Special Education Funding. The state allocates funding for a program of special education for students with disabilities. Special education is funded on an excess cost formula for up to 13.5 percent of a district's K-12 students. This formula multiplies the district's base allocation for students enrolled in K-12 special education by an excess cost multiplier of either:
Pre-K students receiving special education services, including three-year-olds, four-year-olds, and five-year-olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten, are funded based on a multiplier of 1.15 percent. These students are excluded from the 13.5 percent enrollment funding cap.
Safety Net Funding. Beyond these allocations, the Safety Net Oversight Committee, appointed by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, may award safety net funding if a district can convincingly demonstrate that all legitimate expenditures for special education exceed all available revenues from state funding formulas, and it is maximizing its eligibility for all related state and federal revenues. The committee may award safety net funding to applicants for high-need individuals and for community characteristics that draw a large number of students eligible for special education. Differences in program costs attributable to district philosophy, service delivery choice, or accounting practices are not a legitimate basis for safety net awards.
The bill as referred to committee not considered.
Special Education Excess Cost. The special education excess cost multipliers are increased over the course of four school years (SY) as follows:
|Current||23-24 SY||24-25 SY||25-26 SY||26-27 SY|
|K-12 Students in Gen. Ed. >80 percent||1.0075||1.0742||1.1408||1.2074||1.2740|
|K-12 Students in Gen. Ed. <80 percent||0.995||1.0283||1.0617||1.0950||1.1283|
Enrollment Percent Cap. The K-12 special education enrollment funding cap is increased from 13.5 percent to 14.5 percent.
Safety Net Awards. When determining safety net award need, the Safety Net Oversight Committee is no longer required to exclude differences in program costs that are attributable to service delivery choices.