FISH AND WILDLIFE
Effective Date of Rule: Immediately.
Purpose: To support existing ballast water laws under chapter 77.120 RCW and to implement new requirements under E2SSB 5923 that became effective on July 22, 2007.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 220-77-090 (Amending Order 06-35, filed 3/2/06, effective 4/2/06) and 220-77-095 (Amending Order 02-185, filed 8/9/02, effective 9/9/02).
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 77.12.047.
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: A new law, E2SSB 5923, became effective on July 22, 2007. The law regulates the control of aquatic invasive species (AIS) and the management of ballast water. Ballast water can carry chemicals, other pollutants, and AIS, making it a significant risk to the marine and fresh waters of the state, and therefore to the health, safety, and general welfare of Washington residents. It is vitally important to prevent the introduction of AIS and ballast-water pollution because once introduced, they are very difficult and costly to eradicate.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: July 31, 2007.
for Jeff Koenings
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 06-35, filed 3/2/06, effective 4/2/06)
WAC 220-77-090 Ballast water management and control -- Reporting and sampling requirements. (1) Vessels ((
which)) that are subject to chapter 77.120 RCW (( and which
intend to discharge ballast water into Washington state
waters)) must report ballast water management information at
least twenty-four hours prior to entering Washington waters by
filing a ballast water (( report)) reporting form pursuant to
Title 33 C.F.R. Part 151.2045 (( with the department's
designated agents as follows:
(a))). Forms must be submitted in electronic format (preferred) or by fax to:
(a) The department, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 360-902-2845, for any vessel entering state waters at any location; or
(b) The Marine Exchange of Puget Sound in Seattle, at
email@example.com or 206-443-3839, for vessels bound for Puget
Sound or coastal ports ((
must file their ballast water
reporting form with the Marine Exchange of Puget Sound in
Seattle. Forms must be submitted by fax or in electronic
(c) The Merchants Exchange of Portland, at
Marine.Room@pdxmex.com or 503-295-3660, for vessels bound for
Washington ports on the Columbia River ((
must file their
ballast water reporting form with the Merchants Exchange of
Portland. Forms must be submitted by fax or in electronic
(2) Vessels not intending to discharge ballast water into Washington state waters shall notify the department in one of the following ways:
Vessel operators)) Owners or operators of one or
more vessels who do not wish to file a ballast water reporting
form may send a signed form letter, as provided by the
department and at least thirty days prior to entering
Washington waters, to the department by e-mail at
firstname.lastname@example.org; by fax at 360-902-2845; or by U.S.
mail to the state ANS coordinator(( ,)) at Department of Fish
and Wildlife, 600 Capitol Way No., Olympia, WA 98501-1091(( ,
which)). The signed letter must include(( s)) the following
(i) Vessel name(s), identification number(s) (International Maritime Organization, Lloyds of London, or U.S. Coast Guard registry number), owner, agent, and vessel type(s); and
(ii) A statement that the vessel will not discharge ballast water into Washington state waters; and
(iii) The signature of the owner, operator, or other authorized representative.
(b) Vessels that would normally discharge ballast water,
but will not discharge on ((
any given)) a particular trip, may
(( continue to)) file the ballast water reporting form, at
least twenty-four hours prior to entering Washington waters,
with "not discharging" written in the ballast water history
(3) The department, or designated representatives, may at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner, during a vessel's scheduled stay in port, take samples of ballast water and sediment, may examine ballast water management records, and may make other appropriate inquiries to assess the compliance of vessels with ballast water reporting and control requirements.
(4) Interim report for implementing 2007 ballast water
(a) All vessels subject to chapter 77.120 RCW that enter Washington waters after July 1, 2007, will be prohibited from discharging ballast water under the safety exemptions to the ballast water exchange program. In order to implement the 2007 program, vessel information is required to be on file with the department prior to July 1, 2006.
(b) All vessels subject to chapter 77.120 RCW that enter Washington waters after July 1, 2006, are required, prior to July 1, 2006, to file a Washington State Interim Ballast Water Management Report Form on the report form provided in (d) of this subsection.
(c) A vessel subject to chapter 77.120 RCW that enters Washington waters after July 1, 2006, and for which the vessel owner has not submitted a Washington State Interim Ballast Water Management Report Form is subject to a five hundred dollar reporting penalty.
(d) Washington State Interim Ballast Water Management Report Form and Instructions:
(4) Vessel operators claiming a safety exemption under RCW 77.120.030(4) must notify the department of their intent to do so on the ballast water reporting form as required in subsection (1) of this section. Notification requires writing the words "SAFETY EXEMPTION" on the form where it asks "If no ballast treatment conducted, state reason why not:" and stating the cause as either "ADVERSE WEATHER," "VESSEL DESIGN LIMITATION," EQUIPMENT FAILURE," or "EXTRAORDINARY CONDITION."
(a) No safety exemption request is required if the vessel does not intend to discharge unexchanged or untreated ballast water and they follow the requirements under subsection (2) of this section.
(b) Vessel operators may rescind a safety exemption claim by filing an amended ballast water reporting form and notifying the department as required in subsection (1) of this section.
(5) The department will review safety exemption claims as noted in subsections (3) and (4) of this section.
(a) The department will determine whether a compliance plan and alternative strategy are required. Compliance plans and alternative interim strategies will be established to minimize discharge of future unexchanged ballast water until compliance with this section can be met.
(b) The department will assess a safety exemption fee using the following as guidance:
(i) Minimum five hundred dollar fee for administrative costs to assess compliance; and
(ii) Larger fees may be assessed by the department based on vessel history, risk, and degree of failure to implement prior compliance plans and alternative strategies.
(6) The department may impose civil penalties ranging from a warning letter up to twenty-seven thousand five hundred dollars for violation of the requirements of this section pursuant to RCW 77.120.070. Each day of a continuing violation constitutes a separate violation. The department will assess civil penalties based on elements that include, but are not limited to:
(a) Degree and nature of failure in meeting reporting requirements;
(b) Degree and nature of failure in allowing reasonable department inspection of a vessel's ballast water management records or allowing samples to be taken from ballast tanks;
(c) Degree and nature of failure in preventing or stopping discharge upon request by department;
(d) Volume and risk of introducing invasive species based on the source of unexchanged or untreated discharge;
(e) Discharge of treated water using a technology that has not been approved for use in waters of the state; and
(f) Vessel and operator violation history.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 06-07-006 (Order 06-35), § 220-77-090, filed 3/2/06, effective 4/2/06; 01-17-097 (Order 01-173), § 220-77-090, filed 8/20/01, effective 9/20/01; 00-17-146 (Order 00-163), § 220-77-090, filed 8/22/00, effective 9/22/00.]
(2) Vessels subject to chapter 77.120 RCW that have not
adequately exchanged their ballast water must treat their
ballast to meet or exceed the state discharge standards prior
discharge)) discharging ballast water into Washington
waters, after July (( 1)) 22, (( 2004)) 2007.
(3) An interim approval process shall be used to
evaluate ballast water treatment technologies and)) provide
approval for (( certain)) ballast water treatment technologies
that are determined to meet, or have the potential to meet,
the Washington state interim ballast water discharge standard.
Only ballast water treatment technologies that are approved
through this process may be used on specified vessels to
discharge treated ballast water into Washington waters
(( following the guidelines identified within the approval
process. Ballast water treatment technology vendors or vessel
owners may submit ballast treatment technology for evaluation
through the following process:
(a) Applications for approval will be accepted by the director or the director's designee)).
(a) Approval for use of a technology in waters of the state must meet one or more of the following criteria:
(i) The technology was previously approved by the department for use in waters of the state for the term as specified in their approval letter;
(ii) The technology was approved by the U.S. Coast Guard for use in national waters;
(iii) The vessel was enrolled in the U.S. Coast Guard STEP program;
(iv) The technology was approved by the state of California for use in their state waters;
(v) The technology was approved by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and authorized by the U.S. State Department and U.S. Coast Guard for use in national waters; or
(vi) The vessel was enrolled in the IMO approval process and authorized by the U.S. State Department and U.S. Coast Guard for use in national waters.
(b) Technologies using chemicals or that produce chemical by-products upon discharge will be evaluated by the department of ecology for meeting state water quality standards before acceptance.
(c) Technologies may be approved for use on specific vessels in state waters for up to five years.
(d) The director or the director's designee will accept
applications for approval at any time. The applicant is to be
notified of the department's receipt of the application
package within ten working days. If the application package
is incomplete, the application will be returned to the
applicant with an explanation of the deficiencies or, if the
deficiencies are minimal, held for thirty days to allow the
applicant to correct the deficiencies. Formal reviews of
supporting records and water quality data ((
and proposed study
plans)) will be completed within forty-five days of receipt of
the complete application package.
(b) Formal reviews will be conducted by a science
advisory panel and a maritime advisory panel. Panel members
will be appointed by the director or the director's designee. The science advisory panel will provide recommendations to the
director or the director's designee regarding the ability of
each technology to meet the Washington state interim ballast
water discharge standard, the adequacy of the proposed study
plan, and determine if such technology should be evaluated as
a promising technology that could be considered as a "best
available technology." The maritime advisory panel will
provide recommendations to the director or the director's
designee regarding the ability of each technology to meet the
practical needs of the maritime industry, including safety,
practicality and cost effectiveness, and determine if such
technology should be evaluated as a promising technology that
could be considered as a "best available technology."
(c))) (e) The director, or the director's designee, shall
take into consideration the findings of the scientific
advisory panel, and the maritime advisory panel and)) make one
of the following determinations:
That)) Approval - The ballast water treatment
technology (( has been approved by the United States Coast
Guard or a state agency and is an)) is approved (( system)) for
use in Washington state; or
To grant general approval to a technology meeting
the Washington state interim ballast water discharge standard
for a period of five years with stipulations for scientific
evaluation. Approval may be revoked if new information shows
the technology to be grossly inadequate and incapable of being
retrofitted to correct the inadequacy;
(iii) To grant conditional approval for use on a specific number of vessels for further full-scale testing; or
(iv))) Deny approval - The ballast water treatment technology is not approved for use in Washington state.
(d))) (f) Criteria for review. Applications for
interim approval of a ballast water treatment system shall be
evaluated on the completeness of the following:
A letter of commitment from the technology vendor,
the vessel owner installing the technology, and the principal
investigators conducting the tests, stating their intents to
carry out all components of the study plan for which they are
responsible. Principal investigators must be qualified
independent researchers. Applications for a treatment system
to be used within a specified port must include a letter from
the port authority in which the system is to be operated,
granting authority for testing or use within the port.))
Documentation verification that the technology and vessel(s)
meet one of the criteria noted in (a) of this subsection;
(ii) Documentation ((
stating)) verifying that the
residual concentrations of any primary treatment chemicals or
chemicals that occur as by-products of the treatment meet all
applicable regulatory requirements(( .)); and
All available)) Documentation describing the
technical, operational, and installation characteristics of
(iv) Documentation from preliminary experiments that
demonstrate the potential of the system to meet the Washington
state interim ballast water discharge standard. Indicator
species may be used to evaluate the technologies'
effectiveness. Technologies may be approved that do not
currently meet this criteria, but show promise for improvement
or are considered to be a "best available technology." The
technology should include easily verifiable indicators to
ensure the system is operational and effectively treating
ballast at the time of treatment.
(v) The discharge from a technology must be environmentally sound and in compliance with existing water quality discharge laws.
(e) Each proposed technology must include a detailed study plan that:
(i) Is organized according to a department-approved standardized format.
(ii) Evaluates the effectiveness of the treatment system over a range of operational conditions during operations, including the cumulative hours of operation, volumes treated, times since the tanks were last cleaned of sediment, abundance of organisms, organic and inorganic load, temperature and salinity of water.
(iii) Identifies limiting conditions such as water quality attributes that may affect the performance of the equipment, length of time for adequate treatment, or other factors that may render the technology as inadequate to meet the interim ballast water discharge standard.
(iv) Assures that samples are representative of the flow or volume from which they are taken.
(v) Contains a detailed quality assurance and/or quality control plan.
(3))) (g) Conditions of approval((
(i) Approval of a technology shall be withdrawn ((
one year if the system is not installed or the testing begun
(b) Systems approved under the interim approval process shall be considered to meet all ballast water treatment requirements promulgated by the department for a period of five years. In the event subsequent work reveals adverse effects on ecology or human health, approval of the system will be withdrawn unless the treatment system can be repaired to address the system's inadequacies.
(c))) if the technology or vessel is no longer enrolled in the U.S. Coast Guard STEP or IMO approval process, is no longer approved for use in California waters, or has not been approved for use by the U.S. Coast Guard in national waters or by the IMO in international waters;
(ii) Systems approved under the interim process will be
subject to all subsequent standards and regulations upon the
expiration of the interim approval period((
(d) Interim approval is contingent on adherence to the detailed study plan described in the application and agreed upon by the applicant and the department.
(e) The principal scientist and engineers responsible for conducting and analyzing the tests shall submit a report documenting the performance of the equipment and results of the testing to the department within twelve months after installation. Further testing may or may not be required based upon the test results.
(iii) Vessels or technologies receiving interim approval shall be subject to inspections by the department or the department's designated representative to verify adherence with the terms of this interim approval agreement and the operation of the treatment systems; and
(iv) Nothing in these rules, ballast water legislation, or laws authorizes the discharge of other pollutants or assures that the technology is safe to operate or that it meets other state, federal, and international laws governing business, marine applications, or other elements.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 77.12.047. 02-17-015 (Order 02-185), § 220-77-095, filed 8/9/02, effective 9/9/02; 01-17-097 (Order 01-173), § 220-77-095, filed 8/20/01, effective 9/20/01.]