Property Tax Statements and Payment Due Dates.
All real and personal property in Washington is subject to property tax, unless the law provides a specific exemption. All taxes on real and personal property are due and payable to the county treasurer. To avoid interest and penalties, at least half of the amount owed is due by April 30, and the full balance is due by October 31. If the tax is less than $50, the entire payment must be paid in full by April 30. Delinquent tax payments are subject to interest and penalties.
Delinquent tax payments are subject to interest and penalties. Interest is charged at a rate of 1 percent per month on the full amount due from the month of delinquency until the delinquency is paid in full. In addition, a 3 percent penalty is also imposed on the unpaid amount of current taxes on June 1 with an additional 8 percent penalty imposed on the unpaid amount of current taxes as of December 1.
A county treasurer may accept prepayments for current year taxes provided the payments are paid in full by the statutory tax payment due dates. A treasurer may also provide a payment agreement to a taxpayer for payment of any current or delinquent taxes owed.
County treasurers must grant a deferral of taxes due in 2021 via the establishment of a payment plan for qualifying businesses. To qualify, a business must demonstrate a loss of at least 25 percent of revenue for calendar year 2020 compared to calendar year 2019. A deferral must be requested from the county treasurer on forms developed by the Department of Revenue. Penalties and interest are not be applied to taxes due under the deferral payment plan so long as the terms of the payment plan are fully met.
An owner of real property receiving a deferral must pass on the entire benefit to a tenant or sublessee if the tenant or sublessee is required by the lease or other contract to pay the property tax expense of the owner.
The Senate amendment:
(In support) This state is experiencing extremely low use of hospitality services in the time of COVID-19. Many businesses are under the burden of large debt, and this is a problem that will keep getting worse. This bill will allow businesses that have experienced harm to postpone payments of their property tax. This will help businesses deal with property tax obligations in these difficult times. The Washington Hospitality Association is interested in making it clear that if there is a tenant in a space, the benefit from this bill would flow to the tenant and not remain with the landlord. Hotels are suffering enormously because their revenues have fallen steeply.
(Opposed) Though this measure is intended to seek relief for property tax owners, it undermines the entire system of property taxation. The suspension of all interest and penalties for all taxpayers during emergency and for one year after means that some taxpayers would decide not to pay in a timely fashion. This could result in a huge impact on revenues. Verifying the reduction in income is likely impossible, and the resources to try and do so do not exist.
(Other) Caution needs to be made to understand the impacts on school districts. The deferral crosses multiple fiscal years, which could affect debt payments. It is not clear that school districts will qualify for these loans, so clarifying language would be helpful. There is variation in how counties assess and calculate interest, which creates complication.