[Filed November 22, 2019, 4:15 p.m., effective November 22, 2019]
Effective Date of Rule: November 22, 2019.
Purpose: Rule amendment to align the department of natural resources' rules regarding silvicultural burning in urban growth areas with legislation passed in 2019. Until the 2019 legislative session, burning regulated by the department was prohibited in urban growth areas. The legislature adopted 2SHB 1784, which amends RCW 70.94.6514
to allow "…outdoor burning that reduces the risk of a wildfire, or is normal, necessary, and customary to ongoing silvicultural activities consistent with silvicultural burning authorized under RCW 70.94.6531
(1)…." Rule is effective immediately upon filing of this CR-103 pursuant to RCW 34.05.380
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 332-24-205.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 19-17-049 on August 16, 2019.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: November 22, 2019.
Washington State Forester
Wildfire and Forest Health
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 98-11-047, filed 5/18/98, effective 6/18/98)
WAC 332-24-205General rules—Minimum requirements for all burning.
The following rules apply to all burning regulated by the department:
(1) The department reserves the right to restrict, regulate, refuse, revoke or postpone outdoor fires under RCW 76.04.205
, and chapter 70.94
RCW due to adverse fire weather or to prevent restriction of visibility, excessive air pollution or a nuisance.
(2) Burning shall not be allowed within nonattainment areas of the state as established by Washington department of ecology for particulate matter ten microns or less or carbon monoxide, except for:
(a) Fires for improving and maintaining fire dependent ecosystems; or
(b) Fires for training wildland firefighters; or
(c) Fires set for a defined research project; or
(d) Military training exercises; or
(e) The exclusive purpose of managing storm or flood-related debris; or
(f) Where exempted by local or state air pollution control agencies.
(3) Burning shall not be allowed inside urban growth areas as designated under growth management plans, or in cities of greater than ten thousand population as follows:
(a) In urban growth areas where reasonable alternatives exist.
(b) In cities with a population of ten thousand or more as established by the office of financial management:
(i) That exceed or threaten to exceed federal or state ambient air quality standards; and
(ii) Where reasonable alternatives to outdoor burning exist, in accordance with WAC 173-425-090.
(c) ((After December 31, 2000, burning shall not be allowed in urban growth areas or cities with a population of ten thousand or more.
))Outdoor burning that reduces the risk of a wildfire, or is normal, necessary, and customary to ongoing silvicultural activities consistent with silvicultural burning authorized under RCW 70.94.6534(1), is allowed within the urban growth area in accordance with RCW 70.94.6534. Before issuing a burn permit within the urban growth area for any burn that exceeds one hundred tons of material, the department of natural resources shall consult with department of ecology.
(4) No fires shall be ignited when:
(a) The department of ecology has declared an air pollution episode for the geographic area pursuant to chapter 173-435 WAC; or
(b) The department of ecology or a local air pollution control authority has declared impaired air quality for the geographic area in which the burning is to be done.
(5) A person responsible for a burn at the time an episode or impaired air quality is called pursuant to chapter 173-425 WAC, shall extinguish the fire by:
(a) Withholding fuel from the burn;
(b) Allowing the fire to burn down; and
(c) Aggressively putting out the fire until there is no visible smoke, unless otherwise allowed by the department.
(6) Prior to lighting, the person doing the burning must telephone the department, and obtain any special instructions for the day and location of the proposed burn. Those instructions thereupon become part of the conditions of burning.
(7) The fire must not include rubber products, plastic products, asphalt, garbage, dead animals, petroleum products, paints, or any similar prohibited materials that emit dense smoke or create offensive odors when burned, pursuant to RCW 70.94.775
(8) If the fire creates a nuisance from smoke or flying ash, it must be extinguished. For purposes of this section, a nuisance exists when emissions from any open fire cause physical discomfort or health problems to people residing in the vicinity of the burning or physical damage to property.
(9) Burning within the department's fire protection areas shall not:
(a) Cause visibility to be obscured on public roads and highways by the smoke from such fires; or
(b) Endanger life or property through negligent spread of fire or pollutants.
(10) A person capable of extinguishing the fire must attend the fire at all times and the fire must be completely extinguished before being left unattended.
(11) No fires are to be within fifty feet of structures, or within five hundred feet of forest slash without a written burning permit.
(12) The landowner or landowner's designated representative's written permission must be obtained before kindling a fire on the land of another.
(13) The department reserves the authority to provide waivers, exceptions, and/or to impose additional requirements through the use of written burning permits and the smoke management plan.