Washington State
House of Representatives
Office of Program Research

Criminal Justice & Corrections Committee

2SSB 6460

Brief Description: Increasing penalties for crimes committed with sexual motivation.

Sponsors: Senate Committee on Ways & Means (originally sponsored by Senators Hargrove, Stevens, McCaslin, McAuliffe, Keiser, Rasmussen, Benton, Roach and Oke; by request of Attorney General).

Brief Summary of Second Substitute Bill
  • Imposes sentencing enhancements for felonies committed with sexual motivation.

Hearing Date: 2/17/06

Staff: Jim Morishima (786-7191).


I. Sentencing Enhancements

Under some circumstances, a court is required to add time to an offender's standard sentence range. For example, a court must add five years to the standard sentence range for a class A felony committed with a firearm. Similarly, the court must add two years to the standard range for certain drug-related offenses committed in a drug-free zone.

II. Sexual Motivation Special Allegation

A person commits a crime with sexual motivation if one of the purposes for which he or she committed his or her crime was sexual gratification. In a prosecution of any felony (other than a sex offense), the prosecutor must file a special allegation of sexual motivation if evidence exists that would justify a finding of sexual motivation by a reasonable and objective fact-finder. If the prosecutor files such a special allegation, he or she has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the crime was committed with sexual motivation.

Summary of Bill:

I. Sentencing Enhancements

A sentencing court must add additional time to a felony offender's standard range if the offender committed his or her crime with sexual motivation. If the offender is being sentenced for more than one offense, the additional time must be added to the total period of confinement for all of the offenses, regardless of which offense was subject to the sentencing enhancement. The additional times that a court must add to the standard range of a felony committed with sexual motivation are as follows:

A court must double the amount of time added to the sentence if the person was subject to the sexual motivation enhancement in a previous conviction. A sexual motivation enhancement is mandatory, must be served in total confinement, and must run consecutively to all other sentencing provisions. If the standard sentence range exceeds the statutory maximum for the crime, the presumptive sentence for the offender is the statutory maximum; in such a case, the portion of the sentence represented by the enhancement may not be reduced. The enhancements do not prevent a court from imposing an exceptional sentence (outside of the standard range).

II. Sexual Motivation Special Allegation

The prosecutor is required file a special allegation of sexual motivation in criminal cases involving misdemeanors and gross misdemeanors.

Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date: The bill takes effect on July 1, 2006. However, the bill is null and void unless funded in the budget.