WSR 05-01-016



[ Filed December 2, 2004, 10:53 a.m. , effective July 1, 2005 ]

Purpose: To amend the Washington state amendments to the 2003 International Fire Code to delete requirements regulating gas and charcoal grills, to revise provisions for evacuation plans, to amend requirements for display of cut trees, to amend the phrase "spray spaces" to "spray areas" for consistency with defined terms, and to provide requirements for marinas.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 51-54-0300; and [new sections] WAC 51-54-0400, 51-54-0800, 51-54-1500, and 51-54-4600.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 19.27.020, 19.27.031, and 19.27.074.

Other Authority: Chapters 19.27 and 34.05 RCW.

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 04-17-020 on August 9, 2004.

Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: Group LC was added to the list of occupancies that may require fire safety and evacuation plans under Section 404.2.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 4, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 5, Repealed 0.

Date Adopted: November 12, 2004.

Stan Price

Council Chair


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 04-01-105, filed 12/17/03, effective 7/1/04)

WAC 51-54-0300   Chapter 3 -- General precautions against fire.  

307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted with prior approval from the state or local air and water quality management authority, provided that all conditions specified in the authorization are followed. See also chapter 173-425 WAC.

307.3.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet of a structure or combustible material. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition. See also chapter 173-425 WAC.

308.3.1 Open-flame cooking devices. This section is not adopted.

308.3.1.1 Liquefied-petroleum-gas-fueled cooking devices. This section is not adopted.

308.3.4 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.

EXCEPTION: Candles used in religious ceremonies. See RCW 19.27.031(3).

308.3.5 Religious ceremonies. Participants in religious ceremonies shall not be precluded from carrying hand-held candles.

308.3.7 Group A Occupancies. Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A Occupancy.

EXCEPTIONS: 1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations:
1.1 Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with Section 308.5.
1.2 On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with Section 308.6, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants.
1.3 Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants.
2. Heat-producing equipment complying with Chapter 6 and the International Mechanical Code.
3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074. 04-01-105, 51-54-0300, filed 12/17/03, effective 7/1/04.]

WAC 51-54-0400   Chapter 4 -- Emergency planning and preparedness.  

401.2 Approval. Where required by the fire code official, fire safety plans, emergency procedures, and employee training programs shall be approved.

404.2 Where required. A fire safety and evacuation plan shall be prepared and maintained in accordance with this chapter for the following occupancies and buildings when required by the fire code official.

1. Group A having an occupant load of 100 or more.

2. Group E.

3. Group H.

4. Group I.

5. Group R-1.

6. Group R-4.

7. Group LC.

8. High-rise buildings.

9. Group M buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

10. Covered malls exceeding 50,000 sf in aggregate floor area.

11. Underground buildings.

12. Buildings with an atrium and having an occupancy in Group A, E, or M.

404.4 Maintenance. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be reviewed by the owner or occupant annually or as necessitated by changes in staff assignments, occupancy, or the physical arrangement of the building.

408.11.1.1 Approval. The lease plan shall be submitted to the fire code official, and shall be maintained on-site for immediate reference by responding fire service personnel.

408.11.1.2 Revisions. The lease plan shall be reviewed by the owner or occupant and revised annually or as often as necessary to keep them current.


WAC 51-54-0800   Chapter 8 -- Interior finish, decorative materials and furnishings.  

804.l.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited in Group I-1, I-2, I-3, I-4, LC and R-4 occupancies.

804.l.2 Support devices. The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:

1. The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.

2. The device shall be capable of containing a minimum supply of water in accordance with Table 804.1.2.

3. The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem at least 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked at least once daily.

804.l.3 Dryness. The tree shall be removed from the building whenever the tree is determined to be dry by needle pliability, discoloration or other approved means as approved by the fire code official. The tree shall be checked daily for dryness.

Table 804.1.2 -- Support Stand Water Capacity

Tree Stem Diameter (inches) Minimum Support Stand Water Capacity (gallons) Typical Daily Water Transpiration Amount (gallons)
Up to 4 1 1/4 to 1
4 to 6 1 1/2 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
7 to 8 2 1 3/4 to 2
9 to 12 3 2 1/4 to 3
13 and over 4 Over 3


WAC 51-54-1500   Chapter 15 -- Flammable finishes.  

1503.2.1.1 Spray and vapor areas. Electrical wiring and equipment in spray and vapor areas shall be of an explosion-proof type approved for use in such hazardous locations. Such areas shall be considered to be Class I, Division 1 or Class II, Division 1 hazardous locations in accordance with the ICC Electrical Code.

1503.2.2 Open flames and sparks. Open flames and spark-producing devices shall not be located in spray or vapor areas and shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 mm) of such areas unless separated by a permanent partition.

1503.2.4 Equipment enclosures. Equipment or apparatus that is capable of producing sparks or particles of hot metal that would fall into a spray or vapor area shall be totally enclosed.

1503.2.6 Smoking prohibited. Smoking shall be prohibited in spray or vapor areas. "No Smoking" signs complying with Section 310 shall be conspicuously posted in such areas.

1504.1.3 Spraying areas. Spraying areas shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the International Building Code and Sections 1504.1.3.1, 1504.2, 1504.3, 1504.4, 1504.5 and 1504.6 of this code.

1504.1.3.1 Floor. Combustible floor construction in spraying areas shall be covered by approved, noncombustible, nonsparking material, except where combustible coverings, such as thin paper or plastic and strippable coatings are utilized over noncombustible materials to facilitate cleaning operations in spraying areas.

1504.4 Different coatings. Spray booths, spray rooms and spray areas shall not be alternately utilized for different types of coating materials where the combination of materials is conducive to spontaneous ignition, unless all deposits of one material are removed from the booth, room or area and exhaust ducts prior to spraying with a different material.

1504.5 Illumination. Where spraying areas, spray rooms or spray booths are illuminated through glass panels or other transparent materials, only fixed lighting units shall be utilized as a source of illumination.


WAC 51-54-4600   Chapter 46 -- Marinas.  


4601.1 Scope. Marina facilities shall be in accordance with this chapter.

4601.1.1 Plans and approvals. Plans for marina fire-protection facilities shall be approved prior to installation. The work shall be subject to final inspection and approval after installation.

4601.1.2 Permits. Permits are required to use open-flame devices for maintenance or repair on vessels, floats, piers or wharves.


4602.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for the purpose of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

FLOAT is a floating structure normally used as a point of transfer for passengers and goods, or both, for mooring purposes.

MARINA is any portion of the ocean or inland water, either naturally or artificially protected, for the mooring, servicing or safety of vessels and shall include artificially protected works, the public or private lands ashore, and structures or facilities provided within the enclosed body of water and ashore for the mooring or servicing of vessels or the servicing of their crews or passengers.

PIER is a structure built over the water, supported by pillars or piles, and used as a landing place, pleasure pavilion or similar purpose.

VESSEL is watercraft of any type, other than seaplanes on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation. Included in this definition are nontransportation vessels such as houseboats and boathouses.

WHARF is a structure or bulkhead constructed of wood, stone, concrete or similar material built at the shore of a harbor, lake or river for vessels to lie alongside of, and piers or floats to be anchored to.


4603.1 Combustible debris. Combustible debris and rubbish shall not be deposited or accumulated on land beneath marina structures, piers or wharves.

4603.2 Sources of ignition. Open-flame devices used for lighting or decoration on the exterior of a vessel, float, pier or wharf shall be approved.

4603.3 Flammable or combustible liquid spills. Spills of flammable or combustible liquids at or upon the water shall be reported immediately to the fire department or jurisdictional authorities.

4603.4 Rubbish containers. Containers with tight-fitting or self-closing lids shall be provided for the temporary storage of combustible trash or rubbish.

4603.5 Electrical equipment. Electrical equipment shall be installed and used in accordance with its listing and Section 605 as required for wet, damp and hazardous locations.


4604.1 General. Marinas, piers, wharves, floats with facilities for mooring or servicing five or more vessels, and marine motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations shall be equipped with fire-protection equipment in accordance with Section 4604.

4604.2 Standpipes. Marinas shall be equipped throughout with standpipe systems in accordance with NFPA 303.

4604.3 Access and water supply. Piers and wharves shall be provided with fire apparatus access roads and water-supply systems with on-site fire hydrants when required and approved by the fire code official.

4604.4 Portable fire extinguishers. One fire extinguisher for ordinary (moderate) hazard type, shall be provided at each required hose station. Additional fire extinguishers, suitable for the hazards involved, shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Section 906.

4604.5 Communications. A telephone not requiring a coin to operate or other approved, clearly identified means to notify the fire department shall be provided on the site in a location approved by the code official.


4605.1 Fuel dispensing. Marine motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations shall be in accordance with Chapter 22.


Legislature Code Reviser 


Washington State Code Reviser's Office