HOUSE BILL REPORT
As Reported by House Committee On:
Title: An act relating to drug courts.
Brief Description: Revising the jurisdiction of drug courts.
Sponsors: Senators Kline, Weinstein, Brandland, Hargrove, Oke and Rasmussen.
Judiciary: 2/22/06 [DP].
Brief Summary of Bill
HOUSE COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY
Majority Report: Do pass. Signed by 6 members: Representatives Lantz, Chair; Flannigan, Vice Chair; Williams, Vice Chair; Kirby, Springer and Wood.
Minority Report: Do not pass. Signed by 3 members: Representatives Priest, Ranking Minority Member; Rodne, Assistant Ranking Minority Member and Serben.
Staff: Lara Zarowsky (786-7119).
Drug courts, unlike traditional courts, divert non-violent drug offenders into court-ordered treatment programs rather than jail or prison. A "drug court" is a court that has special calendars or dockets designed to achieve a reduction in recidivism and substance abuse among non-violent, substance-abusing offenders by increasing their likelihood for successful rehabilitation through early, continuous, and intense judicially supervised treatment; mandatory periodic drug testing; and the use of appropriate sanctions and other rehabilitation services. Drug court programs allow defendants to choose an intensive, heavily supervised rehabilitation program in lieu of incarceration and a criminal record.
In order to qualify for a state appropriation to fund a drug court program, a county must: (1) exhaust all federal funding received to support the operations of its drug court program and (2) match, on a dollar-for-dollar basis any state funding allocated for its drug court program with local cash or in-kind resources.
Minimum drug court eligibility requirements are established by statute. A county may impose requirements for admission into its local drug court program that are more stringent than the statutory minimum. To be eligible for drug court admission, it must be shown that a defendant: (1) would benefit from substance abuse treatment, (2) has not been previously convicted of a serious violent offense or a sex offense, and (3) is not currently charged or convicted of a sex offense, a serious violent offense, an offense involving a firearm, or an offense during which the defendant caused substantial or great bodily harm or death to a person.
"Serious violent offense" is a subcategory of violent offense, and includes:
"Substantial bodily harm" is defined in the criminal code as bodily injury that involves a
temporary but substantial disfigurement, or that causes a temporary but substantial loss or
impairment of the function of any body part or organ, or that causes a fracture of any body
part or organ.
"Great bodily harm" is defined in the criminal code as bodily injury which creates a probability of death, or which causes significant serious permanent disfigurement, or which causes a significant permanent loss or impairment of the functions of any bodily part or organ.
Summary of Bill:
Access to drug court is no longer limited to "nonviolent" offenders, provided that the violent offense for which an offender is charged or convicted does not qualify as a "serious violent offense" and did not cause great bodily harm or death to another person. Defendants previously convicted of, currently charged with, or currently convicted of sex offenses or serious violent offenses remain ineligible for drug court. To the extent required to obtain or retain federal drug court funding, the prosecuting attorney and the court must comply with federal rules related to drug courts.
Fiscal Note: Not requested.
Effective Date: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of session in which bill is passed.
Testimony For: None.
Testimony Against: None.
Persons Testifying: None.