Effective Date of Rule: Immediately.
Purpose: To implement the felon screening process required by RCW 29A.08.520 and in accordance with a King County superior court ruling on felon voting eligibility, Madison v. State of Washington, No. 04-2-33414-4.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 434-324-106.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 29A.04.611.
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that state or federal law or federal rule or a federal deadline for state receipt of federal funds requires immediate adoption of a rule.
Reasons for this Finding: RCW 29A.08.520 requires the office of the secretary of state (OSOS) to screen the statewide list of registered voters for felons. OSOS will soon be notifying those felons that have been identified following a screening. This rule establishes the process for notifying the felons in addition to the process county auditors must use if a felon disputes the pending cancellation of voter registration.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: May 4, 2006.
Assistant Secretary of State
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 05-24-039, filed 11/30/05, effective 12/31/05)
WAC 434-324-106 Felony conviction -- Secretary's quarterly comparisons ((
and pending cancellation notifications)).
Once a quarter, the secretary must perform comparisons with
the (( Washington state patrol, the office of the administrator
for the courts, and other appropriate state agencies))
department of corrections, as authorized in RCW 29A.08.520, to
search for registration records of felons(( . The quarterly
comparison must be performed prior to the first extraction or
pull of absentee ballots for a primary, special, or general
election)) who are under the legal custody of the department
of corrections due to an adult felony conviction. The
secretary must create a list of (( matches by confirming that))
felon voters by matching the first name, last name, (( and))
date of birth (( match)), and other identifying information.
The list of matches must be compared to information
provided by the office of the administrator for the courts and
the clemency board to identify felons who have received
certificates of discharge or gubernatorial pardons for all
(3) The secretary must not cancel the voter registration record of a voter who has received a certificate of discharge or gubernatorial pardon for all felony convictions. The secretary must flag the voter registration record to prevent future cancellation based on these previous felony convictions.
(4) If there is no record of a certificate of discharge
or gubernatorial pardon for each felony conviction)) For each
felon voter, the secretary must change the voter's
registration status to "pending cancellation." This change of
status must be entered prior to the first extraction or pull
of absentee or mail ballots. The official statewide voter
registration data base must automatically notify the county
election management system of the change. Voters with pending
cancellation status must not be included in ((
the)) a poll
book (( and must not receive)) or be mailed an absentee or mail
(5))) (3) The secretary must mail a notification letter
to each felon whose status is pending cancellation. (( In
addition to sending a copy of the notification letter to the
auditor, the secretary must also send notification of the
voter's pending cancellation status to the auditor through the
election management system.)) The notification letter must be
sent to the felon's last known registration mailing address
indicating that his or her voter registration is about to be
canceled. The (( form)) letter must contain language notifying
the felon that (( if the pending cancellation status is in
error, the felon)) he or she may contact the auditor's office
to (( reconcile the error and)) correct the information or
request a hearing if the felon status is not correct or the
right to vote has been restored. The letter must also inform
the felon that he or she may request a provisional ballot for
any pending elections. (( As outlined in RCW 29A.08.520, the
form must also provide information on how the right to vote
may be restored, as well as how to register to vote after the
right to vote has been restored.)) The notification letter
must contain substantially the following language:
(4) If the felon fails to contact the auditor within thirty days, the felon's voter registration must be canceled. If an election in which the felon would otherwise be eligible to vote is scheduled to occur during the thirty days, the felon must be allowed to vote a provisional ballot.
(5) The felon's eligibility status may be resolved and the pending cancellation status reversed without scheduling a hearing if the felon provides satisfactory documentation that the felon's civil rights have been restored, the conviction is not a felony, the person convicted is not the registered voter, or the felon is otherwise eligible to vote. The auditor must notify the voter, retain a scanned copy of all documentation provided, and notify the secretary. The secretary must flag the voter registration record to prevent future cancellation based on the same felony conviction.
(6) If the felon requests a hearing, the auditor must schedule a public hearing to provide the felon an opportunity to dispute the finding. In scheduling the hearing, the auditor may take into account whether an election in which the felon would otherwise be eligible to vote is scheduled. The notice must be mailed to the felon's last known registration mailing address and must be postmarked at least seven calendar days prior to the hearing date. Notice of the hearing must also be provided to the prosecuting attorney.
(7) The auditor must provide the prosecuting attorney a copy of all relevant registration and felony conviction information. The prosecuting attorney must obtain documentation, such as a copy of the judgment and sentence, sufficient to prove the felony conviction by clear and convincing evidence. It is not necessary that the copy of the document be certified.
(8) If the prosecuting attorney is unable to obtain sufficient documentation to ascertain the felon's voting eligibility in time to hold a hearing prior to certification of an election in which the felon would otherwise be eligible to vote, the prosecuting attorney must request that the auditor dismiss the current cancellation proceedings. The auditor must reverse the voter's pending cancellation status, cancel the hearing, and notify the voter. A provisional ballot voted in the pending election must be counted if otherwise valid. The prosecuting attorney must continue to research the felon's voting eligibility. If the prosecuting attorney is unable to obtain sufficient documentation to ascertain the felon's voting eligibility prior to the next election in which the felon would otherwise be eligible to vote, the prosecuting attorney must notify the auditor. The auditor must notify the secretary, who must flag the voter registration record to prevent future cancellation based on the same felony conviction.
(9) A hearing to determine voting eligibility is an open public hearing pursuant to chapter 42.30 RCW. If the hearing occurs within thirty days before, or during the certification period of, an election in which the felon would otherwise be eligible to vote, the hearing must be conducted by the county canvassing board. If the hearing occurs at any other time, the county auditor conducts the hearing. Before a final determination is made that the felon is ineligible to vote, the prosecuting attorney must show by clear and convincing evidence that the voter is ineligible to vote due to a felony conviction. The felon must be provided a reasonable opportunity to respond. The hearing may be continued to a later date if continuance is likely to result in additional information regarding the felon's voting eligibility. If the felon is determined to be ineligible to vote due to felony conviction and lack of rights restoration, the voter registration must be canceled. If the voter is determined to be eligible to vote, the voter's pending cancellation status must be reversed and the secretary must flag the voter registration record to prevent future cancellation based on the same felony convictions. The felon must be notified of the outcome of the hearing and the final determination is subject to judicial review pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW.
(10) If the felon's voter registration is canceled after the felon fails to contact the auditor within the thirty day period, the felon may contact the auditor at a later date to request a hearing to dispute the cancellation. The auditor must schedule a hearing in substantially the same manner as provided in subsections (6) through (9) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 29A.04.611. 05-24-039, § 434-324-106, filed 11/30/05, effective 12/31/05.]