WSR 98-12-018

EMERGENCY RULES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

[Filed May 27, 1998, 11:50 a.m., effective June 11, 1998]



Date of Adoption: May 27, 1998.

Purpose: To describe the requirements for registration of commercial fertilizers, including the methods to use for analysis of metals and specifying the metals information which must be submitted with the registration application; to describe the methods for determining maximum use rates for plant nutrients; to set the Washington application rates; to express the Washington standards for metals in pounds per acre per year; to describe how the department will determine if a commercial fertilizer meets or exceeds the metals standards; and to describe a violation of the rules.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 16-200-695, 16-200-705, and 16-200-708.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 15.54.325, 15.54.330, 15.54.370, 15.54.800.

Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest; and that state or federal law or federal rule or a federal deadline for state receipt of federal funds requires immediate adoption of a rule.

Reasons for this Finding: The 1998 legislature passed SSB 6474 which amends chapter 15.54 RCW, the commercial fertilizer registration law, and adopts standards for maximum acceptable cumulative metals additions to soil. This new law requires persons who register commercial fertilizers in Washington to disclose the levels of nine metals which may be present in a commercial fertilizer. It takes effect on June 11, 1998. Under chapter 15.54 RCW, the 1998 annual commercial fertilizer registration period begins on July 1, 1998. These emergency rules adopt the methods for metals analysis and reporting which will enable the fertilizer industry to analyze their products for these nine metals and report the results for the 1998 registration.

The emergency rules also set the Washington application rates and express the Washington standards for metals in pounds per acre per year to enable the industry and the department to determine if a commercial fertilizer meets or exceeds the Washington standards for metals.

These emergency rules are required for the preservation of the general welfare and are in the public interest because they will enable the department to implement and enforce the requirements in SSB 6474 in a timely manner against commercial fertilizers which do not meet Washington standards.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 4, amended 3, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 4, amended 3, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.

Effective Date of Rule: June 11, 1998.

May 27, 1998

James M. Jesernig

Director



AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 2066, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91)



WAC 16-200-695  Definitions. The definitions set forth in this section shall apply throughout this chapter unless context otherwise requires:

(1) "Organic" means a material containing carbon and one or more elements (other than hydrogen and oxygen) essential for plant growth. When the term "organic" is utilized in the label or labeling of any commercial fertilizer, it shall be qualified as either "synthetic organic" or "natural organic," with the percentage of each specified.

(2) "Natural organic" means a material derived from either plant or animal products containing carbon and one or more elements (other than hydrogen and oxygen) essential for plant growth.

(3) "Synthetic organic" means a material that is manufactured chemically (by synthesis) from its elements and other chemicals, containing carbon and one or more elements (other than hydrogen and oxygen) essential for plant growth.

(4) "Unit" means one percent (by weight) of a ton.

(5) "AOAC" means the association of official analytical chemists.

(6) "Commercial fertilizer" means any substance containing one or more recognized plant nutrients and which is used for its plant nutrient content and/or which is designated for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, and shall include limes, gypsum, and manipulated animal and vegetable manures. It shall not include unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures and other products exempted by the department by rules.

(7) "Fertigation" means a method of applying commercial fertilizers with irrigation water to fertilize land or plants.

(8) "Fertilizer component" means a commercial fertilizer ingredient containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is incorporated in the commercial fertilizer for its plant nutrient value.

(9) "Maximum acceptable cumulative metals additions to soil" means the amount of metals that can be added to soil over a 45-year period of time without exceeding the Canadian Standards which have been adopted in RCW 15.54.800(3) as Washington Standards for metals.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 15.54.800. 91-01-015 (Order 2066), 16-200-695, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.54 RCW. 87-19-097 (Order 1952), 16-200-695, filed 9/17/87.]



AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 2066, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91)



WAC 16-200-705  Purpose. The following sections concerning the protection of ground water, labeling requirements and examination of fertilizer minerals and limes (WAC 16-200-708 through 16-200-742) are established in this chapter under the authority of the Commercial Fertilizer Act, chapter 15.54 RCW.

This chapter also describes the requirements for registration of commercial fertilizers, including the information which must be submitted as part of the registration application, the analysis methods which must be used, the maximum use rates the department will use to determine whether a commercial fertilizer may be registered, the Washington Standards for metals and the acts which are unlawful under this chapter.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 15.54.800. 91-01-015 (Order 2066), 16-200-705, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.54 RCW. 87-19-097 (Order 1952), 16-200-705, filed 9/17/87.]



NEW SECTION



WAC 16-200-7061   What information must I include with my registration application concerning metals? (1) You are required to submit the following metals information with your registration application:

(a) Total concentration of each metal reported in parts per million (PPM) which is equivalent to milligrams of metal per kilogram of fertilizer (mg/kg), or micrograms per gram;

(b) Copy of the laboratory report on metals analysis;

(c) Method of analysis;

(d) Method of sample preparation; and

(e) Minimum detection limits for each method used.

(2) The department may request quality assurance and quality control documentation for analytical procedures and/or for the laboratory which performed the analyses.

(3) The analytical data and maximum use rate will be used to determine if a commercial fertilizer meets or exceeds the Washington standards for metals.



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NEW SECTION



WAC 16-200-7062   What method must I use to analyze the metals contained in my commercial fertilizer? (1) You must prepare and analyze your commercial fertilizer for the total concentration of each of the following nine metals using one or more of the EPA methods listed in Table 1. All methods are described in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's SW-846.





Table 1. Acceptable Analysis Methods for Metals Contained in SW-846.



Metal Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Atomic Absorption Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP/MS)
Arsenic (As) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7060A, 7061A 6020
Cadmium (Cd) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7131A 6020
Cobalt (Co) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7201 6020
Lead (Pb) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7420, 7421 6020
Molybdenum (Mo) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7480 6020
Nickel (Ni) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7520,7521 6020
Selenium (Se) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7740, 7741A 6020
Zinc (Zn) 6010, 6010A, 6010B 7951 6020
Mercury (Hg) 7470A,7471A
Sample Preparation 3050B 3050B

Copies of SW-846 Third Edition and all associated updates are available from: The Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, DC 20402, (202) 512-1800, and from the Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Center, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161, (703) 487-4650 or 800-553-NTIS.



(2) Other analysis methods for total concentration of each metal may be used only under the following conditions:

(a) You must submit a request to the department, in writing, detailing the sample preparation and analysis methods, minimum detection limits and quality assurance and quality control documentation.

(b) The department, after reviewing the request, may approve the analysis method only if the capability of the method meets or exceeds the sensitivity and accuracy of the applicable method listed in the Table 1.



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NEW SECTION



WAC 16-200-7063   How will the department determine the maximum use rate for my commercial fertilizer? (1) To determine the maximum use rate for a commercial fertilizer, the department will use the commercial fertilizer label directions for use. If specific label directions for use are not available, the department will use the following Washington Application Rates to determine the maximum use rate of the commercial fertilizer.

Nutrient 4 Yr. Cumulative Total (lbs./acre)
Nitrogen (N) 1600
Phosphorous (as P2O5) 700
Potassium (as K2O) 300
Boron (B) 12
Calcium (Ca) 800
Chlorine (Cl) 300
Copper (Cu) 10
Iron (Fe) 80
Magnesium (Mg) 400
Manganese (Mn) 40
Molybdenum (Mo) 4
Sulfur (S) 300
Zinc (Zn) 30
Lime (CaCO3 equivalent) 12,000
Gypsum (CaSO4) 12,000

(2) To ensure that the maximum acceptable cumulative metals additions to soil are not exceeded, the department will assume the commercial fertilizer will be applied at the maximum rate as stated on the label or established in this rule.



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NEW SECTION



WAC 16-200-7064   What are the Washington standards for metals? (1) The standards for metals in Washington are the maximum acceptable annual metals additions to soils adopted in RCW 15.54.800 and are presented in Table 2. Because the Canadian standards contained in the Canadian Trade Memorandum T-4-93 dated August 1996 are based on long-term (45-year) cumulative metals additions to soils, the maximum acceptable annual metals additions to soils are determined by dividing the Canadian standards by 45. The Washington standards are expressed as pounds per acre per year.





Table 2. Washington Standards For Metals.



Metals Lbs./acre/yr.
Arsenic (As) .297
Cadmium (Cd) .079
Cobalt (Co) .594
Mercury (Hg) .019
Molybdenum (Mo) .079
Nickel (Ni) .713
Lead (Pb) 1.981
Selenium (Se) .055
Zinc (Zn) 7.329

(2) To be registered with the department and distributed in Washington, a commercial fertilizer must not exceed the above standards. Because cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo), and zinc (Zn) are also plant nutrients, higher concentrations than those presented in the table may be permitted. Commercial fertilizers which contain cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo), and/or zinc (Zn) concentrations may be registered and distributed in Washington if those metals are used as plant nutrients and those metals meet all applicable minimum guarantees and labeling requirements of chapter 15.54 RCW and the rules adopted thereunder.

(3) If a commercial fertilizer contains cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo), or zinc (Zn) and any one or more of those metals are not intended to be used as a plant nutrient, then the non-plant nutrient metals must meet the Standards shown in Table 2.



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AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 2066, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91)



WAC 16-200-708  Unlawful acts. (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to refuse or neglect to comply with the provisions of the applicable sections of chapter 15.54 RCW, the rules adopted thereunder, or any lawful order of the department.

(2) It is unlawful to distribute a commercial fertilizer in Washington that exceeds the standards for non-nutritive substances established in RCW 15.54.800(3). The department will determine if a commercial fertilizer exceeds the standards by using the maximum use rates and by either:

(a) Comparing data submitted by the registrant to the standards established in WAC 16-200-7064; or

(b) Comparing the results of the analysis of an official sample to the standards established in WAC 16-200-7064. Official samples will be analyzed by the methods set forth in these rules.



[Statutory Authority: RCW 15.54.800. 91-01-015 (Order 2066), 16-200-708, filed 12/7/90, effective 1/7/91.]

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