Date of Adoption: November 21, 2000.
Purpose: Amending existing rules relating to Japanese beetle quarantine to bring them into full compliance with the United States National Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan, to comply with legislative mandates such as regulatory reform and use of clear and readable format, and to reflect changes in industry and program practices.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 16-470-015; and amending WAC 16-470-010, 16-470-700, 16-470-705, 16-470-710, 16-470-715, and 16-470-720.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 17.24 RCW.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 00-20-067 on October 3, 2000.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 6, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 6, Repealed 1.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 6, Repealed 1. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
November 21, 2000
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 1978, filed 7/25/88)
The definitions set forth in this section shall apply throughout this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Director" means the director of agriculture of this state, or a duly authorized representative.
(2) "Department" means the Washington state department of agriculture.
(3) "Interior quarantine" means a quarantine within the state of Washington established against the movement of designated plant pests, life stages, their hosts, and possible carriers from areas identified by the Washington state department of agriculture.
(4) "Exterior quarantine" means a quarantine established against the movement into Washington state of designated plant pests, life stages, their hosts, and possible carriers from areas identified by the Washington state department of agriculture.
(5) "Commercial orchard" means an orchard in which fruit is grown for commercial purposes and with the use of approved and accepted integrated pest management programs pursuant to statutes, guidelines or rules approved by the agricultural extension service or regulatory officials of the state of origin.
(6) "Commercial fruit" means fruit that is:
(a) Grown in a commercial orchard and commercially packed and labeled;
(b) Fruit grown in a commercial orchard and destined to a commercial processing plant or packing plant.
"Honey bee" means bees of the species Apis mellifera.
(8) "Colony" means any natural group of bees having a queen.
(9) "Hive" means any receptacle or container made or prepared for the use of bees, including movable frames, combs, or substances deposited into the hive by bees.
(10) "Queen" means the fertile female honey bee, singly, in a shipping cage with attendant honey bees or in plurality with other queens in a shipping cage having common honey bee attendants.
(11) "Nuclei" means a shipping container or hive having five or less combs of bees and a queen.
(12) "Package" means a combless shipping container of bees with or without a queen.
(13) "Apiarist" means any person who owns bees or is a keeper of bees.
(14) "Net(s)" means fabricated material which is designed and utilized to prevent the escape of bees from bee colonies or hives during transit.)) "Phytosanitary certificate" means a certificate issued by a government agency under authority of state or federal statute, which declares or establishes the pest status of a shipment of plants or plant parts under accepted inspection or sampling procedures. Phytosanitary certificates are patterned after model certificates of the International Pest Protection Convention.
[Statutory Authority: Chapters 15.60 and 17.24 RCW. 88-16-016 (Order 1978), § 16-470-010, filed 7/25/88. Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 86-07-020 (Order 1881), § 16-470-010, filed 3/12/86; 85-15-006 (Order 1861), § 16-470-010, filed 7/8/85; 84-10-039 (Order 1822), § 16-470-010, filed 5/1/84, effective 7/1/84.]
is established under this chapter against all life stages of the
insect pest ((
known as)) Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica
Newman), a member of the family Scarabaeidae. The Japanese
beetle is a persistent, serious and highly destructive pest,
attacking the roots, leaves, and fruits of over three hundred
kinds of plants including fruit trees, ornamentals, and field and
vegetable crops. The director of agriculture has determined that
the regulation and exclusion of Japanese beetle is necessary to
protect the environmental quality, forests, floriculture and
agricultural crops of the state of Washington.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 90-15-042 (Order 2049), § 16-470-700, filed 7/16/90, effective 8/16/90.]
provided in subsection (2) of this section,)) The entire states
of Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia,
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland,
Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri,
Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin,
the District of Columbia, (( and)) the Provinces of Ontario and
Quebec, and any other state, province, parish, or county where
infestations of Japanese beetle are detected are declared to be
under quarantine for Japanese beetle.
(2) The director may exempt individual counties of the states under quarantine from meeting the conditions in WAC 16-470-715 if the director determines that:
(a) The state has adopted and is enforcing restrictions on
the interstate and intrastate movement of regulated articles that
are equivalent to or exceed the restrictions placed on the
movement of regulated articles as provided in ((
this rule)) WAC 16-470-715; and
(b) Annual surveys are conducted in such counties and the
results of ((
such)) these surveys are negative for Japanese
(c) One or more neighboring counties are not subject to an unacceptable heavy Japanese beetle infestation.
(3) A plant health official of any state may request
exemption of one or more counties under subsection (2) of this
Such)) The request (( shall)) must be in writing, and
(( signed by a duly authorized official stating)) it must state
the area(( s)) surveyed, the survey method, personnel conducting
the survey, and (( the last)) dates of any previous Japanese
beetle infestations in (( such)) that county (( if previously
infested. The director shall maintain a list of any county so
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 90-15-042 (Order 2049), § 16-470-705, filed 7/16/90, effective 8/16/90.]
The following are
hereby)) declared to be hosts or possible carriers of Japanese
beetle and are prohibited entry into this state from an area
under quarantine as declared in WAC 16-470-705 either directly,
indirectly, diverted or reconsigned, except as provided for in
(1) Soil, humus, compost, and manure (except when commercially packaged);
(2) All plants with roots (except bareroot plants free from soil in amounts that could contain concealed Japanese beetle eggs, larvae or pupae);
(3) Grass sod;
(4) Plant crowns or roots for propagation (except when free from soil);
(5) Bulbs, corms, tubers, and rhizomes of ornamental plants (except when free of soil);
(6) Any other plant, plant part, article, or means of
conveyance when it is determined by the director to present a
hazard of spreading live Japanese beetle due to either
infestation, or exposure to infestation ((
by Japanese beetle)).
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 90-15-042 (Order 2049), § 16-470-710, filed 7/16/90, effective 8/16/90.]
(1) Prior notification
is required. Persons shipping regulated articles as specified in
WAC 16-470-710 into this state from areas under quarantine
shall)) must notify the department's plant (( protection branch
of)) services program by sending via telefacsimile or other
method a copy of the applicable phytosanitary certificate as
described in subsection (2) of this section for each shipment.
The phytosanitary certificate must state the nature and quantity
of (( each)) the shipment, its expected date of arrival at
destination, the name of the intended receiver and the
destination. The person to whom the commodities are shipped
(( shall)) must hold the (( same)) shipment until (( they are)) it
is inspected and released by the department.
The commodities covered shall)) Each shipment of
regulated articles must be accompanied by a phytosanitary
certificate (( issued by an authorized state or federal regulatory
official)) from the state of origin certifying that the
commodity, soil, or means of conveyance is treated with methods
and procedures approved and prescribed by the director. Approved
methods and procedures include those specified in the National
Plant Board U.S. Domestic Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan
Appendix 1. Shipment to Category 1 States.
(3) Privately owned houseplants grown indoors may be allowed
entry into this state ((
without meeting the requirements of
subsection (2) of this section)) if a department official
inspects (( such)) the plants (( as prescribed in subsection (1) of
this section)) and determines that they are free from Japanese
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 90-15-042 (Order 2049), § 16-470-715, filed 7/16/90, effective 8/16/90.]
The director may issue
special permits admitting regulated articles ((
specified in WAC 16-470-710 that are not otherwise eligible for
entry from the area under quarantine, subject to conditions and
provisions which the director may prescribe to prevent the
introduction, escape, or spread of (( the)) Japanese beetle.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 17.24 RCW. 90-15-042 (Order 2049), § 16-470-720, filed 7/16/90, effective 8/16/90.]
The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed: