Date of Adoption: November 21, 2000.
Purpose: Amending the existing rules governing the certification of mint planting stock to reflect changes in industry and program practices and to comply with legislative mandates such as regulatory reform and use of clear and readable format.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 16-322-001; and amending WAC 16-322-010, 16-322-012, 16-322-015, 16-322-025, 16-322-035, 16-322-040, and 16-322-045.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 15.14 RCW.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 00-20-090 on October 4, 2000.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 7, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 7, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 7, Repealed 1. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
November 21, 2000
CERTIFICATION OF MINT ((
ROOTSTOCKS CERTIFICATION)) PLANTING STOCK
(1) Mint planting stock may be designated as foundation stock, registered stock or certified stock if the planting stock and plants from which it has been propagated have been inspected, tested and determined to meet the requirements of this chapter.
(2) The applicant ((
grower shall)) must furnish (( to the
department)) all information (( pertinent to the operation of this
program and shall give his consent to)) requested on the
application for certification, including, but not limited to, the
crop, variety, class planted, date planted, source of seed or
plants, acreage, field number, applicant's name and address,
applicant's signature, and date of application. The applicant
must allow the department to take (( material)) plants or plant
parts from any planting for examination and/or testing. Application for inspection and testing of registered and
certified stock (( shall)) must be filed with the (( department))
Washington State Department of Agriculture, Plant Services
Program, P.O. Box 42560, Olympia, WA 98504-2560 by May 1 of each
year, accompanied by a seventy-five dollar application fee. (( Inspection fees shall be sixteen dollars per acre per growing
season (with a minimum fee of eighty dollars). Half of this fee
is due with the application.
(2) Final fees shall be)) (3) Payment is due and payable
upon completion of ((
the last field inspection)) any service.
Bill may be arranged subject to department policies and
(3) Certification may be withheld)) (4) The department
will remove any applicant from the certification program for
nonpayment of fees (( due)).
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-010, filed 7/8/85; Order 1017, Regulation 5, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 5, filed 7/17/64; Order 888, Regulation 1, filed 6/4/62.]
"Mint rootstock" means
stolons or rhizomes of mint plants.
(2) "Off-type" means not true-to-name.
(3) "Foundation rootstock" means rootstock originating from healthy clones. Small plantings of this stock will be maintained by the Washington State University.
(4) "Registered rootstock" means rootstock produced from foundation and registered rootstock and meeting the requirements as herein provided.
(5))) "Certified ((
rootstock)) planting stock" means
(( rootstock)) planting stock produced directly from registered
(( rootstock and meeting the requirements as herein provided))
planting stock in compliance with this chapter.
(6))) (2) "Department" means the Washington state
department of agriculture.
(3) "Foundation planting stock" means planting stock originating directly from healthy clones maintained by Washington State University or other equivalent sources approved by the department.
(4) "Mint flea beetle" means the insect Langitarsus ferrugineus.
(5) "Mint planting stock" means any plant or propagative plant part of the genus Mentha.
(6) "Mint root borer" means the insect Fumibotys fumalis.
(7) "Mint rust" means the disease caused by the fungal organism Puccinia menthae Pers.
(8) "Mint stem borer" means the insect Pseudogaris nigrina.
(9) "Noxious weed" means a plant that when established is highly destructive, competitive, or difficult to control by cultural or chemical practices.
(10) "Off-type" means appearing under visual examination to be different from the species or variety listed on the application for registration or certification, or exhibiting symptoms of a genetic or nontransmissible disorder.
(11) "Registered planting stock" means planting stock produced directly from foundation planting stock in compliance with this chapter.
(12) "Root knot nematode" means the nematode Meloidogyne hapla.
(13) "Root lesion nematode" means any nematode of the genus Pratylenchus.
(14) "Strawberry root weevil" means the insect Otiorhynchus ovatus.
(15) "Verticillium wilt" means the disease caused by the
fungus Verticillium ((
albo-atrum Reinke & Berth. variety Menthae
(7) "Rootknot" means the disease caused by the rootknot nematode Meloidogyne, spp)) dahliae.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-012, filed 7/8/85; Order 1017, Regulation 1, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 1, filed 6/4/62.]
(a) For registered mint rootstock, land to be eligible shall not have grown mint and shall be free of noxious weeds. Due to the danger of root knot nematode, land that has been used for other vegetatively propagated crops such as potatoes, hops, etc., shall be avoided.
(b) For certified mint rootstock, land to be eligible shall not have grown uncertified mint.
(2) Isolation requirements:
(a) A field to be eligible shall)) Planting sites for production of certified or registered mint planting stock must be inspected and approved by the department at least thirty days prior to planting. At a minimum, land for a planting site must fulfill all of the following conditions:
(a) It must not have grown mint previously;
(b) It must be free of noxious weeds;
(c) It must be at least five thousand feet from any
s)) infested with verticillium wilt of mint(( ,)); and
(d) It must be at least one thousand feet from any mint
unless of equal standards, and it shall not be included
in a farm operational unit which has a wilt infested field or
grown on a farm which has previously grown uncertified mint)) not
of equal standard.
(b))) (2) In all cases where (( an)) adjoining fields
(( is)) are planted with (( a)) different species or (( variety))
varieties of mint, (( isolation between fields shall be)) the
fields must be separated by a minimum of twenty feet
(( separation)) to prevent mechanical mixing (( of rootstocks))
during harvesting and transport of (( the rootstocks)) mint
Plant requirements: Fields shall be planted with
pure, living rootstock of foundation or registered planting
(4) Miscellaneous requirements:
(a))) Soil borne insects, noxious weeds and nematodes
shall)) must be controlled.
(b))) (4) Fields (( shall show evidence of control of
noxious weeds and free from mint species of types other than
those being grown for certification)) must be free of off-type
(c) Evidence of)) (5) Roguing certified or registered mint
fields without permission of the department (( may give cause for
rejection of fields. When directed by the department, growers
shall dig and immediately destroy all unhealthy and off-type
plants)) is prohibited.
(d))) (6) Hay from registered planting stock fields may be
harvested for oil(( : Provided, That all)) if the harvesting
equipment is sterilized prior to entry into the registered field
by steam cleaning(( ,)) or by other (( approved)) methods (( under
the supervision of)) approved by the department.
(e) The cooked hay shall be destroyed by burning.
(f))) (7) All sanitation methods and procedures ((
must be approved by the department.
(g) Irrigation)) (8) All sources of water (( proposed for
use on the)) used to irrigate certified or registered planting
stock fields (( and the water drainage on to such fields shall))
must be approved by the department.
(h))) (9) Harvesting equipment (( shall)) must be
sterilized by steam cleaning, or other approved methods before
being used on another lot or farm.
(i) Pasturing of livestock on mint rootstock fields shall
not be permitted with the exception of weeding animals and
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-015, filed 7/8/85; Order 1087, § 16-322-015, filed 4/24/68, effective 5/24/68; Order 1017, Regulation 2, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 2, filed 7/17/64; Order 888, Regulation 2, filed 6/4/62.]
At least)) The department will conduct a
minimum of two field inspections (( and as many more as are
deemed)) of registered and certified mint planting stock at times
when plants are likely to express symptoms or damage from
verticillium wilt, mint root borer, mint flea beetle, mint stem
borer, strawberry root weevil, root knot nematode and root lesion
nematode. Additional inspections and tests may be conducted if
they are judged necessary by the department (( shall be made each
year. It is the duty of the grower, before cutting mint hay, to
notify the department so the proper inspections can be made. Certification may be denied if mint is harvested from a field
before proper inspection has been completed)).
(a) The department will conduct the first field inspection in or about July. The department will analyze samples for tomato spotted wilt virus, impatiens necrotic spot virus and potato virus Y.
(b) The department will conduct the second field inspection in or about late September. The department will analyze samples of feeder roots from each acre for root knot nematode and root lesion nematode. Samples of stolons will be collected and examined for mint root borers. The department will note the presence of noxious weeds.
(2) The department will inspect certified and registered
rootstocks shall be inspected)) planting stock after
(( they are dug)) harvest.
(3) All inspections and analyses performed by the department under provisions of this chapter are charged in compliance with provisions of chapter 16-470 WAC.
(4) The department will issue an inspection certificate for each inspection. The inspection certificate will note the presence of pests detected by analysis or visual inspection and, when possible, the level of infestation. Inspection certificates will be furnished to the grower, and copies will be available upon request to any other person.
(5) It is the responsibility of the grower to notify the department before mint hay is cut, so that the required inspections can be performed.
(6) Certification may be denied if the department is unable to complete the required field or post harvest inspections.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-025, filed 7/8/85; Order 1017, Regulation 4, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 4, filed 7/17/64; Order 888, Regulation 4, filed 6/4/62.]
(1) Washington No.
shall)) mint planting stock consists of mint rhizomes (( of
plants)) with similar varietal characteristics which are (a)
fresh, (b) firm, (c) moist, (d) free of mold, (e) free of
detectable, (( dangerous)) detrimental insects, nematodes,
diseases and other pests, and (f) reasonably free of excess soil.
(2) Tolerances. In order to allow for variations incident
to proper grading and packing, not more than a combined total of
five percent, by count, of the rhizomes in any lot ((
fail to meet the requirements of (( the above grade. The
tolerances for the standards are on a "load" basis but shall be
determined by sampling on a weight basis)) Washington No. 1 as
defined in this section.
(3) Specific requirements.
Pests and Diseases
Mint flea beetle ((
|Other pests and diseases||1%||1%||1%
Any portion of a certified field not meeting requirements
may be delimited if, in the judgment of the department, it will
not jeopardize the remainder.))
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-035, filed 7/8/85; Order 1087, § 16-322-035, filed 4/24/68, effective 5/24/68; Order 1017, Regulation 6, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 6, filed 7/17/64; Emergency Order 949, filed 5/18/64; Order 888, Regulations 5 and 6, filed 6/4/62.]
The)) Issuance of a (( certified)) state of Washington
certified plant tag (( or)), stamp or other document under this
chapter (( affirms solely)) means only that the tagged (( or)),
stamped or otherwise documented mint (( root)) planting stock has
been subjected to (( certification standards and procedures by the
department)) procedures and requirements described in this
chapter and determined to be in compliance with its standards and
requirements. The department disclaims all express or implied
warranties, including without limitation, implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for particular purpose, regarding all
plants, plant parts, and plant materials under this chapter.
(2) The department is not responsible for disease, genetic disorder, off-type, failure of performance, mislabeling, or otherwise, in connection with this chapter. No grower, nursery dealer, government official, or other person is authorized to give any expressed or implied warranty, or to accept financial responsibility on behalf of the department regarding this chapter.
(3) Participation in the mint ((
rootstock)) planting stock
certification program (( shall be)) is voluntary.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-040, filed 7/8/85; Order 1017 (part), filed 5/20/66; Order 952 (part), filed 7/17/64; Order 888, Regulation 7 (part), filed 6/4/62.]
(1) The department ((
shall)) will issue a certificate
(( covering)) for mint (( rootstock)) planting stock that meets the
requirements of (( the certification program)) this chapter and
will authorize the use of official certificates and seals for the
identification of such (( rootstocks)) planting stock. The
certificate (( shall)) will indicate presence of noxious weeds at
the final field inspection and the level of infection by pests
listed in WAC 16-322-025(1).
(2) Any person selling certified mint ((
rootstock shall be))
planting stock is responsible for the identity of the planting
stock bearing each certificate and for such planting stock
meeting the requirements of the certification program. Persons
issued certificates authorized by the program (( shall)) must
account for all planting stock produced and sold and must keep
(( such)) and allow the department to examine all necessary
records (( as may be necessary)).
(3) All registered and certified mint ((
planting stock moving from the place of origin (( shall)) must be
conveyed in clean trucks and covered by new plastic or clean
canvas tarps and properly sealed.
(4) The department will deny certification for any mint planting stock that fails to meet the minimum standards, tolerances and criteria established in this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 85-15-017 (Order 1865), § 16-322-045, filed 7/8/85; Order 1087, § 16-322-045, filed 4/24/68, effective 5/24/68; Order 1017, Regulation 7, filed 5/20/66; Order 952, Regulation 7, filed 7/17/64; Emergency Order 949, filed 5/18/64; Subsection (1) from Order 888, Regulation 7, filed 6/4/62.]
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed: