Extraordinary Life Circumstances and Insurance. The National Council of Insurance Legislators (NCOIL) developed the Model Act Regarding Use of Credit Information in Personal Insurance (Model Act) in 2002. It has been readopted multiple times, most recently in November 2015. The Model Act allows insurance rates, where credit information is used, to be reconsidered in the event of an extraordinary life circumstance (ELC). More than 20 states have adopted some form of the Model Act, including ELC language.
An insurer who uses credit information must provide reasonable exceptions to their rates, rating classification, company or tier placement, or underwriting rules or guidelines for consumers whose credit has been affected by certain events. The insured or insurance applicant must request the reasonable exception in writing.
ELCs or events include:
Information and notice to consumers about the availability of these exceptions must be provided by the insurer.
No more than 60 days from the date of the insurance application or policy renewal, the insurer may request:
Within 30 days of receipt of sufficient documentation of an event, the insurer must inform the consumer of the outcome.