The Energy Independence Act (EIA) was approved by voters in 2006. The EIA requires an electric utility with more than 25,000 customers to meet targets for energy conservation and to meet a certain percent of its annual load with eligible renewable resources. These utilities must pursue all available conservation that is cost-effective, reliable, and feasible.
Every two years, the qualifying utility must review and update an assessment of its achievable cost-effective conservation potential for the subsequent 10-year period. The qualifying utility must establish and make publicly available a biennial acquisition target for cost-effective conservation consistent with its 10-year assessment. At a minimum, each biennial target must be no lower than the qualifying utility's pro rata share for that two-year period of its cost-effective conservation potential for the subsequent 10-year period.
The EIA also requires electric utilities with more than 25,000 customers to use eligible renewable resources or acquire equivalent renewable energy credits (RECs), or both, to meet the following targets:
The Utilities and Transportation Commission determines compliance with the requirements of the EIA for investor-owned utilities. The State Auditor's Office is responsible for auditing compliance with the EIA for consumer-owned utilities, and the Office of the Attorney General is responsible for enforcing that compliance. Utilities that fail to comply with energy conservation or renewable energy targets owe an administrative penalty for each megawatt-hour of shortfall of $50, adjusted annually for inflation. Utilities that do not meet an annual renewable energy target are exempt from administrative penalties under certain circumstances, including if the utility did not experience load growth or invested at least 4 percent of retail revenue on the incremental costs of eligible renewable resources or the cost of RECs.
Electric utilities with more than 25,000 customers are considered in compliance with biennial acquisition targets for cost-effective conservation if events beyond the reasonable control of the utility that could not have been reasonably anticipated or ameliorated prevented the utility from meeting the conservation target. Events that an electric utility may demonstrate were beyond its reasonable control, could not have been anticipated or ameliorated, and that prevented it from meeting a conservation target include:
(In support) When the initiative establishing the Energy Independence Act was passed, there was not adequate contemplation of how to address unanticipated events. Conservation programs need customer participation in order to be effective. Pandemic-driven uncertainty in many manufacturing industries has led utility customers to postpone capital expenditures on energy conservation projects. Many conservation projects are planned years in advance, and the postponement of only a few large industrial customer conservation projects has the potential to make it impossible for some utilities to achieve their conservation targets. Other electric utility conservation efforts and projects were put on hold due to staffing illnesses, customer hesitation to allow people to enter their homes, and supply chain disruptions that made energy-efficient appliances unavailable. Utilities that have historically been successful at surpassing conservation targets were not able to foresee that the pandemic would undercut their plans for the achievement of short-term conservation targets. The penalties levied on utilities for violations of cost-effective conservation requirements can be costly. Energy conservation programs offer significant benefits to utilities and their customers. Utilities must make their best efforts to achieve conservation, but this year has presented unusual circumstances that state law should take into consideration. In order to avoid penalties, this bill would still require utilities to demonstrate that failure to achieve conservation targets resulted from circumstances beyond their control.
(Opposed) The bill is premature because we will not know until the end of this year whether any utilities have actually failed to achieve their energy conservation targets. Every utility has exceeded conservation goals for as long as they have been in effect. The exemptions for utility penalties are too broad, and should be focused narrowly on a short-term solution to the current circumstances.