Washington State enacted the Reproductive Privacy Act in 1991. The state may not deny or interfere with a woman's right to choose to have an abortion prior to viability or to protect the woman's life or health. Physicians are statutorily authorized to terminate a pregnancy in these circumstances, and health care providers are authorized to assist the physicians.
Unless authorized by these statutory provisions, any person who performs an abortion on another person is guilty of an unranked class C felony. The good faith judgment of the physician as to the viability of the fetus or as to the risk to the life or health of the woman, and the good faith judgment of a health care provider as to the duration of the pregnancy are defenses to prosecution. A health care provider is a physician or a person acting under the direction of a physician.
Several attorney general (AG) opinions have interpreted the statutory authorization for physicians to perform abortions as not necessarily limiting the ability of physician assistants (PAs) and advanced registered nurse practitioners (ARNPs) to perform abortions in Washington State. Most recently, an AG opinion was issued on February 1, 2019, concluding that the Reproductive Privacy Act allows PAs and ARNPs to perform aspiration abortions as long as it is consistent with their training, certification, and scope of practice.
The list of providers statutorily authorized to terminate a pregnancy is expanded to include a physician assistant, an advanced registered nurse practitioner, or other health care provider acting within the provider's scope of practice.
The term the health care provider is defined as a person licensed to practice health or health-related services or otherwise practicing health care services in the state consistent with state law.
The state is prohibited from penalizing, prosecuting, or otherwise taking adverse action against a woman and another individual based on her and their actual, potential, perceived, or alleged pregnancy outcomes or against an individual for aiding or assisting a pregnant woman and individual in exercising the right to reproductive freedom with her and their voluntary consent.
References to woman are changed to woman and pregnant individual.