. All real and personal property is subject to a tax each year based on the highest and best use, unless a specific exemption is provided by law. The annual growth of all regular property tax levy revenue other than the state levies is limited as follows:
. The constitution provides for a levy rate limit of $10 per $1,000 of assessed value, referred to as the constitutional $10 limit, or the constitutional 1 percent limit.
Other general limitations on property tax rates include:
For property tax purposes, the state, counties, and cities are collectively referred to as senior taxing districts. Junior taxing districts, a term that includes fire, hospital, flood control zone, and most other special purpose districts, have specific rate limits as well.
The tax rates for senior and junior taxing districts, excluding the state, must fit within an overall rate limit of $5.90 per $1,000 of assessed value.
. If the statutory $5.90 or constitutional $10 limit are exceeded, statute establishes the sequential order in which the levies must be proportionally reduced or eliminated, a process referred to as prorationing, to conform to statutory and constitutional limits.
. Some regular property tax levies, including levies for criminal justice purposes, port districts, and emergency medical services, are subject to the $10 constitutional limit, but not the $5.90 aggregate rate limit. These levies have protections from general prorationing requirements and exist within the $0.50 gap that remains after subtracting the state levy and the $5.90 in local regular levies from the constitutional $10 limit per $1,000 of assessed value. A specific order of portioning is provided within the gap.
. A county is permitted to form a park and recreation district for providing leisure and recreational activities and facilities. A park and recreation district may impose a regular property tax levy up to $0.60 per $1,000 of assessed value. A park and recreation district's regular levy is subject to the aggregate $5.90 limit and is considered a junior taxing district.
Regular park and recreation district property tax levies are removed from the aggregate $5.90 limit and are instead added to the gap of levy limits within the constitutional $10 limit.
PRO: Being a rural island community, our parks and services are critical. Our levy was approved with 80 percent approval; however, because of other districts we have been pro-rationed. We will see an 11.5 percent reduction to our levy revenue. Two King County lid lifts planned for the near future could cause an even greater impact and may proration us out of existence. The tax law does not reflect the desire of the voters. Prorationing is not common but I have received widespread support for this bill from other park and recreation districts due to the revenue safety it provides. One year excess levies are not a viable option. The change is consistent with metropolitan park districts. This bill ensures that rural communities can continue funding park districts and prioritizes park funding in the tax structure. Park and recreation districts will not be jumping the line in terms of prorationing. Fire districts support the changes in this bill.