DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY
[Order 18-05—Filed June 25, 2019, 12:16 p.m., effective July 26, 2019]
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
Purpose: Chapter 173-566 WAC, Streamflow restoration funding, is a new rule for the implementation of chapter 1, Laws of 2018 (ESSB 6091) and chapter 90.94
RCW. The streamflow restoration funding program will finance watershed planning projects under RCW 90.94.020
, watershed restoration and enhancement projects under RCW 90.94.030
, and the collection of data and completion of studies necessary to develop, implement, and evaluate watershed restoration and enhancement projects under chapter 1, Laws of 2018, statewide.
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: New chapter 173-566 WAC.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 90.54.040
Water Resources Act of 1971, RCW 43.21A.080
Department of ecology, and chapter 90.94
RCW, Streamflow Restoration Act.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 19-03-124 on January 17, 2019.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: Clarified purpose to highlight the intent to fund all types of projects identified in a chapter 90.94
RCW plan or rule making. Pared down the detail on cultural resource review as the process can vary. Modified the definition of "consumptive use" to more closely match the Wikipedia definition. Removed definition of new domestic permit-exempt wells. Defined "planning WRIA" to clarify that the basins directed to plan by chapter 90.94
RCW retained priority after planning ended. Added "watershed function" to riparian and fish habitat improvement section to allow funding of upland projects that still benefit instream resources. Revised definition of a retroactive cost to one incurred before the grant agreement effective date, rather than the signature date, to match agency grant and loan standard practice. Revised appeal process.
A final cost-benefit analysis is available by contacting Rebecca Inman, Department of Ecology, Water Resources Program, U.S. Mail P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, WA 98504-7600, phone 360-407-6450, TTY people with speech disability may call TTY at 877-833-6341, people with impaired hearing may call Washington relay service at 711, email email@example.com, web site https://fortress.wa.gov/ecy/publications/Summary_pages/1911074.html.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 22, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 22, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 22, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: June 25, 2019.
Maia D. Bellon
Chapter 173-566 WAC
STREAMFLOW RESTORATION FUNDING
(1) In the adoption of the Streamflow Restoration Act, the legislature stated the intent to appropriate three hundred million dollars for projects to achieve the goals of the act until June 30, 2033. They further directed ecology to implement a program to restore and enhance streamflows by fulfilling obligations under the act to develop and implement plans to restore streamflows to levels necessary to support robust, healthy, and sustainable salmon populations.
(2) This chapter contains general rules for project grant eligibility, selection, issuance, and performance, and applies to projects statewide pursuant to and consistent with chapter 90.94
(a) Protect and enhance streamflows.
(b) Improve watershed functions that benefit instream fish and wildlife resources.
(c) Offset the consumptive use impacts from new domestic permit-exempt wells.
(d) Implement other projects identified in an RCW 90.94.020
watershed plan update, an RCW 90.94.030
watershed restoration and enhancement plan, or through a rule-making process to meet the requirements of RCW 90.94.020
WAC 173-566-020Relation to other laws and rules.
(1) This chapter only applies to grants issued by ecology that are funded under chapter 90.94
RCW, Streamflow restoration.
(2) All grants shall be subject to existing accounting and auditing requirements of state laws and regulations applicable to the issuance of grants.
(3) State Environmental Policy Act. State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) review must be completed before ecology may sign a funding agreement for construction projects or before construction begins for combined design/construction projects.
(4) Cultural resource review.
(a) Any federal or state cultural resources requirements must be completed prior to the start of any work on a project site.
(b) Grant recipients must take reasonable action to avoid, minimize, or mitigate adverse effects to archaeological and historic resources.
(5) Water quality. All funded projects must protect water quality and comply with relevant water quality standards.
(6) Permits. Recipients must obtain and comply with all required permits.
(7) Puget Sound action agenda.
Ecology may not fund projects designed to address the restoration of Puget Sound that are in conflict with the action agenda developed by the Puget Sound partnership under RCW 90.71.310
Definitions provided only apply to this chapter.
"Agreement effective date" means the date on which the grant or loan agreement becomes effective, as specified in the grant agreement.
"Agreement expiration date" means the latest date eligible costs can be incurred, as specified in the grant agreement.
"Applicant" means an entity that applies for a grant. See "eligible applicants" and "ineligible applicant."
"Biennium" means the twenty-four-month fiscal period extending from July 1st of odd-numbered years to June 30th of odd-numbered years.
"Budget" means, for the purpose of grant agreements, a breakdown of eligible costs by task.
"Consumptive use" is the difference between the quantity of water withdrawn from the watershed for use and what is returned through a septic system or other means.
"Ecology" means the Washington state department of ecology.
"Eligible applicants" includes Washington state agencies, local governments and quasi-governments within Washington state, an agency of the federal government, tribal governments with reservation lands or treaty rights within Washington, and nonprofit organizations.
"Eligible cost" means a cost that meets all criteria established in the agreement and grant program funding guidelines.
"Funding cycle" means the period between announcements of grant opportunities under this chapter.
"Grant agreement" or "agreement" means the formal, written, contractual document that details the terms and conditions, scope of work, budget, and schedule of the grant, and that is signed by authorized signatories of the recipient and ecology.
"Grant" means an award of financial assistance given to a recipient to carry out work for a public purpose or public good authorized by law.
"Ineligible applicant" means a private citizen, for-profit business including, but not limited to, all forms of private partnerships, incorporated entities, LLCs, foreign or out-of-state governments, or any agents acting on behalf of such entities.
"Instream resources" for the purposes of this chapter means fish and related aquatic resources.
"Local government" means any political subdivision of the state, including a town, city, county, special purpose district, or other municipal corporation.
"Planning WRIA" means any of the water resource inventory areas (WRIAs) identified in chapter 90.94
RCW and directed to create or update a watershed plan.
"Recipient" means an entity that has a grant agreement.
"Retroactive costs" means costs incurred before the agreement effective date.
"Scope of work" means the tasks and deliverables of the grant agreement.
"Site" means any building, structure, installation, equipment, pipe or pipeline (including any pipe into a sewer or publicly owned treatment works), well, pit, pond, lagoon, impoundment, ditch, landfill, storage container, motor vehicle, rolling stock, vessel or aircraft, or any area where project tasks take place.
"Watershed" means a geographic area draining to a stream or tributary.
"Watershed plan" means a watershed plan update adopted under RCW 90.94.020
or a watershed restoration and enhancement plan adopted under RCW 90.94.030
"WRIA" means a water resource inventory area as established in chapter 173-500 WAC.
WAC 173-566-100Grant award process.
(1) Ecology will develop guidance to assist in implementing this chapter.
(2) Project solicitation. Ecology will provide notice of a new funding cycle, pursuant to WAC 173-566-110 at least once per biennium.
(3) Application. Grant applications must contain sufficient information to make the determinations in subsection (4) of this section.
(4) Project evaluation and ranking. Ecology will review projects and applications for completeness and to determine:
(a) Project eligibility under WAC 173-566-310;
(b) Project quality under WAC 173-566-140; and
(c) Funding priority under WAC 173-566-150.
(5) Agreement development. After deciding to fund an eligible project, ecology will negotiate with the applicant the scope of work and budget for the grant and develop the agreement.
WAC 173-566-110Grant announcements.
(1) Ecology will announce the availability of funding opportunities for competitive grants. The announcement will include, at a minimum, a description of:
(a) Purpose of the grants.
(b) Funding cycle for the grants.
(c) Amount of funding available or anticipated amount of funding available, if known.
(d) Eligibility criteria for the grant solicitation.
(e) Information about how to apply.
(f) Application deadlines.
(g) Ecology contact information.
(2) To publicize funding opportunities, ecology will issue a news release, post information on our web site, and may use other methods, including social media.
(3) Unused funds.
Ecology may announce the availability of unused funds, or retain the funds for a future funding cycle or to cover future contingencies that meet the purposes and intent of this chapter and chapter 90.94
(1) All applicants must use the electronic system identified by ecology to apply for grants. Applicants without access to the electronic system must use a process approved by ecology.
(2) The applicant must complete the application process and provide all required information, including:
(a) Applicant information.
(b) Project location and description.
(c) Requested funding amount and budget for the project.
(d) Description of project benefit(s), including:
(i) Problem(s) or need(s) the project would address.
(ii) Timing, location, and extent that the project is expected to address the identified needs.
(iii) Estimates of the rate and volume of conserved water.
(iv) Method(s) used to determine project benefits.
(v) How any monitoring, operations, maintenance, or other measures will be addressed to ensure benefits persist over time.
(vi) Metrics for project success, including quantitative metrics if available.
(e) Scope of work and tasks for the project.
(f) Source of project water, if applicable, and how water will be managed to ensure there will be no impairment to senior water rights.
(g) Permits that have been obtained, applied for, or otherwise identified as necessary to execute the project.
(h) How aquatic species and water quality will be protected.
(i) Any other information required by ecology to evaluate the project.
(3) Ecology may require a feasibility study if the applicant cannot supply sufficient detail in the application. Applicants may apply for a grant to complete the feasibility study.
(4) The applicant must submit a complete application by the due date and time, if a due date and time are included in the announcement. Ecology may approve a later due date by posting notice of the extended application deadline on ecology's web site.
(5) Ecology may request additional information to assist in the application evaluation process. If the applicant fails to comply with the request, ecology may determine the application is incomplete and remove it from further consideration.
(6) Applicants may submit a new application for a project that was not funded for any reason in a prior funding cycle.
(1) Applicants may choose to divide projects into phases, particularly when each phase can be shown to benefit streamflow or instream resources.
(2) Ecology reserves the right to divide a project into phases and fund initial project phase(s) due to funding availability and priorities, or other considerations.
(3) Funding for one or more phases of a project does not guarantee funding for subsequent phases.
WAC 173-566-140Evaluation process.
(1) Ecology will evaluate all complete applications submitted by the announced deadline.
(2) Ecology will review applications to determine eligibility of the applicant under WAC 173-566-030, and whether the project meets the eligibility criteria.
(3) For those grant applications determined eligible, ecology will then evaluate for project quality. To complete this evaluation, ecology will consider:
(a) Benefits to streamflow and instream resources.
(b) Whether the application demonstrates all of the following:
(i) Appropriateness of the project to address the stated needs.
(ii) Feasibility of the project, including the likelihood of success and long-term sustainability.
(iii) Whether the project is an effective use of available funds, considering need, as well as costs and benefits.
(iv) Readiness to proceed.
(c) Information gathered from field visits that may be part of the evaluation.
(4) The funding priorities described in WAC 173-566-150, and related grant guidance and criteria for the current funding cycle, will be used to produce the project scores. Scoring of the eligible project applications, taking account of both project quality and funding priorities, will be used to determine relative ranking for awarding grants.
(5) Ecology may set a minimum score that an application has to receive for ecology to offer funds.
WAC 173-566-150Funding priorities.
In addition to the evaluation of project quality described in WAC 173-566-140, ecology will give added priority to projects under each of the following three independent criteria:
(1) Geographic location. Projects located in:
(b) A metering pilot project area as designated in RCW 90.94.040
(2) Projects, consistent with the priority and sequencing within the watershed plan or rule-making documentation, identified:
(3) Projects that improve streamflows or enhance instream resources and watershed functions which benefit:
(a) Threatened and endangered salmonids (higher preference); or
(b) Other native fish and aquatic species of concern.
WAC 173-566-200Water right acquisitions.
(1) The purchase of all or a portion of a water right is eligible for funding if the following project elements are included:
(a) Changing the water right purpose of use to instream flow under RCW 90.03.380
(b) Permanent conveyance of the water right to ecology to be held in the trust water rights program.
(2) Funding may be provided for work related to preliminary assessment and price valuation when ecology determines that such work is necessary to complete a suitable water right acquisition.
(3) Applicants proposing water right acquisition projects must have a preapplication meeting with ecology.
WAC 173-566-210Water storage.
Water storage projects eligible for funding include above ground storage and below ground storage, and can be within natural formations, or man-made. Examples include off-channel surface water storage, managed aquifer recharge, infiltration galleries or ponds, and cisterns.
WAC 173-566-220Altered water management or infrastructure.
(1) Water management and infrastructure improvement projects eligible for funding involve changes in how and when water is diverted, withdrawn, conveyed, or used to benefit streamflows and instream resources to implement chapter 90.94
RCW. Examples include conservation and efficiency projects such as diversion modifications, lining and piping, sprinkler conversion, and other irrigation efficiencies, as well as source switches, and streamflow retiming projects. Innovative methods will be considered.
(2) Projects must include sufficient provisions and protections so that completed projects will provide either or both:
(a) Permanent streamflow improvement.
(b) Access to new water supplies when identified in a watershed plan adopted under RCW 90.94.020
(3) To meet subsection (2) of this section, conservation and water use efficiency projects must permanently convey the saved water to ecology to be held in the trust water rights program for instream flow purposes.
WAC 173-566-230Watershed function, riparian and fish habitat improvements.
Projects that might not directly increase streamflow, but do benefit instream resources, may be funded through this chapter. Examples include, but are not limited to, in-channel habitat improvements, riparian restoration, strategic land acquisitions, levee modifications, floodplain modifications, fish passage, and beaver introduction.
WAC 173-566-240Environmental monitoring.
(1) Environmental monitoring equipment is eligible for funding, including equipment for stream gauging and groundwater monitoring directly related to restoring, maintaining, or enhancing streamflows or instream resources and values.
(2) Effectiveness monitoring for projects funded under this chapter is eligible for funding.
(3) Recipients must follow all grant requirements for submittal of environmental monitoring data, and standards when geographic information system (GIS) data are collected, processed, and submitted to ecology.
WAC 173-566-300Fiscal controls.
Determining allocation of funding.
(1) For each funding cycle, ecology may allocate a percent of available funding to certain project types, which will be identified in the grant guidance. Funding allocation may be based on demonstrated need, previous funding awarded, or other criteria.
(2) Ecology may set aside a percentage of available funding each funding cycle for projects in each ecology region or other geographical areas. Ecology will update the funding guidance with set aside amounts prior to the beginning of the funding cycle.
(3) Ecology may set a ceiling amount to limit the amount of grant funding available to any one applicant per funding cycle. The ceiling amount will be included in the funding guidance.
(4) When awarding grants, ecology decisions will be:
(a) Consistent with all state laws and rules authorizing the funding and any specific direction by the legislature.
(b) Subject to available funds.
(c) Based on evaluations of grant applications submitted and other relevant information available.
(5) Ecology retains the discretion to not provide a grant for an eligible project or to provide less funding for an eligible project than the amount requested.
(6) Ecology has the discretion to:
(a) Hold funds:
(i) To cover cost overruns on funded projects; or
(ii) To use in later funding cycles.
(b) Award unused funds to lower ranked projects following the initial grant awards in the funding cycle.
(7) Ongoing management of most aspects of grant projects is subject to the most recent edition of administrative requirements for ecology grants, such as Administrative Requirements for Recipients of Ecology Grants Managed in EAGL.
(8) Retroactive costs. Any costs incurred before the agreement effective date are at the recipient's risk.
(9) Ecology will establish reasonable costs for all grants, and require recipients to manage projects in a cost-effective manner. Ecology may require grant recipients to periodically update a spending plan for the grant.
(10) Ecology may withdraw or modify a funding offer if the recipient makes a request to significantly change the scope of work after the award.
(11) Ecology has the right to withdraw funding and not approve expenditures that do not follow appropriate contracting process.
WAC 173-566-310Ineligible projects and costs.
Costs that are ineligible to receive grant funding under this chapter include, but are not limited to:
(1) Project elements previously funded by ecology.
(2) Projects that are otherwise required under statute, rule, ordinance, or court order, except pursuant to this chapter and chapter 90.94
(3) Costs to meet an individual or general National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit.
(4) Staff time not directly related to the project.
(5) Major and capital equipment purchases without preapproval from ecology.
(6) Contaminated soils removal or remediation.
(7) Projects that conflict with other ecology rules, projects, or guidance.
(8) Aquatic plant control for aesthetic purposes, navigational improvements, or any other reason that does not provide increased streamflow, nor benefit ecological functions or critical stream habitat.
(9) Bond costs for debt issuance.
(10) Operation and maintenance costs.
(11) Bonus or acceleration payments to contractors to meet contractual completion dates for construction.
(12) Compensation or damages for any claim or injury of any kind arising out of the project, including any personal injury, damage to any kind of real or personal property, or any kind of contractual damages, whether direct, indirect, or consequential.
(13) Dispute resolution under the grant agreement.
(14) Office furniture not included in the recipient's indirect rate.
(15) Operating expenses of local government, such as the salaries and expenses of a mayor, city councilmember, and city attorney.
(16) Overtime differential paid to employees of a public body to complete administrative or force account work.
(17) Permit fees not directly required for the completion of the project.
(18) Professional dues.
(19) Property purchases without prior approval from ecology.
(20) Refinance of existing debt.
WAC 173-566-320Grant agreement.
(1) Ecology will work with the recipient to prepare the grant agreement.
(2) A grant agreement issued and managed in ecology's electronic system must include, at a minimum:
(a) Project description.
(b) Expected outcomes.
(c) Project budget and funding distribution.
(d) Agreement effective date and expiration date.
(e) Description of tasks and deliverables.
(f) Contact information for ecology and the recipient.
(g) Signatures of authorized signatories.
(h) General terms and conditions that specify requirements related, but not limited to:
(i) Amendments and modifications.
(ii) Assignment limits on transfer of rights or claims.
(iii) Inadvertent discovery plan for human remains and/or cultural resources.
(iv) Compliance with all laws.
(v) Conflict of interest.
(vii) Environmental data standards.
(viii) Governing law.
(x) Independent status of the parties to the agreement.
(xi) Order of precedence for laws, rules, and the agreement.
(xii) Property rights, copyrights, and patents.
(xiii) Records, audits, and inspections.
(xiv) Recovery of funds.
(xvii) Sustainable practices.
(xix) Third-party beneficiary.
(xx) Waiver of agreement provisions.
(i) Special terms and conditions, if any.
(j) Agreement-specific terms and conditions, if any.
(k) Other items, if any, necessary to meet the goals of the grant program.
(3) All grant agreements under this chapter will include the latest version, as of the original agreement date, of ecology's grant general terms and conditions.
(4) Ecology may choose to extend a grant agreement at our sole discretion.
WAC 173-566-330Amendments to the grant agreement.
(1) A change to any of the following items will require an executed amendment to the agreement prior to the grantee being eligible for cost reimbursement due to such change:
(a) Scope of work or the objectives of the project.
(b) Total project budget, whether for an increase or decrease.
(c) Grant funding, whether for an increase or decrease.
(d) Redistributing costs among budget tasks that exceed ten percent deviation of the total eligible costs of the funding distribution.
(e) Funding distributions.
(f) Agreement effective or expiration date, whether to shorten or extend.
(g) Special terms and conditions or agreement-specific terms and conditions.
(2) Administrative changes do not require an amendment. Examples of administrative changes include updates to contact names, addresses, and phone numbers.
(3) An amendment must be signed by all parties before it is effective.
WAC 173-566-340Performance standards.
(1) Nothing in this chapter influences, affects, or modifies existing ecology programs, rules, or enforcement of applicable laws and rules relating to activities funded by a grant.
(2) Ecology, or an auditor authorized by the state of Washington, may audit or inspect a recipient's grant agreements and records.
(3) New ecology grant agreements signed after the effective date of this chapter must be managed using ecology's designated electronic system. A recipient who cannot access the electronic system to meet a deadline or agreement requirements must use a process approved by ecology.
(4) Ecology may perform site visits to monitor the project, evaluate performance, and document compliance or any other conditions of the agreement.
(5) Recipients must:
(a) Follow all applicable accounting and auditing laws and rules related to grants.
(b) Use funds according to the agreement.
(c) Use funds according to the recipient's own policies and procedures, and according to all applicable laws and rules.
(d) Comply with all applicable laws, rules, orders, and permits when carrying out activities authorized by the agreement.
(e) Obtain preapproval for equipment purchases over the amount specified in the agreement.
(6) As specified in the grant agreement, the recipient must submit the following to ecology:
(a) Progress reports.
(b) Payment requests.
(c) Equipment purchase reports.
(e) A final closeout report.
(f) Any other required information.
(7) Ecology will:
(a) Follow all applicable accounting and auditing laws and rules related to grants.
(b) Monitor projects and review progress reports to assure compliance with applicable laws, rules, orders, permits, and terms and conditions of the agreement.
(c) Confirm that ecology has received required documentation and the project is satisfactorily completed before approving final payment.
WAC 173-566-350Closing out the agreement.
(1) The recipient must follow the closeout requirements in the agreement.
(2) Ecology is not obligated to reimburse the recipient the final payment if the recipient does not meet all closeout requirements within the time frames in the agreement.
(3) Ecology will close out the grant agreement when it determines the recipient has met the closeout requirements or when the agreement has been terminated (see WAC 173-566-360).
WAC 173-566-360Termination of agreement.
(1) Failure by the recipient to comply with a grant agreement may result in termination of the agreement.
(2) Ecology will attempt to contact the recipient regarding any issues with agreement compliance prior to terminating an agreement.
(3) Ecology's ability to make payments is contingent on availability of funding. In the event funding from state or other sources is withdrawn, reduced, or limited in any way after the effective date and prior to completion or expiration date of the agreement, ecology, at its sole discretion, may elect to:
(a) Terminate the agreement, in whole or part;
(b) Renegotiate the agreement, subject to new funding limitations or conditions; or
(c) Suspend performance of the agreement until ecology determines the funding insufficiency is resolved.
(4) Ecology will document the termination of an agreement.
WAC 173-566-370Appeals process.
(1) Prior to filing a formal appeal with a judicial body, grant applicants and recipients may request an internal review of a written decision by ecology using the following procedures. These procedures are intended to encourage the informal resolution of disputes.
(a) The applicant may seek review of an initial funding decision within thirty days of the decision. The applicant or recipient makes the request for review in writing to the water resources program manager.
(b) The program manager will consider the appeal information and will issue a written decision within thirty days from the date the appeal is received.
(c) If the applicant or recipient is not satisfied with the program manager's decision, the applicant or recipient has thirty days to submit a written request to ecology's deputy director for a review of the decision.
(d) Ecology's director or deputy director will consider the appeal information and will issue a written decision within thirty days from the date the request is received. This decision will be ecology's final decision.
(2) Grant applicants and recipients may formally appeal a written decision by ecology to the pollution control hearings board in accordance with the provisions of chapter 43.21B