Industrial symbiosis is the use by one company or sector of waste resources broadly defined—including waste, by-products, residues, energy, water, logistics, capacity, expertise, equipment and materials—from another. Examples of industrial symbiosis include Kalundborg, Denmark's eco-industrial park, a National Industrial Symbiosis Program (NISP) pilot project in the Vancouver and Edmonton areas in Canada, the original NISP in the United Kingdom, and various adaptations of the NISP model deployed in more than 30 countries globally.
In the 2019-21 biennial operating budget, the Department of Commerce (commerce) was directed to produce a proposal and recommendations for setting up an industrial waste coordination program by December 1, 2019. The report presents six key recommendations for a proposed Washington program:
An industrial waste coordination program is established to provide expertise, technical assistance, and best practices to support local industrial symbiosis projects. The program is to be administered regionally by commerce, with each region providing a dedicated facilitator, and technical and administrative support. The program must facilitate waste exchange by:
No entity is required to disclose material flow data. In generating the material flow data collection system, commerce may only use publicly available date or data voluntarily provided by program participants. Commerce must keep any proprietary business information confidential and such information is exempt from public disclosure.
Subject to appropriation, a competitive industrial symbiosis grant program is established to provide grants for the research, development, and deployment of local waste coordination projects. Grants may go towards several project types, including:
Commerce must develop a method and criteria for allocating grants, subject to the following: