Date of Adoption: July 2, 2002.
Purpose: Amends the state need grant rules to reflect changes as authorized by the 2002 legislature in SB 5166. The changes include recognition of all the nationally recognized regional accrediting bodies.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 250-20-021.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 28B.80 RCW and RCW 28B.10.822.
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: This will allow the Higher Education Coordinating Board to process applications from schools meeting the revised institutional eligibility criteria for participation in the state need grant, as authorized in SB 5166, and consequently allow the eligible students to receive state student financial aid.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making:
Pilot Rule Making:
or Other Alternative Rule Making:
Effective Date of Rule: Immediately.
July 2, 2002
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-16-015, filed 7/23/99, effective 8/23/99)
WAC 250-20-021 Program definitions. (1) The term "needy student" shall mean a post-high school student of an institution of postsecondary education who demonstrates to the higher education coordinating board the financial inability, either parental, familial, or personal, to bear the total cost of education for any semester or quarter. The determination of need shall be made in accordance with federal needs analysis formulas and provisions as recognized and modified by the board.
(2) The term "disadvantaged student" shall mean a student who by reasons of adverse cultural, educational, environmental, experiential, or familial circumstance is unlikely to aspire to, or enroll in, higher education. Generally, this shall mean a dependent student whose parents have not attained a college education and/or whose family income is substantially below the state's median.
(3) The term "postsecondary institution" shall mean:
(a) Any public university, college, community college, or
vocational-technical institute operated by the state of
Washington political subdivision thereof, or any other
university, college, school or institute in the state of
Washington offering instruction beyond the high school level
which is a member institution of ((
one of the following)) an
approved accrediting association(( s: The Northwest Association
of Schools and Colleges, the Accrediting Bureau of Health
Education Schools, the Accrediting Council for Continuing
Education and Training, the Accrediting Commission of Career
Schools and Colleges of Technology, the Accrediting Council for
Independent Colleges and Schools, or the National Accrediting
Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences and)).
(b) If such institution agrees to participate in the program in accordance with all applicable rules and regulations.
(c) Any institution, branch, extension or facility operating
within the state of Washington which is affiliated with an
institution operating in another state must be a separately
accredited member institution of ((
one of the above named)) an
approved accrediting association(( s)).
(d) The separate accreditation requirement is waived for branch campuses of out-of-state institutions if the branch campus:
(i) Is eligible to participate in federal student aid programs; and
(ii) Has operated as a nonprofit college or university delivering on-site classroom instruction for a minimum of twenty consecutive years within the state of Washington; and
(iii) Has an annual enrollment of at least seven hundred full-time equivalent students.
(4) The term "approved accrediting association" shall mean the following organizations:
(a) Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges;
(b) Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, Commission on Higher Education;
(c) New England Association of Schools and Colleges;
(d) North Central Association of Colleges and Schools;
(e) Southern Association of Colleges and Schools;
(f) Western Association of Schools and Colleges;
(g) Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools;
(h) Accrediting Council for Continuing Education and Training;
(i) Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology;
(j) Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools;
(k) National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences.
(5) "Washington resident" shall be defined as an individual who satisfies the requirements of RCW 28B.15.012 (2)(a) through (d) and board-adopted rules and regulations pertaining to the determination of residency.
(5))) (6) "Dependent student" shall mean any post-high
school student who does not qualify as an independent student in
accordance with WAC 250-20-021(6).
(6))) (7) "Independent student" shall mean any student who
qualifies as an independent student for the receipt of federal
aid. These qualifications include a student who has either:
(a) Reached his or her twenty-fourth birthday before January 1st of the aid year; or,
(b) Is a veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces; or,
(c) Is an orphan or ward of the court; or,
(d) Has legal dependents other than a spouse; or,
(e) Is a married student or a graduate/professional student; or,
(f) Is determined to be independent for the receipt of federal aid on the basis of the professional judgment of the aid administrator.
(7))) (8) Definitions of "undergraduate students" will be
in accord with definitions adopted for institutional use by the
(8))) (9) "Student budgets" shall consist of that amount
required to support an individual as a student for nine months
and may take into consideration cost factors for maintaining the
student's dependents. This should be the amount used to
calculate the student's total need for all state and federal
(9))) (10) "State need grant cost-of-attendance" is the
standard student cost per sector, as developed by the board.
(a) The costs-of-attendance for each sector are calculated by adding together a standard maintenance allowance for books, room, board, transportation and personal items, for all undergraduate students statewide as developed by the Washington Financial Aid Association, and the sector's regular tuition and fees for full-time, resident, undergraduate students.
(b) In no case may the costs-of-attendance exceed the statutory ceiling established by RCW 28B.10.808(4). The ceiling is calculated by adding together the same standard maintenance allowance used in determining the state need grant cost-of-attendance, plus the regular tuition and fees charged for a full-time resident undergraduate student at a research university, plus the current average state appropriation per student for operating expenses in all public institutions.
(c) For example, in the 1992-93 academic year, the value of the statutory ceiling is $13,783. This value is composed of the Washington Financial Aid Association's maintenance budget of $6,964, plus the regular tuition and fees charged for a resident undergraduate student at a research university of $2,274, plus the current average state appropriation per student for operating expenses in all public institutions of $4,545.
(d) The value of each element used in the construction of the statutory ceiling will be updated annually.
(e) The higher education coordinating board will consult with appropriate advisory committees and the representative association of student financial aid administrators, to annually review and adjust the costs-of-attendance. The costs-of-attendance for each sector will be published concurrent with annual guidelines for program administration.
(10))) (11) "Family income" is the student's family income
for the calendar year prior to the academic year for which aid is
(a) Income means adjusted gross income and nontaxable income as reported on the federally prescribed application for federal student aid.
(b) For the dependent student family income means parental income.
(c) For the independent student family income means the income of the student and any other adult, if any, reported as part of the student's family.
(d) The institutional aid administrator may adjust the family's income up or down to more accurately reflect the family's financial situation during the academic year. When such adjustments are made they shall be consistent with guidelines for making changes to determine federal student aid eligibility.
(11))) (12) "Income cutoff" means the amount of family
income below which a student is determined to be eligible for the
state need grant.
(a) The cutoff shall be expressed as a percent of the state's median family income. The exact point of cutoff shall be determined each year by the board based on available funding.
(b) The board will endeavor to award students, in order, from the lowest income to the highest income, within the limits of available funding.
(c) At the discretion of the institution's aid administrator, a student who is eligible for a state need grant in a given academic year may be deemed eligible for the ensuing academic year if his or her family income increases by no more than three percent, even if the stated median family income cutoff for grant eligibility is lower than that amount.
(12))) (13) "Median family income" is the median income
for Washington state, adjusted by family size and reported
annually in the federal register.
(13))) (14) "Base grant" is the state need grant award for
each sector before the addition of a dependent care allowance. The base grant per student will be no less than the published
base grant in 1998-1999. The base grant may be further adjusted
according to the student's family income level and rate of
enrollment as described in WAC 250-20-041.
For certain students who have completed board approved early awareness and preparation programs such as the Washington National Early Intervention Scholarship Program, its successor program, or a Trio program, the base grant will be an amount fixed annually by the board. Generally the base grant, in these cases, will be no less than the current value of the federal PELL grant program.
(14))) (15) "Dependent care allowance" is a flat grant
amount, to be determined by the board, which is in addition to
the eligible student's base grant.
(a) The allowance is awarded to those students who have dependents in need of care. The dependent must be someone (other than a spouse) living with the student.
(b) Care must be that assistance provided to the dependent by someone outside of the student's household and not paid by another agency.
(c) Eligible grant recipients must document their need for the dependent care allowance.
(15))) (16) "State need grant award" is the base grant
adjusted according to level of family income, plus a dependent
care allowance, if applicable.
(16))) (17) "Academic year" is that period of time between
July 1 and the following June 30 during which a full-time student
would normally be expected to complete the equivalent of two
semesters or three quarters of instruction.
(17))) (18) "Clock hours" means a period of time which is
the equivalent of either:
(a) A 50 to 60 minute class, lecture, or recitation, or
(b) A 50 to 60 minute period of faculty-supervised laboratory shop training or internship.
(18))) (19) "Gift equity packaging policy" is the
institution's policy for assigning gift aid to all needy,
(19))) (20) "Satisfactory progress" is the student's
successful completion of a minimum number of credit or clock
hours for each term in which the grant was received. Each
school's policy for measuring progress of state need grant
recipients must define satisfactory as the student's completion
of the minimum number of credit or clock hours for which the aid
(a) The minimum satisfactory progress standard for full-time students is twelve credits per term or 300 clock hours per term. Satisfactory progress for three-quarter time students is nine credits per term or 225 clock hours per term. Satisfactory progress for half-time students is six credits per term or 150 clock hours per term.
(b) Each school's policy must deny further disbursements of the need grant at the conclusion of any term in which he or she fails to complete at least one-half of the minimum number of credits or clock hours for which the aid was disbursed or otherwise fails to fulfill the conditions of the institution's satisfactory progress policy.
(c) The school may make disbursements to a student who is in a probationary status. "Probation" is defined as completion of at least one-half, but less than all of the minimum number of credits for which the aid was calculated and disbursed. The school must have a probation policy, approved by the board, which limits the number of terms in which a student may receive the need grant while in a probationary status.
(d) The school's aid administrator may at any time, using professional judgment exercised on a case-by-case basis, reinstate a student back into a satisfactory progress status, in response to an individual student's extenuating circumstances.
(20))) (21) The term "full institutional accreditation"
shall mean the status of public recognition that an accrediting
agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education grants to
an educational institution that meets the agency's established
standards and requirements. Institutional accreditation applies
to the entire institution, indicating that each of an
institution's parts is contributing to the achievement of the
(21))) (22) The term "eligible program" for a public or
private nonprofit educational institution, shall mean an
associate or baccalaureate degree program; at least a two-year
program that is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor's
degree, or at least a one-year educational program that leads to
a degree or certificate and prepares the student for gainful
employment in a recognized occupation. The term "eligible
program" for a for-profit or a postsecondary vocational
institution shall mean a program which provides at least a
15-week undergraduate program of 600 clock hours, 16 semester
hours, or 24 quarter hours. The program may admit students
without an associate degree or equivalent. The term "eligible
program" for a for-profit or a postsecondary vocational
institution may also be a program that provides at least a
10-week program of 300 clock hours, 8 semester hours, or 12
quarter hours. A program in this category must be an
undergraduate program that admits only students with an associate
degree or equivalent. To be an "eligible program," a program
must be encompassed within the institution's accreditation and be
an eligible program for purposes of the federal Title IV student
financial aid programs.
(22))) (23) The three "public sectors of higher education"
are the research universities, comprehensive universities, and
the community and technical colleges.
(23))) (24) A "for-profit institution" is a postsecondary
educational institution other than a public or private nonprofit
institution which provides training for gainful employment in a
(24))) (25) A "postsecondary vocational institution" is a
public or private nonprofit institution which provides training
for gainful employment in a recognized profession.
[Statutory Authority: 2813.80 [Chapter 28B.80 RCW]. 99-16-015, § 250-20-021, filed 7/23/99, effective 8/23/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 28B.80 RCW. 96-18-024, § 250-20-021, filed 8/27/96, effective 9/27/96; 96-04-019, § 250-20-021, filed 1/30/96, effective 3/1/96; 95-17-045, § 250-20-021, filed 8/11/95, effective 9/11/95; 95-10-007, § 250-20-021, filed 4/24/95, effective 5/25/95; 93-08-010, § 250-20-021, filed 3/25/93, effective 4/25/93. Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.10.800 through 28B.10.822. 92-11-022, § 250-20-021, filed 5/13/92, effective 6/13/92; 90-04-067, § 250-20-021, filed 2/5/90, effective 7/1/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.10.806. 88-10-001 (Order 2/88, Resolution No. 88-11), § 250-20-021, filed 4/21/88; 87-16-046 (Order 2/87, Resolution No. 87-59), § 250-20-021, filed 7/29/87; 86-12-077 (Order 5/86), § 250-20-021, filed 6/4/86. Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.10.822. 82-15-058 (Order 9-82, Resolution No. 82-52), § 250-20-021, filed 7/20/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 28B.10.806. 81-13-038 (Order 2/81, Resolution No. 81-67), § 250-20-021, filed 6/16/81; 80-05-025 (Order 3-80, Resolution No. 80-56), § 250-20-021, filed 4/14/80; 79-11-031 (Order 11-79, Resolution No. 80-18), § 250-20-021, filed 10/11/79; 79-07-021 (Order 5-79, Resolution No. 79-33), § 250-20-021, filed 6/15/79; 78-05-063 (Order 2-78), § 250-20-021, filed 4/27/78, effective 6/1/78; Order 2-77, § 250-20-021, filed 4/13/77; Order 3-75, § 250-20-021, filed 4/25/75; Order 1-75, § 250-20-021, filed 3/7/75; Order 1-74, § 250-20-021, filed 4/9/74; Order 1-73, § 250-20-021, filed 7/2/73.]