WSR 04-10-057



[ Filed April 30, 2004, 2:18 p.m. , effective July 1, 2004 ]

Date of Adoption: April 30, 2004.

Purpose: Amendments were made to sections with the Washington Wheat Commission's Marketing Order, chapter 16-528 WAC. During the past three legislative sessions, significant amendments were made to the commission's enabling statute, chapter 15.66 RCW. These statutory changes prompted the proposed amendments to chapter 16-528 WAC. The changes achieve consistency with the statute, as well as, improve the readability and clarity of the marketing order.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 16-528-030; and amending WAC 16-528-010, 16-528-020, and 16-528-040.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 15.66.030, 15.66.053, 15.66.055, and chapter 34.05 RCW.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 03-21-142 on October 21, 2003.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 2, Amended 3, Repealed 1.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: July 1, 2004.

April 30, 2004

Valoria H. Loveland



WAC 16-528-004   Marketing order for Washington wheat -- Policy statement.   (1) The marketing of wheat within this state is in the public interest. It is vital to the continued economic well-being of the citizens of this state and their general welfare that its wheat be properly promoted by:

(a) Enabling producers of wheat to help themselves in establishing orderly, fair, sound, efficient, and unhampered marketing, grading, and standardizing of the wheat they produce.

(b) Working towards stabilizing the agricultural industry by increasing consumption of wheat within the state, the nation, and internationally.

(2) That it is in the overriding public interest that support for the wheat industry be clearly expressed, that adequate protection be given to the industry and its activities and operations, and that wheat be promoted individually, and as part of a comprehensive agricultural industry to:

(a) Enhance the reputation and image of Washington state's wheat.

(b) Increase the sale and use of Washington state's wheat in local, domestic, and foreign markets.

(c) Protect the public by educating the public in reference to the quality, care, and methods used in the production of Washington state's wheat.

(d) Increase the knowledge of the health-giving qualities and dietetic value of Washington state's wheat and products.

(e) Support and engage in programs or activities that benefit the planting, production, harvesting, handling, processing, marketing, and uses of wheat produced in Washington state.

(3) The director is authorized to implement, administer, and enforce chapter 15.66 RCW through this marketing order.

(4) The Washington state wheat commission exists primarily for the benefit of the people of the state of Washington and its economy, and with oversight by the director, the commission is authorized to speak on behalf of Washington state government with regard to wheat under the provisions of this marketing order.


WAC 16-528-005   Marketing order purposes.   (1) The marketing order for wheat is to promote the general welfare of the state and for the purpose of maintaining existing markets or creating new or larger local, domestic, and foreign markets; or increasing production efficiency, ensuring a fair regulatory environment; or increasing per capita consumption of wheat in Washington state. The Washington state wheat commission is designated by the director to conduct the following programs in accordance with chapter 15.66 RCW:

(a) To establish plans and conduct programs for marketing and sales promotion. The commission may also engage in cooperative efforts in the domestic or foreign marketing of wheat food products.

(b) To provide for carrying on research studies to find more efficient methods of irrigation, production, processing, handling, transportation, and marketing of wheat.

(c) To adopt rules in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW to provide for improving standards and grades of wheat by defining, establishing, and providing labeling requirements with respect to the same.

(d) To investigate and take necessary action to prevent unfair trade practices.

(e) Subject to the provisions of the act, to provide information and communicate on matters pertaining to the production, irrigation, processing, transportation, marketing, or uses of wheat produced in Washington state to any elected official or officer or employee of any agency.

(f) To conduct programs for the purpose of providing information and education including:

(i) Marketing information and services for producers of wheat.

(ii) Information and services enabling producers to meet their resource conservation objectives.

(iii) Wheat-related education and training.

(2) The director shall approve any plans, programs, and projects concerning:

(a) The establishment, issuance, effectuation, and administration of programs authorized under this section for wheat marketing and promotion, wheat research, education, and information.

(b) The establishment and effectuation of market research projects, market development projects, or both to the end that marketing and utilization of the wheat may be encouraged, expanded, improved, or made more efficient.


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Marketing Order, Article I, effective 4/30/58)

WAC 16-528-010   Definitions.   ((As used in this marketing order, the following terms shall have the following meanings:)) Definitions for terms used in this chapter are also found in chapter 15.66 RCW, Washington State Agricultural Commodity Commissions Act. For the purposes of the wheat marketing order, the following additional definitions shall apply:

(1) "Director" means the director of agriculture of the state of Washington or ((his duly appointed representatives)) any qualified person or persons designated by the director of agriculture to act for him or her concerning some matter under this chapter;

(2) "Act" means the Washington ((Agricultural Enabling)) State Agricultural Commodity Commissions Act, ((being)) chapter 15.66 RCW;

(3) "Person" includes any individual, firm, corporation, limited liability company, trust, association, partnership, society or any other organization of individuals or any unit or agency of local or state government;

(4) "Producer" means any person who is engaged in the business of producing or causing to be produced for market, in commercial quantities, wheat grown in the designated affected area of the state of Washington. "To produce" means to act as a producer. For the purposes of the wheat marketing order, "producer" shall include bailees who contract to produce or grow any agricultural product on behalf of a bailor who retains title to the seed and its resulting agricultural product or the agricultural product delivered for further production or increase;

(5) "Affected producer" means any producer who is subject to this marketing order;

(6) "Commercial quantities" shall mean and include five hundred or more bushels of wheat produced for market in any calendar year by any producer;

(((6))) (7) "Wheat" means and includes all kinds and varieties of wheat grown in the state of Washington;

(((7))) (8) "Wheat commission" or "commission" are synonymous and mean the commission established pursuant to the provisions of WAC 16-528-020;

(((8) "Marketing season" or "fiscal year" are synonymous and mean the twelve month period beginning January 1 of any year and ending upon the last day of December, both dates inclusive;))

(9) "Marketing year" refers to the twelve-month period beginning June 1 of any year and ending on May 31. "Fiscal year" refers to the twelve-month period beginning July 1 of any year and ending on June 30.

(10) "Handler" means any person ((engaged in the business of handling, selling, processing, storing, shipping, or distributing wheat which he has purchased or acquired from a producer, or which he is shipping for or on behalf of a producer, and shall include any lending agency, for a commodity credit corporation loan to producers)) who acts, either as principal, agent, or otherwise, in the processing, selling, marketing, or distributing of wheat that is not produced by the handler. "Handler" does not include a common carrier used to transport an agricultural commodity. "To handle" means to act as a handler;

(((10))) (11) "Commercial channels" means the sale of wheat for use as food, feed, seed or any industrial or chemurgic use, when sold to any commercial buyer, dealer, processor, cooperative, or to any person, public or private, who resells any wheat, or products produced from wheat;

(((11))) (12) "Affected area" shall mean and include the following counties located in the state of Washington: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens, Walla Walla, Whitman and Yakima.

[Marketing Order, Article I, effective 4/30/58.]

AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 1999, filed 3/29/89)

WAC 16-528-020   Wheat commission -- Structure -- Powers, duties -- Procedure.   (1) Establishment and membership. A wheat commission is hereby established to administer this marketing order and shall be composed of five members who shall be producers ((elected)) who are nominated by producers in each district and subsequently appointed by the director as provided in this section and two members who shall be appointed by the ((elected producer)) commission members. In addition, the director shall be ((an ex officio)) a voting member of the commission.

(2) Representative districts.

(a) The affected area shall be divided into the five following districts:

District I -- One commission member
Ferry County
Lincoln County
Pend Oreille County
Spokane County
Stevens County

District II -- One commission member

Whitman County

District III -- One commission member

Asotin County
Columbia County
Garfield County
Walla Walla County

District IV -- One commission member

Adams County
Chelan County
Douglas County
Grant County
Okanogan County

District V -- One commission member

Benton County
Franklin County
Kittitas County
Klickitat County
Yakima County

((Each district shall nominate one or more nominees but elect one commission member only.))

(b) Producer positions appointed by the director shall be numbered one through five. Positions appointed by the commission members shall be numbered six and seven. The director's position shall be position eight.

(c) Nomination and appointment of director-appointed commission members shall be as set forth in chapter 15.66 RCW and specified by the director.

(3) Membership qualifications. Commission members shall be citizens and residents of this state, over the age of ((twenty-five)) eighteen years. Producer members of the commission shall be producers of wheat in the district in and for which they are nominated and ((elected)) appointed. The qualifications of producer members of the commission as herein set forth must continue during their term of office.

(4) Term of office -- Initial commission.

(a) The term of office of commission members shall be three years from the date of their ((election)) appointment and until their successors are ((elected)) appointed and qualified. The terms of office for the initial commission members shall be as follows:

Districts I and II shall terminate December 31, 1958.

Districts III and IV shall terminate December 31, 1959.

District V shall terminate December 31, 1960.

One appointed member's term shall terminate December 31, 1959.

The second appointed member's term shall terminate December 31, 1960.

The appointed members of the initial commission shall be elected by a majority of the elected commissioners at the first meeting.

(b) Within thirty days of the effective date of this amended marketing order, the names of the currently elected board members shall be forwarded to the director for appointment to the commission.

(5) Nomination and ((election)) appointment of commission members.

(a) Nomination and ((election)) subsequent appointment of director-appointed commission members shall be as set forth in ((the act)) chapter 15.66 RCW and specified by the director. Dates will be set as follows:

(i) Nominating petitions for director-appointed positions shall be sent not earlier than September 17th and not later than October 2nd of each year in the district wherein ((a vacancy)) an open commission position(s) will occur. Nominating petitions shall be signed by not less than five affected producers of the district from which such a candidate will be ((elected)) appointed.

(ii) Filing of nominating petitions for director-appointed positions shall be mailed to the director not earlier than October 8th and not later than October 13th of each year.

(iii) Ballots for an advisory vote will be mailed to all producers in the district wherein ((a vacancy)) an open commission position(s) will occur, not earlier than October 18th and not later than November 2nd of each year.

(iv) Ballots for an advisory vote shall be returned not later than December 2nd of such year. An affected producer is entitled to one vote.

(((b) With respect to the initial wheat commission, the director shall call for nominations with the notice of his final decision following the hearing. The ballot for the election of commissioners shall be secret and shall be forwarded to the producers at the same time the director's proposed marketing order is mailed to the producers for their assent.)) (v) When only one nominee is nominated by the affected producers for a director-appointed position, RCW 15.66.120 shall apply.

(b) Except with respect to the initial wheat commission, the members of the commission not elected by the producers or appointed by the director shall be appointed by a majority of the commission within ninety days prior to the expiration of the term.

(6) Vacancies.

(((a) To fill any vacancy occasioned by the failure to qualify of any person elected by the producers as a member of the commission, or in the event of the death, removal, resignation or disqualification of any member, the director shall call for nominations and conduct such election within the district wherein the vacancy occurred, in the manner provided in subsection (5) of this section.

(b) To fill nonelective vacancies caused by other reasons than the expiration of the term, the new members shall be elected by the commission at its first meeting after the occurrence of the vacancy.)) (a) In the event of a vacancy in a commission-appointed position, the remaining members shall select a qualified person to fill the term. The appointment shall be made at the commission's first or second meeting after the position becomes vacant.

(b) In the event of a vacancy in a director-appointed position, the position shall be filled as specified in chapter 15.66 RCW.

(7) Powers and duties of commission. The commission shall have the powers and duties, as specified under RCW 15.66.140((, and shall include but not be limited to)) including the following:

(a) To collect the assessments of producers as provided in this marketing order and to expend the same in accordance with, and to effectuate the purposes of the act, and this marketing order.

(b) To prepare a budget or budgets covering anticipated income and expenses to be incurred in carrying out the provisions of this marketing order during each fiscal year. The commission, at least thirty days prior to the beginning of its fiscal year, shall prepare and submit to the director for approval its marketing, research, commodity-related education and training plan, and its budget.

(c) To accept and receive gifts and grants from private persons or private and public agencies and expend same.

(d) To administer, enforce, direct, and control the provisions of this marketing order and of the act relating thereto.

(e) To elect a chairman and such other officers as the commission may deem advisable.

(f) To adopt, rescind, and amend rules reasonably necessary for the administration and operation of the commission and the enforcement of its duties under this marketing order.

(g) To employ and discharge at its discretion such administrators and additional personnel, attorneys, advertising and research agencies, and other persons and firms that it may deem appropriate and pay compensation to the same.

(h) To acquire personal property and lease office space and other necessary real property and transfer and convey the same.

(i) To institute and maintain in its own name any and all legal actions, including actions by injunction, mandatory injunction, or civil recovery, or proceedings, before administrative tribunals or other governmental authorities necessary to carry out the provisions of the act and of this marketing order.

(j) To keep accurate records of all its receipts and disbursements, which records shall be open to inspection and audit by the department and other legal agencies of the state and make annual reports therefrom to the state auditor.

(k) To borrow money and incur indebtedness.

(l) To make necessary disbursements for routine operating expenses.

(m) To work cooperatively with other local, state, and federal agencies; universities; and national organizations for the purposes set forth in this marketing order.

(n) To enter into contracts or interagency agreements with any private or public agency, whether federal, state, or local, to carry out the purposes set forth in this marketing order. Personal service contracts must comply with chapter 39.29 RCW.

(o) To enter into contracts or agreements for research in the production, irrigation, processing, transportation, marketing, use, or distribution of wheat.

(p) To retain in emergent situations the services of private legal counsel to conduct legal actions on behalf of the commission. The retention of a private attorney is subject to review by the office of the attorney general.

(q) To engage in appropriate fund-raising activities for the purpose of supporting activities of the commission authorized by this marketing order.

(r) To participate in international, federal, state, and local hearings, meetings, and other proceedings relating to the production, irrigation, manufacture, regulation, transportation, distribution, sale, or use of wheat including activities authorized under RCW 42.17.190, including the reporting of those activities to the public disclosure commission.

(s) To maintain a list of the names and addresses of affected producers that may be compiled from information used to collect assessments under the provisions of this marketing order and data on the value of each producer's production for a minimum three-year period pursuant to RCW 15.66.140.

(t) To maintain a list of the names and addresses of persons who handle wheat within the affected area and data on the amount and value of the wheat handled for a minimum three-year period by each person pursuant to RCW 15.66.140.

(u) To maintain a list of names and addresses of all affected persons who produce wheat and the amount, by unit, of wheat produced during the past three years pursuant to RCW 15.66.143.

(v) To maintain a list of all persons who handle wheat and the amount of wheat handled by each person during the past three years pursuant to RCW 15.66.143.

(w) To establish a foundation using commission funds as grant money for the purposes established in this marketing order.

(x) To request records and audit the records of producers or handlers of the affected commodity during normal business hours to determine whether the appropriate assessment has been paid.

(y) To assist and cooperate with the department or any other local, state, or federal government agency in the investigation and control of exotic pests and diseases that could damage or affect trade of the affected commodity.

(z) To acquire or own intellectual property rights, licenses, or patents and to collect royalties resulting from commission-funded research related to the affected commodity.

(aa) To exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as are necessary and proper to effectuate the purposes of the act and of this order.

(8) Procedure for commission.

(a) The commission shall, by resolution, establish a headquarters which shall continue as such unless and until so changed by the commission, at which headquarters shall be kept the books, records and minutes of the commission meetings.

(b) The commission shall hold regular meetings, at least quarterly, with the time and date thereof to be fixed by the resolution of the commission. Notice of the time and place of regular meetings shall be published on or before January of each year in the Washington State Register. Notice of any change to the meeting schedule shall be published in the state register at least twenty days prior to the rescheduled meeting date.

(c) The commission shall hold an annual meeting at which time an annual report will be presented. The proposed budget shall be presented for discussion at the meeting. Notice of the annual meeting shall be given by the wheat commission at least ten days prior to the meeting, through the regular wire news services and radio-television press.

(d) The commission shall establish by resolution, the time, place and manner of calling special meetings with reasonable notice to the members: Provided, ((however,)) That the notice to a member of any special meeting may be waived by a waiver ((thereof signed by each)) from that member ((thereof)) of the board. Notice for special meetings shall be in compliance with chapter 42.30 RCW.

(e) Any action taken by the commission shall require the majority vote of the members present, provided a quorum is present.

(f) A quorum of the commission shall consist of at least five members.

(g) No members of the commission shall receive any salary or other compensation from the commission, except that each member shall receive an amount not to exceed the amount as allowed in RCW 43.03.230, as it exists now or as hereafter amended, for each day spent in actual attendance at or traveling to and from meetings of the commission or on special assignments for the commission, together with subsistence, lodging, and mileage expense allowed by RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060 as authorized by RCW 15.66.130((, the Enabling Act of 1955)). The commission may adopt by resolution provisions for reimbursement of actual travel expenses incurred by members of the commission in carrying out the provisions of this marketing order pursuant to RCW 15.66.130.

[Statutory Authority: Chapters 15.66 and 43.03 RCW. 89-08-020 (Order 1999), 16-528-020, filed 3/29/89; Marketing Order, Article II, effective 4/30/58.]

AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 1975, filed 4/13/88, effective 6/1/88)

WAC 16-528-040   Assessments and collection.   (1) Assessments. The annual assessment on wheat shall be ((one-half)) three-fourths of one percent of the net receipts at the first point of sale. The assessment shall be levied and paid by the producer, or deducted, as provided in this section, whether the wheat is sold in this or any other state.

(2) Collection of assessments. The collection of the assessment made and levied by the wheat commission, pursuant to the provisions of the act, shall be paid by the producer ((thereof)) upon all commercial quantities of wheat sold, processed, stored or delivered for sale, processing or storage by him, under any or all of the methods of collections set forth in RCW 15.66.150, in accordance with rules ((and regulations)) to be ((promulgated)) adopted by the wheat commission: Provided, ((however,)) That no assessment shall be levied or collected on wheat grown and used by the producer for feed, seed, or personal consumption.

(3) Funds. All moneys collected by the wheat commission shall be used only for the purposes of paying for the costs or expenses arising in connection with carrying out the purposes and provisions of the act and the wheat marketing order. At the end of each fiscal year, the commission shall credit each producer with any amount paid by such producer in excess of the assessment. Refund may be made only upon satisfactory proof given by the producer in accordance with reasonable rules and regulations prescribed by the director.

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 15.66 RCW. 88-09-019 (Order 1975), 16-528-040, filed 4/13/88, effective 6/1/88; 82-11-002 (Order 1765), 16-528-040, filed 5/6/82, effective 7/1/82; Order 1450, 16-528-040, filed 4/30/76; Marketing Order, Article IV, effective 4/30/58.]


     The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
WAC 16-528-030 Marketing order purposes.

Legislature Code Reviser 


Washington State Code Reviser's Office