Date of Adoption: May 17, 2002.
Purpose: The purpose of existing chapter 16-462 WAC is to provide the grape industries of Washington with high quality planting stock that is free of harmful pests and true to type. The purpose of this amendment is to update the grapevine certification program by increasing the varieties available as Washington certified stock, by certifying the stock apparently free from two additional virus diseases, and by clarifying existing text.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 16-462-015, 16-462-020, 16-462-021, 16-462-022, 16-462-025, 16-462-030, and 16-462-050.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 15.14 RCW.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 02-08-085 on April 3, 2002.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 7, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 3, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making:
Pilot Rule Making:
or Other Alternative Rule Making:
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
May 17, 2002
William E. Brookreson
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-12-025, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99)
WAC 16-462-015 Definitions. The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
(1) "Aseptic shoot tip propagation" means aseptically removing a vegetative shoot tip from growth arising from a dormant cutting from a foundation plant or from green growth (i.e., softwood) from a foundation plant during the growing season and aseptically transferring this shoot tip to a suitable vessel containing an appropriate culture medium.
(2) "Certified grape planting stock" means vines, rooted
cuttings, cuttings or grafted plants taken or propagated directly
from foundation vines, registered vines or certified ((
grown in a green house for one year and certified)) in compliance
with the provisions of this chapter.
(3) "Department" means the department of agriculture of the state of Washington.
(4) "Director" means the director of the department of agriculture or the director's designee.
(5) "Foundation block" means a planting of grapevines established, operated and maintained by Washington State University, or other equivalent sources approved in writing by the director, that are indexed and found free from viruses designated in this chapter and that are not off-type.
(6) "Index" means determining whether a virus infection is present by means of inoculation from the plant to be tested to an indicator plant or by any other testing method approved by the department.
(7) "Indicator plant" means any herbaceous or woody plant used to index or determine virus infection.
(8) "Off-type" means appearing under visual examination to
be different from the variety listed on the application for
or)) and certification, or exhibiting symptoms of
a genetic or nontransmissible disorder.
(9) "Registered block" means a planting of registered grapevines maintained by a nursery and used as a source of propagation material for certified grapevines.
(10) "Registered vine" means any vine propagated from
the)) a foundation block approved by the director, identified
(( by the number assigned to the original)) to a single vine (( in
the foundation block from which it was propagated)) source, and
registered with the Washington state department of agriculture,
in compliance with provisions of this chapter.
(11) "Virus-like" means a graft-transmissible disorder with symptoms resembling a characterized virus disease, including, but not limited to, disorders caused by viroids and phytoplasmas.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-015, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-015, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-015, filed 9/27/78; Order 1397, § 16-462-015, filed 4/7/75; Order 1193, § 16-462-015, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-015, filed 4/2/68.]
(2) The applicant must maintain ((
the identity)) records
identifying the source of registered vines(( . The applicant must
maintain records identifying the source of)) and certified
planting stock. The applicant must make these records available
to the department upon request.
(3) The applicant shall take suitable precautions in cultivation, irrigation, movement and use of equipment, and in other farming practices, to guard against spread of soil-borne pests to planting stock entered in this program. The applicant shall keep all registered blocks and certified planting stock clean cultivated except for approved cover crops.
(4) Following notification by the department the applicant
shall remove and destroy immediately any registered vine or
certified planting stock found to be off-type or affected by a
virus or virus-like disease or a ((
quarantined)) quarantine pest.
The foundation block,)) Registered blocks and
certified planting stock must be located at least one hundred
feet from any land on which noncertified or nonregistered grape
vines have been grown within the past ten years.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-020, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-020, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-020, filed 9/27/78; Order 1193, § 16-462-020, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-020, filed 4/2/68.]
(2) With the exception of practices allowed in subsections
(3) and (4) of this section, registered plants must be propagated
directly from cuttings taken from ((
the)) a foundation block.
(3) Plants propagated from ((
the)) a foundation block by
aseptic shoot tip propagation and grown entirely under greenhouse
conditions may serve as a source of softwood cuttings or shoot
tip culture used to establish a registered block or registered
(4) Registered grapevines may be propagated from other
registered grapevines within the same registered block for the
purpose of increasing the size of the registered block or for
grape vines)) grapevines.
(5) Grapevines of different varieties in registered blocks must be separated by a minimum of twelve feet within the row. The distance between rows of different varieties must be a minimum of eight feet.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-021, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99.]
(2) Cuttings from registered blocks must be sorted and kept separate by variety and selection number or clone.
(3) Treatment to control nematodes and other soil-borne pests may be required at any time by the department.
(4) All certified planting stock other than greenhouse grown plants must comply with the grades and standards for Washington certified grape planting stock as listed in WAC 16-462-055.
(5) Certification is based solely on ((
visual inspection of
grape planting stock that is found to meet)) compliance with the
requirements prescribed in WAC 16-462-050 and other requirements
of this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-022, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99.]
The foundation block and registered blocks must be
indexed and reindexed periodically, as required to comply with))
The department will index registered grapevines by methods listed
in Appendix 1 of the North American Plant Protection Organization
(NAPPO) (( standards for phytosanitary measures - requirements for
the importation of grapevines into a NAPPO member country))
Two inspections of foundation and registered planting
stock must be performed by the department)) The department will
conduct at least two inspections of registered grapevines during
each growing season.
(4) Except for varieties to be used solely as rootstock,
foundation and)) registered grape vines used for the production
of certified planting stock must be pruned to allow some
Certified planting stock must be inspected)) The
department will inspect certified planting stock at least three
times per (( growing season by the department)) year, twice during
the growing season and once during or after harvest.
Certification or registration will be refused or
withdrawn)) The department will refuse or withdraw registration
or certification for any planting stock (( which)) that is
infested or infected with any quarantine pest.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-025, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-025, filed 4/2/86; Order 1193, § 16-462-025, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-025, filed 4/2/68.]
(2) Application for ((
inspection)) registration and
certification shall be filed with the department by January 1 of
each year accompanied by a one hundred seventy-five dollar
(3) Inspection, phytosanitary certification, indexing and testing fees are due upon completion of services.
(4) Fees for inspection, phytosanitary certification, and testing shall be assessed at the appropriate rate established in chapters 16-401 and 16-470 WAC. Mileage for inspections and other on-site services shall be charged at a rate established by the state office of financial management.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 00-01-149, § 16-462-030, filed 12/21/99, effective 1/21/00; 99-12-025, § 16-462-030, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 93-17-022 (Order 5001), § 16-462-030, filed 8/11/93, effective 9/11/93; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-030, filed 4/2/86; 78-10-072 (Order 1583), § 16-462-030, filed 9/27/78; Order 1397, § 16-462-030, filed 4/7/75; Order 1193, § 16-462-030, filed 4/19/71; Order 1084, § 16-462-030, filed 4/2/68.]
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-050, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-050, filed 4/2/86.]
(1) Grades for rooted cuttings are as follows:
(a) Grade No. 1 must have one live cane at least nine inches long and must be well rooted.
(b) Grade No. 2 must have one live cane at least six inches long and must be well rooted.
(2) Cuttings must have at least three buds and be at least nine inches long. The basal bud must be within one-half inch of the basal end.
(3) Two-year plants shall meet the same standard as rooted cutting Grade No. 1.
Tolerances.)) In order to allow for variations
incident to proper grading and packing, not more than a combined
total of five percent by count, of the plants or cuttings in any
lot may fail to meet the requirements of the grades set forth in
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.14 RCW. 99-12-025, § 16-462-055, filed 5/25/99, effective 6/25/99; 86-08-078 (Order 1883), § 16-462-055, filed 4/2/86.]