Mandatory Subjects of Bargaining. The Public Employees' Collective Bargaining Act (PECBA) provides for collective bargaining of wages, hours, and working conditions with employees of cities, counties, and other political subdivisions. Police have the authority to collectively bargain under PECBA, as do the officers of the Washington State Patrol and the Department of Fish and Wildlife.
For the purposes of collective bargaining, there are three types of bargaining subjects—mandatory, permissive, and illegal. Mandatory subjects of bargaining are matters over which employers and unions must bargain in good faith. Permissive subjects of bargaining are matters over which the parties may negotiate, but each party is free to bargain or not, or to agree or not. Illegal subjects of bargaining are matters that the parties may not agree upon because of statutory or constitutional prohibitions. Mandatory subjects of bargaining under PECBA are grievance procedures and personnel matters including wages, hours, and working conditions.
For the purposes of collective bargaining under PECBA, the following are not mandatory subjects of bargaining:
The bill does not prohibit or restrict bargaining over whether, or to what extent, the reports published by an ombuds may be used in the disciplinary process for law enforcement personnel.
Law enforcement personnel means any individual employed, hired, or otherwise commissioned to enforce criminal laws by any municipal or county agency or department that has as its primary function the enforcement of criminal laws in general, rather than the implementation or enforcement of laws related to specialized subject matter areas. Law enforcement personnel does not include prosecutors or civilians hired to do administrative work.
The provisions that nullify parts of a collective bargaining agreement relating to the contents of reports by ombuds and the selection process for ombuds, in effect on the effective date of the bill, are removed.
The committee recommended a different version of the bill than what was heard. PRO: The bill is very narrow, but it is important. Spokane voters have consistently voted for an independent ombuds, but the office is not totally independent yet, which is critical for public trust. The selection process and the reports of an ombuds should be independent and not mandatory subjects of bargaining. The ombuds model is one communities could adopt statewide, but they should not have to wait as long as Spokane has for a completely independent ombuds. The office cannot be independent if the police have a say in appointments and reports.
CON: Strong labor protections are important to peace officers because they create equity and balance. The bill upsets that equity and balance, and inhibits collective bargaining agreements negotiated in good faith by local employees with local governments. These issues should be resolved through bargaining with local governments. Spokane officers have been without a contract for years, but are working toward agreement on these issues.
OTHER: Disputes over these types of issues do not reach PERC very often, but they do come up during mediations. Grievances are set up by collective bargaining agreements and go through those processes, including through third party arbitrators. The bill is clear that the parties can still negotiate the impacts of the reports on discipline.