WSR 13-08-073


[ Filed April 2, 2013, 9:56 a.m. , effective May 3, 2013 ]

Reviser's note: The following material has not been adopted under the Administrative Procedure Act, chapter 34.05 RCW, but has been filed in the office of the code reviser and is published in the Register exactly as filed. Following are the department of corrections' amendments to chapter 137-48 WAC, Offender mail. These rules are submitted for publication in the Washington State Register and the Washington Administrative Code. Pertinent information follows:

1. Amendments to chapter 137-48 WAC, are adopted as of April 1, 2013.
2. The effective date of these rules shall be 31 days after filing.
3. I certify pursuant to RCW 34.05.030 that the rule as stated above is excluded from the Administrative Procedure Act.

Dan Pacholke

for Bernard Warner



AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 05-13-004, filed 6/2/05, effective 7/2/05)

WAC 137-48-020   Definitions.   (1) "Contraband" includes illegal items, explosives, deadly weapons, alcoholic beverages, drugs, tobacco products, controlled substances and any item that is controlled, limited, or prohibited on the grounds or within the secure perimeter of a correctional facility as defined by department or institution policy.

(2) "Emergency situations" are critical illnesses, deaths, or similar situations experienced by members of the inmate's family or the inmate.

(3) "Illegal items" are items which are unlawful for any person to possess within the community as defined by the laws of the state of Washington, controlled substances as defined and listed in chapter 69.50 RCW or any weapon, firearm, or any instrument which, if used, could produce serious bodily injury to another.

(4) "Indigent inmate" an inmate who has less than a ten-dollar balance of disposable income in his/her trust fund account on the day a request is made to utilize funds and during the thirty days previous to the request.

(5) "Inspection of mail" the physical act of opening, touching, and/or reading of mail, the use of mechanical or chemical systems and/or the use of animals to determine the presence of contraband or illegal items.

(6) "Legal mail" is correspondence to or from ((courts and court staff (judges, clerks of the court, judicial law clerks, etc.), attorneys, established groups of attorneys involved in the representation of inmates in judicial proceedings (ACLU, legal services groups, etc.), the President or Vice-President of the United States, members of the United States Congress, embassies and consulates, the United States Department of Justice, state attorney general, governors, members of the state legislature, and law enforcement officers in their official capacity)):

(a) Any court, the indeterminate sentence review board (ISRB), the Washington state office of financial management's tort claims division, and/or the Prison Rape Elimination Act coordinator at headquarters;

(b) The president or vice-president of the United States, members of the United States Congress, embassies and consulates, the United States Department of Justice, state attorneys general, governors, members of any state legislature, and law enforcement officers in their official capacity;

(c) Attorneys of record in court cases that have been filed in a local, state, or federal court; and

(d) Attorneys formally representing the offender, including established groups of attorneys representing the offender (e.g., American Civil Liberties Union, disability rights Washington, legal service corporations, public defender associations).

To be considered and therefore handled as "legal mail" the correspondence must be clearly marked "legal mail" on the outside front of the envelope, and must have a mailing address or return address which clearly indicates that the mail is from one of the above listed sources.

(7) "Letters" consist of handwritten/typed communications and/or written/pictorial enclosures to and from inmates. A standard first class, one ounce letter shall be consistent with the dimensions, weight, and thickness as prescribed by the United States Postal Service. A properly addressed and stamped post card or greeting card shall be processed with the same standards as described above for a first class one ounce letter. Nonstandard first class mail requires a surcharge as established by the United States Postal Service.

(8) "Mail" consists of letters, publications, or packages delivered by the United States Post Office or by other established and authorized carriers.

(9) "Packages" a wrapped or boxed object; a parcel or bundle containing one or more objects, a container in which something is packed for storage or transport or mailing.

(10) "Publications" consists of reproduced handwritten or typed/printed or pictorial materials including books, periodicals, newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets.

(11) "Return address" for an inmate this includes the full committed name, and may include any other legal name, DOC number, housing assignment, and the full name of the correctional facility from which the correspondence is mailed. For a free citizen this includes a reasonable return address as recognized by the United States Postal Service.

(12) "Secretary" is the secretary of the department of corrections or his/her designee(s).

(13) "Sexually explicit materials" ((means any pictorial representation that is intended for sexual gratification and shows male or female genitalia, full frontal nudity, or depicts one or more of the following sexual behaviors:

(a) One or more of the participants appears to be nonconsenting;

(b) One or more of the participants appears to be acting in a forceful, threatening, or violent manner;

(c) One or more of the participants appears to be dominating one or more of the other participants or one or more of the participants appears to be in a submissive role or one or more of the participants appears to be degraded, humiliated, or appears to willingly engage in behavior that is degrading or humiliating;

(d) One of the participants appears to be a minor, or a minor alone is depicted in a sexually suggestive way;

(e) Bodily excretory behavior which appears to be sexual in nature;

(f) Bestiality, sadomasochistic behavior, and/or bondage; or

(g) Depicts sexual behaviors including, but not limited to, intercourse/penetration, sodomy, fellatio, cunninlingus, anilingus, or masturbation.

The term sexually explicit also refers to those written materials that are intended for sexual gratification and describe one or more of the above sexual behaviors as the predominant theme of the publication or letter)) consist of any item displaying, portraying, depicting, or describing:

(a) Nudity, which includes exposed/visible (in whole or part, including under or through translucent/thin materials providing intimate physical detail) genitals/genitalia, anus, and/or female/transgender breast nipple(s);

(b) A sex act(s) which includes, but is not limited to, genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal contact/penetration, genital or anal contact/penetration with an inanimate object, masturbation, sadistic/masochistic abuse, bondage, bestiality, and/or bodily excretory behavior which appears to be sexual in nature;

(c) A participant(s) who appears to be nonconsenting, dominated, degraded, humiliated, or in a submissive role, and/or acting in a forceful, threatening, dominating, or violent manner which appears to be sexual in nature; and/or

(d) Minor(s), or models depicting minors, in a sexually suggestive setting/pose/attire.

(14) "Superintendent" means the superintendent of a correctional facility or his/her designee(s).

[05-13-004, 137-48-020, filed 6/2/05, effective 7/2/05. 91-23-103, 137-48-020, filed 11/20/91, effective 1/1/92. Statutory Authority: RCW 72.09.050, 72.08.103, 72.13.080 and 72.15.040. 84-08-011 (Order 84-04), 137-48-020, filed 3/26/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 72.08.380, 72.09.050 and 72.12.140. 83-20-036 (Order 83-09), 137-48-020, filed 9/27/83. Formerly WAC 275-96-005.]