HB 1431 -
By Representative Dahlquist
Strike everything after the enacting clause and insert the following:
"Sec. 1 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 1 (uncodified) is amended to read
(1) Under Article IX of the Washington state Constitution, all children are entitled to an opportunity to receive a basic education. Although the state must assure that students in public schools have opportunities to participate in the instructional program of basic education, there is no obligation for either the state or school districts to provide that instruction using a particular delivery method or through a particular program.
(2) The legislature finds ample evidence of the need to examine and reconsider policies under which alternative learning that occurs outside the classroom using an individual student learning plan may be considered equivalent to full-time attendance in school, including for funding purposes. Previous legislative studies have raised questions about financial practices and accountability in alternative learning experience ((
programs)) courses. Since 2005, there has been
significant enrollment growth in alternative learning experience online
(( programs)) courses, with evidence of unexpected financial impact when
large numbers of nonresident students enroll in (( programs)) courses.
Based on this evidence, there is a rational basis on which to conclude
that there are different costs associated with providing (( a program))
courses not primarily based on full-time, daily contact between
teachers and students and not primarily occurring on-site in a
(3) For these reasons, the legislature intends to allow for continuing review and revision of the way in which state funding allocations are used to support alternative learning experience ((
Sec. 2 RCW 28A.150.325 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 2 are each
amended to read as follows:
For purposes of this chapter,)) The definitions in this
subsection apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly
(a) "Alternative learning experience ((
program)) course" means a
course (( or set of courses)), or for grades kindergarten through eight
grade-level coursework, that is a delivery method for the program of
basic education and is:
(a))) (i) Provided in whole or in part independently from a
regular classroom setting or schedule, but may include some components
of direct instruction;
(b))) (ii) Supervised, monitored, assessed, evaluated, and
documented by a certificated teacher employed by the school district or
under contract as permitted by applicable rules; and
(c))) (iii) Provided in accordance with a written student
learning plan that is implemented pursuant to the school district's
policy and rules adopted by the superintendent of public instruction
for alternative learning experiences.
(b) "In-person" means face-to-face instructional contact in a physical classroom environment.
(c) "Instructional contact time" means instructional time with a certificated teacher. Instructional contact time must be for the purposes of actual instruction, review of assignments, testing, evaluation of student progress, or other learning activities or requirements identified in the student's written student learning plan. Instructional contact time must be related to an alternative learning experience course identified in the student's written student learning plan. Instructional contact time may occur in a group setting between the teacher and multiple students and may be delivered either in-person or remotely using technology.
(d) "Online course" means an alternative learning experience course that has the same meaning as provided in RCW 28A.250.010.
(e) "Remote course" means an alternative learning experience course that is not an online course where the student has in-person instructional contact time for less than twenty percent of the total weekly time for the course. No minimum in-person instructional contact time is required.
(f) "Site-based course" means an alternative learning experience course where the student has in-person instructional contact time for at least twenty percent of the total weekly time for the course.
(g) "Total weekly time" means the estimated average hours per school week the student will engage in learning activities to meet the requirements of the written student learning plan.
The broad categories of alternative learning experience
programs include, but are not limited to:)) School districts may claim
state funding under section 3 of this act, to the extent otherwise
allowed by state law including the provisions of RCW 28A.250.060, for
students enrolled in remote, site-based, or online alternative learning
experience courses. High school courses must meet district or state
graduation requirements and be offered for high school credit.
(a) Online programs as defined in RCW 28A.150.262;
(b) Parent partnership programs that include significant participation and partnership by parents and families in the design and implementation of a student's learning experience; and
(c) Contract-based learning programs
(3) School districts that offer alternative learning experience ((
programs)) courses may not provide any compensation, reimbursement,
gift, reward, or gratuity to any parents, guardians, or students for
participation in the courses. School district employees are prohibited
from receiving any compensation or payment as an incentive to increase
student enrollment of out-of-district students in (( an)) alternative
learning experience (( program)) courses. This prohibition includes,
but is not limited to, providing funds to parents, guardians, or
students for the purchase of educational materials, supplies,
experiences, services, or technological equipment. A district may
purchase educational materials, equipment, or other nonconsumable
supplies for students' use in alternative learning experience
(( programs)) courses if the purchase is consistent with the district's
approved curriculum, conforms to applicable laws and rules, and is made
in the same manner as such purchases are made for students in the
district's regular instructional program. Items so purchased remain
the property of the school district upon program completion. School
districts may not purchase or contract for instructional or
cocurricular experiences and services that are included in an
alternative learning experience written student learning plan,
including but not limited to lessons, trips, and other activities,
unless substantially similar experiences and services are available to
students enrolled in the district's regular instructional program.
School districts that purchase or contract for such experiences and
services for students enrolled in an alternative learning experience
(( program)) course must submit an annual report to the office of the
superintendent of public instruction detailing the costs and purposes
of the expenditures. These requirements extend to contracted providers
of alternative learning experience (( programs)) courses, and each
district shall be responsible for monitoring the compliance of its
providers with these requirements. However, nothing in this
(( section)) subsection shall prohibit school districts from contracting
with school district employees to provide services or experiences to
students, or from contracting with online providers approved by the
office of the superintendent of public instruction pursuant to chapter
Part-time enrollment in alternative learning experiences is
subject to the provisions of RCW 28A.150.350.)) Each school district offering or
contracting to offer alternative learning experience courses must:
(5) The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules defining minimum requirements and accountability for alternative learning experience programs
(a) Report annually to the superintendent of public instruction regarding the course types and offerings, and number of students participating in each; and
(b) Document the district of residence for each student enrolled in an alternative learning experience course.
(5) A school district offering or contracting to offer an alternative learning experience course to a nonresident student must inform the resident school district if the student drops out of the course or is otherwise no longer enrolled.
(6) School districts must assess the educational progress of enrolled students at least annually, using, for full-time students, the state assessment for the student's grade level and using any other annual assessments required by the school district. Part-time students must also be assessed at least annually. However, part-time students who are either receiving home-based instruction under chapter 28A.200 RCW or who are enrolled in an approved private school under chapter 28A.195 RCW are not required to participate in the assessments required under chapter 28A.655 RCW. The rules must address how students who reside outside the geographic service area of the school district are to be assessed.
(7) Beginning with the 2013-14 school year, school districts must designate alternative learning experience courses as such when reporting course information to the office of the superintendent of public instruction under RCW 28A.300.500.
(8)(a) The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules necessary to implement this section.
(b) Rules adopted for weekly direct personal contact requirements and monthly progress evaluation must be flexible and reflect the needs of the student and the student's individual learning plan rather than specifying an amount of time. In addition, the rules must reduce documentation requirements, particularly for students making satisfactory progress, based on the unique aspects of the alternative learning experience course types defined in this section and taking into consideration the technical and system capabilities associated with the different course types.
(c) The rules must establish procedures that address how the counting of students must be coordinated by resident and nonresident districts for state funding so that no student is counted for more than one full-time equivalent in the aggregate.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 3 The superintendent of public instruction
shall separately calculate and allocate moneys appropriated under RCW
28A.150.260 to school districts for each full-time equivalent student
enrolled in an alternative learning experience course. The calculation
shall be based on the estimated statewide annual average allocation per
full-time equivalent student in grades nine through twelve in general
education, excluding small high school enhancements, and including
applicable rules and provisions of the omnibus appropriations act.
Sec. 4 RCW 28A.250.010 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 5 are each
amended to read as follows:
The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1)(a) "Multidistrict online provider" means:
(i) A private or nonprofit organization that enters into a contract with a school district to provide online courses or programs to K-12 students from more than one school district;
(ii) A private or nonprofit organization that enters into contracts with multiple school districts to provide online courses or programs to K-12 students from those districts; or
(iii) Except as provided in (b) of this subsection, a school district that provides online courses or programs to students who reside outside the geographic boundaries of the school district.
(b) "Multidistrict online provider" does not include a school district online learning program in which fewer than ten percent of the students enrolled in the program are from other districts under the interdistrict student transfer provisions of RCW 28A.225.225. "Multidistrict online provider" also does not include regional online learning programs that are jointly developed and implemented by two or more school districts or an educational service district through an interdistrict cooperative program agreement that addresses, at minimum, how the districts share student full-time equivalency for state basic education funding purposes and how categorical education programs, including special education, are provided to eligible students.
(2)(a) "Online course" means a course or grade-level coursework where:
(i) More than half of the course content is delivered electronically using the internet or other computer-based methods; ((
(ii) More than half of the teaching is conducted from a remote location through an online course learning management system or other online or electronic tools;
(iii) A certificated teacher has the primary responsibility for the student's instructional interaction. Instructional interaction between the teacher and the student includes, but is not limited to, direct instruction, review of assignments, assessment, testing, progress monitoring, and educational facilitation; and
(iv) Students have access to the teacher synchronously, asynchronously, or both.
(b) "Online school program" means a school program that((
:)) offers a sequential set of online courses or grade-level
coursework that may be taken in a single school term or throughout the
school year in a manner that could provide a full-time basic education
program if so desired by the student. Students may enroll in the
program as part-time or full-time students((
(i) Offers courses or grade-level coursework that is delivered primarily electronically using the internet or other computer-based methods;
(ii) Offers courses or grade-level coursework that is taught by a teacher primarily from a remote location using online or other electronic tools. Students enrolled in an online program may have access to the teacher synchronously, asynchronously, or both;
(iv) Has an online component of the program with online lessons and tools for student and data management
(c) An online course or online school program may be delivered to students at school as part of the regularly scheduled school day. An online course or online school program also may be delivered to students, in whole or in part, independently from a regular classroom schedule, but such courses or programs must comply with RCW ((
28A.150.262)) 28A.150.325 (as recodified by this act) and associated
rules adopted by the superintendent of public instruction to qualify
for state basic education funding.
(3) "Online provider" means any provider of an online course or program, including multidistrict online providers, all school district online learning programs, and all regional online learning programs.
Sec. 5 RCW 28A.250.020 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 6 are each
amended to read as follows:
(1) The superintendent of public instruction, in collaboration with the state board of education, shall develop and implement approval criteria and a process for approving online providers; a process for monitoring and if necessary rescinding the approval of courses or programs offered by an online provider; and an appeals process. The criteria and processes for multidistrict online providers shall be adopted by rule by December 1, 2009.
(2) When developing the approval criteria, the superintendent of public instruction shall require that providers offering online courses or programs have accreditation, or are candidates for accreditation, through the Northwest accreditation commission or another national, regional, or state accreditation program listed by the office of the superintendent of public instruction ((
after consultation with the
Washington coalition for online learning)). In addition to other
criteria, the approval criteria shall include the degree of alignment
with state academic standards and require that all teachers be
certificated in accordance with Washington state law. When reviewing
online providers that offer high school courses, the superintendent of
public instruction shall assure that the courses offered by the
provider are eligible for high school credit. However, final decisions
regarding whether credit meets the school district's graduation
requirements shall remain the responsibility of the school districts.
(3) Initial approval of online providers by the superintendent of public instruction shall be for four years. The superintendent of public instruction shall develop a process for the renewal of approvals and for rescinding approvals based on noncompliance with approval requirements. Any multidistrict online provider that was approved by the digital learning commons or accredited by the Northwest association of accredited schools before July 26, 2009, and that meets the teacher certification requirements of subsection (2) of this section, is exempt from the initial approval process under this section until August 31, 2012, but must comply with the process for renewal of approvals and must comply with approval requirements.
(4) The superintendent of public instruction shall make the first round of decisions regarding approval of multidistrict online providers by April 1, 2010. The first round of decisions regarding approval of online providers that are not multidistrict online providers shall be made by April 1, 2013. Thereafter, the superintendent of public instruction shall make annual approval decisions no later than November 1st of each year.
(5) The superintendent of public instruction shall establish an online learning advisory committee within existing resources that shall provide advice to the superintendent regarding the approval criteria, major components of the web site, the model school district policy, model agreements, and other related matters. The committee shall include a representative of each of the following groups: Private and public online providers, parents of online students, accreditation organizations, educational service districts, school principals, teachers, school administrators, school board members, institutions of higher education, and other individuals as determined by the superintendent. Members of the advisory committee shall be selected by the superintendent based on nominations from statewide organizations, shall serve three-year terms, and may be reappointed. The superintendent shall select the chair of the committee.
Sec. 6 RCW 28A.250.050 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 11 are each
amended to read as follows:
(1) By August 31, 2010, all school district boards of directors shall develop policies and procedures regarding student access to online courses and online learning programs. The policies and procedures shall include but not be limited to: Student eligibility criteria; the types of online courses available to students through the school district; the methods districts will use to support student success, which may include a local advisor; when the school district will and will not pay course fees and other costs; the granting of high school credit; and a process for students and parents or guardians to formally acknowledge any course taken for which no credit is given. The policies and procedures shall take effect beginning with the 2010-11 school year. School districts shall submit their policies to the superintendent of public instruction by September 15, 2010. By December 1, 2010, the superintendent of public instruction shall summarize the school district policies regarding student access to online courses and submit a report to the legislature.
(2) School districts must award credit and grades for online high school courses successfully completed by a student that meet the school district's graduation requirements and are provided by an approved online provider.
(3) School districts shall provide students with information regarding online courses that are available through the school district. The information shall include the types of information described in subsection (1) of this section.
(4) When developing local or regional online learning programs, school districts shall incorporate into the program design the approval criteria developed by the superintendent of public instruction under RCW 28A.250.020.
Sec. 7 RCW 28A.250.060 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 8 are each
amended to read as follows:
(1) Beginning with the 2011-12 school year, school districts may claim state funding under RCW 28A.150.260, to the extent otherwise allowed by state law, for students enrolled in online courses or programs only if the online courses or programs are:
(a) Offered by a multidistrict online provider approved under RCW 28A.250.020 by the superintendent of public instruction;
(b) Offered by a school district online learning program if the program serves students who reside within the geographic boundaries of the school district, including school district programs in which fewer than ten percent of the program's students reside outside the school district's geographic boundaries; or
(c) Offered by a regional online learning program where courses are jointly developed and offered by two or more school districts or an educational service district through an interdistrict cooperative program agreement.
(2) Beginning with the 2013-14 school year, school districts may claim state funding under ((
RCW 28A.150.260)) section 3 of this act, to
the extent otherwise allowed by state law, for students enrolled in
online courses or programs only if the online courses or programs are
offered by an online provider approved under RCW 28A.250.020 by the
superintendent of public instruction.
(3) Criteria shall be established by the superintendent of public instruction to allow online courses that have not been approved by the superintendent of public instruction to be eligible for state funding if the course is in a subject matter in which no courses have been approved and, if it is a high school course, the course meets Washington high school graduation requirements.
Sec. 8 RCW 28A.250.070 and 2009 c 542 s 8 are each amended to
read as follows:
Nothing in this chapter is intended to diminish the rights of students to attend a nonresident school district in accordance with RCW 28A.225.220 through 28A.225.230 for the purposes of enrolling in online courses or online school programs. The office of online learning under RCW 28A.250.030 shall develop a standard form, which must be used by all school districts, for releasing a student to a nonresident school district for the purposes of enrolling in an online course or online school program.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 9 A new section is added to chapter 28A.250
RCW to read as follows:
An online school program may request a waiver from the office of the superintendent of public instruction to administer one or more sections of the statewide student assessment for grades three through eight for some or all students enrolled in the program on alternate days or on an alternate schedule, as long as the administration is within the testing period established by the office. The office may deny a request for a waiver if the online school program's proposal does not maintain adequate test security or would reduce the reliability of the assessment results by providing an inequitable advantage for some students.
Sec. 10 RCW 28A.225.220 and 1995 c 335 s 602 and 1995 c 52 s 2
are each reenacted and amended to read as follows:
(1) Any board of directors may make agreements with adults choosing to attend school, and may charge the adults reasonable tuition.
(2) A district is strongly encouraged to honor the request of a parent or guardian for his or her child to attend a school in another district or the request of a parent or guardian for his or her child to transfer as a student receiving home-based instruction.
(3) A district shall release a student to a nonresident district that agrees to accept the student if:
(a) A financial, educational, safety, or health condition affecting the student would likely be reasonably improved as a result of the transfer; or
(b) Attendance at the school in the nonresident district is more accessible to the parent's place of work or to the location of child care; or
(c) There is a special hardship or detrimental condition; or
(d) The purpose of the transfer is for the student to enroll in an online course or online school program offered by an online provider approved under RCW 28A.250.020.
(4) A district may deny the request of a resident student to transfer to a nonresident district if the release of the student would adversely affect the district's existing desegregation plan.
(5) For the purpose of helping a district assess the quality of its education program, a resident school district may request an optional exit interview or questionnaire with the parents or guardians of a child transferring to another district. No parent or guardian may be forced to attend such an interview or complete the questionnaire.
(6) Beginning with the 1993-94 school year, school districts may not charge transfer fees or tuition for nonresident students enrolled under subsection (3) of this section and RCW 28A.225.225. Reimbursement of a high school district for cost of educating high school pupils of a nonhigh school district shall not be deemed a transfer fee as affecting the apportionment of current state school funds.
Sec. 11 RCW 28A.225.225 and 2013 c 192 s 2 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) Except for students who reside out-of-state and students under RCW 28A.225.217, a district shall accept applications from nonresident students who are the children of full-time certificated and classified school employees, and those children shall be permitted to enroll:
(a) At the school to which the employee is assigned;
(b) At a school forming the district's K through 12 continuum which includes the school to which the employee is assigned; or
(c) At a school in the district that provides early intervention services pursuant to RCW 28A.155.065 or preschool services pursuant to RCW 28A.155.070, if the student is eligible for such services.
(2) A district may reject applications under this section if:
(a) The student's disciplinary records indicate a history of convictions for offenses or crimes, violent or disruptive behavior, or gang membership;
(b) The student has been expelled or suspended from a public school for more than ten consecutive days. Any policy allowing for readmission of expelled or suspended students under this subsection (2)(b) must apply uniformly to both resident and nonresident applicants; ((
(c) Enrollment of a child under this section would displace a child who is a resident of the district, except that if a child is admitted under subsection (1) of this section, that child shall be permitted to remain enrolled at that school, or in that district's kindergarten through twelfth grade continuum, until he or she has completed his or her schooling; or
(d) The student has repeatedly failed to comply with requirements for participation in an online school program, such as participating in weekly direct contact with the teacher or monthly progress evaluations.
(3) A nonhigh district that is participating in an innovation academy cooperative may not accept an application from a high school student that conflicts with RCW 28A.340.080.
(4) Except as provided in subsection (1) of this section, all districts accepting applications from nonresident students or from students receiving home-based instruction for admission to the district's schools shall consider equally all applications received. Each school district shall adopt a policy establishing rational, fair, and equitable standards for acceptance and rejection of applications by June 30, 1990. The policy may include rejection of a nonresident student if:
(a) Acceptance of a nonresident student would result in the district experiencing a financial hardship;
(b) The student's disciplinary records indicate a history of convictions for offenses or crimes, violent or disruptive behavior, or gang membership;
(c) Accepting of the nonresident student would conflict with RCW 28A.340.080; or
(d) The student has been expelled or suspended from a public school for more than ten consecutive days. Any policy allowing for readmission of expelled or suspended students under this subsection (4)(d) must apply uniformly to both resident and nonresident applicants.
For purposes of subsections (2)(a) and (4)(b) of this section, "gang" means a group which: (i) Consists of three or more persons; (ii) has identifiable leadership; and (iii) on an ongoing basis, regularly conspires and acts in concert mainly for criminal purposes.
(5) The district shall provide to applicants written notification of the approval or denial of the application in a timely manner. If the application is rejected, the notification shall include the reason or reasons for denial and the right to appeal under RCW 28A.225.230(3).
Sec. 12 RCW 28A.150.100 and 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 10 are each
amended to read as follows:
(1) For the purposes of this section and RCW 28A.150.410 and 28A.400.200, "basic education certificated instructional staff" means all full-time equivalent classroom teachers, teacher librarians, guidance counselors, certificated student health services staff, and other certificated instructional staff in the following programs as defined for statewide school district accounting purposes: Basic education, secondary vocational education, general instructional support, and general supportive services.
(2) Each school district shall maintain a ratio of at least forty-six basic education certificated instructional staff to one thousand annual average full-time equivalent students. This requirement does not apply to that portion of a district's annual average full-time equivalent enrollment that is enrolled in alternative learning experience ((
programs)) courses as defined in RCW 28A.150.325 (as
recodified by this act).
Sec. 13 RCW 28A.525.162 and 2012 c 244 s 2 are each amended to
read as follows:
(1) Funds appropriated to the superintendent of public instruction from the common school construction fund shall be allotted by the superintendent of public instruction in accordance with this chapter.
(2) No allotment shall be made to a school district until such district has provided local funds equal to or greater than the difference between the total approved project cost and the amount of state funding assistance to the district for financing the project computed pursuant to RCW 28A.525.166, with the following exceptions:
(a) The superintendent of public instruction may waive the local requirement for state funding assistance for districts which have provided funds for school building construction purposes through the authorization of bonds or through the authorization of excess tax levies or both in an amount equivalent to two and one-half percent of the value of its taxable property, as defined in RCW 39.36.015.
(b) No such local funds shall be required as a condition to the allotment of funds from the state for the purpose of making major or minor structural changes to existing school facilities in order to bring such facilities into compliance with the barrier free access requirements of section 504 of the federal rehabilitation act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. Sec. 706) and rules implementing the act.
(3) For the purpose of computing the state funding assistance percentage under RCW 28A.525.166 when a school district is granted authority to enter into contracts, adjusted valuation per pupil shall be calculated using headcount student enrollments from the most recent October enrollment reports submitted by districts to the superintendent of public instruction, adjusted as follows:
(a) In the case of projects for which local bonds were approved after May 11, 1989:
(i) For districts which have been designated as serving high school districts under RCW 28A.540.110, students residing in the nonhigh district so designating shall be excluded from the enrollment count if the student is enrolled in any grade level not offered by the nonhigh district;
(ii) The enrollment of nonhigh school districts shall be increased by the number of students residing within the district who are enrolled in a serving high school district so designated by the nonhigh school district under RCW 28A.540.110, including only students who are enrolled in grade levels not offered by the nonhigh school district; and
(iii) The number of preschool students with disabilities included in the enrollment count shall be multiplied by one-half;
(b) In the case of construction or modernization of high school facilities in districts serving students from nonhigh school districts, the adjusted valuation per pupil shall be computed using the combined adjusted valuations and enrollments of each district, each weighted by the percentage of the district's resident high school students served by the high school district;
(c) The number of kindergarten students included in the enrollment count shall be counted as one headcount student; and
(d) The number of students residing outside the school district who are enrolled in alternative learning experience ((
under RCW 28A.150.325 (as recodified by this act) shall be excluded
from the total.
(4) In lieu of the exclusion in subsection (3)(d) of this section, a district may submit an alternative calculation for excluding students enrolled in alternative learning experience ((
programs)) courses. The
alternative calculation must show the student headcount use of district
classroom facilities on a regular basis for a regular duration by out-of-district alternative learning experience (( program)) students
subtracted by the headcount of in-district alternative learning
experience (( program)) students not using district classroom facilities
on a regular basis for a reasonable duration. The alternative
calculation must be submitted in a form approved by the office of the
superintendent of public instruction. The office of the superintendent
of public instruction must develop rules to define "regular basis" and
(5) The superintendent of public instruction, considering policy recommendations from the school facilities citizen advisory panel, shall prescribe such rules as are necessary to equate insofar as possible the efforts made by school districts to provide capital funds by the means aforesaid.
(6) For the purposes of this section, "preschool students with disabilities" means children of preschool age who have developmental disabilities who are entitled to services under RCW 28A.155.010 through 28A.155.100 and are not included in the kindergarten enrollment count of the district.
Sec. 14 RCW 28A.525.166 and 2012 c 244 s 3 are each amended to
read as follows:
Allocations to school districts of state funds provided by RCW 28A.525.162 through 28A.525.180 shall be made by the superintendent of public instruction and the amount of state funding assistance to a school district in financing a school plant project shall be determined in the following manner:
(1) The boards of directors of the districts shall determine the total cost of the proposed project, which cost may include the cost of acquiring and preparing the site, the cost of constructing the building or of acquiring a building and preparing the same for school use, the cost of necessary equipment, taxes chargeable to the project, necessary architects' fees, and a reasonable amount for contingencies and for other necessary incidental expenses: PROVIDED, That the total cost of the project shall be subject to review and approval by the superintendent.
(2) The state funding assistance percentage for a school district shall be computed by the following formula:
The ratio of the school district's adjusted valuation per pupil divided by the ratio of the total state adjusted valuation per pupil shall be subtracted from three, and then the result of the foregoing shall be divided by three plus (the ratio of the school district's adjusted valuation per pupil divided by the ratio of the total state adjusted valuation per pupil).
|District adjusted||Total state|
|Computed||per pupil||per pupil||State|
|Ratio||District adjusted||Total state||Assistance|
|per pupil||per pupil|
NEW SECTION. Sec. 15 (1) The office of financial management
shall conduct a study, in consultation with, at minimum, one
representative each from school districts that administer remote, site-based, and online alternative learning experience courses; the office
of the superintendent of public instruction; the Washington state
institute for public policy; individuals with expertise in outcome-based public school funding models; a Washington state nonprofit
organization with expertise in alternative learning education; and the
legislative evaluation and accountability program committee.
(2) The purpose of the study is to create a proposal for efficiently and sustainably funding alternative learning experience courses and to recommend steps to increase the focus on educational outcomes. The study may recommend the funding method established in section 3 of this act or another method of funding. The study shall review alternative learning funding models used in other states and consider the advantages and disadvantages of applying state policies, including funding policies, differentially depending on the type of alternative learning experience course. The study should also include but not be limited to, recommendations for establishing baseline data regarding alternative learning experience student proficiency and achievement in relation to students in a comparable demographic, identifying outcome targets and methods to measure progress toward targets, identifying methods to ensure ongoing evaluation of outcomes that account for the student demographics being served, and improving alternative learning experience accountability.
(3) The office of financial management shall report its findings from the study to the quality education council by November 1, 2013. The quality education council shall review the findings and make recommendations to the education and fiscal committees of the legislature by December 15, 2013.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 16 RCW 28A.150.262 (Defining full-time
equivalent student -- Students receiving instruction through alternative
learning experience online programs -- Requirements) and 2011 1st sp.s.
c 34 s 3, 2009 c 542 s 9, & 2005 c 356 s 2 are each repealed.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 17 (1) RCW 28A.150.325 is recodified as a
section in chapter 28A.--- RCW (the new chapter created in section 18
of this act).
(2) 2011 1st sp.s. c 34 s 1 is codified as a section in chapter 28A.--- RCW (the new chapter created in section 18 of this act).
NEW SECTION. Sec. 18 Sections 1 and 3 of this act constitute a
new chapter in Title
NEW SECTION. Sec. 19 Sections 2, 3, 4, and 7 of this act are
necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health,
or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public
institutions, and take effect September 1, 2013."
Correct the title.
EFFECT: Makes the following changes to the underlying bill:
Replaces a definition of "hybrid course" (at least 20% weekly contact, may be remote) with a definition of "site-based course" (at least 20% weekly in-person contact).
Retains definitions of "remote" course (<20% in-person weekly contact) and "online" course (defined by current law). Clarifies that a remote course is one that is not an online course and no minimum in-person instructional contact is required.
Clarifies that "course" includes grade-level coursework for grades K-8.
Adds a definition of "in-person" to mean face-to-face instruction in a physical classroom.
Streamlines the definition of "online school program" to reduce duplication with "online course." Clarifies that in an online course, a certificated teacher has primary responsibility for the student's instructional interaction.
Allows school districts to claim funding (as provided by law) for all three course types.
Makes technical corrections to other current laws regarding ALE and online courses to align with the use of "courses" rather than "programs", as well as the new funding allocation for ALE based on the statewide average high school BEA. Repeals a section of law dealing with online programs that duplicates existing provisions of law or rule.
Adds to the study of ALE funding & accountability that the study must consider advantages and disadvantages of applying state policies, including funding policies, differentially based on the type of course. Directs the study to be submitted first to the QEC by November 1, 2013, and then directs the QEC to submit recommendations to the Education and Fiscal Committees of the Legislature by December 15, 2013.
Adds the following provisions to the underlying bill:
Provides that SPI rules for weekly personal contact and progress evaluation must reduce documentation requirements, particularly for students making satisfactory progress, based on the unique aspects of the ALE course type.
Requires SPI to adopt rules clarifying how resident & nonresident districts share student count so as not to exceed 1 FTE for online courses.
Requires school districts offering an ALE course to a nonresident student to inform the resident district if a student drops out or is no longer enrolled.
Allows online programs to request a waiver from SPI to conduct state assessments on a different schedule, but still within the overall testing window.
Directs OSPI to develop a standard choice release form for release of a student to an online program in another district.
Requires districts to release a student to enroll in an approved online program in a nonresident district.
Allows nonresident districts to deny choice for an online student who is not following the rules for participation in an online course.