CLEAN AIR AGENCY
Exempt from preproposal statement of inquiry under RCW 70.94.141(1).
Title of Rule: Amend Regulation III, Sections 4.01 and 4.05.
Purpose: To change our definition of asbestos-containing waste material to exclude nonfriable material.
Other Identifying Information: Section 4.01 pertains to Asbestos Definitions; and Section 4.05 pertains to Procedures for Asbestos Projects.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 70.94 RCW.
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 70.94.141.
Summary: This proposal amends our definition of asbestos-containing waste material and also changes other appropriate references in Article 4.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: This change is being made to reflect the intent of our regulations.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Larry Vaughn, 110 Union Street, #500, Seattle, WA 98101, (206) 689-4035; Implementation: Dave Kircher, 110 Union Street, #500, Seattle, WA 98101, (206) 689-4050; and Enforcement: Jim Nolan, 110 Union Street, #500, Seattle, WA 98101, (206) 689-4053.
Name of Proponent: Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, governmental.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: The rule amends our definition of asbestos-containing waste material, aligning it with the Asbestos NESHAP rule in 40 C.F.R. 61, Subpart M.
Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: Our definition of asbestos-containing waste material is clarified; and other appropriate references are changed to be consistent.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. This agency is not subject to the small business economic impact provision of the Administrative Procedure Act.
RCW 34.05.328 does not apply to this rule adoption. Pursuant to RCW 70.94.141(1), RCW 34.05.328 does not apply to this rule adoption.
Hearing Location: Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, 110 Union Street, Suite 500, Seattle, WA 98101, on February 27, 2003, at 9:15 a.m.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Agency Receptionist, (206) 689-4010, by February 20, 2003, TDD (800) 833-6388 or (800) 833-6385 (Braille).
Submit Written Comments to: Dennis McLerran, Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, 110 Union Street, Suite 500, Seattle, WA 98101, fax (206) 343-7522, by February 17, 2003.
Date of Intended Adoption: February 27, 2003.
January 21, 2003
REGULATION III SECTION 4.01 ASBESTOS DEFINITIONS
(a) AHERA BUILDING INSPECTOR means a person who has successfully completed the training requirements for a building inspector established by EPA Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan; Interim Final Rule (40 CFR Part 763, Appendix C) and whose certification is current.
(b) ASBESTOS means the asbestiform varieties of actinolite, amosite (cummingtonite-grunerite), tremolite, chrysotile (serpentinite), crocidolite (riebeckite), or anthophyllite.
(c) ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL means any material containing more than one percent (1%) asbestos as determined using the method specified in EPA regulations Appendix E, Subpart E, 40 CFR Part 763, Section l, Polarized Light Microscopy.
(d) ASBESTOS-CONTAINING WASTE MATERIAL means any waste that contains or is contaminated with friable asbestos-containing material. Asbestos-containing waste material includes asbestos waste from control equipment, materials used to enclose the work area during an asbestos project, asbestos-containing material collected for disposal, asbestos-contaminated waste, debris, containers, bags, protective clothing, or HEPA filters. Asbestos-containing waste material does not include samples of asbestos-containing material taken for testing or enforcement purposes.
(e) ASBESTOS PROJECT means any activity involving the abatement, renovation, demolition, removal, salvage, clean up, or disposal of friable, asbestos-containing material. It includes the removal and disposal of stored, friable, asbestos-containing material or asbestos-containing waste material. It does not include the application of duct tape, rewettable glass cloth, canvas, cement, paint, or other non-asbestos materials to seal or fill exposed areas where asbestos fibers may be released.
(f) ASBESTOS SURVEY means a written report describing an inspection using the procedures contained in EPA regulations (40 CFR 763.86), or an alternate method that has received prior written approval from the Control Officer, to determine whether materials or structures to be worked on, renovated, removed, or demolished (including materials on the outside of structures) contain asbestos.
(g) COMPONENT means any equipment, pipe, structural member, or other item covered or coated with, or manufactured from, asbestos-containing material.
(h) DEMOLITION means wrecking, razing, leveling, dismantling, or burning of a structure, making the structure permanently uninhabitable or unusable.
(i) FRIABLE, ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL means asbestos-containing material that, when dry, can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure or by the forces expected to act upon the material in the course of demolition, renovation, or disposal. Such materials include, but are not limited to, thermal system insulation, surfacing material, and cement asbestos products.
(j) LEAK-TIGHT CONTAINER means a dust-tight and liquid-tight container, at least 6-mil thick, that encloses asbestos-containing waste material and prevents solids or liquids from escaping or spilling out. Such containers may include sealed plastic bags, metal or fiber drums, and sealed polyethylene plastic.
(k) NONFRIABLE, ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL means asbestos-containing material that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure or by the forces expected to act on the material in the course of demolition, renovation, or disposal.
(l) RENOVATION means altering a facility or a component in any way, except demolition.
(m) SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCE means any non-multiple unit building containing space for uses such as living, sleeping, preparation of food, and eating that is used by one family who owns the property as their domicile. This term includes houses, mobile homes, trailers, detached garages, houseboats, and houses with a "mother-in-law apartment" or "guest room". This term does not include rental property or multiple-family units, nor does this term include any mixed-use building, structure, or installation that contains a residential unit.
(n) SURFACING MATERIAL means material that is sprayed-on, troweled-on, or otherwise applied to surfaces including, but not limited to, acoustical plaster on ceilings, paints, fireproofing materials on structural members, or other materials on surfaces for decorative purposes.
(o) SUSPECT ASBESTOS-CONTAINING MATERIAL means material that has historically contained asbestos including, but not limited to, surfacing material, thermal system insulation, roofing material, fire barriers, gaskets, flooring material, and cement siding.
(p) THERMAL SYSTEM INSULATION means material applied to pipes, fittings, boilers, tanks, ducts, or other structural components to prevent heat loss or gain.
REGULATION III SECTION 4.05 PROCEDURES FOR ASBESTOS PROJECTS
(a) Training Requirements
It shall be unlawful for any person to cause or allow any work on an asbestos project unless it is performed by persons trained and certified in accordance with the standards established by the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries, the federal Occupational Safety & Health Administration, or the United States Environmental Protection Agency (whichever agency has jurisdiction) and whose certification is current.
This certification requirement does not apply to asbestos projects conducted as part of a renovation in a single-family residence performed by the owner of the dwelling.
(b) Friable Asbestos Removal Work Practices
It shall be unlawful for any person to cause or allow the removal of friable, asbestos-containing material unless all the following requirements are met:
(1) The asbestos project shall be conducted in a controlled area, clearly marked by barriers and asbestos warning signs. Access to the controlled area shall be restricted to authorized personnel only.
(2) If a negative pressure enclosure is employed it shall be equipped with transparent viewing ports, if feasible, and shall be maintained in good working order.
(3) Absorbent, friable, asbestos-containing material, such as surfacing material and thermal system insulation, shall be saturated with a liquid wetting agent prior to removal. Any unsaturated, absorbent, friable, asbestos-containing material exposed during removal shall be immediately saturated with a liquid wetting agent.
(4) Nonabsorbent, friable, asbestos-containing material, such as cement asbestos board, shall be continuously coated with a liquid wetting agent on any exposed surface prior to and during removal. Any dry surfaces of nonabsorbent, friable, asbestos-containing material exposed during removal shall be immediately coated with a liquid wetting agent.
(5) Metal components (such as valves, fire doors, and reactor vessels) that have internal friable, asbestos-containing material are exempt from the requirements of Sections 4.05 (b)(3) and 4.05 (b)(4) if all access to the friable, asbestos-containing material is welded shut or the component has mechanical seals, which cannot be removed by hand, that separate the friable, asbestos-containing material from the environment.
(6) Except for surfacing materials being removed inside a negative pressure enclosure, friable, asbestos-containing materials that are being removed, have been removed, or may have fallen off components during an asbestos project shall be carefully lowered to the ground or a lower floor, not dropped, thrown, slid, or otherwise damaged.
(7) All ((
friable,)) asbestos-containing waste material
shall be sealed in leak-tight containers as soon as possible
after removal but no later than the end of each work shift.
(8) All absorbent, ((
friable,)) asbestos-containing waste
material shall be kept saturated with a liquid wetting agent
until sealed in leak-tight containers while saturated with a
liquid wetting agent. All nonabsorbent, (( friable,))
asbestos-containing waste material shall be kept coated with a
liquid wetting agent until sealed in leak-tight containers
while coated with a liquid wetting agent.
(9) The exterior of each leak-tight container shall be free of all asbestos residue and shall be permanently labeled with an asbestos warning sign as specified by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries or the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
(10) Immediately after sealing, each leak-tight container shall be permanently marked with the date the material was collected for disposal, the name of the waste generator, and the address at which the waste was generated. This marking must be readable without opening the container.
(11) Leak-tight containers shall not be dropped, thrown, slid, or otherwise damaged.
(12) The ((
friable,)) asbestos-containing waste material
shall be stored in a controlled area until transported to an
approved waste disposal site.
(c) Method of Removal for Nonfriable, Asbestos-Containing Material
It shall be unlawful for any person to cause or allow the removal of nonfriable, asbestos-containing material unless all the following requirements are met:
(1) Sanding, grinding, abrading, or sawing of nonfriable, asbestos-containing material shall be prohibited unless the material that is disturbed is handled as friable, asbestos-containing material in accordance with the requirements in Section 4.05(b) of this regulation;
(2) Appropriate dust control methods as provided in Section 9.15 of Regulation I shall be used, as necessary, to control fugitive dust emissions from the removal of nonfriable, asbestos-containing material;
(3) After being removed, the nonfriable, asbestos-containing material shall be promptly transferred to a disposal container; and
(4) Each disposal container shall have a sign identifying
the material as nonfriable((
, asbestos-containing waste
material)) asbestos waste.