containers. Outdoor containers (such as burn barrels and other incinerators not regulated under SWCAA 400-070(1)) used for outdoor burning, must be constructed of concrete or masonry with a completely enclosed combustion chamber and equipped with a permanently attached spark arrester constructed of iron, heavy wire mesh, or other noncombustible material with openings not larger than one-half inch, and they may only be used in compliance with this rule.

(6) Other general requirements:

(a) A person capable of extinguishing the fire must attend it at all times, and the fire must be extinguished before leaving it.

(b) No fires are to be within fifty feet of structures.

(c) Permission from a landowner, or the landowner's designated representative, must be obtained before starting an outdoor fire.

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-060 Outdoor Burning Permit Program/Requirements

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


(1) Permit program.

(a) The Agency may consult with fire protection authorities, conservation districts, or counties to determine if any of these agencies are capable and willing to serve as the permitting agency and/or enforcing agency for particular types of burning in an area of the state. The Agency may enter into agreements with any capable agencies to identify the permitting agencies and enforcing agencies for each type of burning and determine the type of permit appropriate for each area where a permit is required. [RCW 70.94.654]

(b) Permitting agencies may use, as appropriate, a verbal, electronic, written, or general permit established by rule, for any type of burning that requires a permit. A written permit should be used, where feasible, for land clearing burning, storm or flood debris burning in areas where residential burning and land clearing burning are prohibited under SWCAA 425-040 (1), (2), or (3), and other outdoor burning (except any other outdoor burning necessary to protect public health and safety). [RCW 70.94.745(4)]

(c) The rule for a general permit must establish periods of time when any burning under the permit is required to occur. General permits must also include all appropriate conditions for burning as stated in subsection (4) of this section.

(2) Types of burning that require a permit. Except as otherwise stated, a permit is required for the following types of outdoor burning in all areas under the Agency's jurisdiction.

(a) Residential burning (except in the nonurban areas of any county with an unincorporated population of less than fifty thousand). [RCW 70.94.745(2)]

(b) Land clearing burning. [RCW 70.94.745(2)]

(c) Storm or flood debris burning. [RCW 70.94.743 (1)(c)]

(d) Tumbleweed burning (except in counties with a population of less than two hundred fifty thousand). [RCW 70.94.745(5)]

(e) Weed abatement fires. [RCW 70.94.650 (1)(a)]

(f) Fire fighting instruction fires for training to fight structural fires in urban growth areas and cities with a population over ten thousand, and all other fire fighting instruction fires, except fire fighting instruction fires for training to fight structural fires as provided in RCW 52.12.150, aircraft crash rescue fires as provided in RCW 70.94.650(5), and forest fires. [RCW 70.94.650 (1)(b)]

(g) Rare and endangered plant regeneration fires. [RCW 70.94.651(1)]

(h) Indian ceremonial fires (except on lands within the exterior boundaries of Indian reservations unless provided for by intergovernmental agreement). [RCW 70.94.651(2)]

(i) Recreational fires with a total fuel area that is greater than three feet in diameter and/or two feet in height (except in the nonurban areas of counties with an unincorporated population of less than fifty thousand. [RCW 70.94.765]

(j) Other outdoor burning (if specifically authorized by the Agency). [RCW 70.94.765]

(3) Fees. SWCAA may charge a fee for any permit issued under the authority of this rule, provided that a fee must be charged for all permits issued for weed abatement fires and fire fighting instruction fires. All fees must be set by rule and must not exceed the level necessary to recover the costs of administering and enforcing the permit program. SWCAA has established a schedule of permit fees as described in Table A below. [RCW 70.94.650(2) and 70.94.780]


TABLE A

Outdoor Burning Category Regulating Authority Permit Fee
Residential burning RCW 70.94.745 $0
Land clearing burning RCW 70.94.745 $100
Storm burning RCW 70.94.743 $0
Flood debris burning RCW 70.94.743 $100
Tumbleweed burning RCW 70.94.745 $0
Weed abatement fires RCW 70.94.650 $2/acre, $25 min.
Fire fighting instruction fires. RCW 70.94.650 $25
Rare and endangered plant regeneration fires RCW 70.94.651 $2/acre, $25 min.
Indian ceremonial fires. RCW 70.94.651 $0
Recreational fires. RCW 70.94.765 $0
Other outdoor burning RCW 70.94.765 $0

(4) Permit decisions. Permitting agencies must approve with conditions, or deny outdoor burning permits as needed to achieve compliance with this chapter. All permits must include conditions to satisfy the requirements in SWCAA 425-050, and they may require other conditions, such as restricting the time period for burning, restricting permissible hours of burning, imposing requirements for good combustion practice, and restricting burning to specified weather conditions. Permitting agencies may also include conditions to comply with other laws pertaining to outdoor burning. [RCW 70.94.745, 70.94.750, and 70.94.780]

(5) Establishment of a general permit and requirements for residential burning.

(a) A general permit for residential burning is hereby adopted for use in any area where the Agency and any designated enforcing agencies have agreed that a general permit is appropriate for residential burning, and have notified the public where the permit applies. All burning under this permit must comply with the conditions in (c) of this subsection, and it must be restricted to the first and second weekends (Saturday and Sunday) in April and the third and fourth weekends in October, unless alternative days are substituted by the enforcing agency and adequate notice of the substitution is provided to the public. Alternative days may only be substituted if conditions on the prescribed days are unsuitable due to such things as poor air quality, high fire danger, unfavorable meteorology, likely interference with a major community event, or difficulties for enforcement. [RCW 70.94.745(4)]

(b) The Agency may also adopt a general permit for residential burning that prescribes a different set of days, not to exceed eight days per year, when any burning under the permit must occur: The public must be given adequate notice regarding where and when the permit will apply. [RCW 70.94.745(4)]

(c) The following conditions apply to all residential burning allowed without a permit under SWCAA 425-060 (2)(a) or allowed under a general, verbal, or electronic permit:

(i) The person responsible for the fire must contact the permitting agency and/or any other designated source for information on the burning conditions for each day;

(ii) A fire may not be ignited, and must be extinguished, if an air pollution episode, impaired air quality condition, or fire danger burn ban that applies to the burning, is declared for the area;

(iii) The fire must not include garbage, dead animals, asphalt, petroleum products, paints, rubber products, plastics, paper (other than what is necessary to start a fire), cardboard, treated wood, construction/demolition debris, metal, or any substance (other than natural vegetation) that normally releases toxic emissions, dense smoke, or obnoxious odors when burned;

(iv) The fire must not include materials hauled from another property;

(v) If any emission from the fire is detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of any person, if it causes damage to property or business, or if it causes a nuisance, the fire must be extinguished immediately;

(vi) A person capable of extinguishing the fire must attend it at all times, and the fire must be extinguished before leaving it;

(vii) No fires are to be within fifty feet of structures;

(viii) Permission from a landowner, or owner's designated representative, must be obtained before starting an outdoor fire;

(ix) Any burn pile must not be larger than four feet by four feet by three feet;

(x) Only one pile at a time may be burned, and each pile must be extinguished before lighting another;

(xi) If an outdoor container is used for burning, it must be constructed of concrete or masonry with a completely enclosed combustion chamber and equipped with a permanently attached spark arrester constructed of iron, heavy wire mesh, or other noncombustible material with openings not larger than one-half inch; and

(xii) No fire is permitted within five hundred feet of forest slash. Persons not able to meet these requirements or the requirements in SWCAA 425-050 must apply for and receive a written permit before burning. Failure to comply with all requirements of this subsection voids any applicable permit, and the person responsible for burning may be subject to enforcement action under subsection (6) of this section.

(6) Field response and enforcement. Any agency that issues permits, or adopts a general permit for any type of burning in an area, is responsible for field response to outdoor burning complaints and enforcement of all permit conditions and requirements of this rule related to that type of burning in the area, unless another agency has agreed under SWCAA 425-060 (1)(a) to be responsible for certain field response or enforcement activities. Except for enforcing WAC 173-425-050 (3)(a)(iii), the Agency may also perform these activities. The Agency is also responsible for enforcing any requirements that apply to burning that is prohibited or exempt from permits in areas under their jurisdiction, unless another agency agrees to be responsible. Permitting agencies and enforcing agencies may require that corrective action be taken, and may assess penalties to the extent allowed under their general and specific authorities if they discover noncompliance with this chapter. A fire protection authority called to respond to, control, or extinguish an illegal or out-of-control fire may charge, and recover from the person responsible for the fire, the costs of its response and control action.

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-070 Variances

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


Any person who proposes to engage in outdoor burning may apply to the Agency for a variance from provisions of this rule governing the quality, nature, duration, or extent of discharges of air contaminants from the proposed burning. All variance applications must be reviewed, and approved or disapproved, in accordance with RCW 70.94.181. [RCW 70.94.181]

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


NEW SECTION


SWCAA 425-080 Severability

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW.]


The provisions of this regulation are severable. If any provision is held invalid, the application of that provision to other circumstances and the remainder of the regulation will not be affected.

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.


AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending WSR 93-17-015, filed 8/6/93, effective 9/6/93)


((SWAPCA)) SWCAA 425-200 Responsibility

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94.755 RCW. Original adoption 93-17-015 filed 8/6/93, effective 9/6/93.]


(1) Fires started in violation of this rule shall be extinguished by the persons responsible for the same upon notice from the Director or his duly designated agent. When the Director has knowledge of adverse conditions effecting the dispersement of the combustion by-products, an air pollution alert may be declared, voiding all permits for open fires.

(2) It shall be prima facie evidence that the person who owns or controls property on which an open fire, prohibited by this regulation, occurs has cause or allowed said open fire.

Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material above occurred in the copy filed by the Southwest Clean Air Agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.

Washington State Code Reviser's Office