Washington State

House of Representatives

Office of Program Research



Environment & Energy Committee

SSB 6257

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

Brief Description: Concerning the underground storage tank reinsurance program.

Sponsors: Senate Committee on Environment, Energy & Technology (originally sponsored by Senators Wellman and Short; by request of Pollution Liability Insurance Agency).

Brief Summary of Substitute Bill

  • Authorizes the Director of the Pollution Liability Insurance Agency to design, in consultation with the Office of Financial Management, and implement an emergency program to assist owners and operators of underground petroleum storage tanks in meeting federal financial responsibility requirements in the event that a private insurer withdraws from the Commercial Underground Storage Tank Reinsurance Program.

Hearing Date: 2/27/20

Staff: Nikkole Hughes (786-7156).


The Commercial Underground Storage Tank Reinsurance Program (Program) was established in 1989. The Legislature found that many owners and operators of underground storage tanks (USTs) could not purchase pollution liability insurance, because:


The Pollution Liability Insurance Agency (PLIA) administers the Program, which provides affordable pollution liability insurance to help owners and operators of USTs comply with the financial responsibility regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Ecology.


Under the Program, the PLIA enters into contracts with private insurers to market pollution liability insurance. The PLIA acts as the reinsurer for those private insurance companies, which means that the PLIA shares a portion of the cost of settling claims with the contracted insurance companies.

Summary of Bill:

The Director of the Pollution Liability Insurance Agency is authorized to:


If the Director implements an emergency program, then at the Legislative session following implementation, the Director is required to provide the Legislature with a report on the options available to assist owners and operators in using one or a combination of mechanisms to demonstrate financial responsibility for underground storage tanks. This includes, but is not limited to, discussion of a state-run insurance program, alternative options to a state-run insurance program, an evaluation and recommendation of the finances required to develop and implement a new financial responsibility model, and recommendations for legislation necessary to implement actions needed to meet federal financial responsibility requirements.


All moneys collected under the emergency program must be deposited in the Pollution Liability Insurance Program Trust Account (Account), which is amended such that the Account does not expire on July 1, 2030.

Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Available.

Effective Date: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.