WSR 01-15-054



[ Order 405 -- Filed July 13, 2001, 4:07 p.m. , effective January 1, 2002 ]

Date of Adoption: July 13, 2001.

Purpose: A business, Digideal, recently requested approval of a device that produces electronic facsimiles of cards for use in card games. If approved by the commission, this device would be an option for card room operators and tribal casinos. This device would replace standard, paper playing cards with an electronic facsimile of a playing card (a video picture). The device would contain one or more decks of cards in an electronic format. The electronic cards would be shuffled through a random number generator to ensure they are properly "shuffled." This device will have to undergo stringent lab testing prior to being put into play. The gaming lab will test the security and technical protocols to ensure the integrity of the card games are not compromised in any way.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 230-40-010 and 230-40-070.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 9.46.070.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 01-07-092 on March 21, 2001, with a publication date of April 4, 2001.

Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: Streamlining, subsection (1)(g) was moved to a new rule that specifically addresses house rules for commercial card rooms. The new rule, WAC 230-40-505, was filed at the April 13, commission meeting and adopted at the June 15, 2001, meeting and will become effective July 12, 2001.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 2, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 2, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 2, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: January 1, 2002.

July 13, 2001

Susan Arland

Rules Coordinator


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 383, filed 4/14/00, effective 5/15/00)

WAC 230-40-010   Social card games -- Rules of play -- Types of card games authorized.   Social card games shall be played using rules and procedures as set forth in this section. Only card games that have been specifically authorized are allowed to be played in public or social card rooms.

Rules of play for all card games.

(1) Social card games shall be played in the following manner:

(a) The game must be played with one or more standard decks of playing cards or with approved electronic card facsimiles which meet the requirements of WAC 230-40-070 (1)(c): Provided, That cards may be removed to comply with rules of a specific game, such as pinochle;

(b) Players shall compete against all other players on an equal basis for nonhouse-banked games or against the licensee for house-banked games;

(c) Each player shall receive their own hand of cards and be responsible for decisions regarding such hand, such as whether to fold, discard, draw additional cards, or raise the wager;

(d) Players shall not place wagers on any other player's or the house's hand and no side bets between players are allowed: Provided, That the following shall not be in violation of this section:

(i) An insurance bet placed in the game of blackjack;

(ii) A tip wager made on behalf of a dealer; or

(iii) "Envy" provisions which allow a player to receive a prize if another player wins a jackpot or odds wager;

(e) A player's win or loss shall be determined during the course of play of a single card game; and

(f) No more than two separate games shall be played with a single hand of cards. For purposes of this section, bonus features and progressive jackpots are considered a game: Provided, That bonus features that allow a player to receive an additional prize if another player achieves a specific hand, such as "envy" or "share the wealth" features, shall not be considered a separate game if the player does not have to place a separate wager to participate((; and

(g) The rules of play for each specific game played at a licensed card room shall be maintained on the licensed premises and immediately available for review by commission staff, local law enforcement, or a player upon request. Commission staff shall approve any modification to such rules prior to implementation. In addition, any rules related to wager or prize pay out restrictions shall be clearly posted in the immediate area of such games)).

Nonhouse-banked card games authorized.

(2) Nonhouse-banked card games shall only be played in the manner set forth in The New Complete Hoyle, Revised, Hoyle's Modern Encyclopedia of Card Games, or a similar authoritative book on card games approved by the director: Provided, That each licensee may make immaterial modifications to each authorized game set out in Hoyle. The following nonhouse-banked card games are authorized:

(a) Poker;

(b) Hearts;

(c) Pinochle;

(d) Cribbage;

(e) Rummy;

(f) Panguingue (Pan);

(g) Pitch;

(h) Bid Whist;

(i) Washington blackjack, if the business was licensed and operating the game on April 1, 2000, and under the restrictions set forth in WAC 230-40-125;

(j) Other games or modifications to approved games may be approved by the director, or the director's designee, on a case-by-case basis. Requests for approval of a game must be submitted in writing, and include the rules of play and all wagering schemes.

House-banked card games authorized.

(3) House-banked card games shall be approved by the director, or the director's designee, on a case-by-case basis. Request for approval of a house-banked card game must be submitted in writing, including the rules of play and all wagering schemes. A list of all approved games, modifications to games, and rules of play shall be available at all commission offices. The director may approve games in which the determination of whether a player wins or loses depends upon one or more of the following:

(a) The player's hand is a specific:

(i) Pattern or ranking of cards (pair, straight, flush, royal flush, etc.);

(ii) Combination of cards (two queens of hearts, ace and jack of spades, three sevens, etc.); or

(iii) Value of the cards (seventeen, twenty-one, etc.); and/or

(b) The player has a higher ranking or value hand than the house/dealer/banker.

Removing an approved game from play.

(4) Once a game is approved for play, the director shall not remove it from the authorized list of games without providing licensees written notice. Licensees shall be afforded an opportunity to object to the director's decision. If an objection is filed, an administrative law judge shall review the director's decision utilizing the brief adjudicative procedures set forth in WAC 230-50-010.

Procedures for when a proposed game is denied.

(5) The licensee shall be notified in writing when the director denies a request for a new game or modification of a game. The notification shall include reasons for the denial and provide the petitioner all information necessary for a formal petition to the commission for rule making, amendments, or repeal, as set forth in WAC 230-50-800.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070. 00-09-052 (Order 383), 230-40-010, filed 4/14/00, effective 5/15/00; 99-13-103 (Order 373), 230-40-010, filed 6/15/99, effective 8/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.0281, 9.46.070 (1), (2), (14) and (20). 96-11-073, 230-40-010, filed 5/13/96, effective 7/1/96. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070. 94-13-098 (Order 252), 230-40-010, filed 6/15/94, effective 7/16/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220(4), [34.05].230 and 9.46.070 (11) and (14). 90-05-032 (Order 205), 230-40-010, filed 2/14/90, effective 3/17/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070. 88-19-038 (Order 183), 230-40-010, filed 9/13/88. Statutory Authority: Chapter 9.46 RCW. 86-19-056 (Order 161), 230-40-010, filed 9/15/86. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070(11). 82-23-050 (Order 125), 230-40-010, filed 11/15/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070(10) (see RCW 9.46.020(20)). 80-09-067 (Order 103), 230-40-010, filed 7/17/80; Order 78, 230-40-010, filed 11/17/77; Order 67, 230-40-010, filed 3/11/77; Order 40, 230-40-010, filed 6/26/75; Order 23, 230-40-010, filed 9/23/74.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 383, filed 4/14/00, effective 5/15/00)

WAC 230-40-070   Licensee to furnish all cards, chips and other services.   Each public card room and Class A social card room licensee shall furnish all chips and cards in connection with all card games conducted on its premises at no additional charge to the players, except as provided in WAC 230-40-050(6).

Standards for chips and cards.

All chips and cards shall be of generally conventional size and design, and include safeguards that maximize the integrity of the card games. The following standards and procedures apply to this section:

(1) The licensee shall furnish chips and cards that meet the following requirements:

(a) Chips. Chips must include the house name or logo, clearly denote the chip value, be produced by a licensed manufacturer, and purchased from a licensed manufacturer or distributor: Provided, That the director may exempt Class A, B, C, and E licensees with five tables or less from this provision if chips are readily identifiable as having been furnished by that particular licensee and values of chips are clearly posted in the card room: Provided further, That Class D licensees are exempt from the provisions set forth in this subsection; and

(b) Cards. The deck or decks of cards must include the house name or logo, be produced by a licensed manufacturer, and be purchased from a licensed manufacturer or distributor: Provided, That Class A, B, C, D, and E licensees with five tables or less are exempt from this provision. These licensees shall comply with all other requirements related to the type of games being played.

(c) Electronic facsimiles of cards. Electronic card facsimiles may be approved by the director for use in house-banked card games subject to the following conditions:

(i) The system shall:

(A) Produce accurate facsimiles of one or more standard decks of playing cards;

(B) Randomly shuffle the cards prior to each round of play or shoe loading;

(C) Contain a backup system for recording and display of at least five previous rounds of play;

(D) Contain security protocols which prevent unauthorized access;

(E) Provide a means of testing of computer software;

(F) Meet any additional technical standards required by the commission;

(G) Be operated only under card room internal controls specific to each system; and

(H) Be tested by a licensed game testing laboratory for compliance with these requirements.

(ii) The system shall be operated by card room personnel and shall not be designed to allow the player to play against the device.

(iii) The costs of initial laboratory testing and any additional testing required by the commission shall be paid for by the manufacturer.

Bank services.

(2) ((Bank services.)) The licensee shall sell its chips to all players desiring to buy them and redeem all chips at the value for which they were sold. The licensee shall collect the money taken in on chips sold and fees collected and shall keep these funds separate and apart from all other money received by the licensee.

Selling chips for cash or check.

(3) Chips shall be sold for cash only and a licensee shall not extend credit of any nature to a person purchasing chips: Provided, That a licensee may accept a check in accordance with WAC 230-12-053 and 230-40-845. Each receipt by a person of a quantity of chips from the licensee shall be a separate transaction for the purpose of this rule. Checks received for chips retained by the licensee after close of business shall be deposited by the licensee not later than the second day following receipt upon which the licensee's bank is open for business.

Protecting the integrity of cards and chips.

(4) The licensee shall safeguard all chips and cards to assure integrity of games and banking services ((and no)). Licensees shall not allow:

(a) Playing cards that have been shaved, sanded, cut, carved, or otherwise marked in any manner which may make certain cards identifiable to players other than as allowed by the rules of the particular game.

(b) Any cards or chips which are not furnished by the licensee to be used in any card game conducted upon its premises; or

(c) Any other person to buy or sell chips for use in card games upon its premises.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070. 00-09-052 (Order 383), 230-40-070, filed 4/14/00, effective 5/15/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070 (8), (11) and (14). 89-11-048 (Order 192), 230-40-070, filed 5/16/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070 (11), (14) and 9.46.0218 [9.46.0281]. 89-05-024 (Order 186), 230-40-070, filed 2/13/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 9.46.070 (1), (2), (4), (5), (6), (11), (14) and (17). 86-13-055 (Order 158), 230-40-070, filed 6/13/86; Order 74, 230-40-070, filed 8/17/77; Order 40, 230-40-070, filed 6/26/75; Order 29, 230-40-070, filed 1/23/75; Order 23, 230-40-070, filed 9/23/74.]

Washington State Code Reviser's Office