Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 03-19-003.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: Amending WAC 284-24-065 Demonstration that rates satisfy the requirements of RCW 48.19.020 - i.e., that they are not excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory.
Hearing Location(s): Insurance Commissioner's Office, Room TR 120, 5000 Capitol Boulevard, Tumwater, WA 98501, on October 13, 2005, at 10:00 a.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: October 27, 2005.
Submit Written Comments to: Kacy Scott, P.O. Box 40258, Olympia, WA 98504-0258, e-mail Kacys@oic.wa.gov, fax (360) 586-3109, by October 11, 2005.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Lori Villaflores by October 11, 2005, TDD (360) 586-0241 or (360) 725-7087.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: RCW 48.19.040(2) requires property and casualty insurers to submit (in their rate filings) supporting information to demonstrate that their rates are not excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory. WAC 284-24-065 currently requires insurers to submit detailed and complex calculations showing how they have accounted for the cost of capital in their rate making.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: The proposed amendment deletes most of the specific requirements for detailed and complex calculations. And for insurers who wish to avail themselves of this option, it offers an alternative, simpler way of showing that their rates are not excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 48.02.060, 48.19.080.
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 48.19.020.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Mike Kreidler, Insurance Commissioner, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Melodie Bankers, P.O. Box 40255, Olympia, WA 98504-0255, (360) 725-7039; Implementation and Enforcement: Beth Berendt, P.O. Box 40255, Olympia, WA 98504-0255, (360) 725-7117.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. In accordance with RCW 19.85.030 (1)(a), a small business economic impact statement is not required because the proposed amendment to WAC 284-24-065 will impose no more than minor costs.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. This proposed amendment is not a significant legislative rule as defined in RCW 34.05.328 (5)(c)(iii). This proposed amendment is a procedural rule as defined in RCW 34.04.328 [34.05.328] (5)(c)(i).
September 7, 2005
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Matter No. R 98-4, filed 10/7/98, effective 11/7/98)
WAC 284-24-065 Demonstration that rates satisfy the requirements of RCW 48.19.020. (1) When an insurer or rating organization files rates with the commissioner, it must demonstrate that the proposed rates satisfy the requirements of chapter 48.19 RCW. RCW 48.19.020 requires that premium rates for insurance shall not be excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory. A rate is reasonable and not excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory if it is an actuarially sound estimate of the expected value of all future costs associated with an individual risk transfer. Such costs include claims, claim settlement expenses, operational and administrative expenses, and the cost of capital. ((
insurer or rating organization files rates with the
commissioner, it must demonstrate how it has accounted for
each of these costs, so that the commissioner can determine
whether the proposed rates satisfy the requirements of RCW 48.19.020.
(2) An insurer filing rates must demonstrate that it has accounted for the cost of capital by showing that its expected after-tax return on equity is consistent with its expected cost of capital. A rating organization filing rates must demonstrate that it has accounted for the cost of capital by showing that its members' or subscribers' expected after-tax return on equity is consistent with their expected cost of capital. An insurer or rating organization may establish the expected cost of capital by citing:
(a) Data pertaining to historical after-tax returns on equity for the property-casualty insurance industry as a whole; or
(b) Data pertaining to historical after-tax returns on equity for insurers writing coverages involving a similar level of risk; or
(c) Data pertaining to historical after-tax returns on equity for other industries involving a similar level of risk; or
(d) In the case of a stock insurer, data pertaining to the after-tax return on equity necessary to attract and retain investors; or
(e) In the case of a mutual or reciprocal insurer, data pertaining to the after-tax return on equity necessary to maintain policyholders' surplus adequate to support the insurer's business.
(3) For the purposes of this section, equity shall customarily be computed under generally accepted accounting principles. However, at the rate filer's option, insurers' statutory surplus as regards policyholders may be used instead. The equity assigned to the writing of a particular coverage in this state shall be determined by making a reasonable allocation of total equity by coverage and by state. Allocation of equity by coverage may involve a recognition of the differences in the level of risk by coverage.
(4) The expected after-tax return shall include:
(a) Expected underwriting profit or loss; and
(b) Expected investment income, including, but not limited to, investment income on assets corresponding to unearned premium reserves, loss and loss adjustment expense reserves, and statutory surplus as regards policyholders; and
(c) Other expected income, at the filer's option; and
(d) Expected federal income taxes arising from (a), (b), and (c) of this subsection, including, but not limited to, taxes due to the revenue offset, reserve discounting, and alternative minimum tax provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1986.
(5) Due to the variability of expected realized and unrealized capital gains and taxes thereon, the commissioner will not require that these items be included in the expected after-tax return for ratemaking purposes.
(6) Expected after-tax return on equity shall be determined as the annualized rate of return arising from policies to be written in the period during which the filing is expected to be in effect. The calculations involved should follow from the methods used in preparing the filing.
(7) In lieu of allocating its equity as prescribed by subsection (3) of this section, an insurer may establish a target operating ratio applicable to all coverages.))
(2) For the purposes of this section, "operating ratio"
is)) means the sum of after-tax underwriting profit (or
loss) and after-tax investment income on assets corresponding
to unearned premium reserves and loss and loss adjustment
expense reserves, divided by premium. (( The insurer must show
that its target operating ratio corresponds to an expected
after-tax return on equity that is consistent with its cost of
capital, in accordance with subsection (2) of this section. Although investment income on assets corresponding to
policyholders' surplus is not included in the calculation of
an operating ratio, this component of investment income must
be considered in establishing the target operating ratio,
because it must be included in the expected after-tax return
on equity, in accordance with subsection (4) of this section.
(8))) (3) For liability insurance, if the increased limits factors include risk loads, the proportion of the expected premium (net of expenses) arising from the risk loads for all policy limits shall be included in the expected underwriting profit or loss.
(9) So that the commissioner may more easily determine
whether rates satisfy the requirements of RCW 48.19.020:
(a) The use of the word "indicated" in a rate filing to describe a rate or rate change shall be limited to situations in which:
(i) The insurer or rating organization making the filing has taken into account all of the factors listed in RCW 48.19.030 (3)(a) through (f); and
(ii) The rate or rate change labeled "indicated" corresponds to an expected after-tax return on equity which is supported as required by subsection (2) of this section.
(b) A rate filing must contain an explanation of any material difference between an indicated rate or rate change and a proposed rate or rate change.
(10) Filings of supplementary rating information, as defined by WAC 284-24-062 (2)(f), are exempt from the requirements of this section. However, if package modification factors are not supported by data showing the relationship between package and monoline loss experience and expenses, the requirements of this section apply to filings of package modification factors.)) (4) Rates are not considered excessive if the expected operating ratio is less than or equal to four percent.
(5) Rates are not considered inadequate if the expected operating ratio is greater than or equal to zero.
(6) When an insurer or rating organization files rates for which the expected operating ratio is less than zero or greater than four percent, it must demonstrate that the proposed rates and expected operating ratio are consistent with the principles stated in subsection (1) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 48.02.060, 48.19.080, 48.19.370 and 48.19.020. 98-20-102 (Matter No. R 98-4), § 284-24-065, filed 10/7/98, effective 11/7/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 48.02.060 and 48.19.080. 91-01-073 (Order R 90-13), § 284-24-065, filed 12/17/90, effective 1/17/91.]