HB 1448

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

As Reported by House Committee On:

Health Care & Wellness

Title: An act relating to telemedicine.

Brief Description: Regarding telemedicine.

Sponsors: Representatives Bergquist, Ross, Cody, Harris, Green, Rodne, Tharinger, Johnson, Manweller, Magendanz and Morrell.

Brief History:

Committee Activity:

Health Care & Wellness: 2/14/13, 2/22/13 [DPS].

Brief Summary of Substitute Bill

  • Requires health carriers to reimburse for services provided via telemedicine in the same manner they reimburse for in-person services.

  • Allows hospitals to rely on the privileging decisions of another hospital when services are being provided via telemedicine.


Majority Report: The substitute bill be substituted therefor and the substitute bill do pass. Signed by 10 members: Representatives Cody, Chair; Jinkins, Vice Chair; Clibborn, Green, Moeller, Riccelli, Rodne, Ross, Tharinger and Van De Wege.

Minority Report: Do not pass. Signed by 6 members: Representatives Schmick, Ranking Minority Member; Hope, Assistant Ranking Minority Member; Angel, Manweller, Morrell and Short.

Staff: Jim Morishima (786-7191).


I. Reimbursement for Telemedicine.

Telemedicine is the use of electronic communications to provide health care services to a patient at a distance. Electronic communication is accomplished through audio-visual equipment permitting real-time, interactive interaction between the patient (at the "originating site") and the provider (at the "distant site").

The Uniform Medical Plan covers telemedicine, but only in professional shortage areas as defined by the federal government. The state's Medicaid program also covers telemedicine in certain circumstances. For example, Medicaid reimburses home health agencies for skilled home health visits delivered via telemedicine. Private health carriers are currently not required to cover telemedicine services.

II. Physician Privileging.

Prior to granting privileges to a physician, a hospital must:

Under federal Medicare regulations, when health care services are provided by a physician through telemedicine, the originating site hospital may choose to rely on the privileging decisions made by the distant site hospital if:


Summary of Substitute Bill:

I. Reimbursement for Telemedicine.

A health carrier, or health plan offered to state employees and their covered dependents, must reimburse a provider for a health care service delivered through telemedicine on the same basis and at the same rate that the health carrier or plan would reimburse for the same service provided in-person if:

A health carrier may not distinguish between originating sites that are rural and urban. An originating site for telemedicine includes, but is not limited to, a hospital, a rural health clinic, a federally qualified health center, a physician's office, a community mental health center, a skilled nursing facility, a renal dialysis center, or a site where public health services are provided.

A health carrier may subject telemedicine services to all terms and conditions of the plan applicable to in-person services, including deductibles, copayments, or coinsurance. Reimbursement is not required for a health care service that is not a covered benefit or for providers who are not covered under the plan.

"Telemedicine" is defined as the use of interactive audio, video, or electronic media for the purpose of diagnosis, consultation, or treatment. The term does not include the use of audio-only telephone, facsimile, or electronic mail.

II. Physician Privileging.

An originating site hospital may rely on a distant site hospital's decision to grant or renew the privileges or association of any physician providing telemedicine services if the originating site hospital has a written agreement with the distant site hospital that assures the following:

Substitute Bill Compared to Original Bill:

The substitute bill:


Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date of Substitute Bill: The bill takes effect January 1, 2014.

Staff Summary of Public Testimony:

(In support) Telemedicine broadens access, improves outcomes, and lowers the costs of care. One of the main barriers to telemedicine is uncertainty about payment. Accepting telemedicine will bring better and faster health care and will support primary care teams in their own settings. This bill is based on an Oregon law and is a balanced approach. Telemedicine is an effective way in which to deliver care, including mental health and pediatric care; studies show parity between telemedicine and services provided in person. The services should therefore be reimbursed at the same rate. Patients want this service. It should not be the responsibility of hospitals to come up with creative ways to finance telemedicine. This bill will help older, poorer, sicker, or mobility challenged patients in rural areas access care; it will also help address provider shortages exacerbated by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This bill fairly compensates providers for telemedicine. The definition of telemedicine in the bill should be broadened to include telemonitoring.

(In support with concerns) This bill should be expanded to include telephonic communications. This bill currently leaves out patients who do not have adequate technology for video communications. Using the telephone is a viable and important way in which to deliver care.

(With concerns) Many health carriers already reimburse for telemedicine at the same rate as in-person services. However, carriers should have the flexibility to find ways to lower costs and innovate. Requiring parity eats up the savings associated with telemedicine. This bill should not be limited to licensed Washington providers.

(Opposed) None.

Persons Testifying: (In support) Representative Bergquist, prime sponsor; Tammy Cress, Providence Health Services; Mike Glenn, Jefferson Healthcare; Katie Kolan, Washington State Medical Association; Lucy Homans, Washington State Psychological Association; Katherine Flynn, Seattle Children's Hospital; Jackie Der, University of Washington Medicine; Melissa Johnson, Washington State Nurses Association and ARNPs United; and Leslie Emerick, Home Care Association of Washington, Washington State Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, and Association of Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurses.

(In support with concerns) Frances Gough, Carena.

(With concerns) Chris Bandoli, Regence Blue Shield; and Len Sorrin, Premera.

Persons Signed In To Testify But Not Testifying: None.