Family Farm Permits.
Family farm permits are water right permits issued under the Family Farm Water Act (Act). The Act was adopted by the voters through the approval of Initiative Measure No. 59 in 1977. The Act requires that all water right permits issued after December 8, 1977, for irrigating agricultural lands be classified as: family farm permits; family farm development permits; public water entity permits; or publicly owned land permits. The principal permit for using water to irrigate privately owned agricultural lands under the Act is the family farm permit.
Growth Management Act—Urban Growth Area.
Each county that plans under the Growth Management Act (GMA) must designate an urban growth area within which urban growth shall be encouraged and outside of which growth can occur only if it is not urban in nature.
Growth Management Act—Limited Areas of More Intensive Rural Development.
County comprehensive plans must include a rural element to plan for land that is not designated for urban growth, agriculture, forest, or mineral resources. In the rural element of the plan, counties must protect the rural character of the area by containing and controlling development, among other things.
The rural element of county comprehensive plans allows for the designation of limited areas of more intensive rural development (LAMIRDs), including public facilities and services. Counties may designate LAMIRDs under three general circumstances. The Department of Commerce, in rules adopted to implement the GMA, refers to these as Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 LAMIRDs:
The locations to which a family farm permit may be transferred are expanded to include a limited area of more intensive rural development.
The substitute bill removes the provision that would have authorized a family farm permit to be transferred to a master planned resort.
(In support) The benefit of this bill is that the water stays where it was originally appropriated and is used within the community. An urban growth area can be a stand-alone area outside of a city. A limited area of more intensive rural development is a clearly defined area within a county. Past legislation has sought to help preserve agricultural economies by expanding how a family farm water permit can be used. That legislation recognized the need to provide some flexibility for the uses of family farm permits. This bill just allows for another land use designation to receive water from a family farm permit.
There are a number of situations where family farm water permits are located in areas that allow some forms of development, but the family farm permit cannot be changed to serve that development.