CLEAN AIR AGENCY
Effective Date of Rule: September 1, 2007.
Purpose: To provide clarification regarding the differences between air quality requirements for mobile spray-coating operations and those for stationary auto-body repair work as it relates to motor vehicle coating.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending Regulation I, Section 9.16.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 70.94 RCW.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 07-02-048 on December 27, 2006.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: In section 9.16(b), "Sections 9.16 (c) and (d)" was changed to "Sections 9.16 (c), (d), and (e)"; in section 9.16(b)(4), "provided that persons claiming exemption from Section 9.16(e) of this regulation register with the agency in accordance with Article 5 of this regulation and provide a copy of the current agency registration document to each new customer before starting work at a site" was added; in section 9.16(e)(1)(B), "more than 3 consecutive days" was changed to "more than 5 consecutive days"; and in section 9.16(e)(5), "Do not apply more than 20 ounces of coatings (base coat and clear coat combined) at one site during any calendar day." was deleted.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: February 22, 2007.
Steve Van Slyke
Supervisory EngineerAMENDATORY SECTION
REGULATION I SECTION 9.16 SPRAY-COATING OPERATIONS
(a) Applicability. This section applies to indoor and outdoor spray-coating operations ((
at facilities subject to
Article 5 (Registration) or Article 7 (Operating Permits) of
this regulation, where)) when a coating that protects or
beautifies a surface is applied with spray-coating equipment,
except as exempted in Section 9.16(b) of this regulation.
Mobile spray-coating operations for motor vehicles or motor
vehicle components are subject to Section 9.16(e) of this
(b) Exemptions. The following activities are exempt from
the provisions of Sections 9.16 (c), (d), and (e) ((
of this regulation. Persons claiming any of the following
(( spray-coating)) exemptions shall have the burden of
demonstrating compliance with the claimed exemption.
(1) Application of architectural or maintenance coatings to stationary structures (e.g., bridges, water towers, buildings, stationary machinery, or similar structures);
(2) Aerospace coating operations subject to 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart GG. This includes all activities and materials listed in 40 CFR 63.741(f);
(3) Use of high-volume, low-pressure (HVLP) spray guns when:
(A) spray-coating operations do not involve motor vehicles or motor vehicle components;
(B) the gun cup capacity is 8 fluid ounces or less;
(C) the spray gun is used to spray-coat less than 9 square feet per day per facility;
(D) coatings are purchased in containers of 1 quart or less; and
(E) spray-coating is allowed by fire department, fire marshal, or other government agency requirements.
(4) Use of air-brush spray equipment with 0.5 to 2.0 CFM airflow and a maximum cup capacity of 2 fluid ounces, provided that persons claiming exemption from Section 9.16(e) of this regulation register with the Agency in accordance with Article 5 of this regulation and provide a copy of the current Agency registration document to each new customer before starting work at a site;
(5) Use of hand-held aerosol spray cans with a capacity of 1 quart or less; or
(6) Indoor application of automotive undercoating materials using organic solvents having a flash point in excess of 100°F.
(c) General Requirements for Indoor Spray-Coating Operations. It shall be unlawful for any person subject to the provisions of this section to cause or allow spray-coating inside a structure, or spray-coating of any motor vehicles or motor vehicle components, unless all of the following requirements are met:
the s)) Spray-coating is conducted inside an
enclosed spray area;(( .))
(2) The enclosed spray area ((
shall)) employs either
properly seated paint arresters, or water-wash curtains with a
continuous water curtain to control the overspray; and((.))
(3) All emissions from the spray-coating operation
shall be)) are vented to the atmosphere through an
unobstructed vertical exhaust vent.
(d) General Requirements for Outdoor Spray-Coating Operations. It shall be unlawful for any person subject to the provisions of this section to cause or allow spray-coating outside an enclosed structure unless reasonable precautions are employed to minimize the overspray. Reasonable precautions include, but are not limited to the use of:
(1) Enclosures and curtailment during high winds; and
(2) High-volume low-pressure (HVLP), low-volume low-pressure (LVLP), electrostatic, or air-assisted airless spray equipment. Airless spray equipment may be used where low viscosity and high solid coatings preclude the use of higher-transfer efficiency spray equipment.
(e) General Requirements for Mobile Spray-Coating Operations. It shall be unlawful for any person to cause or allow the spray-coating of any motor vehicle or motor vehicle component outside of a structure required by Section 9.16(c) of this regulation, unless all the following requirements are met:
(1) Conduct all spray-coating in a portable frame-and-fabric shelter consisting of a fabric roof and three fabric sides or similar portable shelter consisting of a roof and three sides.
(A) Disassemble and remove the portable shelter from the site at the end of each day.
(B) Do not conduct mobile spray-coating operations for more than 5 consecutive calendar days at any site and not more than 14 days during any calendar month at the same site.
(2) Do not apply more than 8 ounces of coating to any single vehicle.
(3) Do not apply coating to more than 9 square feet of any single vehicle.
(4) Do not prepare a surface area for spray-coating greater than 9 square feet per any single vehicle. The measured surface area prepared for spray-coating shall include, but is not limited to all areas that are filled, ground, sanded, or inside masking.
(5) Use only HVLP spray guns or spray equipment with equivalent transfer efficiency (greater than or equal to 65%).
(6) Minimize evaporative emissions by collecting all organic solvents used for cleanup of equipment in a closed-loop or contained system; keeping all containers of paints and organic solvents closed except when materials are being added, mixed, or removed; and storing solvent rags in closed containers.
(7) Post a sign that is visible to the public and shows the name of the company and current telephone contact information for complaints. Record information regarding complaints received and investigate complaints regarding odor, overspray, or nuisance as soon as possible, but no later than 1 hour after receipt of a complaint. As part of the investigation, determine the wind direction during the time of the complaint. If the cause of a valid complaint cannot be corrected within 2 hours of the time the complaint was received, shut down the operation until corrective action is completed.
(8) Complete the following records for each vehicle when finished with that vehicle:
(A) Customer identification, address where work was performed, date, time, and the name of the person completing the record;
(B) Identification of each vehicle and vehicle component repaired; and
(C) Quantity (in ounces) of each VOC-containing material used on each vehicle.
All records must be kept current, retained for at least 2 years, and made available to Agency representatives upon request.
(9) Provide a copy of the current Agency registration document to each customer prior to starting work at a site.
(e))) Compliance with Other Regulations.
Compliance with this regulation does not exempt any person
from compliance with Regulation I, Section 9.11 and all other
applicable regulations including those of other agencies.