Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 11-10-087.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: General regulations for air pollution sources, chapter 173-400 WAC and Operating permit regulation, chapter 173-401 WAC.
Hearing Location(s): Ecology Headquarters Building, 300 Desmond Drive S.E., Lacey, WA 98503, on July 26, 2011, at 6:00 p.m.
Date of Intended Adoption: August 10, 2011.
Submit Written Comments to: Linda Whitcher, Department of Ecology Air Quality Program, P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, WA 98504-7600, e-mail email@example.com, fax (360) 407-7534, by August 2, 2011.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact air quality program at (360) 407-6800, by July 19, 2011, TTY (771) [(711)] or (877) 833-6341.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established thresholds for greenhouse gas emissions in June 2010 that ecology implemented through amendments to chapter 173-400 WAC, General regulations for air pollution sources and chapter 173-401 WAC, Operating permit regulation. EPA is working on amendments that will defer greenhouse gas permitting requirements for carbon dioxide emissions from biomass-fired and other biogenic sources. They plan to complete this rule making by July 2011 to defer permitting requirements for CO2 emissions from these sources for three years. Before the end of the three year period, EPA intends to issue a second rule making that determines how CO2 emissions should be treated or counted under GHG permitting requirements.
The purpose of this rule amendment is to assure the consistency between the provisions that implement the federal and state clean air acts. These rule amendments will impact greenhouse gas permitting under the prevention to significant deterioration (PSD) and Title V operating permit programs.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: Ecology is required to keep the rules that implement the Washington Clean Air Act in compliance with EPA regulations. These amendments will bring the rules for new source review into compliance with the federal regulations.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 70.94.510, Washington Clean Air Act.
Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 70.94 RCW, Washington Clean Air Act.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Agency Comments or Recommendations, if any, as to Statutory Language, Implementation, Enforcement, and Fiscal Matters: EPA is currently reviewing comments submitted in response to their proposal to defer greenhouse gas permitting requirements for carbon dioxide emissions from biomass-fired and other biogenic sources. EPA's program is still in development. EPA expects to finalize its proposed rule by July 1, 2011. To maintain consistency and reduce costs for business and industry, ecology intends to adopt revisions to chapters 173-400 and 173-401 WAC that incorporate EPA's final language.
Name of Proponent: Air quality program, department of ecology, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Linda Whitcher, Lacey, Washington, (360) 407-6875; Implementation and Enforcement: Rich Hibbard, Lacey, Washington, (360) 407-6896.
No small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW. This rule revision is exempt from the requirement to prepare a small business economic impact statement. Chapter 19.85 RCW, Regulatory Fairness Act, requires that agencies prepare small business economic impact statements when adopting new rules. This act contains some specific exemptions including RCW 19.85.025(3), Application of chapter -- Limited.
(3) this chapter does not apply to the adoption of a rule described in RCW 34.05.310(4).
RCW 34.05.310(4) states: (4) This section does not apply to:
(c) Rules adopting or incorporating by reference without material change federal statutes or regulations, Washington state statutes, rules of other Washington state agencies, shoreline master programs other than those programs governing shorelines of statewide significance, or, as referenced by Washington state law, national consensus codes that generally establish industry standards, if the material adopted or incorporated regulates the same subject matter and conduct as the adopting or incorporating rule.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. This rule revision is exempt from the requirement to prepare a cost-benefit analysis in compliance with RCW 34.05.328 (5)(b) (iii): Rules adopting or incorporating by reference without material change federal statutes or regulations, Washington state statutes, rules of other Washington state agencies, shoreline master programs other than those programs governing shorelines of statewide significance, or, as referenced by Washington state law, national consensus codes that generally establish industry standards, if the material adopted or incorporated regulates the same subject matter and conduct as the adopting or incorporating rule.
June 22, 2011
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 09-01, filed 3/1/11, effective 4/1/11)
WAC 173-400-116 Increment protection. This section takes effect on the effective date of EPA's incorporation of this section into the Washington state implementation plan.
(1) Ecology will periodically review increment consumption. Within sixty days of the time that information becomes available to ecology that an applicable increment is or may be violated, ecology will review the state implementation plan for its adequacy to protect the increment from being exceeded. The plan will be revised to correct any inadequacies identified or to correct the increment violation. Any changes to the state implementation plan resulting from the review will be subject to public involvement in accordance with WAC 173-400-171 and EPA approval.
(2) PSD increments are published in 40 CFR 52.21(c) as
published in the Federal Register as final rule on October
20, 2010)) adopted by reference in WAC 173-400-720 (4)(a)(iv).
(3) Exclusions from increment consumption. The following concentrations are excluded when determining increment consumption:
(a) Concentrations of particulate matter, PM-10, or PM-2.5, attributable to the increase in emissions from construction or other temporary emission-related activities of new or modified sources;
(b) The increase in concentrations attributable to new sources outside the United States over the concentrations attributable to existing sources which are included in the baseline concentration; and
(c) Concentrations attributable to the temporary increase in emissions of sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, or nitrogen oxides from stationary sources, which are affected by a revision to the SIP approved by the administrator of the environmental protection agency. Such a revision must:
(i) Specify the time over which the temporary emissions increase of sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, or nitrogen oxides would occur. Such time is not to exceed two years in duration unless a longer time is approved by the administrator.
(ii) Specify that the time period for excluding certain contributions in accordance with (c)(i) of this subsection is not renewable;
(iii) Allow no emissions increase from a stationary source, which would:
(A) Impact a Class I area or an area where an applicable increment is known to be violated; or
(B) Cause or contribute to the violation of a national ambient air quality standard.
(iv) Require limitations to be in effect by the end of the time period specified in accordance with (c)(i) of this subsection, which would ensure that the emissions levels from stationary sources affected by the plan revision would not exceed those levels occurring from such sources before the plan revision was approved.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. 11-06-060 (Order 09-01), § 173-400-116, filed 3/1/11, effective 4/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.181, [70.94.]152, [70.94.]331, [70.94.]650, [70.94.]745, [70.94.]892, [70.94.]011. 07-19-005 (Order 07-10), § 173-400-116, filed 9/6/07, effective 10/7/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.152. 05-03-033 (Order 03-07), § 173-400-116, filed 1/10/05, effective 2/10/05. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW, RCW 70.94.141, [70.94.]152, [70.94.]331, [70.94.]510 and 43.21A.080. 01-17-062 (Order 99-06), § 173-400-116, filed 8/15/01, effective 9/15/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. 96-19-054 (Order 94-35), § 173-400-116, filed 9/13/96, effective 10/14/96. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.153 and 70.94.154. 94-17-070, § 173-400-116, filed 8/15/94, effective 9/15/94.]
(2) Early planning encouraged. In order to develop an appropriate application, the source should engage in an early planning process to assess the needs of the facility. An opportunity for a preapplication meeting with ecology is available to any potential applicant.
(3) Enforcement. Ecology or the permitting authority with jurisdiction over the source under chapter 173-401 WAC, the Operating permit regulation, shall:
(a) Receive all reports required in the PSD permit;
(b) Enforce the requirement to apply for a PSD permit when one is required; and
(c) Enforce the conditions in the PSD permit.
(4) Applicable requirements.
(a) A PSD permit must assure compliance with the following requirements:
(i) WAC 173-400-113 (3) and (4).
(ii) WAC 173-400-117 - Special protection requirements for federal Class I areas;
(iii) The proposed major new source or major modification will comply with all applicable new source performance standards (40 CFR Part 60), National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (40 CFR Part 61), and emission standards adopted under chapter 70.94 RCW that have been incorporated into the Washington state implementation plan; and
(iv) The following subparts of 40 CFR 52.21, in effect on
October 20, 2010, and the amendments to 40 CFR 52.21 as
published in the Federal Register as final rule on October 20,
2010, which are adopted by reference)) July 1, 2011. Exceptions are listed in (b)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this
|40 CFR 52.21 (a)(2)||Applicability Procedures.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (b)||Definitions.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (c)||Ambient air increments.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (d)||Ambient air ceilings.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (h)||Stack heights.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (i)||Review of major stationary sources and major modifications - source applicability and exemptions.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (j)||Control technology review.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (k)||Source impact analysis.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (l)||Air quality models.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (m)||Air quality analysis.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (n)||Source information.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (o)||Additional impact analysis.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (p)(1) through (4)||Sources impacting federal Class I areas - additional requirements|
|40 CFR 52.21 (r)||Source obligation.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (v)||Innovative control technology.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (w)||Permit rescission.|
|40 CFR 52.21 (aa)||Actuals Plantwide Applicability Limitation.|
(i) Every use of the word "administrator" in 40 CFR 52.21 means ecology except for the following:
(A) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(17), the definition of federally enforceable, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(B) In 40 CFR 52.21 (l)(2), air quality models, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(C) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(43) the definition of prevention of significant deterioration program, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(D) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(48)(ii)(c) related to regulations promulgated by the administrator, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(E) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(50)(i) related to the definition of a regulated NSR pollutant, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(F) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(37) related to the definition of repowering, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(G) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(51) related to the definition of reviewing authority, "administrator" means the EPA administrator.
(ii) Each reference in 40 CFR 52.21(i) to "paragraphs (j) through (r) of this section" is amended to state "paragraphs (j) through (p) (1) - (4) of this section, paragraph (r) of this section, WAC 173-400-720, and 173-400-730."
(iii) The following paragraphs replace the designated paragraphs of 40 CFR 52.21:
(A) In 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(1)(i)(a) and (b)(1)(iii)(h), the size threshold for municipal waste incinerators is changed to 50 tons of refuse per day.
(B) 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(23)(i) After the entry for municipal solid waste landfills emissions, add Ozone Depleting Substances: 100 tpy.
(C) 40 CFR 52.21(c) after the effective date of EPA's incorporation of this section into the Washington state implementation plan, the concentrations listed in WAC 173-400-116(2) are excluded when determining increment consumption.
(D) 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)
"The provisions of this paragraph (r)(6) apply with respect to any regulated NSR pollutant from projects at an existing emissions unit at a major stationary source (other than projects at a source with a PAL) in circumstances where there is a reasonable possibility that a project that is not a part of a major modification may result in a significant emissions increase of such pollutant and the owner or operator elects to use the method specified in paragraphs 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(41)(ii)(a) through (c) for calculating projected actual emissions.
|(i)||Before beginning actual construction of the project, the owner or operator shall document and maintain a record of the following information:|
|(A)||A description of the project;|
|(B)||Identification of the emissions unit(s) whose emissions of a regulated NSR pollutant could be affected by the project; and|
|(C)||A description of the applicability test used to determine that the project is not a major modification for any regulated NSR pollutant, including the baseline actual emissions, the projected actual emissions, the amount of emissions excluded under paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(41)(ii)(c) and an explanation for why such amount was excluded, and any netting calculations, if applicable.|
|(ii)||The owner or operator shall submit a copy of the information set out in paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(i) to the permitting authority before beginning actual construction. This information may be submitted in conjunction with any NOC application required under the provisions of WAC 173-400-110. Nothing in this paragraph (r)(6)(ii) shall be construed to require the owner or operator of such a unit to obtain any PSD determination from the permitting authority before beginning actual construction.|
|(iii)||The owner or operator shall monitor the emissions of any regulated NSR pollutant that could increase as a result of the project and that is emitted by any emissions unit identified in paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(i)(b); and calculate and maintain a record of the annual emissions, in tons per year on a calendar year basis, for a period of 5 years following resumption of regular operations after the change, or for a period of 10 years following resumption of regular operations after the change if the project increases the design capacity of or potential to emit that regulated NSR pollutant at such emissions unit. For purposes of this paragraph (r)(6)(iii), fugitive emissions (to the extent quantifiable) shall be monitored if the emissions unit is part of one of the source categories listed in 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(1)(iii) or if the emissions unit is located at a major stationary source that belongs to one of the listed source categories.|
|(iv)||The owner or operator shall submit a report to the permitting authority within 60 days after the end of each year during which records must be generated under paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(iii) setting out the unit's annual emissions, as monitored pursuant to 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(iii), during the calendar year that preceded submission of the report.|
|(v)||The owner or operator shall submit a report to the permitting authority if the annual emissions, in tons per year, from the project identified in paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(i), exceed the baseline actual emissions (as documented and maintained pursuant to paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(i)(c)), by a significant amount (as defined in paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (b)(23)) for that regulated NSR pollutant, and if such emissions differ from the preconstruction projection as documented and maintained pursuant to paragraph 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(6)(i)(c). Such report shall be submitted to the permitting authority within 60 days after the end of such year. The report shall contain the following:|
|(a)||The name, address and telephone number of the major stationary source;|
|(b)||The annual emissions as calculated pursuant to paragraph (r)(6)(iii) of this section; and|
|(c)||Any other information that the owner or operator wishes to include in the report (e.g., an explanation as to why the emissions differ from the preconstruction projection)."|
(F) 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(2)(ix) PAL permit means the PSD permit, an ecology issued order of approval issued under WAC 173-400-110, or regulatory order issued under WAC 173-400-091 issued by ecology that establishes a PAL for a major stationary source.
(G) 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(5) Public participation requirements for PALs. PALs for existing major stationary sources shall be established, renewed, or expired through the public participation process in WAC 173-400-171. A request to increase a PAL shall be processed in accordance with the application processing and public participation process in WAC 173-400-730 and 173-400-740.
(H) 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(9)(i)(b) Ecology, after consultation with the permitting authority, shall decide whether and how the PAL allowable emissions will be distributed and issue a revised order, order of approval or PSD permit incorporating allowable limits for each emissions unit, or each group of emissions units, as ecology determines is appropriate.
(I) 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(14) Reporting and notification requirements. The owner or operator shall submit semiannual monitoring reports and prompt deviation reports to the permitting authority in accordance with the requirements in chapter 173-401 WAC. The reports shall meet the requirements in paragraphs 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(14)(i) through (iii).
(J) 40 CFR 52.21 (aa)(14)(ii) Deviation report. The major stationary source owner or operator shall promptly submit reports of any deviations or exceedance of the PAL requirements, including periods where no monitoring is available. A report submitted pursuant to WAC 173-401-615 (3)(b) and within the time limits prescribed shall satisfy this reporting requirement. The reports shall contain the information found at WAC 173-401-615(3).
(iv) 40 CFR 52.21 (r)(2) is not adopted by reference.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. 11-06-060 (Order 09-01), § 173-400-720, filed 3/1/11, effective 4/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.395 and 70.94.331. 07-11-039 (Order 06-03), § 173-400-720, filed 5/8/07, effective 6/8/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.152. 05-03-033 (Order 03-07), § 173-400-720, filed 1/10/05, effective 2/10/05.]
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending Order 10-13, filed 12/1/10, effective 1/1/11)
WAC 173-401-200 Definitions. The definitions of terms contained in chapter 173-400 WAC are incorporated by reference, unless otherwise defined here. Unless a different meaning is clearly required by context, the following words and phrases, as used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings:
(1) "Affected source" means a source that includes one or more affected units.
(2) "Affected states" are the states or
federally-recognized)) federally recognized Tribal Nations:
(a) Whose air quality may be affected when a chapter 401 permit, permit modification, or permit renewal is being proposed; or
(b) That are within fifty miles of the permitted source.
(3) "Affected unit" means a fossil-fuel fired combustion device or a source that opts-in under 40 CFR part 74, that is subject to any emission reduction requirement or limitation under the Acid Rain Program.
(4) "Applicable requirement" means all of the following as they apply to emissions units in a chapter 401 source (including requirements that have been promulgated or approved by EPA, ecology or a local authority through rule making at the time of permit issuance but have future-effective compliance dates):
(a) The following provisions of the Federal Clean Air Act (FCAA):
(i) Any standard or other requirement provided for in the applicable implementation plan approved or promulgated by EPA through rule making under Title I of the FCAA (Air Pollution Prevention and Control) that implements the relevant requirements of the FCAA, including any revisions to that plan promulgated in 40 CFR 52;
(ii) Any term or condition of any preconstruction permits issued pursuant to regulations approved or promulgated through rule making under Title I, including parts C (Prevention of Significant Deterioration) or D (Plan Requirements for Nonattainment Areas), of the FCAA;
(iii) Any standard or other requirement under section 111 (New Source Performance Standards) of the FCAA, including section 111(d);
(iv) Any standard or other requirement under section 112 (Hazardous Air Pollutants) of the FCAA, including any requirement concerning accident prevention under section 112 (r)(7) of the FCAA;
(v) Any standard or other requirement of the acid rain program under Title IV of the FCAA (Acid Deposition Control) or the regulations promulgated thereunder;
(vi) Any requirements established pursuant to section 504(b) or section 114 (a)(3) of the FCAA;
(vii) Any standard or other requirement governing solid waste incineration, under section 129 of the FCAA;
(viii) Any standard or other requirement for consumer and commercial products, under section 183(e) of the FCAA;
(ix) Any standard or other requirement for tank vessels, under section 183(f) of the FCAA;
(x) Any standard or other requirement of the program to control air pollution from outer continental shelf sources, under section 328 of the FCAA;
(xi) Any standard or other requirement of the regulations promulgated to protect stratospheric ozone under Title VI of the FCAA, unless the administrator has determined that such requirements need not be contained in a Title V permit; and
(xii) Any national ambient air quality standard or increment or visibility requirement under part C of Title I of the FCAA, but only as it would apply to temporary sources permitted pursuant to WAC 173-401-635.
(b) Chapter 70.94 RCW and rules adopted thereunder. This includes requirements in regulatory orders issued by the permitting authority.
(c) In permits issued by local air pollution control authorities, the requirements of any order or regulation adopted by the authority.
(d) Chapter 70.98 RCW and rules adopted thereunder.
(e) Chapter 80.50 RCW and rules adopted thereunder.
(5) "Chapter 401 permit" or "permit" means any permit or group of permits covering a chapter 401 source that is issued, renewed, amended, or revised pursuant to this chapter.
(6) "Chapter 401 source" means any source subject to the permitting requirements of this chapter.
(7) "Continuous compliance" means collection of all monitoring data required by the permit under the data collection frequency required by the permit, with no deviations, and no other information that indicates deviations, except for unavoidable excess emissions or other operating conditions during which compliance is not required. Monitoring data includes information from instrumental (e.g., CEMS, COMS, or parameter monitors) and noninstrumental (e.g., visual observation, inspection, recordkeeping) forms of monitoring.
(8) "Delegated authority" means an air pollution control authority that has been delegated the permit program pursuant to RCW 70.94.161 (2)(b).
(9) "Designated representative" shall have the meaning given to it in section 402(26) of the FCAA and the regulations promulgated thereunder and in effect on April 7, 1993.
(10) "Draft permit" means the version of a permit for which the permitting authority offers public participation or affected state review.
(11) "Emissions allowable under the permit" means an enforceable permit term or condition determined at issuance to be required by an applicable requirement that establishes an emissions limit (including a work practice standard) or an enforceable emissions cap that the source has assumed to avoid an applicable requirement to which the source would otherwise be subject.
(12) "Emissions unit" means any part or activity of a stationary source that emits or has the potential to emit any regulated air pollutant or any pollutant listed under section 112(b) of the FCAA. This term is not meant to alter or affect the definition of the term "unit" for purposes of Title IV of the FCAA.
(13) The "EPA" or the "administrator" means the administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or her/his designee.
(14) "Federal Clean Air Act" or "FCAA" means the Federal Clean Air Act, also known as Public Law 88-206, 77 Stat. 392. December 17, 1963, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq., as last amended by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, P.L. 101-549, November 15, 1990.
(15) "Final permit" means the version of a chapter 401 permit issued by the permitting authority that has completed all review procedures required by this chapter and 40 CFR §§ 70.7 and 70.8.
(16) "General permit" means a permit which covers multiple similar sources or emissions units in lieu of individual permits being issued to each source.
(17) "Insignificant activity" or "insignificant emissions unit" means any activity or emissions unit located at a chapter 401 source which qualifies as insignificant under the criteria listed in WAC 173-401-530. These units and activities are exempt from permit program requirements except as provided in WAC 173-401-530.
(18) "Intermittent compliance" means any form of compliance other than continuous compliance. A certification of intermittent compliance under WAC 173-401-630(5) shall be filed where the monitoring data or other information available to the permittee shows either there are periods of noncompliance, or periods of time during which the monitoring required by the permit was not performed or recorded.
(19) "Major source" means any stationary source (or any group of stationary sources) that are located on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties, and are under common control of the same person (or persons under common control) belonging to a single major industrial grouping and that are described in (a), (b), or (c) of this subsection. For the purposes of defining "major source," a stationary source or group of stationary sources shall be considered part of a single industrial grouping if all of the pollutant emitting activities at such source or group of sources on contiguous or adjacent properties belong to the same major group (i.e., all have the same two-digit code) as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987.
(a) A major source under section 112 of the FCAA, which is defined as any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit, in the aggregate, ten tons per year (tpy) or more of any hazardous air pollutant which has been listed pursuant to section 112(b) of the FCAA, or twenty-five tpy or more of any combination of such hazardous air pollutants. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, emissions from any oil or gas exploration or production well (with its associated equipment) and emissions from any pipeline compressor or pump station shall not be aggregated with emissions from other similar units, whether or not such units are in a contiguous area or under common control, to determine whether such units or stations are major sources; or
(b) A major stationary source of air pollutants, as defined in section 302 of the FCAA, that directly emits or has the potential to emit, one hundred tpy or more of any air pollutant subject to regulation (including any major source of fugitive emissions of any such pollutant). The fugitive emissions of a stationary source shall not be considered in determining whether it is a major stationary source for the purposes of this section, unless the source belongs to one of the following categories of stationary source:
(i) Coal cleaning plants (with thermal dryers);
(ii) Kraft pulp mills;
(iii) Portland cement plants;
(iv) Primary zinc smelters;
(v) Iron and steel mills;
(vi) Primary aluminum ore reduction plants;
(vii) Primary copper smelters;
(viii) Municipal incinerators capable of charging more than two hundred fifty tons of refuse per day;
(ix) Hydrofluoric, sulfuric, or nitric acid plants;
(x) Petroleum refineries;
(xi) Lime plants;
(xii) Phosphate rock processing plants;
(xiii) Coke oven batteries;
(xiv) Sulfur recovery plants;
(xv) Carbon black plants (furnace process);
(xvi) Primary lead smelters;
(xvii) Fuel conversion plants;
(xviii) Sintering plants;
(xix) Secondary metal production plants;
(xx) Chemical process plants;
(xxi) Fossil-fuel boilers (or combination thereof) totaling more than two hundred fifty million British thermal units per hour heat input;
(xxii) Petroleum storage and transfer units with a total storage capacity exceeding three hundred thousand barrels;
(xxiii) Taconite ore processing plants;
(xxiv) Glass fiber processing plants;
(xxv) Charcoal production plants;
(xxvi) Fossil-fuel-fired steam electric plants of more than two hundred fifty million British thermal units per hour heat input; or
(xxvii) All other stationary source categories, which as of August 7, 1980, were being regulated by a standard promulgated under section 111 or 112 of the FCAA;
(c) A major stationary source as defined in part D of Title I of the FCAA, including:
(i) For ozone nonattainment areas, sources with the potential to emit one hundred tpy or more of volatile organic compounds or oxides of nitrogen in areas classified as "marginal" or "moderate," fifty tpy or more in areas classified as "serious," twenty-five tpy or more in areas classified as "severe," and ten tpy or more in areas classified as "extreme"; except that the references in this paragraph to one hundred, fifty, twenty-five, and ten tpy of nitrogen oxides shall not apply with respect to any source for which the administrator has made a finding, under section 182 (f)(1) or (2) of the FCAA, that requirements under section 182(f) of the FCAA do not apply;
(ii) For ozone transport regions established pursuant to section 184 of the FCAA, sources with the potential to emit fifty tpy or more of volatile organic compounds;
(iii) For carbon monoxide nonattainment areas (A) that are classified as "serious," and (B) in which stationary sources contribute significantly to carbon monoxide levels, sources with the potential to emit fifty tpy or more of carbon monoxide; and
(iv) For particulate matter (PM-10) nonattainment areas classified as "serious," sources with the potential to emit seventy tpy or more of PM-10.
(20) "Permit modification" means a revision to a chapter 401 permit that meets the requirements of WAC 173-401-725.
(21) "Permit program costs" means all reasonable (direct and indirect) costs required to develop and administer a permit program (whether such costs are incurred by the permitting authority or other state or local agencies that do not issue permits directly, but that support permit issuance or administration).
(22) "Permit revision" means any permit modification or administrative permit amendment.
(23) "Permitting authority" means the department of ecology, local air authority, or other agency authorized under RCW 70.94.161 (3)(b) and approved by EPA to carry out a permit program under this chapter.
(24) "Potential to emit" means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit any air pollutant under its physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of a source to emit an air pollutant, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation is enforceable by the administrator. This term does not alter or affect the use of this term for any other purposes under the FCAA, or the term "capacity factor" as used in Title IV of the FCAA or the regulations promulgated thereunder.
(25) "Proposed permit" means the version of a permit that the permitting authority proposes to issue and forwards to the administrator for review in compliance with 40 CFR 70.8.
(26) "Regulated air pollutant" means the following:
(a) Nitrogen oxides or any volatile organic compounds;
(b) Any pollutant for which a national ambient air quality standard has been promulgated;
(c) Any pollutant that is subject to any standard promulgated under section 111 of the FCAA;
(d) Any Class I or II substance subject to a standard promulgated under or established by Title VI of the FCAA; or
(e) Any pollutant subject to a standard promulgated under section 112 or other requirements established under section 112 of the FCAA, including sections 112 (g), (j), and (r), including the following:
(i) Any pollutant subject to requirements under section 112(j) of the FCAA. If the administrator fails to promulgate a standard by the date established pursuant to section 112(e) of the FCAA, any pollutant for which a subject source would be major shall be considered to be regulated on the date eighteen months after the applicable date established pursuant to section 112(e) of the FCAA; and
(ii) Any pollutant for which the requirements of section 112 (g)(2) of the FCAA have been met, but only with respect to the individual source subject to section 112 (g)(2) requirement; and
(f) Any air pollutant for which numerical emission standards, operational requirements, work practices, or monitoring requirements applicable to the source have been adopted under RCW 70.94.331, 70.94.380, and 70.94.395.
(27) "Regulated pollutant (for fee calculation)," which is used only for purposes of WAC 173-401-900, means any "regulated air pollutant" except the following:
(a) Carbon monoxide;
(b) Any pollutant that is a regulated air pollutant solely because it is a Class I or II substance subject to a standard promulgated under or established by Title VI of the FCAA; or
(c) Any pollutant that is a regulated air pollutant solely because it is subject to a standard or regulation under section 112(r) of the FCAA.
(d) Any regulated air pollutant emitted from an insignificant activity or emissions unit as determined under WAC 173-401-530.
(28) "Renewal" means the process by which a permit is reissued at the end of its term.
(29) "Responsible official" means one of the following:
(a) For a corporation: A president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision-making functions for the corporation, or a duly authorized representative of such person if the representative is responsible for the overall operation of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities applying for or subject to a permit and either:
(i) The facilities employ more than two hundred fifty persons or have gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding forty-three million in 1992 dollars; or
(ii) The delegation of authority to such representative is approved in advance by the permitting authority;
(b) For a partnership or sole proprietorship: A general partner or the proprietor, respectively;
(c) For a municipality, state, federal, or other public agency: Either a principal executive officer or ranking elected official. For the purposes of this part, a principal executive officer of a federal agency includes the chief executive officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic unit of the agency (e.g., a regional administrator of EPA); or
(d) For affected sources:
(i) The designated representative in so far as actions, standards, requirements, or prohibitions under Title IV of the FCAA or the regulations promulgated thereunder and in effect on April 7, 1993 are concerned; and
(ii) The designated representative for any other purposes under 40 CFR part 70.
(30) "Section 502 (b)(10) changes" are changes that contravene an express permit term. Such changes do not include changes that would violate applicable requirements or contravene enforceable permit terms and conditions that are monitoring (including test methods), recordkeeping, reporting, or compliance certification requirements.
(31) "Small business stationary source" means a stationary source that:
(a) Is owned or operated by a person that employs one hundred or fewer individuals;
(b) Is a small business concern as defined in the Federal Small Business Act;
(c) Is not a major source;
(d) Does not emit fifty tons or more per year of any regulated pollutant; and
(e) Emits less than seventy-five tons per year of all regulated pollutants.
(32) "Solid waste incineration unit" (for purposes of this chapter) means a distinct operating unit of any facility which combusts any solid waste material from commercial or industrial establishments or the general public (including single and multiple residences, hotels, and motels). Such term does not include incinerators or other units required to have a permit under section 3005 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6925). The term "solid waste incineration unit" does not include:
(a) Materials recovery facilities (including primary or secondary smelters) which combust waste for the primary purpose of recovering metals;
(b) Qualifying small power production facilities, as defined in section (3)(17)(C) of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796 (17)(C)) or qualifying cogeneration facilities as defined in section (3)(18)(B) of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796 (18)(B)), which burn homogeneous waste (such as units which burn tires or used oil, but not including refuse-derived fuel) for the production of electric energy or in the case of qualifying cogeneration facilities which burn homogeneous waste for the production of electric energy and steam or forms of useful energy (such as heat) which are used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes; or
(c) Air curtain incinerators provided that such incinerators only burn wood wastes, yard wastes, and clean lumber and that such air curtain incinerators comply with opacity limitations to be established by the administrator by rule.
(33) "State" means any nonfederal permitting authority, including any local agency, interstate association, or statewide program.
(34) "Stationary source" means any building, structure, facility, or installation that emits or may emit any air contaminant. For purposes of this chapter, air contaminants include any regulated air pollutant or any pollutant listed under section 112(b) of the FCAA.
(35) "Subject to regulation" means, for any air pollutant, that the pollutant is subject to either a provision in the FCAA, or a nationally applicable regulation codified by EPA in subchapter C of 40 CFR chapter 1 (in effect on October 6, 2010), that requires actual control of the quantity of emissions of that pollutant, and that such a control requirement has taken effect and is operative to control, limit or restrict the quantity of emissions of that pollutant released from the regulated activity. Except that:
(a) Greenhouse gases (GHGs), the air pollutant defined in 40 CFR 86.1818-12(a) as the aggregate group of six greenhouse gases: Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride, shall not be subject to regulation unless, as of July 1, 2011, the GHG emissions are at a stationary source emitting or having the potential to emit 100,000 tpy CO2 equivalent emissions.
(b) The term "tpy (tons per year) CO2 equivalent emissions" (CO2e) shall represent an amount of GHGs emitted, and shall be computed by multiplying the mass amount of emissions (tpy), for each of the six greenhouse gases in the pollutant GHGs, by the gas's associated global warming potential published at Table A-1 to subpart A of 40 CFR part 98 - Global Warming Potentials, and summing the resultant value for each to compute a tpy CO2e. For purposes of this subsection (b), prior to July 1, 2014, the mass of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide shall not include carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the combustion or decomposition of nonfossilized and biodegradable organic material originating from plants, animals, or microorganisms (including products, by-products, residues and waste from agriculture, forestry and related industries as well as the nonfossilized and biodegradable organic fractions of industrial and municipal wastes, including gases and liquids recovered from the decomposition of nonfossilized and biodegradable organic material).
(36) "Title I modification" or "modification under any provision of Title I of the FCAA" means any modification under Sections 111 (Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources) or 112 (Hazardous Air Pollutants) of the FCAA and any physical change or change in the method of operations that is subject to the preconstruction review regulations promulgated under Parts C (Prevention of Significant Deterioration) and D (Plan Requirements for Nonattainment Areas) of Title I of the FCAA.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.161 and 70.94.510. 10-24-114 (Order 10-13), § 173-401-200, filed 12/1/10, effective 1/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.161(2). 02-19-078 (Order 02-02), § 173-401-200, filed 9/16/02, effective 10/17/02. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. 94-11-105 (Order 93-30), § 173-401-200, filed 5/17/94, effective 6/17/94; 93-20-075 (Order 91-68), § 173-401-200, filed 10/4/93, effective 11/4/93.]