FISH AND WILDLIFE
Effective Date of Rule: October 2, 2012, 12:00 p.m.
Purpose: The purpose of this rule making is to provide for treaty Indian fishing opportunity in the Columbia River while protecting salmon listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). This rule making implements federal court orders governing Washington's relationship with treaty Indian tribes and federal law governing Washington's relationship with Oregon.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 220-32-05100A; and amending WAC 220-32-051.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 77.04.130, 77.12.045, and 77.12.047.
Other Authority: United States v. Oregon, Civil No. 68-513-KI (D. Or.), Order Adopting 2008-2017 United States v. Oregon Management Agreement (Aug. 12, 2008) (Doc. No. 2546); Northwest Gillnetters Ass'n v. Sandison, 95 Wn.2d 638, 628 P.2d 800 (1981); Washington fish and wildlife commission policies concerning Columbia River fisheries; 40 Stat. 515 (Columbia River compact).
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: The regulation sets the seventh weekly treaty commercial fishing period for the 2012 fall season. The four Columbia River treaty tribes adopted a season scheduled to begin at 6:00 a.m., October 2. Because state regulations cannot be implemented as quickly as tribal regulations, sales and possession of gillnet-caught fish are not allowed until noon (12:00 p.m.) on opening day (six hours after the fishery opens). This approach allows Washington time to process the regulation. Platform hook and line as well as tributary fisheries remain in place. Harvest/ESA limits are expected to remain within the limits and guidelines of the 2008-2017 management agreement. Rule is consistent with action of the Columbia River compact on July 26 and October 1, 2012. There is insufficient time to promulgate permanent regulations.
The Yakama, Warm Springs, Umatilla, and Nez Perce Indian tribes have treaty fishing rights in the Columbia River and inherent sovereign authority to regulate their fisheries. Washington and Oregon also have some authority to regulate fishing by treaty Indians in the Columbia River, authority that the states exercise jointly under the congressionally ratified Columbia River compact. Sohappy v. Smith, 302 F. Supp. 899 (D. Or. 1969). The tribes and the states adopt parallel regulations for treaty Indian fisheries under the supervision of the federal courts. A court order sets the current parameters. United States v. Oregon, Civil No. 68-513-KI (D. Or.), Order Adopting 2008-2017 United States v. Oregon Management Agreement (Aug. 12, 2008) (Doc. No. 2546). Some salmon and steelhead stocks in the Columbia River are listed as threatened or endangered under the federal ESA. On May 5, 2008, the National Marine Fisheries Service issued a biological opinion under 16 U.S.C. § 1536 that allow for some incidental take of these species in the fisheries as described in the 2008-2017 U.S. v. Oregon Management Agreement. Columbia River fisheries are monitored very closely to ensure consistency with court orders and ESA guidelines. Because conditions change rapidly, the fisheries are managed almost exclusively by emergency rule. As required by court order, the Washington (WDFW) and Oregon (ODFW) departments of fish and wildlife convene public hearings and invite tribal participation when considering proposals for new emergency rules affecting treaty fishing rights. Sohappy, 302 F. Supp. at 912. WDFW and ODFW then adopt regulations reflecting agreements reached.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 1, Amended 0, Repealed 1; Federal Rules or Standards: New 1, Amended 0, Repealed 1; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 1, Amended 0, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: October 2, 2012.
1. Mainstem Columbia River Commercial Gillnet
a. Open Area: SMCRA 1F, 1G, 1H (Zone 6)
b. Season: Immediately until 6:00 PM October 4, 2012
c. Gear: Gillnets only. 8-inch minimum mesh size.
d. Allowable sales: salmon, steelhead, shad, carp, catfish, walleye, bass, and yellow perch. Sturgeon between 38-54 inches in fork length in the Bonneville Pool, and between 43-54 inches in fork length in The Dalles and John Day pools may be retained for subsistence purposes. Sales of fish landed during the open period are allowed after the period concludes.
e. Standard river mouth sanctuaries in effect for this gear type, except the Spring Creek Hatchery sanctuary is defined as those waters of the Columbia River within a radius of 150 feet of the Spring Creek Hatchery ladder.
2. Mainstem Columbia River Platform and Hook and Line upstream of Bonneville Dam
a. Open Area: SMCRA 1F, 1G, 1H (Zone 6)
b. Season: Immediately until further notice.
c. Gear: Hoop nets and dip bag nets, and rod and reel with hook and line.
d. Allowable sale: salmon, steelhead, shad, carp, catfish, walleye, bass, and yellow perch. Sturgeon between 38-54 inches in fork length in the Bonneville Pool, and between 43-54 inches in fork length in The Dalles and John Day pools may be retained for subsistence purposes.
e. Standard sanctuaries in effect for this gear type.
3. Mainstem Columbia River Platform and Hook and Line downstream of Bonneville Dam
a. Open Area: SMCRA 1E. Each of the four Columbia River treaty tribes has an MOA or MOU with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife regarding tribal fisheries in the area just downstream of Bonneville Dam. Tribal fisheries in this area may only occur in accordance with the appropriate MOA or MOU specific to each tribe.
b. Participants: Tribal members may participate under the conditions described in the 2007 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Yakama Nation (YN), in the 2010 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), in the 2010 MOU with the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Spring Reservation (CTWS), and in the 2011 MOU with the Nez Perce Tribe. Tribal members fishing below Bonneville Dam must carry an official tribal enrollment card.
c. Season: immediately until further notice.
d. Gear: Hoop nets and dip bag nets, and rod and reel with hook and line, or as defined by each tribe's MOU or MOA.
e. Allowable Sales: Salmon, steelhead, shad, carp, catfish, walleye, bass, and yellow perch. Sturgeon retention is prohibited; sturgeon may not be sold or retained for ceremonial or subsistence purposes. Sale of platform or hook-and-line-caught fish is allowed. Sales may not occur on USACE property.
4. Yakama Nation Tributary Fisheries
a. Open Area: Columbia River Tributaries above Bonneville Dam.
b. Season: Immediately until further notice, and only during those days and hours when the tributaries listed below are open under lawfully enacted Yakama Nation tribal subsistence fishery regulations for enrolled Yakama Nation members.
c. Area: Drano Lake and Klickitat River.
d. Gear: Hoop nets, dip bag nets, and rod and reel with hook and line. Gillnets may only be used in Drano Lake.
e. Allowable Sales: Salmon, steelhead, shad, carp, catfish, walleye, bass, and yellow perch.
5. 24-hour quick reporting required for Washington wholesale dealers, WAC 220-69-240, for all areas.
Reviser's note: The unnecessary underscoring in the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
Reviser's note: The typographical error in the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appears in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed effective 12:00 p.m. October 2, 2012:
|WAC 220-32-05100A||Columbia River salmon seasons above Bonneville Dam. (12-221)|